2 GUIDING QUESTIONThe Jacksonian Period ( ) has been characterized as the era of “the common man.” To what extent did the period live up to its characterizations?Consider: Political, economic, social developments(based on 2001)
3 DOCUMENT QUESTIONJacksonian Democrats viewed themselves as the guardians of the United States Constitution, political democracy, individual liberty, and equality of opportunity. In light of the following documents and your knowledge of the 1820s and 1830s, to what extent do you agree with the Jacksonians’ view of themselves? (1990 DBQ)(1990 DBQ)
5 Jackson’s Background 9 years old read DOI to town 13 messenger in American Revolution- Lost older brother and mother (blamed British)13? Duels- Charles Dickson, Thomas BentonRussel Bean29 year old Jackson Unimpressed w/ Washington1812- Old Hickory the “Hero of New Orleans”Florida 1819RACHEL
11 Jackson’s first inaugural reception Andrew Jackson's Inaugural, "President's Levee, or all Creation going to the White House" Cruikshank, Robert, , artist. Keywords: Credit: Library of Congress
12 Jacksonian Democracy= Cheese A New York dairy farmer sent Jackson a 1,400 pound cheese. Jackson left it in the enterance hall of the White House for 2 years. In 1837 he invited the public to come and eat it. It was gone in 2 hours!
13 “JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY” Andrew Jackson/ Kitchen Cabinet“Democracy”/ Social ReformJackson’s Democratic Agendainterests of the common manlimited federal governmentwestern expansion and settlement“rotation in office”not necessarily the “spoils system”
14 Expansion of Political Participation Reasons for increases in mass political participation:Expansion of Suffrageelimination of property requirementsPrinted ballotsPolitical conventionsparty caucusesCandidates with popular appealCampaignsPartisan NewspapersThe Expansion of Voting Rights for White Men,Faragher, Out of Many, 3rd Ed.;
15 Voter Turnout Before the Civil War Faragher, Out of Many, 3rd Ed.;
16 Expansion of Democracy The Expansion of Voting Rights for White Men,Henretta, America’s History 5e from
17 The Burgeoning of Newspapers Faragher, Out of Many, 3rd Ed.;
18 The Rise of Mass Politics The Expanding Electorate Andrew Jackson Travels to Washington (Library of Congress) Brinkley 10th
25 1. NULLIFICATION CRISIS “Tariff of Abominations” 1828 John Calhoun South Carolina Exposition and ProtestNullification CrisisNullification ActForce BillCrisis AvertedSignificanceJohn C. Calhoun(Library of Congress)
26 The Nullification Crisis “Our Federal Union- It must be preserved…”Andrew Jackson“The Union- next to our Liberty most dear…”John Calhoun
31 INDIAN REMOVAL Removal Removal Act of 1830 Blackhawk War – Sauk and Fox Indians“Five civilized tribes” – Creek, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Cherokee, SeminolesCherokeesCherokee Nation v. GeorgiaWorcester v. Georgia“John Marshall has made his opinion, now let him enforce it”“Trail of Tears”Seminole War - Osceola
38 Assassination attempt on Andrew Jackson, 1835. Richard Lawrence, an unemployed and deranged housepainter from England, either burst from a crowd or stepped out from hiding behind a column and aimed a pistol at Jackson, which misfired. Lawrence then pulled out a second pistol, which also misfired. It has been postulated that moisture from the humid weather contributed to the double misfiring. Lawrence was then restrained, with legend saying that Jackson attacked Lawrence with his cane, prompting his aides to restrain him. Others present, including David Crockett, restrained and disarmed Lawrence.Richard Lawrence gave the doctors several reasons for the shooting. He had recently lost his job painting houses and somehow blamed Jackson. He claimed that with the President dead, "money would be more plenty" (a reference to Jackson's struggle with the Bank of the United States) and that he "could not rise until the President fell." Finally, he informed his interrogators that he was a deposed English King—specifically, Richard III, dead since 1485—and that Jackson was merely his clerk. He was deemed insane, institutionalized, and never punished for his assassination attempt.Afterward, due to curiosity concerning the double misfires, the pistols were tested and retested. Each time they performed perfectly. When these results were known, many believed that Jackson had been protected by the same Providence that had protected the young nation. This national pride was a large part of the Jacksonian cultural myth fueling American expansion in the 1830s.
39 Removal of federal deposits from the Second Bank of the United States
42 THE BANK WAR: AFTERAFFECTS “specie circular”Martin Van BurenThe Panic of 1837Western Land Sales,Western Land Sales: Faragher, Out of Many, 3rd Ed.;Van Buren Credit: Library of CongressMartin Van BurenMartin Van Buren(Library of Congress)
44 William Henry Harrison (Library of Congress) ELECTION OF 1840Election of 1840William Henry Harrison”Tippecanoe and Tyler Too”Hard Cider and Log Cabin CampaignWilliam Henry Harrison (Library of Congress)
45 ELECTION OF 1840 “Hard Cider and Log Cabin Campaign”: Harrison Campaign Poster(Library of Congress)CREDIT: "Harrison! and reform!!" Alton (no first name; no lifespan). One page paper flyer, Library of Congress, Printed Ephemera Collection: Broadsides, leaflets, and pamphlets from America and Europe . (No Reproduction Number.) Digital ID: rbpe
46 ELECTION OF 1840 “Hard Cider and Log Cabin Campaign”: Harrison Campaign Poster(Library of Congress)CREDIT: "Gen. William Henry Harrison." George Endicott ( ). Campaign banner, lithograph, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-31 DLC (b&w film copy neg.)
49 ELECTION OF 1840 Harrison’s Inauguration (Library of Congress) HARRISON INAUGURATION:TYLER:CREDIT: "President John Tyler, half-length portrait, facing right." Reproduction of a print, between ca and 1865, printed later. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ DLC (b&w film copy neg. of detail)Harrison’s Inauguration (Library of Congress)John Tyler (Library of Congress)
50 Tomb of William Henry Harrison North Bend Congress Green Cemetery nearby, with many of Harrison’s adjacent family and John Cleves Symmes
51 UNIT QUESTIONTo what extent were developments during the period consistent with the vision of Thomas Jefferson and the Republicans, as opposed to the vision of Hamilton and the Federalists?
52 UNIT QUESTIONHistorians have traditionally labeled the period after the War of 1812 ( ) the “Era of Good Feelings.” How accurate was this label, considering the emergence of nationalism and sectionalism during the period?
53 UNIT QUESTIONThe Jacksonian Period ( ) has been characterized as the era of “the common man.” To what extent did the period live up to its characterizations?Consider the following:Politics,economic development,Federal vs. state powertreatment of Native Americans,(based on 2001)
54 Sources Wadsworth.com: http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/ Brinkley 10eFaragher, Out of Many, 3rd Ed.;Divine, America Past & Present 7eHenretta, America’s History 5e from