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© L. A. Burden 2005 Masonic Development Program The Entered Apprentice – General Knowledge Canadian Working.

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1 © L. A. Burden 2005 Masonic Development Program The Entered Apprentice – General Knowledge Canadian Working

2 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Inspiration for This Training Program The 1970’s editions of the BC Ancient Working and Canadian Working Explained books produced by R.W. J. Morton Heaps and Mt. Elphinstone Lodge.

3 © L. A. Burden 2005 In Light Of Our Obligation, How Can We Print Books Or Presentations Such As This? There is nothing secretive about the tenets, or philosophy of Freemasonry. The esoteric, or hidden, parts, which we are forbidden to print, are customarily omitted, or printed in shorthand, so only a Mason can understand them. Some of the images and information contained in this presentation have been available to the public for over 150 years and are readily available on the internet.

4 © L. A. Burden 2005 Program “Hyperlinks” Hyperlinks have been place throughout this program to enable you to easily travel to different chapters or return to the main menu. Simply click on the work “Index” located at the end of each program chapter and you will be taken directly to the index page.“Index”

5 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Entered Apprentice General Knowledge Section, Will Cover The Following: Lesson 1 - Before Acceptance Lesson 2 - General Ritual Lesson 3 - Opening Ceremonies Lesson 4 - Closing a Lodge Lesson 5 - The Festive Board Lesson 6 - Examination and Memory Work Lesson 6 - Examination and Memory Work

6 © L. A. Burden 2005 Lesson One Before Acceptance Index

7 © L. A. Burden 2005 How Did You Apply To Become A Freemason? You inquired of a Brother who consented to act as your sponsor, and to present your application to his Lodge. A second Brother also signed your form.

8 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Duties Did These Two Brothers Assume? In consenting to act as your sponsors, these two Brethren agreed to take you in charge and to encourage your active participation in all of our endeavors. In some Lodges they will act as your mentors, to help you proceed through your degrees, and to see that you are properly instructed in the fundamentals of Freemasonry.

9 © L. A. Burden 2005 How Did The Lodge Handle Your Application? After your application was approved by the Lodge, the Worshipful Master appointed a committee of 3 skilled Brethren to closely inquire into your moral, social, mental and family faculties. This committee having reported favorably, a ballot was held, and as it proved favorable, you were accepted as a Candidate for Initiation.

10 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Must A Candidate For Freemasonry Go Through An Initiation Ceremony? Societies through all ages have used initiation ceremonies as a symbol of a new birth, and of further development of the Soul and Mind.

11 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Is It Required That A Ballot Be Unanimous Before A Candidate Can Be Accepted For Initiation? The intent here, of course, is to ensure that there is a spirit of complete harmony and brotherhood which should prevail in every Lodge, by refusing entry to any petitioner, towards whom any Brother has feelings of animosity, or of whom he knows something, that will reflect ill repute on the Craft.

12 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Is Such A Careful Selection Required Of Candidates For Freemasonry? King Solomon used only the best material in building his Temple, as he knew that otherwise it could not endure. Similarly a careful selection of its material is demanded by Freemasonry in the building of its fraternal structure.

13 © L. A. Burden 2005 For What Reason Were You Required To Pay A Considerable Sum Of Money Prior To Your Initiation? All Lodges are supported by the yearly payments of their members. When a new Initiate is accepted by a Lodge various “once only” payments are required to the Grand Lodge, and to purchase the Apron and books which are later given to you. The fact that you were able and willing to spend such a sum to become a Freemason assures us that it will not be a financial burden on you to be a member of our Lodge. Index

14 © L. A. Burden 2005 Lesson Two General Ritual Index

15 © L. A. Burden 2005 How Many Rituals Are Practiced In British Columbia And Yukon? Four, namely the, Canadian Ancient Emulation and Australian

16 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Origin Of The Canadian Ritual? It is based on the ritual of the Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario, which in turn had an English origin. It was brought to B.C. by settlers from Eastern Canada in the Mid- nineteenth century

17 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Origin Of The Ancient Ritual? This ritual was brought to B.C. in the early days by Masons from the U.S.A., and for many years was known as the American work.

18 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Origin Of The Emulation Ritual? This ritual is perhaps the most popular of the many workings in England, and was brought out directly from that country

19 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Origin Of The Australian Ritual? As the name suggests this ritual was developed in Australia, and was brought here from that country.

