4The Challenge Low Expectations: 71% of students plan to attend college.32% of teachers expect their students to attend college.51% of parents believe their children will attend college.From report done by Pathways to College Network: Citing research by Metropolitan Life (2000) MetLife Survey of the American Teacher 2000.
5Of 100 White Kindergarteners... The ChallengeOf 100 White Kindergarteners...
633 obtain at least a bachelor’s degree 93 graduate from high school The ChallengeSource: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. March Current Population Surveys, , In The Condition of Education, 2002.33 obtain at least a bachelor’s degree93 graduate from high schoolEdTrust, 2005
7Of 100 African American Kindergarteners... The ChallengeOf 100 African American Kindergarteners...
818 obtain at least a bachelor’s degree 87 graduate from high school The ChallengeSource: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. March Current Population Surveys, , In The Condition of Education, 2002.18 obtain at least a bachelor’s degree87 graduate from high schoolEdTrust, 2005
9Of 100 Hispanic Kindergarteners... The ChallengeOf 100 Hispanic Kindergarteners...
1011 obtain at least a bachelor’s degree 63 graduate from high school The ChallengeSource: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. March Current Population Surveys, , In The Condition of Education, 2002.11 obtain at least a bachelor’s degree63 graduate from high schoolEdTrust, 2005
11The Challenge Percent in College Prep African American, Latino, & Native American youth are less likely to be enrolled in a full college-prep track.Source: Jay P. Greene, Public High School Graduation and College Readiness Rates in the United States, Manhattan Institute, September Table 8.
12Average Scores on AP Exams, 2003 The ChallengeAverage Scores on AP Exams, 2003Source: The College Board, Advanced Placement Program, National Summary Report 2003.1 Averages combined from Calculus AB and Calculus BC examinations.NCES, 2005
14What is AVID?A structured, college preparatory program working directly with schools and districtsA direct support structure for first-generation college goers, grades 4-12A schoolwide approach to curriculum and rigor working in over 2,700 middle schools and high schools in 39 states and 15 countriesA professional development program providing training throughout the U.S.
15The Mission of AVIDThe mission of AVID is to ensure that ALL students, and most especially the least served students who are in the middle:will succeed in rigorous curriculum;will complete a rigorous college preparatory path;will enter mainstream activities of the school;will increase their enrollment in four-year colleges; andwill become educated and responsible participants and leaders in a democratic society.AVID’s systemic approach is designed to support students and educators as they increase schoolwide/districtwide learning and performance.
16The AVID Student Profile Students With Academic PotentialAverage to high test scoresGPACollege potential with supportDesire and determinationMeets One or More of the Following CriteriaFirst to attend collegeHistorically underserved in four-year collegesLow incomeSpecial circumstances
18AVID Components A regularly scheduled academic elective class for AVID StudentsRigorous curriculum required for all studentsTrained college tutors for the AVID academicelectiveAn interdisciplinary AVID site teamParent workshops focusing on academic supportand college awarenessProfessional development focusing on AVIDmethodologies of writing, inquiry, collaboration,and critical reading -- WICRDistrict, regional, and state support
19AVID Program Essentials AVID student selectionVoluntary participationAVID elective class offered during the school dayRigorous course and studyWriting and reading curriculumInquiry to promote critical reading
20AVID Program Essentials (Continued) CollaborationTrained tutorsData collection and analysisDistrict and school commitmentActive and interdisciplinary site team
24Inquiry MethodEngage in skillful questioningHigher level thinkingRespectful dialogue
25Socratic Seminars:“A form of structured discourse about ideas and moral dilemmas.”Contribute to the development of vocabulary, listening skills, interpretive and comparative reading, textual analysis, synthesis and evaluation.Develop student-centered dialogue which is at the heart of rigor.Foster understanding of complex ideas and information.
27CollaborationStudents ask, explore and answer questions.Students are listeners, thinkers, speakers, and writers.Students discover ideas and remember because they are actively involved.Teacher becomes a coach, guiding students in their learning.
28Tutorials:PurposeCreate deeper understanding of concepts covered in core content classes.Develop skills necessary to become self-directed learners.It's not just homework help!ProcessTo push each other's thinking. AVID tutorials utilize an inquiry process.Tutors do not give answers; they facilitate the group's discovery with critical questions.Students reflect on their learning.
30Reading to LearnConnect to prior knowledgeUnderstand text structureUse text-processing strategies (during and after reading)
31Reciprocal TeachingReciprocal teaching is an instructional approach characterized by an interactive dialogue between the teacher and students in response to segments of a reading selection.The dialogue is based on four processes:QuestioningSummarizingClarifyingPredicting
32AVID: Collaborative Support for the Success of Underserved Students CollegesandUniversitiesAVIDSupportStaffCommunityParentsAVIDCoordinator(AVID ElectiveTeacher)NOTES:StudentAdministrationTutorsSubjectAreaTeachersCounselors
33AVID’s Support Structure for Opening Access to Rigorous Curriculum ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
34A Sample Week in AVID Elective Daily or Block* ScheduleAVID Curriculum includes:Writing CurriculumCollege and CareersStrategies for SuccessAVID Tutorials Include:Collaborative Study GroupsWriting GroupsSocratic Seminars
35Development of AVID in a District Core AVID ProgramSchoolwide EffortDistrictwide ReformDEVELOPMENTMultiple AVID sections &teachersSystemic access to rigorouscurriculumIncreased site team leadershipAll teachers AVID trainedWICR across the curriculumSchoolwide college-goingcultureMulti-year site planAVID counselor in placeMATURITYExecutive leaders activelyparticipate in AVIDCollege-readiness articulation4-12Expanded AVID Path &Summer Institute trainingCollege-going cultureand AP/IB enrollment: routineDistrict policies reinforcecollege-readiness at all levelsDistrict level multi-year planIMPLEMENTATIONTrained Regional and DistrictDirectorsAcademic elective classTrained tutorsOpen access to rigorous curriculum with supportWICRSite team leadershipParent involvementCollege explorationSummer Institute
37AVID: Decades of Success For 26 years, AVID has served more than 200,000 students, becoming one of the most successful college-preparatory programs ever for low-income, underserved students in more than 2,000 U.S. schools in 39 states, Canada, and 15 other countries.
38Why AVID WorksPlaces AVID students in rigorous curriculum and gives them the support to achieve;Provides the explicit “hidden curriculum” of schools;Provides a team of students for positive peer identification; andRedefines teacher’s role as that of student advocate.
39Academic PreparationTranscript Study: “the single biggest predictor of college success is the quality and intensity of students’ high school curriculum”Cliff Adelman, Answers in the Tool Box, U.S. Department of Education, 1999.
40AVID Graduates 96% plan to enroll in a college or university 68% plan to enroll in a four-year university28% plan to enroll in a two-year college83% of parents have less than a four-year college degree_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Source: AVID Center Data Collection System,Percentages have been rounded to the nearest whole percent
41Ethnicity of AVID Students The ethnic breakdown of the 103,724 AVID students is:Native American 0.7%Asian/Pacific Islander/Filipino 8.2%Hispanic 48.5%African American/Black %White 23.9%Multi-Racial 1.3%Declined to state 0.4%_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Source: AVID Center Data Collection System,Percentages have been rounded to the nearest whole percent
42Completion of Four-Year College Entrance Requirements AVID students complete university entrance requirements at a much higher rate than their non-AVID peers.
44AP and College SuccessStudents who take AP courses and exams are much more likely than their peers to complete a bachelor’s degree in four years or less.Source: Camara, Wayne (2003). College Persistence, Graduation, and Remediation. College Board Research Notes (RN-19). New York, NY: College Board.