2Mohammed ibn al-hasn (alhazen) ` Abu Ali’ He was born in 965He died in 1039He live in Iraq first then he went to EgyptHe contributed to math, optics, and astronomy which eventually influenced other famous people.
3Information Hes been called the best scientist of the middle ages. His book of optics has been called the most important physics text prior to newton.Other achievements in optics include improved lens design.An early exploration for the rainbow.He also did experiments on visual perception.In a famous leap of over-confidence he claimed he could control the nile river.Alhazen has been called the “Father of modern optics” the “Founder of Experimental Psychology.
4More InformationIn number theory, Alhazen worked with perfect numbers.He introduced the Power Series Theorem.He solved Alhazens Billiard Problem (originally posed as a problem in mirror design).Alhazens attempts to prove the Parallel Postulate make him one of the earliest mathematicians to investigate non- Euclidean geometry.
6Isaac (Sir) Newton He was born in 1642 He died in 1727 He was born in EnglandThis genius began revolutionary advances in mathematics, optics, dynamics, thermodynamics, acoustics and celestial mechanics.
7IsaacHe is famous for his three laws of motion (inertia, force, reciprocal action).Was the first person to conclude that the ordinary gravity we observe on earth is the very same force that keeps the planets in orbit.He observed that white light is a mixture of all the rainbows colors.Newton also designed the first reflecting telescope, first reflecting microscope, and the sextant.
8(Sir)He applied calculus for several purposes: finding areas, tangents, the lengths of curves and the maxima and minima of functions.In addition to several other important advances in analytic geometry, his mathematical works include the binomial theorem, his eponymous numeric method, the idea of polar coordinates.He also advanced the power series for exponential and trigonometric functions.
9NewtonNewton is so famous for his calculus, optics and laws of motion, it is easy to overlook that he was also one of the greatest geometers.He solved the Delian cube-doubling problem.Even before the invention of the calculus of variations, newton was doing difficult work in that field.