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Unit One. Aromatherapy- Items will be set up around the room. Put students into groups of 4-6. Students will travel the room smelling the different aromas.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit One. Aromatherapy- Items will be set up around the room. Put students into groups of 4-6. Students will travel the room smelling the different aromas."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit One

2 Aromatherapy- Items will be set up around the room. Put students into groups of 4-6. Students will travel the room smelling the different aromas. One student will be the recorder. The recorder will switch at every new station. The recorder will put the scent up to the person’s nose and write down the reaction that scent gave the student. Students who are not recorders will have their eyes closed while smelling the aromas.

3 Did any of the scents make students in your group feel more clam? More energetic? Did different students always have the same reaction to the same smell? Why do you think certain smells trigger different feelings for different people? Did any smells trigger memories of a specific place, person, or event for you? How could scents that trigger pleasant thoughts, memories, and feelings be used to help people with emotional problems?

4 Mental Health Emotion Emotional Health Personality Self-concept Self-esteem Hormones Resilience Emotional needs Body language Active Listening Positive self-talk

5 *Mental health is the way people think about and respond to events in their daily lives. Emotions play a major role in someone’s mental health. Our brain produces emotions.

6 *Are feelings produced in response to a life event. No two people react the same way in an event. But when we learn from situations or experience different situations in life, we can change how we respond to them (situations).

7 Happiness Sadness Fear Anger Love Empathy- understand and share another person’s feelings Sympathy – support anther’s feelings, but don’t necessarily understand or share Anxiety- overwhelming feeling, like fear or dread Jealousy

8 PANIC When people express anxiety or fear, sometimes they panic. A panic attack is a feeling of sudden & intense fear. When you over this anxiety resilience. *Resilience - the ability to adapt to & recover from disappointment, difficulty, or crisis. Also know as “bounce-back” factor. Just like a bouncy ball, some with resilience can bounce back after a setback or disappointment.

9 Create an emotional spectrum at your table. On each slip of paper write an emotion. You will have 3-5 minutes to write them down. Arrange emotions from pleasant to unpleasant. There are two ways to express emotions: healthy and unhealthy.

10 Bellwork Be PREPARED: Get out your bellwork paper, notes packet, vocab chart, and emotion cards Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: List as many emotions as you can on your bellwork paper

11 Communication: this is key to healthy expression. Figure out why you have certain emotions Allows you to talk about your emotions Allows others to get to know you and your needs Communication Skills: Steps to effective communication: Know what you want to say *Body language- expressing emotions with face, hands, and posture. Be aware of body language to not send the wrong signal. *Active listening- major part of good communication. Hear and show that you understand what the person is saying.

12 You may want to try a way below to get rid unpleasant emotions Draw Exercise Paint Sculpt Write or play music Dance Act Make films Listen to music Watch a movie Read a book

13 Act out emotion on card with body language.

14 When you express emotions unhealthy, you might physically or emotionally hurt someone. Examples: Destroying property Raising your voice at someone Making fun of someone Violent Examples: Break windows Set fires Start fights Bully others Hurt animals or themselves

15 “Someone has started a rumor at school about another person and it is causing them a lot hurt and problems.” Role play with the person next to you- expressing emotions in a healthy way, and using communication skills. Now apply this to your life at school or home to solve a conflict.

16 Bellwork Be PREPARED: Get out your bellwork paper, notes packet, vocab chart, and emotion cards Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: List as many emotions as you can on your bellwork paper

17 Bell Work Be PREPARED: Get out your bell Work paper, notes packet, and vocab chart Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: List any emotions you have experienced in the last week. Quiz on Monday!!! Mark your agenda.

18 Remember to: – Take a deep breath and stay calm – Focus on what made you angry – Think of words to express your true feelings – CALMLY tell the other person how you feel and what action has caused you to feel this way – Tell the person what you expect from them in the future

19 A situation in which teens express their anger clearly without being harmful or threatening.

20 Time to Think- take time out from the situation to think. *Positive self-talk- think about the good parts of a bad situation. ( This won’t last forever) Talk with Someone- Talk to someone about your problems Defense Mechanisms – automatic behaviors used to reduce uncomfortable stress.

21 Mature Mechanisms: Humor Self-observation Immature Mechanisms: Blame others Denial Ignore problem

22 Exercise Get enough sleep Healthy diet. Supportive relationships Activities you enjoy

23 *Is the way a person experiences and deals with feelings. It is normal to feel a wide range of emotions.

24 It is the ability to accept yourself and others, adapt to and cope with emotions, and deal with the problems and challenges you meet in life.

