Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 The State of Texas!!!. "... And that claim is by the right of our manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 12 The State of Texas!!!
"... And that claim is by the right of our manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federated self-government entrusted to us." - John L. O' Sullivan, "Manifest Destiny" editorial, New York Morning News on December 27, 1845
Manifest Destiny was the idea of the U.S. expanding west to the Pacific Ocean. Texas Annexation occurred during this movement. During these years of westward expansion, the United States grew considerably. The Annexation of Texas was the first in a series of moves by the U.S. that were designed to extend the country from “sea to shining sea”. MANIFEST DESTINY
Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way
Election of 1844 Democrat James K. Polk ran for President in 1844 calling for Texas Annexation and Manifest Destiny. "...It is confidently believed that our system may be safely extended to the utmost bounds of our territorial limits, and that as it shall be extended the bonds of our Union, so far from being weakened, will become stronger..." From the inaugural address of James K. Polk, 11th President ( ) James K. Polk
Texas Annexation Anson Jones was the last President of Texas. He, like Houston, wanted Annexation. He once again petitioned the U.S. for Annexation U.S. president John Tyler, observing the will of the people in the 1844 election to James K. Polk, got Texas Annexation passed through congress as one of his last actions as President. All that was need now was for the Texas congress to approve it. The Last President of Texas Dr. Anson Jones John Tyler, 10 th U.S. President
Anson Jones sent the annexation bill to the Texas congress where it passed. New President James K. Polk signed the bill into law. Texas became the 28 th state on March 1, 1845
The U.S. grew slowly until the Annexation of Texas in 1845 picked up the pace. This became Part of the U.S. in 1783 With the Treaty of Paris From the Adams-Onís Treaty in 1819 Louisiana Purchase in 1803 from France Annexation of Texas Where’s the Rest of it?
When Texas accepted the offer to become a state of the United States, the first task was to form the state government. In 1845 delegates from across Texas met to write a state constitution. Later that year, Texans elected their state officers. Texas Constitution of 1845
The constitution follows closely to the US Constitution. Kept some parts of the Texas Republic Constitution
Examples: Homestead protection from debtors No ministers or priests to serve in legislature Allowed slaves Protected rights of women to own land Replica of a Texas Homestead Slavery was very important to most Texans
Election of 1845 Anson Jones, called for an election to accept the Constitution of ,174 voted for it while only 312 were against it. The new state was ready to vote for its leaders. Who would they be?
James Pinckney Henderson was voted first governor of Texas Thomas J. Rusk and Sam Houston were the first US Senators from Texas
Reasons Americans wanted TX Annexation Manifest Destiny Cotton trade Expansion of Slavery (South) Americans already lived there Reasons Americans did not want TX Annexation Expansion of Slavery (North) War with Mexico Texas Debt Hostile Indians