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Measuring the Kinetics and Kinematics of Human Gait Tyler Rigsby HSS 537 April 19, 2010
Presentation Outline 1. Kinetics 2. Kinematics 3. Value of Gait Analysis
Kinetics Can be described as: Linear ForcesDynamic ForcesFast Dynamic Forces
Measuring Gait Kinetics Force Plate Balance Plate
Kinematics of Gait
Initial Contact (0%)
Double Limb Stance (0-12%) (Loading Response & Opposite Toe Off)
Opposite Initial Contact, Double Support (50%)
Toe Off (60%)
Feet Adjacent (75%)
Tibia Vertical, Terminal Swing (90-100%)
Phases of the Gait Cycle http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Molhp7H8spE
Measuring Gait Kinematics Observational Gait Analysis3D Marker-based Gait Analysis
Value of Gait Analysis Physical Therapy Surgery Prosthetics and Orthotics
Works Cited Content Rose, Jessica. Human Walking. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006. Perry, Jacquelin. Gait Analysis: Normal and Pathological Function. 2nd ed. Thorofare, NJ: SLACK Inc, 2010. Images http://www.tutornext.com/system/files/u33/im1_5.JPG http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?pid=S0798-40652006000200012&script=sci_arttext http://content.answers.com/main/content/img/oxford/Oxford_Sports/0199210896.ground- reaction-force.1.jpg http://content.answers.com/main/content/img/oxford/Oxford_Sports/0199210896.ground- reaction-force.1.jpg
1 Gait Analysis – Objectives To learn and understand: –The general descriptive and temporal elements of the normal walking movement –The important features.
Gait Cycle 1. Phase of Gate cycle Stance Phase (%60) Swing Phase (%40) Single support (%80) Double support (20%) 2.
GAIT Margo Prim Haynes, PT, DPT, MA, PCS Mary Rose Franjoine, PT, DPT, MS, PCS 2009.
Normal gait is defined as (form of bipedal locomotion) or as a method of locomotion involving the use of the two legs, alternately, to provide both support.
Analysis of a continuous skill – walking and running (gait) Reading assignment: Jones & Barker, Ch 15; McNeil, Ch 5 Outline –Walking Gait cycle Kinematics.
Walking Analysis … the process A gait cycle consists of “the activities that occur from the point of initial contact of one lower extremity to the point.
GaitGait. Gait Gait is a general motion composed of translatory progression of the body as a whole, produced by rotatory movements of body segments.
1 The Gait Cycle:. 2 Walking – The Stance Phase 3 Components of the Stance Phase Stance phase comprises 60% of the gait cycle Heel strike – moment when.
Biomechanics of BKA Renee Kitto Port Macquarie Base Hospital.
Normal Gait. Gait is the medical term to describe human locomotion, or the way that we walk. Interestingly, every individual has a unique gait pattern.
Human Locomotion Focus on Walking Taylor Murphy HSS 537.
Human Locomotion Phases of the Gait Cycle And Determinants of Gait.
Gait Analysis Study of human locomotion Walking and running Walking is a series of gait cycles –A single gait cycle is known as a STRIDE.
Support Events Foot (Heel) Strike Foot Flat Midstance Heel Off Foot (Toe) Off Swing Events Pre swing Midswing Terminal swing.
Biomechanics of Gait Walking E. Muybridge. Applications Walking as a Critical Fundamental Movement Pattern Walking as a Recreational Activity Walking.
Gait. Normal Gait Gait similar from person to person – difference due to postural variations, weakness, structural abnormalities One gait cycle –
Chapter 9 Evaluation of Gait. Introduction Gait Analysis – functional evaluation of a person’s walking or running style Systematic method of identifying.
Science Project Running and Running Shoes Micah Hinson.
Strains in the Metatarsals During the Stance Phase of Gait: Implications for Stress Fractures* by SETH W. DONAHUE, and NEIL A. SHARKEY J Bone Joint Surg.