20 © L. A. Burden 2005 How Many Lodges In B.C. & Y. Practice Each Ritual? Canadian – 73 Ancient – 62 Emulation – 11 Australian – 2 Total Lodges = 148 Source: G.L.BC &Y 2005

21 © L. A. Burden 2005 How Many Ritual Books Are Published In BC & Yukon? There are two rituals published by the Grand Lodge, the Canadian and the Ancient. Canadian Lodges in existence prior to 1954 can use their original ritual but all Canadian Lodges formed after 1954 must use the new ritual. Ancient Lodges in existence prior to 1954 can use their original ritual but all Ancient Lodges formed after 1962 must use the new ritual. The official ritual book for Emulation Lodges in BC & Y is the Emulation Ritual as practiced by Victoria- Columbia No 1., which was proclaimed in Grand Lodge proceedings in 1893.

22 © L. A. Burden 2005 How Many Degrees Are Recognized By The Grand Lodge Of B.C. & Y.? Three, namely The Entered Apprentice degree The Fellowcraft degree The Master Mason degree

23 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is Contained In The Ritual Of The Three Masonic Degrees? In these ceremonies are contained all the philosophy and lessons of Freemasonry and each stone in the foundation is a symbol of some kind or another. Many of the symbols are called to the attention of the new member as the degrees are being conferred, but there is much to the ceremony that does not meet the eye at the time, so that a study of the subject is intriguing, as one finds new gold while conducting the search.

24 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Does The Term “Degree” Mean? Every Candidate learns what a degree is twice over, once when it is conferred on him and again when he learns it by heart. He discovers that there is nothing indefinite about it, as each one begins at a certain point, proceeds in a fixed order, step by step, until it comes to a clean cut end with a given action, at a given place. A degree is composed of parts, or rites, or elements, and is not a mere addition of them but is itself a unity, has an identity and a name.

25 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Are The Two Masonic Meanings Of The Word “Lodge”? It means the place where Freemasons meet, and also the assembly of Freemasons so met. A Masonic Lodge is a symbol of the world or universe

26 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is Meant By A.F. & A. M.?

27 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is An “Allegory”, A “Symbol” And An “Emblem” ? An “allegory” is an analogy, or comparison, or a story told to illustrate a principle, or a lesson. A “symbol” is something which is not itself the thing it represents, but which signifies, or illustrates, some truth, idea or fact. An “emblem” is a symbolic figure or picture representing an idea by a visible object.

28 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is Another Definition Of A Symbol? A symbol has also been defined as a thing which represents something else by association, and in Freemasonry may be a material object which represents a basic moral truth or lesson. They are sometimes described as the universal language because they present the message in a way understood by all, and do not depend on words that are different in various languages.

29 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Is Freemasonry Often Referred To As “The Craft”? In operative days the skilled workmen were Craftsmen, and they were organized in Craft Guilds. As Freemasonry consists of men skilled in the art of Freemasonry, it is often called “The Craft”.

30 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Are The Ancient Landmarks And Is There A List? Certain basic principles of Masonic organization and policy which have existed since time immemorial, and which can never be changed or altered. Many lists of the Ancient Landmarks have been compiled, but there is no general agreement as to which list, if any is correct. The best known is a list of 25 landmarks prepared by Bro. Albert MacKay.

31 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Does The Master Of A Lodge Sometimes Wear A Hat? Ever since the Greeks crowned their heroes with garlands or wreaths, caps or halos have been associated with honour and authority. Kings wear hats in any company, denoting superiority and authority, and Jews remain covered in the Synagogue as a mark of reverence and respect. From such traditions our Masonic custom is derived.

32 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Symbolic Meaning Of Wearing White Gloves In Lodge? In ancient times the Operative Masons wore gloves to protect their hands from the rigors of their trade, but as Speculative Masons the gloves signify that our hands should be protected from all impurities and symbolize the same purity of ideals as the apron.

33 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Symbolism Of The Ashlars? The Rough Ashlar represents a man fresh from the quarry of life, and of rough learning and character. As the protruding or unwanted material is removed; the Ashlar becomes dressed, polished and squared and finally a Perfect Ashlar. The analogy to the Mason, who is a building stone in the Temple of Masonry, is that the perfect man is to be attained by removing all vices and superfluities.

34 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Origin Of The Term Entered Apprentice? In operative Masonry a young man served seven years after his name was entered on the books of the Lodge as an Apprentice and he was given a recognized position in the Craft organization. Hence the term Entered Apprentice. The term was also used in the sense of being admitted, or introduced.

