Presentation on theme: "Rapid Persistence Layer Development with Hibernate Rapid Persistence Layer Development with Hibernate Tyler Mendenhall E-gineering,"— Presentation transcript:
Rapid Persistence Layer Development with Hibernate Rapid Persistence Layer Development with Hibernate http://www.hibernate.org Tyler Mendenhall E-gineering, LLC
Intro to Hibernate "Hibernate is an object/relational mapping tool for Java environments. The term object/relational mapping (ORM) refers to the technique of mapping a data representation from an object model to a relational data model with a SQL-based schema." -- Preface Hibernate Documentation Hibernate supports many different relational databases. Many other open source tools use Hibernate as their persistence layer. Hibernate includes tools to make O/R persistence an integrated part of the build process.
Intro to Hibernate: Objectives This presentation will consist of some background information on Hibernate and some complete examples that show the basic functionality of Hibernate. Obviously there is more than one way to use Hibernate.
SessionFactory A threadsafe (immutable) cache of compiled mappings for a single database. A factory for Session. Expensive to create.
Hibernate Basics Session A single-threaded, short-lived object representing a conversation between the application and the persistent store. Wraps a JDBC connection. Factory for Transaction. Holds a mandatory (first-level) cache of persistent objects, used when navigating the object graph or looking up objects by identifier.
Hibernate Basics Persistent Objects and Collections Short-lived, single threaded objects containing persistent state and business function. These might be ordinary JavaBeans/POJOs, the only special thing about them is that they are currently associated with (exactly one) Session. As soon as the Session is closed, they will be detached and free to use in any application layer (e.g. directly as data transfer objects to and from presentation).
Hibernate Basics Transient Objects and Collections Instances of persistent classes that are not currently associated with a Session. They may have been instantiated by the application and not (yet) persisted or they may have been instantiated by a closed Session.
Hibernate Basics Transaction (Optional) A single-threaded, short- lived object used by the application to specify atomic units of work. Abstracts application from underlying JDBC, JTA or CORBA transaction. Multiple transactions per Session.
Hibernate Basics ConnectionProvider (Optional) A factory for (and pool of) JDBC connections. Abstracts application from underlying Datasource or DriverManager. Not exposed to application, but can be extended/implemented by the developer. TransactionFactory (Optional) A factory for Transaction instances. Not exposed to the application, but can be extended/implemented by the developer.
Hibernate Tools The Hibernate Mapping File Database Schema Generation net.sf.hibernate.tool.hbm2ddl.SchemaExportTask net.sf.hibernate.tool.hbm2ddl.SchemaUpdateTask Best Practices suggest having one file per entity. Java Code Generation net.sf.hibernate.tool.hbm2java.Hbm2JavaTask
Hibernate Tools The Hibernate Mapping File Best Practices suggest having one file per entity. Database Schema Reverse Engineering (Bottom Up development) Middlegen Object Driven Design (Top Down development) AndroMDA XMI -> *.hbm.xml XDoclet can also be used to directly embed the mapping file information in the source code.
Hibernate Configuration hibernate.properties hibernate.dialect=net.sf.hibernate.dialect.HSQLDialect hibernate.connection.driver_class=org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver ## in Ant you can get away with a relative path ## however using this through Eclipse requires an explicit path hibernate.connection.url= jdbc:hsqldb:c:/workspace/HibernateNotebook/data/music hibernate.connection.username=sa hibernate.connection.password=
Hibernate Configuration Currently supported Dialects DB2390Dialect DB2400Dialect DB2Dialect FirebirdDialect FrontBaseDialect GenericDialect HSQLDialect Informix9Dialect InformixDialect IngresDialect InterbaseDialect MckoiDialect MySQLDialect NoArgSQLFunction Oracle9Dialect OracleDialect PointbaseDialect PostgreSQLDialect ProgressDialect SAPDBDialect SQLServerDialect StandardSQLFunction Sybase11_9_2Dialect SybaseAnywhereDialect SybaseDialect Or you can choose to extend the Abstract Dialect object to add support to whatever database you are using. A Dialect “ Represents a dialect of SQL implemented by a particular RDBMS. Subclasses implement Hibernate compatibility with different systems. ” -- Hibernate Documentation
Hibernate Mapping Files *.hbm.xml Problem Statement: Create a database system to store electronic music files from various sources. We need to keep track of individual tracks, who performed them, and comments for each track. This example is taken primarily from the example presented in “ Hibernate: A Developer's Notebook ” by James Elliot. Any similarities are intentional; any differences are either mistakes or modifications made for clarification. Assumption: We are looking only at data objects and their relationships no "business" logic will be considered.
Hibernate Mapping Files Track id: int title: String filePath: String playTime: Date added: Date volume: short comments: Set artists: Set Artist id: int name: String tracks: Set This is a Many-To-Many relationship: An artist can have many tracks and a track can be created by several artists. String: comment This is a one to many relationship: a Track has multiple comments. (Composite object)
Hibernate Mapping File Demo Mapping file structure Schema Generation Code Generation Populate the database with records Query the records Modify existing records Delete Records