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This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows: Goodrich GL, Martinsen GL, Flyg HM, Kirby J, Garvert DW, Tyler CW. Visual function,

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Presentation on theme: "This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows: Goodrich GL, Martinsen GL, Flyg HM, Kirby J, Garvert DW, Tyler CW. Visual function,"— Presentation transcript:

1 This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows: Goodrich GL, Martinsen GL, Flyg HM, Kirby J, Garvert DW, Tyler CW. Visual function, traumatic brain injury, and posttraumatic stress disorder. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2014;51(4):547–58. Slideshow Project DOI: /JRRD JSP Visual function, traumatic brain injury, and posttraumatic stress disorder Gregory L. Goodrich, PhD; Gary L. Martinsen, OD, PhD; Heidi M. Flyg, OD; Jennine Kirby, OD; Donn W. Garvert, MS; Christopher W. Tyler, PhD, DSc

2 This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows: Goodrich GL, Martinsen GL, Flyg HM, Kirby J, Garvert DW, Tyler CW. Visual function, traumatic brain injury, and posttraumatic stress disorder. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2014;51(4):547–58. Slideshow Project DOI: /JRRD JSP Aim – Report results of vision tests in patients with history of traumatic brain injury (TBI), both with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Relevance – TBI and PTSD can be comorbid with overlapping symptoms, making diagnosis and treatment difficult. – TBI is associated with changes in vision function, but vision problems secondary to PTSD have not been documented.

3 This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows: Goodrich GL, Martinsen GL, Flyg HM, Kirby J, Garvert DW, Tyler CW. Visual function, traumatic brain injury, and posttraumatic stress disorder. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2014;51(4):547–58. Slideshow Project DOI: /JRRD JSP Method Reviewed medical records of 100 patients with history of TBI, noting: – PTSD diagnoses. – Visual symptoms. – Vision function abnormalities. – Medications with visual side effects.

4 This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows: Goodrich GL, Martinsen GL, Flyg HM, Kirby J, Garvert DW, Tyler CW. Visual function, traumatic brain injury, and posttraumatic stress disorder. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2014;51(4):547–58. Slideshow Project DOI: /JRRD JSP Results PTSD diagnoses: – 41 patients with. – 59 without. High rates of binocular vision and oculomotor function deficits in patients with TBI. No significant differences between patients with or without PTSD. – However, patients with PTSD had more self-reported visual symptoms and significantly higher complaint rates for light sensitivity and reading problems.

5 This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows: Goodrich GL, Martinsen GL, Flyg HM, Kirby J, Garvert DW, Tyler CW. Visual function, traumatic brain injury, and posttraumatic stress disorder. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2014;51(4):547–58. Slideshow Project DOI: /JRRD JSP Conclusion Findings may be beneficial in understanding vision problems in patients with comorbid TBI and PTSD vs those with TBI alone.


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