35 © L. A. Burden 2005 Is An Entered Apprentice Called A Brother And What Rights Does He Have? He is entitled to be called Brother. He has the right to ask his Lodge for advancement to the higher degrees, To receive proper Masonic instruction. He can attend his Lodge anytime it is opened and working in the Entered Apprentice Degree.

36 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Masonic Rights Does He Not Have? He is not yet Mason in the legal Masonic sense, but only in the sense that he is a rough Ashlar in the process of becoming a perfect Ashlar. He is the property of his Lodge and can receive the other two degrees nowhere else without its permission. He does not pay dues, he can enter the Lodge only when it is open on the first degree.

37 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Masonic Rights Does He Not Have…? He cannot vote, ballot nor take office. He is not entitled to a Masonic Funeral, or to attend one as a member of the Lodge, He has no rights to Masonic Charity.

38 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Symbolic Theme Of Initiation? Initiation is symbolic of rebirth from a state of ignorance, to one of a search for knowledge.

39 © L. A. Burden 2005 When Is A Lodge “Just, Perfect And Regular”? It is Just when it is furnished with the three Great Lights; Perfect when it contains the constitutional number of members; and Regular when it is working under a charter, or warrant, of Constitution from the legal authority.

40 © L. A. Burden 2005 At work - When a Lodge is conferring any of the three degrees. At refreshment - When a Lodge is in activity but is not at labor. The word refreshment no longer means what it used to among Freemasons, as it does not signify eating and drinking, but simply cessation from labour. When Is A Lodge At Labour, In Business, At Work, And at Refreshment?

41 © L. A. Burden 2005 At Labour - From the time of opening to the time of closing. In Business - While it is reading minutes and correspondence, receiving reports of committees, balloting, passing bills, etc. When Is A Lodge At Labour, In Business, At Work, And At Refreshment?

42 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is Meant By “Calling Off, Calling On” And When A Lodge Is An “Abeyance” These are brief ceremonies whereby the Master can call his Lodge to refreshment, or back to labour for short periods, without formally closing his Lodge. If a Lodge is closed until its next communication, the intervening period is one of abeyance, as its activities for Masonic Duty have been suspended for the time being, although its powers and privileges may be resumed at any time.

43 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is Solomon’s Temple A Symbol Of? To a Freemason it is a symbol of human life, for like life, the Temple was to have its end. Masonic teachings are not intended to relate historic facts concerning the erection of a building, but to keep us in sight of the life that we should attempt to live as Freemasons.

44 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Are Meant By The Terms “Chair”, “Under Dispensation” And “Demit” “Chair” is a technical term signifying the office of the Master of the Lodge. “Under dispensation”? When it is operating under the authority of a dispensation granted by the Grand Master. “Demit” is a certificate issued by a Lodge to a member withdrawing from that Lodge, or by a Grand Lodge to a member of an erased Lodge

45 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Difference Between “Esoteric And Exoteric” Ritual Esoteric ritual is that part of the ritual which is kept secret, and is not disclosed to anyone except a properly qualified Freemason. It consists largely of the modes of recognition. Exoteric ritual is that part of the ritual which is printed in the ritual books and is openly discussed in Masonic literature. There is nothing secret about this and it can be read by non- members.

46 © L. A. Burden 2005 Where Is The Altar Situated And Why Do We Have One If We Are Not A Religious Association? The Altar is situated in the centre of the Lodge, we take our obligations on the Altar, and all obligations should be taken on the Centre. In the Entered Apprentice and Fellowcraft degrees the Altar is the place of obligation, but in the Master Mason degree it becomes the Holy of Holies, on which are situated the Great Lights of Freemasonry.

47 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Masonic Significance Of The “Altar”? The Altar reminds us that the sacrifice of ourselves and our vows of fidelity are taken at the mystic centre. On it we have dedicated ourselves to the Divine Spark within us, which is ever in union with the source of all, and which is also the Masonic Holy of Holies. This, the Great Light teaches us, was the centre and heart of both the Tabernacle in the Wilderness and the Temple of Solomon.

48 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is Meant By The Term “Architecture”? Architecture is the art that teaches the proper method of constructing public and private buildings. To Freemasonry it is the art of arts, because to it the Institution is indebted for its origin in its present organization. Much of the symbolism of Freemasonry is drawn from the art of architecture.

