Presentation on theme: "Mentoring and Diversity"— Presentation transcript:
1Mentoring and Diversity J. Renee Navarro, Pharm D, MDDirector of Academic DiversityAssociate Dean Academic Affairs
2GoalsProvide information on the current initiatives to enhance diversity at UCSFSnapshot of current demographicsDiscuss challenges to achieving goalsSuggest strategies to overcome challenges
3UC Diversity Statement Diversity – a defining feature of California’s past, present, and future – refers to the variety of personal experiences, values, and worldviews that arise from differences of culture and circumstance. Such differences include race, ethnicity, gender, age, religion, language, abilities/disabilities, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and geographic region, and more.Adopted as policy by Regents September 20, 2007For the first time we have a system-wide statement on diversity. It was initiated byThe academic senate.
4Diversity Initiatives The Janitor Strike 1970Climate for Women Faculty Survey 2003President Dynes Task Force on Faculty DiversityUCSF SOM Task Force on DiversityPresident Dynes Health Science Diversity ReviewThe Program in Medical Education for the Urban Underserved (PRIME- US)The mural titled, “SANARTE: Diversity’s Pathway,” is comprised of five different panels made out of tile and located next to the Ambulatory Care Center. The panels represent global healing traditions and highlight the unique efforts of individuals involved in furthering UCSF’s commitment to diversity.While not a diversity initiative per se, The Prime program has had remarkable success since it’s initiation 4 years ago. It serves as a catalyst for the SOM student engagement with our urban underserved community and has proved to be a significant recruitment tool. In it’s 4th year and despite the state’s lack of sufficient funding – the program has 11 students 73% are URM students and 82% are from SES Disadvantaged backgrounds.
5Diversity Initiatives (cont.) Chancellor’s Faculty Diversity 10 point Initiative 2/2007Communications planFaculty database for conducting searchesBest practices for searchesStaff recruitment and retentionTrainee diversityAccountability and incentivesDirector of Academic DiversityCoordinated outreachSchool specific plansStrategic planning initiativeUCSF has instituted a number of initiatives over the years to address campus issues. In 2002 Vice Chancellor Bainton initiated a climate survey.…the strategic planning process was completed as well…
6Strategic Plan Mission Vision Advancing health worldwide TM In advancing health worldwide, UCSF will:Develop innovative, collaborative approaches for education, health care and research that span disciplines within and across the health sciencesBe a world leader in scientific discovery and its translation into improved healthDevelop the worlds future leaders in health care delivery, research, and educationDeliver the highest quality, patient-centered careBuild upon its commitment to diversityProvide a supportive work environment to recruit and retain the best people and position UCSF for the futureServe the local, regional and global communities and eliminate health disparitiesThe strategic plan was complete in late With our mission on advancing health worldwide 7 defining statements reflect the vision. Among them is to build upon our commitment to diversity.
7Chancellor Desmond-Hellmann Top Five PrioritiesPatients/HealthDiscoveryEducationPeople (management and diversity)Business (efficiency and resources)So how are we doing?
8How has this changed over the last three years. Looking at 2007 compared to More female, more AsianSmall drop in the total number of faculty 2009 vs
9So what do we look like as a faculty? As of December 2008 we had a total of 2326 faculty. Of that we have 6 native American, 49 AA, and 75 Hispanics ( a gain of 6 Hispanic faculty).It’s easy to understand that many faculty from underrepresented groups report feeling isolated and may experience difficulty identifying or connecting with mentors.
10Faculty Demographics (by series) Through our Academic Demographic Database we can look at our faculty by academic series or by school as well.Looking at our faculty by Academic series you can see the
11School of DentistryDentistry has 171 faculty with 3 Black and 7 Hispanic members (a loss of 3 Hispanic fac members from 2009 data).
16Challenges Proposition 209 Article 1, section 31 of the California Constitution prohibits the University from discriminating against or granting preferential treatment to any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin.Unconscious Bias - social stereotypes about certain demographics or Groups of people that individuals form outside their conscious awareness.Mentoring relationships across race differences can be difficult because of negative stereotypes, difficulty with identification and role modeling, skepticism about intimacy and protective hesitation.Thomas D. The Truth about Mentoring Minorities. Harvard Business Review, 2001There are challenges that have been forced upon us as result of the vote of the first the regents with Ward Connerly and then in a ballot initiative that lead to a change in our state constitution.While Prop 209 eliminated some of the tools we could use to diversify our campus, there is still much that can be done.
