Presentation on theme: "Immigration, Urbanization, and the Gilded Age February 17, 2014."— Presentation transcript:
Immigration, Urbanization, and the Gilded Age February 17, 2014
Bell Ringer YOU NEED YOUR BOOK TODAY!!!! What problems does Chicago face in contemporary society? (Today) Hint: Think about social and economic problems?
Objective Today I will be able to make observations and inferences about immigration, urbanization, and the Gilded Age while reading a secondary source (textbook). Announcements: Binder Check Friday Don’t forget Office hours moved to Thursday mornings at 7:15. Questions? me or set up a time to meet.
Immigration Many people from all over the world came to America for new opportunities. Economic Social Religious Freedom Once in America, groups had to face the challenges of assimilation. What might some of these problems be?
19 th Century Immigration Statistics
Why might different ethnic groups immigrate to America during this time? Example: Irish Potato Famine
Urbanization Many immigrants chose to live in cities due to greater opportunities for jobs that required less education/skills. Even native born Americans moved to the cities from the country. New industrialized farming equipment required less people working on farms. Industrialization called for more people working as laborers and in factories.
The Gilded Age A time of political power. Political Bosses Kickbacks People of similar groups sticking together to gain power. Voting fraud
Classwork Read the handout, “Laundrymen and Movies.” Answer the following questions: Why do you think Wong describes herself as “Chinese” rather than American?” Why do you think she devoted much of the first installment of her memoirs to an event that took place when she was six years old? What is she trying to tell her fans about herself and other Chinese Americans through this story? Provide three adjectives that describe what it might be like to immigrate to America in the 19 th century.
Objective Examine the image of the Chinese in films during the 1920s and 1930s to develop an understanding of the challenges and opportunities Chinese Americans faced Explore the struggle of the Chinese and other immigrant groups to secure a place for themselves in American society as Americans Announcements: Binder Check Friday Don’t forget Office hours moved to Thursday mornings at 7:15. Questions? me or set up a time to meet.
Chinese Exclusion Act On the following slide you will see a timeline of the Chinese Exclusion Act (yes, you have seen it before ) What do you notice about the experiences of Chinese immigrants during this time? Who was and was not considered to be American citizens? What was life like when coming to America from China?
Chinese Exclusion Act
Becoming American As we watch the video answer the observation and inference questions. O58jocAOS
Bell Ringer: Organize your Binder Readings: The Atlanta Compromise: Booker T. Washington The Soul of Black Folk: W.E.B. DuBois How Women were Treated by the Pullman Company Goals of Trade Unions Laundrymen and Movie Bell Ringers/ Notes: Lecture Notes Revolution/Reconstruction Textbook Notes: Reconstruction Lecture Notes: Booker T. Washington vs. WEB DuBois Textbook Notes: Industrialization Controversies and Movements Textbook Notes: Immigration, Urbanization and Gilded Age Graded Work: Characterization: Booker T vs. WEB DuBois Socratic Seminar: Was Reconstruction successful? PEA: How Women were Treated by the Pullman Company PEA: Goals of Trade Unions
Immigration Restriction League February 19, 2014
Bell Ringer What are some examples of restrictions placed on immigrants coming to the United States? What might be some reasons for these restrictions? Why might these restrictions be unjust?
Objective Today I will be able to identify an authors claims and/or counterclaims and why those are important to our understanding of history. Announcements: Binder Check Friday Don’t forget Office hours moved to Thursday mornings at 7:15. Questions? me or set up a time to meet.
Immigration Restriction League Founded in 1894 by Harvard graduates Advocated a literacy requirement as a means to limit immigration into the United States. League members had lost faith in the nation's ability to assimilate newcomers into its political, social, and cultural fabric. They associated immigration with the socio-economic problems of their increasingly urban and industrialized society crowded tenements, poverty, crime and delinquency, labor unrest, and violence.
Immigration Restriction League Made a distinction between the "old immigrants" of English, Irish, and German stock and the "new immigrants" from Italy and Eastern Europe. claimed that these recently arrived "undesirables" were inherently unable to participate in self-government or to adopt American values. Many League spokesmen came to identify with the eugenics movement, which found a pseudoscientific basis for the classification and ranking of ethnic and racial groups.
Henry Cabot Lodge Senator from Massachusetts Determined to protect the sovereignty of the United States Helped start the Immigration Restriction League Believed that some ethnicities were inherently superior to others. By allowing “inferior” ethnicities into America, it would ruin our political, economic, and social standing. Proposed a bill to Congress that would require all immigrants to pass a literacy test in order to gain citizenship.
President Grover Cleveland Argued that granting citizenship based on a literacy test would determine the success of America’s future politically, economically, or socially. Vetoed Lodge’s bill in 1897
Readings: Henry Cabot Lodge Read the ideas from Henry Cabot Lodge on why he proposed and supports a literacy test for immigrants. Before Reading: Skim and scan Circle unknown words Underline/highlight words that stand out to you Make predictions During Reading: Annotate ! By things that stand out/excite you ? By things you don’t understand/want to know more about
Readings: President Cleveland Read the ideas from Henry Cabot Lodge on why he proposed and supports a literacy test for immigrants. Before Reading: Skim and scan Circle unknown words Underline/highlight words that stand out to you Make predictions During Reading: Annotate ! By things that stand out/excite you ? By things you don’t understand/want to know more about
After Reading Complete the claims and counterclaims handout. Back up your claims/counterclaims evidence Be sure to use explicit text evidence. Use “” marks to signify the evidence. Be aware of the differences of both men in terms of their views of literacy tests for immigrants. At the end, write a MEL-Con paragraph providing your views on the literacy test.