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The Sentence expresses A n i d e a o r c o m p l e t e t h o u g h t.

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Presentation on theme: "The Sentence expresses A n i d e a o r c o m p l e t e t h o u g h t."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Sentence expresses A n i d e a o r c o m p l e t e t h o u g h t

3 1.Must begin with a CAPITAL letter! 2.Must have a subject! 3.Must have a predicate! 4.Must complete an idea or complete thought! 5.Must end in the correct punctuation!

4 The subject of a sentence is who or what the sentence is about. The boy Shekora The girls on the team The verb of a sentence tells what the subject is or is doing. told everyone about the wreck. sobbed. plays the piano. Tyler Marquita ran. painted. played well. Shawn

5 1.Noun form: oun: person, place, thing, or idea 2.Gerund: We will cover later!! 3.Infinitives: Again, we will cover later!! 2.Generally at the beginning of a sentence. 1.Can be in the middle or end TOO!!! 3.Who or What the sentence is about.

6 EXCEPTIONS: Exceptions to the locations of the subject and verb are: – questions –sentences with introductory phrases that function as adverbs; sentence begins after the comma. –There are other exceptions, but these two are the main ones that may give you trouble?

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8 The simple subject or the subject is the main word in the complete subject. The complete subject is the main word and all its modifiers. The four new students arrived early. Complete subject The four new students Simple subject students

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11 The simple predicate, or verb, is the main word or group of words in the complete predicate. Sara’s sister took us bowling yesterday. Simple predicate took The complete predicate is the verb and all its modifiers. Complete Predicate took us bowling yesterday

12 1.Must begin with a CAPITAL letter! 2.Must have a subject! 3.Must have a predicate! 4.Must complete an idea or complete thought! 5.Must end in the correct punctuation!

13 Diagramming Sentences Diagramming sentences allows you to see each word and its use in a sentence. Each part of speech is identified by placement on a diagram, which will help you see how it functions and its purpose in a sentence. Like a math equation, diagramming has a pattern to follow. Each line in a diagram has a purpose whether it is horizontal, vertical, or diagonal.

14 Why Diagram a Sentence? Shows relationship between words and how they are used in a sentence. It becomes a picture instead of just a group of words. Breaks down languages to help other language learners. Helps to write clear sentences. Helps identify errors in word usage and punctuation. Helps you learn parts of speech in small steps. Helps you visualize sentences as you write them.

15 STEP 1: Do I have a sentence? Make sure you have a sentence; if not, make necessary corrections. Begins with a capital letter Contains a Subject Contains a Verb Correct end punctuation Conveys a thought or idea

16 STEP 2: The Subject On a diagram the subject is placed on the horizontal line and left of the vertical line. –The vertical line separates the subject from the verb.

17 Step 2: The Subject Diagram Structure:Subject EXAMPLE: Sentence:Students learn. » Diagram: »Q. Who or what is the sentence about? »A. The sentence is about students. Students

18 Step 3: The Verb Ask what the subject is doing, has done, or will do or what is being done to the subject. This will be your verb. Remember the verb shows action or state of being, and is the beginning of the predicate. Place to the right of the vertical line.

19 Step 3: The Verb Diagram Structure:subjectverb EXAMPLE 1:Sentence:Students learn. Diagram:Studentslearn »Q. Students do what? A. Students learn. EXAMPLE 2:Sentence:Mr. White teaches. Diagram:Mr. Whiteteaches

20 STEP 4: The Direct Object The direct object receives the action of the verb. –Will be a noun, pronoun, or a phrase functioning as a noun. Simply ask what of the verb. –If you can ’ t answer what of the verb, a D.O. is not present. Direct Object will follow the verb. –Unless an Indirect Object is present Direct Object will come after the Indirect Object On a diagram direct object follows the verb after the vertical line that meets the horizontal line. –Subject verbdirect object

21 Step 4: Direct Object Diagram Structure: subject verb direct object EXAMPLE 1: –The sentence: Students learn writing. –The diagram:Students learnwriting EXAMPLE 2: –The sentence: Mr. White teaches Creative Writing. –The diagram: Mr. White teachesCreative Writing

22 Step 5: The Indirect Object An indirect object tells to whom or for whom something is done. –The indirect object will be a noun. Ask to whom(what) or for whom(what) of the verb. The indirect object will be located between the verb and direct object in the sentence. Other forms of diagramming place the indirect object under the verb; however, we will place it after a diagonal line after the direct object.

23 Step 5: The Indirect Object Diagram Structure: –subjectverbdirect object indirect object EXAMPLE 1: Sentence: Mr. White teaches students Creative Writing. The diagram: –Mr. White teaches Creative Writing students

24 Step 6: Adverbs Adverbs modify or give description to verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Adverbs answer the questions: –“ How? ”, “ When? ”, and “ Where? ” of the verb. –It will answer the question “ To what extent? ” of adjectives and other adverbs. On a diagram place adverbs on a diagonal line under the word they modify or describe.

25 Step 6: Adjectives Adjectives modify or give description to nouns or pronouns. It will answer the questions: –what kind, how many, or which one. On a diagram adjectives are placed on a diagonal line under the word, words, or phrases they modify or describe.

26 Step 6: Adverbs & Adjectives Diagram Structure: –subjectverbdirect objectindirect object –

27 Step 7: Prepositional Phrases Describe words they follow. Diagram Structure: –subjectverbdirect objectindirect object Preposition Object of the Preposition


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