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Presidents of the Age of Jackson. John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 Son of second president John Adams Son of second president John Adams Brilliant man who.

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Presentation on theme: "Presidents of the Age of Jackson. John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 Son of second president John Adams Son of second president John Adams Brilliant man who."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presidents of the Age of Jackson

2 John Quincy Adams Son of second president John Adams Son of second president John Adams Brilliant man who wrote Monroe Doctrine and negotiated the end of the War of 1812 when he was Secretary of State Brilliant man who wrote Monroe Doctrine and negotiated the end of the War of 1812 when he was Secretary of State Behind his back people said, “He’s a chip off the old iceberg.” People thought he was arrogant. Behind his back people said, “He’s a chip off the old iceberg.” People thought he was arrogant.

3 Election of 1824 and the “Corrupt Bargain” The popular vote was won by Andrew Jackson, but there were four candidates and none had a majority of electoral votes. Had to go to the House of Representatives. The popular vote was won by Andrew Jackson, but there were four candidates and none had a majority of electoral votes. Had to go to the House of Representatives. There had been 4 candidates. Henry Clay, William Crawford, John Q. Adams and Andrew Jackson. There had been 4 candidates. Henry Clay, William Crawford, John Q. Adams and Andrew Jackson. The House had to choose between Adams and Jackson. Henry Clay was Speaker of the House and he convinced everyone to vote for Adams The House had to choose between Adams and Jackson. Henry Clay was Speaker of the House and he convinced everyone to vote for Adams

4 “Corrupt Bargain?” Adams won Adams won Adams then appointed Henry Clay as Secretary of State (stepping stone to Presidency) Adams then appointed Henry Clay as Secretary of State (stepping stone to Presidency) Adams and Clay had had a meeting before the vote, but there is no proof if there was any kind of deal, but Jackson accused them of stealing the Presidency from him in a “Corrupt Bargain.” Adams and Clay had had a meeting before the vote, but there is no proof if there was any kind of deal, but Jackson accused them of stealing the Presidency from him in a “Corrupt Bargain.” This “bargain” shadowed his whole presidency This “bargain” shadowed his whole presidency

5 Andrew Jackson War hero – Battle of New Orleans War hero – Battle of New Orleans Conqueror of Florida Conqueror of Florida He was short tempored, loved to dual, iron willed, intimidating He was short tempored, loved to dual, iron willed, intimidating Wanted to be called “General” Wanted to be called “General” One either loved him or hated him One either loved him or hated him He was very bitter about the election of 1824 He was very bitter about the election of 1824

6 Election of 1828 Called the dirtiest election of all times Called the dirtiest election of all times Both candidates took to “Mud slinging” or trying to ruin each other’s reputation. Most of the things Adams supporters said were somewhat true. Most of the things Jackson’s supporters said were lies. Both candidates took to “Mud slinging” or trying to ruin each other’s reputation. Most of the things Adams supporters said were somewhat true. Most of the things Jackson’s supporters said were lies. Jackson’s beloved wife, Rachel had been married before she met Jackson. Her husband left her and she had not seen nor heard of him in years. She thought he was dead when she married Jackson. Turns out he wasn’t.. People said they were living in sin and called her awful names. Jackson’s beloved wife, Rachel had been married before she met Jackson. Her husband left her and she had not seen nor heard of him in years. She thought he was dead when she married Jackson. Turns out he wasn’t.. People said they were living in sin and called her awful names.

7 Election of 1828 Continued Jackson wins in a land slide Jackson wins in a land slide Rachel dies of a heart attack shortly after the election Rachel dies of a heart attack shortly after the election Jackson blames her death on the election and the mudslinging, and now he dislikes Henry Clay even more because it was his friend that printed the newspaper article about Rachel and their marriage. Jackson blames her death on the election and the mudslinging, and now he dislikes Henry Clay even more because it was his friend that printed the newspaper article about Rachel and their marriage.

8 Events during Jackson’s Presidency Started “Spoils System” – a system in which Jackson fired enemies and hired friends (still in place today) Started “Spoils System” – a system in which Jackson fired enemies and hired friends (still in place today) Nullification Crisis – southerners were very upset over high tariffs. Vice President Calhoun from SC threatened to “nullify” federal laws on tariffs. Nullification Crisis – southerners were very upset over high tariffs. Vice President Calhoun from SC threatened to “nullify” federal laws on tariffs. Calhoun even threatened to secede (break away) from the United States. Calhoun even threatened to secede (break away) from the United States. Jackson said the Union must be preserved and Calhoun resigned. Jackson said the Union must be preserved and Calhoun resigned.

