2Housekeeping Reminders Re-Submits of First AIP Due 10/18- may be delivered to my office 315 N with original work too.Mid-Term – 10/18 (Carillon Project does not take)Teacher Interview- Due 10/25 (Review requirements)
3Course ReviewPlay Review Game on Paper or Do as a Poll on IWB
4What is Fluency? Rate Automaticity Accuracy Prosody/phrasing Understanding of Punctuation and Expression (Feeling) based on author’s syntax
5Why Fluency is Important Most readers have reading difficulties in one or more components of fluency.
6Fluent vs. Disfluent Readers With an elbow partner, discuss the traits of fluent and disfluent readers (figure 10.2, p. 260).Why do these matter?
7How Rate is Determined WPM WCPM One Minute Reading Total words read- errors = words correct per minute (WCPM)Example:62 words read – 5 errors = 57 wcpm(Review Figure 10.3, p. 261)
8How would you describe these WCPM to a parent? 1st gr. 60 WCPM, Spring?3rd gr. 60 WCPM, Winter?5th gr. 150 WCPM, Fall?
9Familiarity with sounds/letter combinations (pp ) AutomaticityRecognize Sight WordsFamiliarity with sounds/letter combinationsRecognizes chunks/syllables within wordsRecognizes meaning of words
10Phrasing or Prosody (pp.262-) Readers divide (parse) text into meaningful chunks when they read with expression.These chunks include phrases and clauses.Fluent readers know when to pause for expression and emphasis.
12Reading in PhrasesSimply embedding slash marks into a passage / at phrase and sentence junctures / can have a positive effect / on student’s own phrasing, / fluency, / and comprehension. /For students who do not have a good understanding / of how sentences are phrased or chunked /, the slash marks provide direct visual cues / that enable students’ own phrased reading. – Tim Rasinski
13Sample Poem with Marked Phrases Read with a partner Figure 10.4 a poem with natural phrasing and then p. 263 with the slash marks.
14Expression & Punctuation Punctuation PowerWith a partner read the following sentences using the appropriate punctuation and intonation.I Pledge Allegiance to the flag.I Pledge Allegiance to the flag!I pledge Allegiance to the flag?I Pledge Allegiance to the FLAG!
15Fluency Teaching Guidelines (pp. 266) Text selection is CRITICAL!Model, model, model! Students need to hear fluent rdgRepeated readings (choral reading and reader’s theatre with a purpose and goal).Utilize a variety of genres.Explicit instruction may be necessary (such as phrasing skills).Scaffold support- time & practice (unison reading, read along, paired reading, etc…).
16Compare the Instruction Review p. 266 Figure 10.7 What do you think?
17Informal & Formal Assessment pp. 260-262 Informal AssessmentRunning RecordsWPM & WCPMSelf-evaluation (App. C.43, p. 472)Fluency Checklist (App. C. 41, p. 469)Fluency Checklist for narrative text (App. C. 42, p.470)Oral Reading Fluency Rubric C.43 p. 268Formal AssessmentStanford Diagnostic Reading Test, Third EditionDIBELSTesting of Reading Fluency (TORF)
18Fluency Assessment (Tyler, 1st grade- Spring)- HO p. 34-35 1s will time and mark on the text copy when one minute is done.2s will listen and do the appendix (stage) p. 469, C.413s will listen and do checklist appendix p. 470 C.424s will do WCPM, listen to Tyler and mark the word if it is incorrect, this does not require coding like for a running record. 1s will tell you when a minute is complete. Compare WCPM and grade level to chart p. 261.5s will use p. 471 C.43 to score Tyler’s fluency.
23More Activities to Support Fluency With an elbow partner work through and discuss the following activities and add to t-chart.Do Echo Reading (p. 270)Record, Check, Chart (pp. 272)Fluency Development Lesson (FDL)- p. 273Dyad Reading (p. 275)
24Review Anticipation Guide Choral Reading is an activity to improve fluency. Agree/DisagreeYou should assess fluency regularly to ensure that your students are making progress. Agree/DisagreeFluency and automaticity are the same thing.Agree/DisagreeFluency is a stage of development at which readers can read all words quickly and easily. Agree/DisagreeFluency is the ability to read a text accurately and quickly. Agree/DisagreeWCPM stands for words counted per minute.
25Turn in AG- p. 33 Read chapters 8 & 9 on Comprehension!! HomeworkTurn in AG- p. 33 Read chapters 8 & 9 on Comprehension!!