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Kentucky Health Care Workforce Capacity Study Presentation to DPH and Local Health Departments June 20, 2013 1 Lee Barnard, RN Nurse Service Administrator.

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Presentation on theme: "Kentucky Health Care Workforce Capacity Study Presentation to DPH and Local Health Departments June 20, 2013 1 Lee Barnard, RN Nurse Service Administrator."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kentucky Health Care Workforce Capacity Study Presentation to DPH and Local Health Departments June 20, Lee Barnard, RN Nurse Service Administrator Office of Kentucky Health Benefit Exchange

2 Background 640,000 uninsured in Kentucky currently: 300,000 may qualify for Medicaid under the new eligibility rules 220,000 may qualify for premium assistance through KHBE Pent-up demand may worsen the current workforce shortages, particularly in: Primary care Oral health Mental health/substance abuse 2

3 Background The Office of the KHBE (OKHBE) contracted with Deloitte Consulting in December 2012 to conduct a ten-week comprehensive study of Kentucky’s current health care workforce capacity. Identify shortage areas Identify legislative and administrative policy changes that might be needed to increase the supply, and Make other recommendations for increasing the supply. 3

4 Provider Population OKHBE collected information on the following provider types: Physicians Dentists Advance Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs) Physician Assistants RNs LPNs Nurse Aides Optometrists Mental Health/Substance Abuse Providers (Psychologists, LCSWs, Licensed Professional Counselors, Marriage and Family Therapists, and Alcohol and Drug Counselors) 4

5 Identified Provider Groups Each provider type was assigned to one of the following tiers based on the relative importance to the uninsured/Medicaid population, the availability of benchmarks, and the accuracy of the corresponding group’s Kentucky licensing database: Tier One: Physicians Tier Two: Dentists, APRNs, PAs, RNs, LPNs, and Nurse Aides Tier Three: Psychologists, optometrists, LCSWs, LPCs, MFTs, and ADCs. In general, data on providers who could not be accessed by the general public were eliminated from the study. 5

6 Study Findings 6

7 Overall Physician Need Overall physician need in 2012 across all needy counties is 3,790 FTEs. Of those FTEs, 61% are needed in rural counties. Kentucky-Wide Physician Need – 2012 (Excludes Surpluses) Boone County FTEs Campbell County FTEs Bullitt County 123.7FTEs Hardin County FTEs Christian County 88.0 FTEs Marshall County 61.6 FTEs Graves County 64.3 FTEs Carter County 57.0 FTEs Madison County FTEs 7

8 Primary Care Providers (PCP) Need Currently PCP need is 183 FTEs, which is equal to 5% of the current state-wide supply. This gap is expected to widen to 205 FTEs by Overall, PCP need is concentrated towards the western half of the state. Kentucky-Wide PCP Need – 2012 (Excludes Surpluses) PCP need is heavily concentrated in these 8 Southwest border counties, with 36 FTEs needed to meet PCP needs PCP need in Eastern Kentucky appears to be lower than in other parts of the state Top 2 neediest counties are Bullitt and Spencer, with PCP need of 8 FTE each 8

9 PCP Need – Medicaid Expansion & HBE View Accounting for Medicaid expansion and the HBE, PCP need across the state increases to 256 FTEs. This view incorporates all 640,000 currently uninsured, which includes both additional Medicaid and premium assistance. Of the 256 FTE need, 63% comes from rural counties. Note: this is the worst-case scenario for Medicaid PCP need. Kentucky-Wide PCP Need – 2012 (Excludes Surpluses) With Medicaid expansion, the need in these 8 counties rises by 42% to a total of 51 PCPs It appears that Medicaid expansion will not have a large impact on the overall Eastern Kentucky need With expansion, Bullitt and Spencer will each require 11 additional PCP FTEs 9

10 APRN Need Overall APRN need in 2012 is also relatively low compared to many groups, with only 148 FTEs needed across the state, split nearly even between rural and urban counties. The neediest county is Boone, with a 2012 deficit of 16.2 FTEs. Overall Kentucky APRN Need – 2012 (Excludes Surpluses) The largest concentration of urban need is in Boone, Grant, Pendleton and Henry counties, totaling 37 FTEs. The largest concentration of rural need is in Johnson, Martin, Elliott, Morgan, Magoffin, Breathitt and Knott counties, totaling 16 FTEs. 10

11 PA Need Overall PA need in 2012 is 296 FTEs, or 30% of current supply. The need is split nearly even between rural and urban counties, with the larger concentration of needy counties being in the rural areas in the center and western parts of the state. Kentucky Physician Assistant Need in Rural Counties – 2012 (Excludes Surpluses) Nelson County 4.7 FTEs Harlan County 4.0 FTEs Muhlenberg County 5.3 FTEs Logan County 5.8 FTEs Union County 3.2 FTEs Marshall County 5.5 FTEs Graves County 6.0 FTEs Carter County 3.6 FTEs Grayson County 5.1 FTEs Scott County 3.3 FTEs 11

12 Dentist Need The need for dentists in the state is high, with 612 additional FTEs (36%) required to meet current demand. Many counties in Kentucky need greater than 100% increases in the current dentist workforce, and 3 counties appear to have no dentists currently practicing. Overall Kentucky DDS Need – 2012 (Jefferson County and Surpluses Excluded) Licensure data shows 3 counties that have no active dentists: Fulton, Edmonson and Robertson Christian County needs 22 dentists, a 130% increase over current supply Lincoln County needs 11 dentists, a 568% increase over current supply Jefferson County needs 150 dentists, or 65% more than the current supply 12

13 MHP Need Overall need for MHPs is 1,638 FTEs (19%) to meet current demand. Over 80% of the counties in Kentucky have a workforce supply gap for MHPs, with 10% of counties needing at least 25 FTEs. 70% of the current need (1,154 FTEs) is located in rural counties. Rural Kentucky MHP Need – 2012 (Surpluses Excluded) Logan, Bell and Lincoln counties need additional FTEs each, representing a nearly 300% increase over current supply These 5 contiguous rural counties need almost 150 collective FTEs to meet the current need. The volume of need in eastern Kentucky appears to be less than in some other parts of the state. 13

14 Recommendations Improve professional license data quality and reporting across all workforce groups – the accuracy of data varied widely among licensing organizations Expand/promote additional limited service clinics to increase access in rural and underserved areas Create support programs for small practices in rural and underserved areas Expand/increase Medicaid reimbursement for rural areas and technology-driven care (e.g., telemedicine) Expand programs to engage international graduates in rural and underserved areas 14

15 Recommendations (continued) Address scope of practice limitations for mid-level practitioners Evaluate potential reform of statutes related to medical malpractice caps Expand loan forgiveness programs to improve distribution Enhance programs that support recruiting for retention in Kentucky schools Expand regional rural health tracks Increase health care degree and residency capacity across the state 15

16 Study Results The study’s results were released last month; presentations were made to the Governor’s Office, CHFS Secretary, CHFS executive staff, LRC Health & Welfare staff, colleges and universities, and stakeholder groups (advocates, professional associations, etc.). 16

17 The study’s final report and PowerPoint presentation are available via the ‘News’ section on KHBE’s website, ome.aspx ome.aspx 17

18 Office of Kentucky Health Benefit Exchange Carrie Banahan, Executive Director 12 Mill Creek Park Frankfort, KY


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