49 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is Meant By The Term “Great Architect” Or “Grand Geometrician”? Great Architect of the Universe, or any of its variations, is a symbol of Deity as named and worshipped in all religions.

50 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is A Masonic Assembly, And Why Is Freemasonry Called A Brotherhood? A Masonic Assembly is any meeting of Masons presided over by Masonic officers. It is called a Brotherhood because its work brings its members into personal association.

51 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Is It Sometimes Called An Order And A Fraternity? An Order because its work is in order and its officers have fixed positions and it functions in an orderly manner. It is also called a Fraternity, because its members have a special friendliness for each other.

52 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Difference Between Regular And Emergent Communications? A regular communication is held on a date appointed by the Lodge By-laws and can only be held on this date unless a dispensation is obtained from the Grand Master to permit a change. In B.C. these are the business meetings of the Lodge, and are usually held in the third degree, or in a lesser degree at the Worshipful Masters discretion. An emergent communication is one called by the Worshipful Master on a date selected by him to conduct such affairs as are noted on the monthly notice. Usually such work is the conferring of degrees, the reception of Grand Lodge visitors, or educational subjects.

53 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Are The Three Degrees Of Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, And Master Mason Called the Symbolic Degrees? These are by far the oldest degrees in Freemasonry, and were formulated in an age when the use of symbols was prevalent in all religious orders. Therefore symbols are used extensively in these three degrees. In the newer degrees of the Royal Arch, Templar Orders and the Scottish Rite, the teaching is done more by legends and traditions than by symbols. Index

54 © L. A. Burden 2005 Lesson Three Opening Ceremonies The Entered Apprentice Degree Index

55 © L. A. Burden 2005 How Does The Worshipful Master Rule His Lodge? By means of a gavel, or hammer, which has been at all times an emblem of authority.

56 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The First Act In Opening A Lodge? The Master knocks once, which is repeated by the wardens,which alerts the Brethren to see that they are properly clothed, and are at their stations, or places, in the Lodge room.

57 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Worshipful Masters First Question And What Does He Do Next? He inquires whether all of the Brethren have signed the Porch Book, and if not, he allows them to do so. He knocks three times, at which signal everyone rises and he asks questions of the two Wardens.

58 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Purpose Of The First Question To The Junior Warden? The Junior Warden represents the Body of man, and the Worshipful Master satisfies himself that man’s body is on guard against outside influences.

59 © L. A. Burden 2005 Tyling The Lodge The Junior Warden directs the Inner Guard to see that the Lodge properly tyled. It is the Inner Guards duty to see that none enter the Lodge except those duly qualified so to do, to answer all reports, to admit Freemasons who have furnished proof of their proficiency, or have been properly vouched for, and are properly clothed, and to obey the commands of the Worshipful Master.

60 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Does The Inner Guard Stand For? The Inner Guard stands for the power which permits the Soul to enter into a person at any given moment. Spiritually, the Inner Guard represents the warning which must be given to those who attempt, with due caution, to probe into the mysteries of God.

61 © L. A. Burden 2005 Tyling The Lodge The Inner Guard then checks with the Tyler outside the door that all is correct, shuts the door properly, and reports to the Junior Warden that the door is properly tyled. He does not knock on the door at this point in the ceremony because the Lodge is not open yet.

62 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Are The Sign And Step Not Used Prior To The Lodge Being Called To Order? While the Tyler’s door may be closed and guarded, until the Master calls the Lodge to order, he has not completed his check to assure that the Lodge is secure and that all present are entitled to be in attendance when the Lodge is opened.

63 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Tyler Armed With And Why? He is armed with a drawn sword. This is a reminder of the antiquity of our Institution. In older, rougher times it was often necessary for the Tyler to physically guard our portals against all attempts by non-masons to enter.

64 © L. A. Burden 2005 From Whence Did The Word “Tyler” Originate? This word is often spelt Tiler in the more modern rituals, but the original spelling is Tyler. The word is derived from Operative Masonry, where the Tyler finishes and covers the edifice with the roof (of tyles). In Speculative Masonry, the Tyler closes the door, and covers the sacred precincts from all intrusion.

65 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Purpose Of The Next Question To The Senior Warden? The Senior Warden represents the Soul, and he proves that all present have made some advancement towards light. Only then, can any real progress become possible, as only those who have themselves started to advance, can help others who are in spiritual darkness.

