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Tree and Landscape Seminar July 15 th, 2014 Tyler Balderson BMCA Bartlett Tree Experts.

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Presentation on theme: "Tree and Landscape Seminar July 15 th, 2014 Tyler Balderson BMCA Bartlett Tree Experts."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tree and Landscape Seminar July 15 th, 2014 Tyler Balderson BMCA Bartlett Tree Experts

2  Top 5 trees to plant and where  What to plant near the water  How to spot weak trees before they fall  Best Practices for caring for trees  Does topping trees make any sense?  New Critical Area rules  What to do with Invasive Trees  When should you trim trees  Should they overhang the house?  What to do to minimize possible damage from hurricane winds and rain

3  Born in Montgomery County, MD  Raised on a tree nursery, My father Andy Balderson is a Landscape Architect  B.S. Virginia Tech 1998, Board Certified Master Arborist, Maryland Licensed Tree Expert, Certified Tree Care Safety Professional.  Reside in Odenton MD with wife and 3 kids  Bartlett is 107 years old, Serving Anne Arundel for over 60 years.

4  Every property is unique.  Every property has specific needs based upon the environment in which the landscape lives.  My presentation will discuss general ideas and practices, however, just like people every site is different and should be treated as such.

5  Hydrology  Aspect  Soil  Human/Engineering (Controlled/Uncontrolled)  Vegetation (shade trees, mid-story, understory, turf).  Management/Maintenance

6  Everything!  Plants have specific needs based upon water, sunlight, soils, slope.  Right tree right spot  Avoid monocultures  Native? (native to where, what is the definiton of native?)  Native: This includes plants that have developed, occur naturally, or existed for many years in an area (Wikipedia)

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8  How much sunlight is there now, and in the future?  What is the growth potential of the tree based upon the location in which its planted.  Maximum size at maturity  Future plans (renovation, driveway, septic, slope considerations)  Maintenance needs of the tree/landscape.

9  - Hollies  - River Birch  - Beech  - Bald Cypress  - Willow Oak (other various species)  - Sweet Gum  - Black Gum  - Swamp White Oak

10  - Redbud  - Sweetbay Magnolia  - Dogwood  - Serviceberry

11  - Bayberry  - Winterberry  - Native Hydrangea  - Itea  - Fothergilla  - Rhus  - Viburnum

12  - Grasses, grasses, grasses  - Tiarella  - Solidago  - Rudbeckia  - Hibiscus  - Echinacea

13  Trees are similar to people, we can’t just take care of them when they get old!  Many of the problems can be solved with proper care while trees are young, young trees should be pruned annually, monitored for insects/diseases and protected from damages that may cause issues in the future  Older trees typically require pruning every 2-3 years, usually just deadwood. Regular maintenance inspections for insects and disease, consideration fo cables/lightning protection on specimen trees.

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18  Topping is perhaps the most harmful tree pruning practice known. Yet despite more than 25 years of literature and seminars explaining its harmful effects, topping remains a common practice.  Crown reduction can be done, but goals need to be clearly defined and view is not a goal for the plant!

19  Have a defined goal of what you are trying to achieve (structure, shape, thinning 25% max, clearance, deadwood)  In general prune flowering plants soon after they flower. Crepemyrtles (April as they flower on new growth).  Pruning is like surgery, more is not necessarily better!  Winter is a great time to prune as structure can be easier to identify.

20  In general the critical area is defined as the 1000 foot area surrounding bodies of water.  Buffer is defined as 100 feet from bodies of water but can extend further based upon slopes.  Structures and impervious surfaces fall under the critical area. (1000 feet)  Vegetation falls under the buffer area (100+ feet) and or 5,000 square feet of disturbance within the critical area  Contact the county with any questions regarding critical area or buffers, they are here to help!

21  Doing nothing within the buffer is not considered management!  The county encourages management in the buffer to prevent invasive species, improve the buffer and prevent future damage to the buffer.  Identification, treatment and mitigation are all part of an invasive species plan.  This is a long term management plan, not something that can be fixed immediately.

22  Green briar/mulitflora rose  English Ivy (is it a bad thing?)  Mile a minute vine  Grape vine  Kutzu  Japanese knotweed  Poison ivy  Habitat for ticks/mosquitoes

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24  Have an arborist inspect your property  A good arborist can identify the problem before the homeowner does.  Typically when a homeowner calls, its to late!  Set a management plan, small amounts of work can add up to lots of preventative work over the course of months and years.

25  Heaving ground, the tree is uprooting!  Any cracks in the ground, base, or trunk of the tree  Discoloration, staining, black mold under the canopy of the tree.  Hollow trees, sounds like a drum when tapped with a mallet.  Poor tree structure  Exposed trees, or changes in the environment around the trees (recent clearing)  Tree species and hydrology  Deer…….

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29 Questions?


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