KINETIC ANALYSIS OF GAIT INITIATION D. Gordon E. Robertson, PhD, FCSB 1 Richard Smith, PhD 2 Nick ODwyer, PhD 2 1 Biomechanics Laboratory, School of Human.
Normal and Pathological Gait in the Elderly Peggy R. Trueblood, PhD, PT California State University, Fresno.
Stair Gait Lecture Notes. Stair Gait Stair climbing is a general type of motion, because it involves an angular motion in the joints & a translatory.
Kinematic Effects of Sloped Surfaces on Shank Angle for Persons with Drop Foot Kristin Carnahan, MSPO 2008 Dr. Robert Gregor, Advisor April 9, 2008.
Analysing the Upper & Lower Limb Movement Studies Mvt Studies
Gait Analysis: Technology and Clinical Applications دکترامیر هوشنگ واحدی متخصص طب فیزیکی و توانبخشی قسمت 1.
Gait analysis Katayoon yadollahi Relevant instructor: Dr.Razjouian.
Chapter 12 Ambulation and Ambulation Aids. Gait = A series of rhythmical, alternating movements of the limbs and trunk that causes a forward progression.
B i o L a b - B i o m e c h a n i c s T e a c h i n g & L e a r n i n g T o o l B o x Newton’s Laws of Motion Linear Kinetics.
Anatomical Society is a registered Charity No: and Limited Company Registered in England and Wales No: | Registered.
Results Table 1: Muscle force and relative difference to control Fig. 2: Muscle force during stance phase for a) m.tibialis posterior; b) m. tibialis anterior;
ASSESSMENT CHAPTER 6. Physical assessment PHYSIOTHERAPY ASSESSMENT session CHAPTER 6 PART
UNDERSTANDING NORMAL & PATHOLOGICAL GAIT Mahmoud Sarmini, M.D. Assistant Prof. LSU-PM&R.
1 Gaits Not Gates Carla Wilhite, OTR/L Sherril York. Ph.D. Oklahoma AgrAbility.
KINESIOLOGY OF WALKING Dr. Michael P. Gillespie. WALKING (AMBULATION) Ideally, walking is performed efficiently to minimize fatigue and safely to prevent.
Present Study Patient Specific Motion Modeling and Assistive Devices S Russell, P Sheth, B Bennett, P Allaire, M Abel University of Virginia, Motion Analysis.
Arthrodesis of the First Metatarsophalangeal Joint: A Robotic Cadaver Study of the Dorsiflexion Angle by Ahmad F. Bayomy, Patrick M. Aubin, Bruce J. Sangeorzan,
Gait development in children. The prerequisite for Gait development Adequate motor control. C.N.S. maturation. Adequate R.O.M. Muscle strength. Appropriate.
Comparison of Loaded and Unloaded Ramp Descent Jordan Thornley, B.Sc. and D. Gordon E. Robertson, Ph.D., FCSB School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa,
Gait and Therapeutic Exercise. Gait Cycle The gait cycle can be described in the phase terms of initial contact, loading response, midstance, terminal.
Gait Analysis PHED Gait Analysis Learning Points Name and describe the 3 main tasks of gait and the 2 main phases of the gait cycle. Distinguish.
Segmental Power Analysis of Walking D. Gordon E. Robertson, PhD, FCSB Biomechanics Laboratory, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa,
Chapter 5 Outline Applying Newton’s Laws Statics Dynamics Friction Static friction Kinetic friction Fluid resistance Circular Motion Fundamental forces.
Analysis of gait. Kinematics Analysis Definition: It is a branch of mechanics which deals with description of motion without referring to it causes. So,
By Jeff C. Conforti, DPT. To understand the basic elements of posture and gait To learn the phases of gait To learn the key muscles and their function.
Newton’s 2 nd Law. Enduring Understanding: Studying dynamics (causes of motion) has had a profound effect on the way humans view their world. Essential.
Determinants of Human Gait: A Review Role of Knee/Ankle Coupling in Stability, Control & Propulsion Gordon J. Alderink, PT, PhD Grand Valley State University.
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