66 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Does The Senior Warden State He Represents? The setting sun, and as this is the end of day, so the Senior Warden closes the Lodge. He also represents the Soul, the tie between the mortal and divine, and he acts on the instructions of the Spirit, or the Master.

67 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Is The Senior Warden “Placed In The West” And What Is Meant By “See That Every Brother Has Had His Just Due” ? The Senior Warden symbolically represents the setting sun, which at all seasons of the year is in the West. “Just Due” is an archaic term that does not refer to wages. In operative days, the Senior Warden was responsible to settle all disputes and differences between the Brethren, and to see that each Brother was treated equally and received that which was justly due to him.

68 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Does The Worshipful Master Ask The Senior Warden To Vouch That All Present Are Freemasons A Brother who cannot be vouched for by the Senior Warden, or by some known Brother,must retire from the Lodge to be admitted after a due examination by a Board of Trial.

69 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Does The Worshipful Master Call The Lodge To Order? To tell his Brethren that he is satisfied that his Lodge is ready, and To tell them that he is about open his Lodge.

70 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Do The Next Series Of Questions In the Opening Ceremony Indicate? They represent the seven fold nature of man, which is also indicated by the fact that it takes seven to make a perfect Lodge.

71 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Is The Junior Warden Placed In The South? The Junior Warden is placed in the South, the position of the sun at noon, or at the peak of its glory and beauty, as he also represents the column of beauty

72 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Junior Warden He is responsible for the superintendence of the Brethren during refreshment. He provides the refreshments for each meeting. And he supervises the stewards in the banquet hall.

73 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Do The Three Principal Officers Represent? They represent the triune nature of man, Body, Soul, and Spirit. The Junior Warden represents the Body of man, and as such he looks after the material comforts of the Brethren at the hour of refreshment.

74 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Do The Three Principal Officers Represent…? The Senior Warden represents the Soul of man, and as such, it is his duty to reward the Brethren for their labor on our spiritual Temple. The Worshipful Master represents the Spirit of man, and his duties are to instruct his Brethren so that their Souls and Bodies maybe improved in their contact with the Divine Spirit which resides in every man.

75 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Worshipful Master His is a position of high importance within Freemasonry. He has the responsibility to rule and govern the Lodge. He is the benchmark for his officers to compare themselves to in decorum and proficiency

76 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Is The Worshipful Master Placed In The East? The East has always been considered as the place from which all wisdom has come. The Worshipful Master’s duty, is to instruct his Brethren, and he therefore represents the Column of Wisdom, which is located in the East. Here he opens his Lodge as the sun rises behind him.

77 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Senior Warden He is second in importance to the Worshipful Master. His role is to be an understudy of the Worshipful Master. He is charged with the care of Lodge jewels, furniture and other property.

78 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Else Does The Worshipful Master Do Before Opening The Lodge? As in all Masonic undertakings, the Worshipful Master offers an invocation to the Great Architect of the Universe, the Creative Aspect of God, using His Name to open the Lodge.

79 © L. A. Burden 2005 At What Passage Is the Volume of the Sacred Law Opened in This Degree? This varies in different Lodges according to Lodge custom. Among the more popular places are Ruth, 4:7; 2nd Chronicles, 2:18; or Genesis, 28:11 to 13.

80 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Are Both Points Of The Compasses Hidden Under The Square? Symbolically, it is to indicate that an Entered Apprentice is still in a state of ignorance, where he is unable to employ either point of the compasses to circumscribe the circle of virtue within, that he should live by. Practically, so that a Mason upon entering the Lodge after it has been opened, may see at a glance, which degree the Lodge is working in, and so he can salute the Master with the proper sign.

81 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Is The Senior Warden’s Column Erect While The Lodge Is At Work? During the hours of labour the needs of the Soul are being administered to and those of the Body are put in the background. This is indicated by the relative positions of the Wardens Columns. When at refreshment, the Junior Warden’s Column is erected.

82 © L. A. Burden 2005 Other Lodge Officers

83 © L. A. Burden 2005 Lodge Officers There may be as many as 17 Lodge Officers. The other officers can include, the Immediate Past Master, Director of Ceremonies, Chaplain, Inner Guard, Tyler, two Stewards, an Organist, a Historian, Director of Education, Librarian, and in some Lodges a Standard Bearer. Duties of Lodge Officers are described in the Lodge Bylaws and the Lodge Officers Guide issued by the Grand Lodge.

