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Immigration, Urbanization, and the Gilded Age February 17, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Immigration, Urbanization, and the Gilded Age February 17, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Immigration, Urbanization, and the Gilded Age February 17, 2014

2 Bell Ringer  YOU NEED YOUR BOOK TODAY!!!!  What problems does Chicago face in contemporary society? (Today)  Hint: Think about social and economic problems?

3 Objective  Today I will be able to make observations and inferences about immigration, urbanization, and the Gilded Age while reading a secondary source (textbook).  Announcements:  Binder Check Friday  Don’t forget  Office hours moved to Thursday mornings at 7:15.  Questions? me or set up a time to meet.

4 Immigration  Many people from all over the world came to America for new opportunities.  Economic  Social  Religious Freedom  Once in America, groups had to face the challenges of assimilation.  What might some of these problems be?

5 19 th Century Immigration Statistics

6  Why might different ethnic groups immigrate to America during this time?  Example: Irish Potato Famine

7 Urbanization  Many immigrants chose to live in cities due to greater opportunities for jobs that required less education/skills.  Even native born Americans moved to the cities from the country.  New industrialized farming equipment required less people working on farms.  Industrialization called for more people working as laborers and in factories.

8 The Gilded Age  A time of political power.  Political Bosses  Kickbacks  People of similar groups sticking together to gain power.  Voting fraud

9 2A Reading Groups GroupMembers #1Tynisha, Marilyn #2Carlos, Amari, Jermaine #3Tim, Brandis #4Rhyaan, Destiny, Kershawn #5Savon, Julian, Summer #6Tyler, Daja #7Kayla, Jacqueline, Dashia #8Kaliyah, Sade, Diamond #9Abisoye, Ciarra #10Nierra, Briana

10 5A Reading Groups GroupMember #1Marisa, Jaleasa #2Kryslin, Rhyyah #3Jordan, Dariana, Shaquana #4Robert, Amber, Chenna #5Asha, Faith, Ciana #6Tamara, Joshua, Felicia #7Oludamola, Sean #8Savanna, Ricquia #9Jasmine, Teaira

11 7A Reading Groups GroupMembers #1Kyla, Tamaria, Travon #2Mia, Maciana #3Tiyana, Altrell, Morye #4Niko, Nichole, Savion #5Jocquill, Kaylim, Michelle #6Jerae, Tyrone, Kyetrell #7Eric, Twylah #8Fred, David, Raymun #9Monet, Qwest #10Danielle, Jermiah #11Janae, Latonya

12 Becoming American February 18, 2014

13 Classwork  Read the handout, “Laundrymen and Movies.”  Answer the following questions:  Why do you think Wong describes herself as “Chinese” rather than American?”  Why do you think she devoted much of the first installment of her memoirs to an event that took place when she was six years old?  What is she trying to tell her fans about herself and other Chinese Americans through this story?  Provide three adjectives that describe what it might be like to immigrate to America in the 19 th century.

14 Objective  Examine the image of the Chinese in films during the 1920s and 1930s to develop an understanding of the challenges and opportunities Chinese Americans faced  Explore the struggle of the Chinese and other immigrant groups to secure a place for themselves in American society as Americans  Announcements:  Binder Check Friday  Don’t forget  Office hours moved to Thursday mornings at 7:15.  Questions? me or set up a time to meet.

15 Chinese Exclusion Act  On the following slide you will see a timeline of the Chinese Exclusion Act (yes, you have seen it before )  What do you notice about the experiences of Chinese immigrants during this time?  Who was and was not considered to be American citizens?  What was life like when coming to America from China?

16 Chinese Exclusion Act

17 Becoming American  As we watch the video answer the observation and inference questions. O58jocAOS

18 Bell Ringer: Organize your Binder  Readings:  The Atlanta Compromise: Booker T. Washington  The Soul of Black Folk: W.E.B. DuBois  How Women were Treated by the Pullman Company  Goals of Trade Unions  Laundrymen and Movie  Bell Ringers/ Notes:  Lecture Notes Revolution/Reconstruction  Textbook Notes: Reconstruction  Lecture Notes: Booker T. Washington vs. WEB DuBois  Textbook Notes: Industrialization  Controversies and Movements  Textbook Notes: Immigration, Urbanization and Gilded Age  Graded Work:  Characterization: Booker T vs. WEB DuBois  Socratic Seminar: Was Reconstruction successful?  PEA: How Women were Treated by the Pullman Company  PEA: Goals of Trade Unions

19 Immigration Restriction League February 19, 2014

20 Bell Ringer  What are some examples of restrictions placed on immigrants coming to the United States?  What might be some reasons for these restrictions?  Why might these restrictions be unjust?

21 Objective  Today I will be able to identify an authors claims and/or counterclaims and why those are important to our understanding of history.  Announcements:  Binder Check Friday  Don’t forget  Office hours moved to Thursday mornings at 7:15.  Questions? me or set up a time to meet.

22 Immigration Restriction League  Founded in 1894 by Harvard graduates  Advocated a literacy requirement as a means to limit immigration into the United States.  League members had lost faith in the nation's ability to assimilate newcomers into its political, social, and cultural fabric. They associated immigration with the socio-economic problems of their increasingly urban and industrialized society  crowded tenements, poverty, crime and delinquency, labor unrest, and violence.

23 Immigration Restriction League  Made a distinction between the "old immigrants" of English, Irish, and German stock and the "new immigrants" from Italy and Eastern Europe.  claimed that these recently arrived "undesirables" were inherently unable to participate in self-government or to adopt American values.  Many League spokesmen came to identify with the eugenics movement, which found a pseudoscientific basis for the classification and ranking of ethnic and racial groups.

24 Henry Cabot Lodge  Senator from Massachusetts  Determined to protect the sovereignty of the United States  Helped start the Immigration Restriction League  Believed that some ethnicities were inherently superior to others.  By allowing “inferior” ethnicities into America, it would ruin our political, economic, and social standing.  Proposed a bill to Congress that would require all immigrants to pass a literacy test in order to gain citizenship.

25 President Grover Cleveland  Argued that granting citizenship based on a literacy test would determine the success of America’s future politically, economically, or socially.  Vetoed Lodge’s bill in 1897

26 Readings: Henry Cabot Lodge  Read the ideas from Henry Cabot Lodge on why he proposed and supports a literacy test for immigrants.  Before Reading:  Skim and scan  Circle unknown words  Underline/highlight words that stand out to you  Make predictions  During Reading:  Annotate  ! By things that stand out/excite you  ? By things you don’t understand/want to know more about

27 Readings: President Cleveland  Read the ideas from Henry Cabot Lodge on why he proposed and supports a literacy test for immigrants.  Before Reading:  Skim and scan  Circle unknown words  Underline/highlight words that stand out to you  Make predictions  During Reading:  Annotate  ! By things that stand out/excite you  ? By things you don’t understand/want to know more about

28 After Reading  Complete the claims and counterclaims handout.  Back up your claims/counterclaims evidence  Be sure to use explicit text evidence.  Use “” marks to signify the evidence.  Be aware of the differences of both men in terms of their views of literacy tests for immigrants.  At the end, write a MEL-Con paragraph providing your views on the literacy test.


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