17Unconscious Bias The Implicit Association Test IAT consistently demonstrates that people unconsciously prefer:White over BlackYoung over OldThin over FatAssociate men with science and careers and women with liberal arts and familyhttps://implicit.harvard.edu
18a general commitment to diversity 2009 Literature Review compiling a decade of research on unconscious bias as a barrier to achieving workplace equality despitea general commitment to diversityThe analysis focuses on articles related to career-related bias and the Implicit Association test. The Implicit association test has consistently demonstrated that people prefer white over black, young over old, thin over fat and males are linked with science and careers while females are linked to liberal arts and family.On an Individual Basis: Admit to the fact that we all have unconscious bias. Take the Implicit Association Test to uncover you own biases. Try to actively counter this by taking the perspective of members of a different group to counteract stereotype imaging. Think of an individual you admire from a different group to counter a negative gender or racial schema. Know the data.
19Gender Bias Steinpres, Anders, & Ritzke (1999) In rating the CVs of either early career or later career fac applicants academic psychologists evaluators received one of these CVs with either a male or female name and were asked:Would you hire the early career applicant?Would you grant tenure to the later career candidate?Results:CVs from male applicants were more likely to lead to hiring as reviewed by both males and females.Evaluators were 4X more likely to write comments of concern for the female tenure candidates.To test for sex-biased hiring in symphony orchestras.Blind auditions involved the use of screens to conceal candidates.The researchers compared two audition procedures:“blind auditions” vs. “not-blind” auditionsBlind auditions increases the likelihood that a female will be hired by 25 percent.The switch to blind auditions in 1970 explains 30% of the increase in the proportion of females among new hires.
20Race Bias Bertrand & Mullainathan 2003 Goal: To examine the effect of race on receiving job callbacksThe researchers categorized the new resumes as high or low quality and assigned them an equal number of traditionally black names (e.g. Lakisa) or traditional white names (e.g. Greg).Results:Resumes with white names received call backs 10.8% vs. 6.7%.Higher quality resumes elicited 30% more call backs for whites and 9% for blacks.Employers who listed “Equal Opportunity” were no different.To examine the effect of race on receiving job callbacks the researchers responded with fictitious resumes to help-wanted ads.Boston and Chicago newspapers.The resumes were altered from actual ones found on job search Web sites.
21Strategies That Reduce Bias Examine the role of unconscious biasTake the Implicit Association TestUse structured interviewsRemember that cultural differences can affect the first impression of candidatesAllow sufficient time in the interview process (sex bias and potentially racial/ethnic bias emerge when we’re under time pressure)Proven effective in studies with randomized controlled designs and Level 1 evidence.A structured interview includes a standard set of questions that is asked of each candidate. For leadership positions: Division chiefs, residency directors, chairs – defined vision to include contributions of diversity.Review candidates based on the credentials before making summary judgments. This avoids reconstructing the merit to unwittingly favor one type of candidate over another.Bias emerge when evaluators are under time pressure.Avoid looking for excuses to exclude candidatesEncourage others to know what the research showsSupport accountability for decision makers
22Minority Faculty Voices on Diversity in Academic Medicine: Perspectives From One School Qualitative study of minority faculty to examine perceptions and experiences in academic medicine at UCSF.ThemesBalancing Obligation and ExpectationImpact of Subtle DiscriminationGap between Intention and ImplementationA need for a multifaceted approach to mentoringMegan Mahoney, MD et alAcademic Medicine, Vol. 83, No. 8 / August 2008Mentorship: Significant needs and limited choicesAll participants viewed mentorship as a crucial element for achieving success in academic medicine, even though the topic of mentorship was not an explicit part of our interview guide.Receiving mentorship typically correlated with career satisfaction. In addition to career guidance, it was observed that minority mentors provide cultural and emotional support and a sense of belonging to a community.All mentors can help minority faculty members navigate the university structure and institutional conventions.Minority faculty describe structural barriers (poor retention efforts, lack of mentorship) that hinder their success and professional satisfaction.1URM faculty are less satisfied with their careers and more often consider leaving academia.2PricePalepu
23We need to enhance the culture of inclusion ConclusionsReceiving mentorship is a crucial element for achieving success in academic medicine. In addition to general career guidance, mentors provide cultural/emotional support and a sense of belonging.The low number of minority faculty makes finding mentorship and meeting the demand for mentoring minority medical students difficultWe need to enhance the culture of inclusionAcademic Medicine, Vol. 83, No. 8 / August 2008We need to enhance the culture of inclusion – provide networking opportunities for your mentees