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Jacksonian America A087.10.15. GUIDING QUESTION The Jacksonian Period (1824-1848) has been characterized as the era of “the common man.” To what extent.

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Presentation on theme: "Jacksonian America A087.10.15. GUIDING QUESTION The Jacksonian Period (1824-1848) has been characterized as the era of “the common man.” To what extent."— Presentation transcript:

1 Jacksonian America A

2 GUIDING QUESTION The Jacksonian Period ( ) has been characterized as the era of “the common man.” To what extent did the period live up to its characterizations? Consider: Political, economic, social developments

3 DOCUMENT QUESTION Jacksonian Democrats viewed themselves as the guardians of the United States Constitution, political democracy, individual liberty, and equality of opportunity. In light of the following documents and your knowledge of the 1820s and 1830s, to what extent do you agree with the Jacksonians’ view of themselves? (1990 DBQ)

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5 Jackson’s Background 9 years old read DOI to town 13 messenger in American Revolution- Lost older brother and mother (blamed British) 13? Duels- Charles Dickson, Thomas Benton Russel Bean 29 year old Jackson Unimpressed w/ Washington Old Hickory the “Hero of New Orleans” Florida 1819 RACHEL

6 A. “ JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY”

7 Population Trends: Westward Expansion, 1830

8 GUIDING QUESTION What accounts for the development of democracy between 1820 and 1840? Changes in electoral politics Jacksonian economic policy Westward movement

9 Presidential election, 1828

10 1828 Presidential election Vote by county

11 Jackson’s first inaugural reception

12 Jacksonian Democracy= Cheese A New York dairy farmer sent Jackson a 1,400 pound cheese. Jackson left it in the enterance hall of the White House for 2 years. In 1837 he invited the public to come and eat it. It was gone in 2 hours!

13 “JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY” Andrew Jackson/ Kitchen Cabinet “Democracy”/ Social Reform Jackson’s Democratic Agenda 1. interests of the common man 2. limited federal government 3. western expansion and settlement 4. “rotation in office” not necessarily the “spoils system”

14 Expansion of Political Participation Reasons for increases in mass political participation: 1.Expansion of Suffrage elimination of property requirements 2.Printed ballots 3.Political conventions party caucuses 4.Candidates with popular appeal 5.Campaigns 6.Partisan Newspapers The Expansion of Voting Rights for White Men,

15 Voter Turnout Before the Civil War

16 Expansion of Democracy The Expansion of Voting Rights for White Men,

17 The Burgeoning of Newspapers

18 The Rise of Mass Politics The Expanding Electorate

19 B. EMERGENCE OF THE SECOND PARTY SYSTEM

20 GUIDING QUESTION Why did a two party system reemerge in the period ? Major political personalities Economic issues States’ rights

21 B.EMERGENCE OF THE SECOND PARTY SYSTEM “Second Party System” Democrats Whigs “The Great Triumvirate” Henry Clay Daniel Webster John Calhoun

22 Second Party System (1828-ca. 1854)

23 Voter Turnout by Party

24 C. FEDERAL AUTHORITY & ITS OPPONENTS

25 NULLIFICATION CRISIS 1.NULLIFICATION CRISIS “Tariff of Abominations” 1828 John Calhoun Nullification South Carolina Exposition and Protest Nullification Crisis Nullification Act Force Bill Crisis Averted Significance John C. Calhoun (Library of Congress)

26 The Nullification Crisis The Nullification Crisis “Our Federal Union- It must be preserved…” Andrew Jackson “The Union- next to our Liberty most dear…” John Calhoun

27 D. INDIAN REMOVAL

28 INDIAN REMOVAL Changing Views of Indians 1790 to 1820s – treaties, foreign nations Assimilation “noble savages” vs. “savages”

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30 Southern Indian Nations Before Removal

31 INDIAN REMOVAL Removal Removal Act of 1830 Blackhawk War – Sauk and Fox Indians “Five civilized tribes” – Creek, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Cherokee, Seminoles Cherokees Cherokee Nation v. Georgia Worcester v. Georgia “John Marshall has made his opinion, now let him enforce it” “Trail of Tears” Seminole War - Osceola

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33 The Removal of Native Americans, THE REMOVAL OF NATIVE AMERICANS,

34 Indian Removal

35 THE BANK WAR (2nd) Bank of the United States Nicholas Biddle “Soft money/hard money” The Bank War Pet Banks Nicholas Biddle

36 1832 Presidential election

37 “King Andrew I”

38 Assassination attempt on Andrew Jackson, 1835.

39 Removal of federal deposits from the Second Bank of the United States

40 The Petticoat Affair- Peggy Eaton

41 Presidential election, 1836

42 THE BANK WAR: AFTERAFFECTS “specie circular” Martin Van Buren The Panic of 1837 Martin Van Buren (Library of Congress) Martin Van Buren Western Land Sales,

43 E. ELECTION OF 1840

44 ELECTION OF 1840 Election of 1840 William Henry Harrison ”Tippecanoe and Tyler Too” Hard Cider and Log Cabin Campaign William Henry Harrison (Library of Congress)

45 ELECTION OF 1840 “Hard Cider and Log Cabin Campaign”: Harrison Campaign Poster (Library of Congress)

46 ELECTION OF 1840 “Hard Cider and Log Cabin Campaign”: Harrison Campaign Poster (Library of Congress)

47 Presidential election, 1840

48 Presidential election, 1840 Results by County

49 ELECTION OF 1840 Harrison’s Inauguration (Library of Congress) John Tyler (Library of Congress)

50 Tomb of William Henry Harrison North Bend

51 UNIT QUESTION To what extent were developments during the period consistent with the vision of Thomas Jefferson and the Republicans, as opposed to the vision of Hamilton and the Federalists?

52 UNIT QUESTION Historians have traditionally labeled the period after the War of 1812 ( ) the “Era of Good Feelings.” How accurate was this label, considering the emergence of nationalism and sectionalism during the period?

53 UNIT QUESTION The Jacksonian Period ( ) has been characterized as the era of “the common man.” To what extent did the period live up to its characterizations? Consider the following: Politics, economic development, Federal vs. state power treatment of Native Americans,

54 Sources Wadsworth.com: 3550_carroll/maps/carrollmaps.html 3550_carroll/maps/carrollmaps.html ages/maps/ ages/maps/ Brinkley 10e Faragher, Out of Many, 3 rd Ed.; Divine, America Past & Present 7e Henretta, America’s History 5e from


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