84 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Treasurer Receives all monies from the Secretary. Pays accounts. Maintains accounting books showing all receipts and expenditures. Submits an audited annual report to Grand Lodge.

85 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Secretary Has many administrative duties. He is instrumental to the efficient operation of the Lodge. He Records the minutes, issues notices, handles correspondence and collects all fees and prepares annual reports

86 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Immediate Past Master When requested, he provides support, counsel and assistance to the Worshipful Master throughout the Worshipful Master’s term of office.

87 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Deacons The Deacons are responsible for the arrangement of the Lodge furniture and assist in the floor work, especially during degrees.

88 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Stewards Under the direction of the Junior Warden they attend to the refreshments. The Junior Steward prepares the candidates and the Senior Steward prepares the Lodge for degrees.

89 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Inner Guard Guards the interior of the Lodge and conveys directions from the Worshipful Master to the Tyler

90 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Tyler Watches the exterior of the Lodge. He makes sure that all Candidates are properly prepared and he ensures that all Brethren sign the “porch book” and are properly clothed before entering the Lodge.

91 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Director Of Ceremonies He is responsible for the proper preparation of the Lodge Room. He ensures that the ritual runs smoothly and has special licence to move about the Lodge room as required.

92 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Chaplain Leads the devotional exercises in the Lodge. He is often the Chairman of the “sick and visiting committee”.

93 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Organist Provides a valuable contribution to the atmosphere of the Lodge by providing appropriate music.

94 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Historian Records the important events pertaining to the Lodge history. Provides reports to the Lodge Responsible for the proper care and preservation of documents and items of interest pertaining to the history of the Lodge.

95 © L. A. Burden 2005 Director Of Masonic Education Responsible for the continuing Masonic education of the Lodge. Presents interesting and informative Masonic education programs.

96 © L. A. Burden 2005 Committees There are a variety of committees including but not limited to: Finance, Dues, Investigating, Sick & Visiting, Entertainment, Phoning, Candidate Coaching, Degree Team … Index

97 © L. A. Burden 2005 Lesson Four Closing A Lodge Index

98 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Is the Closing Ceremony So Short in the Entered Apprentice Degree? Any Entered Apprentices who are present have not yet advanced enough to appreciate, or understand, any more symbolic teachings.

99 © L. A. Burden 2005 Why Does The Senior Warden Close The Lodge In This Degree? The Senior Warden represents the Soul, and this shows us that when we have learned all that life can teach us, the Soul, acting on the instructions of God, calls us to other fields of usefulness.

100 © L. A. Burden 2005 In Whose Name Does The Senior Warden Close The Lodge? In the name of the Great Architect, and by command of the Worshipful Master, reminding us of Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end.

101 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is A Brother's Just Due? In operative days a Mason received material things (corn, wine and oil) as wages, because his labor was material. The Free and Accepted Mason however performs moral work, and hence his reward is spiritual.

102 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Is The Closing Act? The Great Lights are disarranged to show that the Lodge has ceased labour, and then, The Volume of the Sacred Law is ceremonially closed by the Immediate Past Master, or any other Brother whom the Worshipful Master may ask. By the closing of the Volume of the Sacred Law, the Brethren are again reminded of their obligation to preserve our secrets from all non- masons. Index

103 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Do The Opening And Closing Ceremonies Remind Us Of ? They serve to remind us of our obligation and they illustrate the solemnity, the beauty and spirituality of Freemasonry. They can remind us of life and death, the opening and closing of our lives. While we are open, or alive, we are able constantly to serve God and our fellowman. At closing or the end of life, that opportunity has passed. Index

104 © L. A. Burden 2005 Lesson Five The Festive Board Index

105 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Festive Board A Lodge meeting is twofold in nature; Moral instruction and social intercourse. The refreshment period (Festive Board) is an integral part of freemasonry where informality and sociability should be present but good manners and protocol apply. Nothing of a religious or political nature is discussed. Alcohol is acceptable in most lodges in Canada, but overindulgence is censured.

106 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Festive Board – Head Table It is customary when a sit down meal is provided to have the Worshipful Master and important guests seated at the head table. Visiting Grand Lodge Officers always sit at the head table. Visiting Worshipful Masters and if a degree night, Candidates are at seated at the head table. The Junior Warden usually fills the role of Toastmaster.