9 Events during Jackson’s Presidency Cont. Indian Removal Act of forced removal of all Native Americans east of the Mississippi. Indian Removal Act of forced removal of all Native Americans east of the Mississippi. Cherokee Tribe had assimilated into white culture very well and they decided to follow lawfully fight what they felt to be an unjust law. They took it to court. Cherokee Tribe had assimilated into white culture very well and they decided to follow lawfully fight what they felt to be an unjust law. They took it to court. The case went to the Supreme Court but they lost The case went to the Supreme Court but they lost 7,000 Native Americans were forced to walk west in the winter and thousands died. This is known as the “Trail of Tears.” 7,000 Native Americans were forced to walk west in the winter and thousands died. This is known as the “Trail of Tears.” It is one of the darkest times of American history and it happened under Jackson’s watch. It is one of the darkest times of American history and it happened under Jackson’s watch.

10 Jackson war on the Bank Jackson despised the National Bank Jackson despised the National Bank Henry Clay and Nicolas Biddle and Daniel Webster thought most people liked the National Bank so they pushed through an early renewal of the Bank. They thought that Jackson would have to sign it or it would hurt his popularity. Henry Clay and Nicolas Biddle and Daniel Webster thought most people liked the National Bank so they pushed through an early renewal of the Bank. They thought that Jackson would have to sign it or it would hurt his popularity. Jackson vetoed the bill and killed the bank, surprising his opponents Jackson vetoed the bill and killed the bank, surprising his opponents

11 Martin Van Buren Good friend of Jackson Good friend of Jackson Organized the Democratic Party Organized the Democratic Party Good dresser Good dresser “Perfume on his whiskers” “Perfume on his whiskers”

12 Van Buren His whole presidency had to do with trying to fix the economy His whole presidency had to do with trying to fix the economy Panic of 1837 Panic of 1837 Too much cotton caused cotton prices to fall (supply and demand) Too much cotton caused cotton prices to fall (supply and demand) Caused whole US economy to fall Caused whole US economy to fall The fact that Jackson had “killed the National Bank” did not help The fact that Jackson had “killed the National Bank” did not help He also failed to make a decision on annexing Texas He also failed to make a decision on annexing Texas He was not re-elected because of economy He was not re-elected because of economy

13 William Henry Harrison March 4, 1841 – April 4, 1841 War hero, War hero, Indian fighter, Indian fighter, wanted to “re-charter” national bank wanted to “re-charter” national bank Campaign slogan “Tippecanoe and Tyler too” (Remember he was the leader of winning battle against Native Americans at Tippecanoe). Campaign slogan “Tippecanoe and Tyler too” (Remember he was the leader of winning battle against Native Americans at Tippecanoe).

14 Harrison He wanted to prove he was not old and had stamina so he gave the longest ever inaugural speech ( over 2 hours) He wanted to prove he was not old and had stamina so he gave the longest ever inaugural speech ( over 2 hours) It was cold and rainy It was cold and rainy He got pneumonia and died a few weeks later He got pneumonia and died a few weeks later

15 John Tyler Had been Harrison’s VP so when Harrison died, Tyler became President Had been Harrison’s VP so when Harrison died, Tyler became President He refused to name a Vice President He refused to name a Vice President Believed in limited government Believed in limited government His opponents called him “His accidentcy” since he became President by accident when Harrison died His opponents called him “His accidentcy” since he became President by accident when Harrison died

16 Tyler He went against what Harrison had wanted and vetoed a new National Bank He went against what Harrison had wanted and vetoed a new National Bank He was then thrown out of the Whig Party He was then thrown out of the Whig Party He settled the dispute with Canada over our border in the Ashford Treaty He settled the dispute with Canada over our border in the Ashford Treaty He also signed a treaty with Texas. He also signed a treaty with Texas.

17 James K. Polk Devious, not likeable Devious, not likeable Very easy to talk to Very easy to talk to Hard worker Hard worker He was a big supporter of Jackson and approached every decision with “What would Jackson do?” He was a big supporter of Jackson and approached every decision with “What would Jackson do?” Biggest goal was to expand America Biggest goal was to expand America Known as the Manifest Destiny President Known as the Manifest Destiny President

18 Polk He ran with the slogan “54,40 or fight,” which referred to the border with Canada in the Oregon territory. He was threatening to fight GB if they did not make the border at the 54 th parallel He ran with the slogan “54,40 or fight,” which referred to the border with Canada in the Oregon territory. He was threatening to fight GB if they did not make the border at the 54 th parallel We didn’t go to war and it turned out the border was formed at the 49 th parallel We didn’t go to war and it turned out the border was formed at the 49 th parallel President during the Mexican War. When US won, the border was settled in TX and we won several SW states and CA. President during the Mexican War. When US won, the border was settled in TX and we won several SW states and CA.

19 Polk


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