25 See yourself and life in positive ways Face challenges with confidence Accept that situations and events will not always go your way Motivate yourself to achieve goals Understand and cope with feelings Focus on your strengths Accept constructive criticism and learn from mistakes Have a healthy sense of humor Bounce back from disappointments

26 *Emotional needs are needs that affect your feelings and sense of well-being. We all want to feel worthwhile- that we make a difference in the world (work toward goals will help accomplish this) Need to love and be loved- Feel that you are cared for and that others care for you Need to belong- Know that others accept and respect you as you

27 *Your Personality- has a big impact on your mental health. *It is the unique combination of feelings, thoughts, and behaviors that make you different from everyone else. It is how you react to problems, situations, and events

28 What’s In A Name *Self- Concept- is the view you have of yourself. Know your strengths and strong qualities.

29 Bell Work Be PREPARED: Get out your bell Work paper, notes packet, vocab chart, and emotion cards. Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: Colors are often used to signify emotional states. Color your emotion cards with the color to signify that emotions. Quiz on Monday!!! Mark your agenda.

30 There are both social and physical changes that affect emotions. The older you get, the more expectations you will have. Know your triggers. Things that cause your feelings. Try to avoid unpleasant ones. Hormones play a role in affecting emotions. *Hormones are: chemicals that help control how the body grows and functions. Hormones cause change in mood and energy

31 Motivate Yourself- set realistic goals and work toward achieving them.

32 Circle Juggle with a Goal Focus on Your Strengths- See yourself in a positive way. Work to improve your talents and abilities. Understand and Mange Your Feelings- Keep feelings in check and under control. Develop a Positive Attitude- See positive ways to overcome challenges and obstacles Learn from Your Mistakes- Take responsibility for your actions and behaviors and recognize when you are wrong. See mistakes as opportunities to grow and improve.

33 Every student will tape a piece of paper to their back. In five minutes, all students in the class will try to write on as many students’ piece of paper as possible, with positive qualities that person demonstrates. *Self- Esteem- Is the way you feel about yourself and how you value yourself.

34 Bell Work Be PREPARED: Get out your bell Work paper, notes packet, vocab chart, and emotion cards. Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: What is the difference between self concept and self esteem? Quiz Today!!!

35 Write a thank you note to a person who has had a positive influence on your self-esteem. Explain how that person helped you.

36 Activity: Quiz One: Students have 10 minutes to complete Quiz One.

37 Anxiety disorder Phobia Personality disorder Schizophrenia Mood disorder Clinical depression Suicide Mental illness Paranoia Anorexia nervosa Bulimia Binge eating disorder

38 A disorder that affects a person’s thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. 1 out 6 people have a mental illness (1,000,000,000 people). Mental influences can be caused by stressful events, the environment, or inherited traits

39 Most people experience anxiety from time to time. People who have unreasonable or excessive anxiety have anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorder is a condition in which intense anxiety or fear keeps a person from functioning normally. It causes: Nervousness Worry Panic Panic disorder is a common anxiety disorder that causes a person to have brief periods of extreme anxiety ( panic attacks). Panic attacks are triggered by phobias. Common phobias: Spiders Dogs Flying Giving speeches/ meeting new people Anxiety can be triggered by obsessions too. (OCD).

40 a variety of psychological conditions that affect a person’s ability to get along with others. This affects their thinking, moods, relationships, and control of sudden urges. Schizophrenia: one of the most serious personality disorders. A severe mental disorder in which people lose contact with reality. Experience hallucinations. Have delusions about false personal beliefs that are unreasonable. Have trouble separating what really happens from imagination Feel paranoia-belief that other people want to harm someone **Requires life long treatment

41 Bell Work Be PREPARED: Get out your bell Work paper, notes packet, vocab chart, and emotion cards. Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: Define mental illness.

42 People who feel sad when life is good or happy for no apparent reason People who feel bad when life is good or happy for no apparent reason. A disorder in which a person undergoes changes in mood that seem inappropriate or extreme. Bipolar Mood Disorder- uncontrollable mood changes. Also referred to as manic depression. Excessive energy and irritation Very active and need little sleep Racy thoughts and disorganized mind Have hallucinations- sensing something not real Delusions- false belief ** Treatment that is proper can often lead to ordinary lives Depression- a mood disorder in which a person feels extremely sad and hopeless for at least two weeks. MDD ( major depressive disorder)- Extreme sadness for no reason Inability to cheer up Changes in sleeping and eating patterns Tiredness/ lack of energy Slowed or increased movements Difficulty concentrating Guilt or hopelessness Thoughts about death or suicide May cause hallucinations or delusions ** Can treat with medicine if taken properly.

43 – Intentionally killing oneself Serious problem among teens People with depression can be in so much emotional pain that they would rather be dead 15% of depressed people commit suicide With treatment 80% of cases can be resolved

44 Lack of energy Withdrawal from family and friends No longer taking interest in favorite activities No longer taking interest in personal appearance Taking unnecessary risks Expressing suicidal thoughts or talking about death a lot If you know someone like this TELL A TRUSTED ADULT IMMEDIATELY!

45 React calmly and let the person talk about feelings Listen without interrupting Don’t make comments that challenge the person Offer comfort and support Urge them to get help DO NOT PROMISE TO KEEP IT A SECRET Tell a TRUSTED ADULT IMMEDIATELY

46 You are not alone Take care of your physical needs Avoid alcohol, other drugs, even caffeine Don’t wait! Talk to someone about how you feel.