107 © L. A. Burden 2005 Festive Board – Toasts When food is served there are always at least three items on the agenda; 1. The Invocation (Grace) 2. The Loyal Toast (The Queen) 3. The Tyler’s Toast (The Closing)

108 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Invocation To remind us to give thanks for the food we receive and keep us mindful of the needs of others. No other activity precedes the invocation.

109 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Loyal Toast The Toast to the Monarch is unique to Lodges in countries under a Monarchy. Simply “The Queen (or King) and the Craft” It is given whether the Monarch is member of the Craft or not. It is given early in the proceedings, and other than the Invocation, no other activities should proceed it.

110 © L. A. Burden 2005 Other Toasts The President of the United States Toast to Grand Lodge Toast to the Visitors

111 © L. A. Burden 2005 Toast To The President Of The United States of America If there are visitors from the USA a toast to the President of the United States of America should be given immediately following the Loyal Toast.

112 © L. A. Burden 2005 Toast To Grand Lodge “To The Grand Lodge Of British Columbia and Yukon” Given only on an official visit from a Grand Lodge Officer. Given by the Senior Deacon or any brother who is not a Grand Lodge Officer. Replied to by the senior Grand Lodge Officer.

113 © L. A. Burden 2005 Toast To The Visitors Proposed by a person selected by the Toastmaster Not a speech Heartfelt Responded to by a visitor.

114 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Tyler’s Toast It is the last toast of the evening. It serves as a reminder, to remember and if possible, to assist those Brethren who are unable to enjoy the fellowship of the evening due to circumstance or distance.

115 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Masonic Family

116 © L. A. Burden 2005 There Are Many Concordant Bodies In The Masonic Family Some of the bodies for men are: The Royal Arch The Preceptory Knights Templar The Scottish Rite Shriners Some of the bodies for women & youth are: The Order of the Eastern Star The Order of Demolay Jobs Daughters

117 © L. A. Burden 2005 The Extended Masonry Can Include The Whole Family One you become a Master Mason there are many concordant bodies you can join. But, do not rush into other parts of the Masonic family until you have given yourself the opportunity to experience your Craft Lodge first. There is much more to craft masonry than just three degrees! Index

118 © L. A. Burden 2005 Lesson Six Examination Before Being Passed To A Fellowcraft Index

119 © L. A. Burden 2005 What Must An Entered Apprentice Learn Before Being Passed To The Fellowcraft Degree? He must learn the answers to certain questions on the Entered Apprentice Degree, and must be able to repeat his Entered Apprentice obligation from memory. He must demonstrate that he knows the secrets.

120 © L. A. Burden 2005 Where And When Is He Examined? He is examined on the floor of an Entered Apprentice Lodge, before he is prepared to be passed to the Fellowcraft Degree.

121 © L. A. Burden 2005 Memory Work Every Freemason has had to memorize portions of the work when they entered Masonry. Your coach can help and encourage you.

122 © L. A. Burden 2005 Memory Work Consists Of Three Parts 1. Modes of Recognition 2. A brief description of the events you participated in. 3. Your obligation

123 © L. A. Burden 2005 Some Advantages Of Well Done Memory Work Proficiency in the first degree will make the additional degrees easier. Some of the work in the first degree will be similar in form in the next degrees. You will gain confidence.

124 © L. A. Burden 2005 Memory Work Techniques Everyone learns differently, there is no one sure fire method, what follows are a variety of processes that can help commit Masonic work to memory; Read the entire work several times so that you understand the meaning of the text.

125 © L. A. Burden 2005 Memory Work Techniques… Extract the key words in each sentence, then begin to connect them together with the words in the text. In your minds eye, picture the meaning of the text. Identify rhyming words, and phrases. Repeat the text aloud, there by hearing the phrases and the rhythm of the text.

126 © L. A. Burden 2005 Memory Work Techniques… Break the text into sizable chunks. Practice a minimum number of lines of text each day, reviewing and building upon the previous day’s work. Record the text and play it in your car.

127 © L. A. Burden 2005 Memory Work Techniques… Using a small piece of cardboard, show one line of text and sliding it down the text as you read it aloud. Repeat the process, attempting to recite each line from memory before sliding down the cardboard and revealing the text. (many find this technique enables them to learn the work after ten times)

128 © L. A. Burden 2005 References And Resources Grand Lodge Web Page The British Columbia “Canadian” Work Ritual Book. The “BC Canadian Working Explained” Revised Edition. Your Lodge and District Education Officer. Index

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