Presentation on theme: "RED 4519 CHAPTER 10 FLUENCY DR. MICHELLE KELLEY Diagnostic & Corrective Reading."— Presentation transcript:
RED 4519 CHAPTER 10 FLUENCY DR. MICHELLE KELLEY Diagnostic & Corrective Reading
Housekeeping Reminders Re-Submits of First AIP Due 10/18- may be delivered to my office 315 N with original work too. Mid-Term – 10/18 (Carillon Project does not take) Teacher Interview- Due 10/25 (Review requirements)
Play Review Game on Paper or Do as a Poll on IWB Course Review
What is Fluency? Rate Automaticity Accuracy Prosody/phrasing Understanding of Punctuation and Expression (Feeling) based on author’s syntax
Why Fluency is Important Most readers have reading difficulties in one or more components of fluency.
Fluent vs. Disfluent Readers With an elbow partner, discuss the traits of fluent and disfluent readers (figure 10.2, p. 260). Why do these matter?
How Rate is Determined WPM WCPM One Minute Reading Total words read- errors = words correct per minute (WCPM) Example: 62 words read – 5 errors = 57 wcpm (Review Figure 10.3, p. 261)
How would you describe these WCPM to a parent? 1. 1 st gr. 60 WCPM, Spring? 2. 3 rd gr. 60 WCPM, Winter? 3. 5 th gr. 150 WCPM, Fall?
(pp ) Automaticity Recognize Sight Words Familiarity with sounds/letter combinations Recognizes chunks/syllables within words Recognizes meaning of words
Phrasing or Prosody (pp.262-) Readers divide (parse) text into meaningful chunks when they read with expression. These chunks include phrases and clauses. Fluent readers know when to pause for expression and emphasis.
Reading in Phrases Simply embedding slash marks into a passage / at phrase and sentence junctures / can have a positive effect / on student’s own phrasing, / fluency, / and comprehension. /For students who do not have a good understanding / of how sentences are phrased or chunked /, the slash marks provide direct visual cues / that enable students’ own phrased reading. – Tim Rasinski
Sample Poem with Marked Phrases Read with a partner Figure 10.4 a poem with natural phrasing and then p. 263 with the slash marks.
Expression & Punctuation Punctuation Power With a partner read the following sentences using the appropriate punctuation and intonation. I Pledge Allegiance to the flag. I Pledge Allegiance to the flag! I pledge Allegiance to the flag? I Pledge Allegiance to the FLAG! I Pledge Allegiance to the flag.
Fluency Teaching Guidelines (pp. 266) Text selection is CRITICAL! Model, model, model! Students need to hear fluent rdg Repeated readings (c horal reading and reader’s theatre with a purpose and goal). Utilize a variety of genres. Explicit instruction may be necessary (such as phrasing skills). Scaffold support- time & practice (unison reading, read along, paired reading, etc…).
Compare the Instruction Review p. 266 Figure 10.7 What do you think?
Informal & Formal Assessment pp Informal Assessment Running Records WPM & WCPM Self-evaluation (App. C.43, p. 472) Fluency Checklist (App. C. 41, p. 469) Fluency Checklist for narrative text (App. C. 42, p.470) Oral Reading Fluency Rubric C.43 p. 268 Formal Assessment Stanford Diagnostic Reading Test, Third Edition DIBELS Testing of Reading Fluency (TORF)
Fluency Assessment (Tyler, 1 st grade- Spring)- HO p 1s will time and mark on the text copy when one minute is done. 2s will listen and do the appendix (stage) p. 469, C.41 3s will listen and do checklist appendix p. 470 C.42 4s will do WCPM, listen to Tyler and mark the word if it is incorrect, this does not require coding like for a running record. 1s will tell you when a minute is complete. Compare WCPM and grade level to chart p 5s will use p. 471 C.43 to score Tyler’s fluency.
T-Chart Activities to Support Fluency Make a t-chart at the bottom half of your Anticipation Guide (for fluency)- p. 33 HO. Technique to Promote Fluency/What I Want To Remember About the Technique
Partner Reading and Readers Theatre
More Activities to Support Fluency With an elbow partner work through and discuss the following activities and add to t-chart. Do Echo Reading (p. 270) Record, Check, Chart (pp. 272) Fluency Development Lesson (FDL)- p. 273 Dyad Reading (p. 275)
Review Anticipation Guide 1. Choral Reading is an activity to improve fluency. Agree/Disagree 2. You should assess fluency regularly to ensure that your students are making progress. Agree/Disagree 3. Fluency and automaticity are the same thing. Agree/Disagree 4. Fluency is a stage of development at which readers can read all words quickly and easily. Agree/Disagree 5. Fluency is the ability to read a text accurately and quickly. Agree/Disagree 6. WCPM stands for words counted per minute. Agree/Disagree
Homework Turn in AG- p. 33 Read chapters 8 & 9 on Comprehension!!