47 Anorexia Nervosa – an eating disorder characterized by self-starvation leading to extreme weight loss. Have trouble dealing with stresses (high expectations, need to achieve, need to be popular). Usually they count calories, or skip meals. Malnutrition is an issue. Malnutrition is a condition in which the body does not get the nutrients it needs to grow and function properly. Develop: shrunken organs Bone loss Low body temp. Low blood pressure Slowed metabolism **Treatment requires stay at home or hospital and counseling.

48 Condition in which a person eat large amounts of food and then tries to purge (vomit). Either force themselves to throw up or take laxatives ( have to go to bathroom). Extremely concerned with being thin and attractive Overwhelming need to be in control of their body Damages the body with stomach acids hurting teeth, mouth, and throat Laxatives can damage kidneys and liver ** Both disorders are common in teenage girls and young women but teenage boys and men can develop it too.

49 Binge Eating Disorder- compulsive overeating. ** Most common eating disorder. ( between 1 and 2 million Americans are affected) Consume unusually large amounts of food at a time. Then feel guilt or shame afterwards.

50 Psychologists Support groups School nurse Counselor

51 Think about a time when you were sad. Make a list of things you did to try to make yourself feel better. What actions helped you the most?

52 Bell Work Be PREPARED: Get out your bell Work paper, notes packet, and vocab chart. 2 sheets of notebook papers. Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: List signs of sucide. Quiz today for 2 nd period

53 Bell Work Be PREPARED: Get out your bell Work paper, notes packet, and vocab chart. Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: What is the difference between beige eating and bulimia? Quiz today for 2 nd period Unit test will be next week.

54 Activity Quiz Two: Students have 10 minutes to complete Quiz Two

55 Teen hotline Counselor Psychologist Psychiatrist Therapy Family therapy grief

56 Group students in pairs. Each student needs a slip of paper. Each paper should have a sad story on it. Have students practice communication skills- eye contact, active listening, and thinking about what you want to say ahead of time to make it easier. Evaluates each other’s use of communication skills when asking for help in dealing with sadness.

57 Family friends trusted adults counselors principals Teachers social workers school nurses Clergy peer counseling groups teen hotlines- phone number that teens can call to talk privately and anonymously about their problems.

58 Counselor- professional who helps people work through difficult problems. Psychologist- person who tries to change thoughts, feelings, and actions by finding the reasons behind them or suggesting new ways to manage emotions. Psychiatrist- a medical doctor who specializes in illnesses of the brain and body that affect emotions and behavior.

59 Family counseling- seek to improve troubled family relationships Individual counseling- talk to an individual to learn new ways of thinking or behaving.

60 Grief- sorrow caused by the loss of loved one The Grief Process: Shock- feel separated from emotions, numb or empty inside Anger- survivors feel angry Yearning- survivors ache. Empty place in their life. Depression- Accept reality that the person is not coming back Moving On- Survivor moves forward with their life, not forgetting who died.

61 Stages of Facing Death: Stage 1- Denial: refusal to accept that one is dying Stage 2- Anger: Why me? Stage 3- Bargaining: Look for ways to prolong life Sage 4- Depression: Deep sadness Stage 5- Acceptance: accepting the reality of death and making peace with the world

62 Seek a grief counselor Remember what was good about the person. Don’t run away from your feelings Share your feelings with others Join a support group

63 Bell Work Be PREPARED: Get out your bell Work paper, notes packet, and vocab chart. Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: What is the difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist? Unit test will be next week.

64 Name sources of information about health issues. What are reliable sources? Not all sources of information are equally valid. Printed materials, check the credentials of the author and anyone the author quotes. Make sure information is based on a scientific study. Sources: Parents/ guardians/ trusted adults- based on personal knowledge and experience Library resources-encyclopedias and nonfiction books on science, medicine, nutrition, and fitness. Internet- govt. agencies, health care providers, universities, and scientific publications Community resources- local health organizations, hospitals, clinics, government offices, universities Media- newspaper and magazine articles by health professionals and experts on current health studies.

65 Name one way to show positive support for a person who is coping with a death. Activity Stress-No-More

66 Bell Work Be PREPARED: Get out your bell Work paper and a sheet of paper. Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: List and describe the stages of grief. (Use your notes if you need) Unit test will be this week.

67 Bell Work Be PREPARED: Get out your bell Work paper and a sheet of paper. Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: List and describe the 5 stages of facing death. (Use your notes if you need) Unit test will be this week.

68 Bell Work Be PREPARED: Get out your bell Work paper and a sheet of paper. Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: Describe a situation in a movie where a teen was facing a mental or emotional problem. How did they handle the problem. Unit test will be this week.

69 Bell Work Be PREPARED: Get out your bell Work paper and a sheet of paper. Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: What are Mr. Jones’ and Ms. Grider’s title? What do they provide for students at BGJHS? Unit test today!!! You will turn in your notes and vocab today.

70 Bell Work Be PREPARED: Get out your bell Work paper and a sheet of paper. Pencils out. All other items under seat or at top of table. ANSWER THIS QUESTION: How did you feel about the test. Describe your emotions, stressed, anxious, etc. You will turn in your bellwork today.


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