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Overview of the Patriarchs Genesis 12-50 1. Review of Old Testament Events 1.Creation and Fall 2.Flood over All 3.Tower of Babel 4.Patriarchs Travel 5.Bondage.

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Presentation on theme: "Overview of the Patriarchs Genesis 12-50 1. Review of Old Testament Events 1.Creation and Fall 2.Flood over All 3.Tower of Babel 4.Patriarchs Travel 5.Bondage."— Presentation transcript:

1 Overview of the Patriarchs Genesis 12-50 1

2 Review of Old Testament Events 1.Creation and Fall 2.Flood over All 3.Tower of Babel 4.Patriarchs Travel 5.Bondage in Egypt 6.Wandering Jew 7.Conquering the Land 8.Judges Ensue 9.3 Kings Reigned 10.‘til all Split in 2 11.Into Captivity 12.Return and Redo 2

3 What is a Patriarch? Head of a family or tribe. God is frequently referred to as the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob Jews, Muslims, and Christians look to Abraham as their patriarchal head 3

4 Why Study The Patriarchs? Examples for our learning, admonition, patience, comfort, hope Things to come – unfulfilled prophecy Typology Interesting stories We will meet them someday in the kingdom 4

5 Examples Ro 15:4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope. 1Co 10:11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. 5

6 If 12 Hours = 4000 Years Then 2369 years Adam dies (930) Methuselah (687) Shem dies (2158) – 150 yrs. contemporary with Abraham, 50 yrs with Isaac →) Shem born (1558) Meth. dies (1656) Creation & Fall Flood over all Tower of Babel Into Captivity Solomon David Saul Return & Redo Wandering Jew Bondage In Egypt Adam Judges Ensue Patriarchs Travel ‘til All Split in 2 (Kings of Israel & Judah) Conquering the Land 6

7 Where Did Patriarchs Travel? More than 1400 miles Ge 12:1 Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will shew thee: Sodom 7

8 Who Are the Patriarchs? 8

9 Lands of 12 Tribes in Israel 9

10 Abraham Name changed from Abram (blessed father) to Abraham (father of a multitude) Called “the Hebrew” in Ge 14.13 Saw Jesus’ day – Joh 8.56 Met Melchisedec – King of righteousness, peace, priest of the most high God – Heb 7.1-3 Gospel was preached to Abraham – Ga 3.8 Abraham was alive after death – Lu 16.19-31 10

11 Man of Faith, Friend of God, Father of All Who Believe Ga 3:9 …they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. Heb 11:8 By faith Abraham...obeyed… Jas 2:23 Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God. Joh 8:56-59 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw [it], and was glad... Before Abraham was, I am. Then took they up stones to cast at him... Rom 4:11 …the father of all them that believe… Ro 4:16 Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all → 11

12 Abraham Tested Told to leave his family and homeland Famine in Canaan Abduction of Sarah by Pharaoh Rescue of Lot from captivity Marriage to Hagar – no children by Sarah Told to be circumcised at 99 years old Abduction of Sarah by Abimelech Send Hagar and Ishmael away Offer Isaac on an altar 12

13 Isaac Means laughter – Ge 18.13 (Abraham & Sarah laughed at the prospect of a child in their old age) Child of promise – Gal 4.22+ Figure of Christ in many ways – Birth foretold and named before birth – Carried wood for his own sacrifice – Offered (Islam says Ishmael was offered by Abraham) – Raised up the 3 rd day – Eliezer (help of God) sent by Abraham to fetch Isaac a bride – Rebekah (type of the church) comes by faith to the marriage Covenant of land and seed confirmed with Isaac Twins born – Esau, the firstborn, then Jacob 13

14 Jacob “Deceiver”, “Supplanter” Rebekah’s favorite (Esau was Isaac’s favorite) Buys the birthright then steals the blessing Deceived by Laban and later by his own sons Covenant confirmed regarding land and seed Wrestles with God – name changed to Israel 14

15 Judah – Line of Christ Ge 49.8-12 Jacob’s prophecy of the last days – Jesus called Lion of the tribe of Judah in Re 5.5 – Shiloh (means Messiah) – Lawgiver – Ass’ colt – Choice vine – Garments dipped in blood 15

16 New Testament Commentary Abraham mentioned in 93 verses, Isaac 21, Jacob 37 The genealogies of Matthew and Luke Jesus comments on Abraham – Luke 16.22-31, John 8.37-44, 56-59 Stephen’s sermon to Jewish leaders - Ac 7 Paul on Abraham – faith and works – Ro 4; Ga 3,4 – Heb 11.8-22 (faith of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob) James 2.21-23 - faith and works of Abraham 16

17 Jesus Comments on Abraham Lu 16:22 Abraham's bosom – Abraham talks with the rich man in hell – Lu 16:31 … If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead. Joh 8:39...If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham. Joh 8:56,58 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad... Before Abraham was, I AM (Ex 3.14) 17

18 Stephen’s Summary - Acts 7.1-18 God of glory appeared to Abraham before Haran Get out of thy country and away from thy kindred, and I will shew thee a land Terah dies age 205, Abram is 75. He leaves Haran (Ge 11.26) No inheritance, no child, but a promise of both Abraham foretold of Egyptian bondage and exodus Covenant of circumcision (age 99) Isaac, Jacob, 12 partriarchs For envy Joseph was sold but became head of Egypt Famine. Joseph revealed to his brethren Jacob and kin move to Egypt (75 souls – all his kindred) → 18

19 Paul’s Comments Romans 4:3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. Romans 4:16 Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all, Romans 4:20 He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; Romans 4:21 And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform. Romans 4:24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead; Romans 4:25 Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification. Compare Gal 3.6-29 → 19

20 Hebrews 11.8-22 By Faith… Abraham obeyed, went, not knowing where Sojourned in a strange country Looked for a city whose maker was God Sarah conceived Isaac Abraham offered Isaac (God would raise him) Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau Jacob blessed sons of Joseph and worshipped Joseph gave commandment about his bones → 20

21 James – Faith without Works is Dead Jas 2:21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar? NO! Jas 2:22 Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect? Jas 2:23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God. → 21


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