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Astronomers observe the sky! Astronomy is the study of: the sky & the stars galaxies, cosmology, the solar system (With thanks to Mark Clayson & Mark Ritter)

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Presentation on theme: "Astronomers observe the sky! Astronomy is the study of: the sky & the stars galaxies, cosmology, the solar system (With thanks to Mark Clayson & Mark Ritter)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Astronomers observe the sky! Astronomy is the study of: the sky & the stars galaxies, cosmology, the solar system (With thanks to Mark Clayson & Mark Ritter)

2 Visions of the Heavens Marcus AureliusMarcus Aurelius : "He who does not know what the world is does not know where he is, and he who does not know for what purpose the world exists, does not know who he is, nor what the world is."

3 a little math… the numbers we use are astronomical, so… you must understand scientific notation! you should know it already; it just makes enormous and infinitesimal numbers easier to deal with

4 solar system: the sun, planet family, all the other little stuff planets: small, non- luminous bodies sun: self-luminous ball of hot gas that generates its own energy astronomical unit (AU): average distance between sun and earth (93 million miles)

5 Solar System Montage by Voyager: planets & Jupiter’s Galilean moons

6 light-year (ly): the distance light travels in a year; almost km galaxy: great cloud of gas, stars, dust bound together by gravity Milky Way: the galaxy we live in

7 How Matter is Organized Organization of the Universe: –Superclusters of galaxies Clusters of galaxies –Galaxies Clusters of stars (globular, open in spiral arms) Clouds/Nebulae (stars coming or going) –Stellar systems Stars (single, binary,...) Planets (terrestrial, Jovian) –Moons Minor objects (comets, asteroids,...)

8 Worlds Without Number

9 Do you know our universal address??

10 Azusa Pacific University, CA, USA, North America, Northern Hemisphere Earth, the Solar System, Milky Way Galaxy, The Local Group, The Local Supercluster, The Universe!

11 How Little We Know “For by Him were all things created... visible and invisible... in Him all things hold together.” ~ Colossians 1:15 ~ Colossians 1:15, 17

12 “He...stretches out the heavens as a curtain... as a tent to dwell in,” Isaiah 40: 21, 22 as a tent to dwell in,” Isaiah 40: 21, 22 Big Bang & Expanding Universe

13 Our Sister Galaxy – Andromeda (~2 million LY away)

14 Stars Orbiting Milky Way’s Supermassive Black Hole

15 A Face-On Spiral Galaxy

16 Edge-On Spiral Galaxy

17 The Eagle Nebula

18 Pillars of Creation – Eagle Nebula

19 Orion Nebula Stellar Nursery & Protoplanetary Disk

20 Sun in UV (why we wear sunscreen and sunglasses)

21 First Photo of Planet Around Another Star

22 First Extra-Solar Rocky Planet Discovered & Announced Sept. 16, 2009

23 Habitable (“Goldilocks”) Zone Around Stars

24 The Lives & Classes of Stars: The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram The Sun’s Life Story

25 A Very Brief History of Natural Science Natural Philosophy: study of unanswered questions about nature. The search for understanding through study of the physical world Scientists look at the world with curiosity –Curiosity makes us ask questions about the world around us: Why does the sun shine? What makes the sky blue? How old is the earth? How were the planets formed? Why do things fall? What are things made of? Scientists make observations, do experiments, create models/theories to answer questions, in an iterative process… –GOAL: to obtain a compelling explanation describing observed phenomena, which makes accurate predictions, and leads to a better understanding of the universe. Scientists try to understand the multitude of nature’s attributes as resulting from the action of a relatively small number of elemental (basic) things and forces acting in an infinite variety of combinations. Physics (the basis for ASTRONOMY) is the most basic of all sciences; it’s about the nature of such basic things as motion, forces, energy, heat, sound, light, and atoms.

26 Science and Theology Search for order and meaning takes different forms… Science is concerned with discovering and understanding natural phenomena –The domain of science is natural order Theology is concerned with the source, purpose, and meaning of everything –The domain of theology is nature’s purpose Science and theology complement, rather than contradict, each other. Lack of understanding about either science or theology can make people feel they must choose one or the other, but a deeper, more complete understanding of each enables us to embrace them both without contradiction. God is the author of both creation and scripture! “For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities - his eternal power and divine nature - have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse.” - Romans 1:20 “The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands…” - Psalm 19:1

27 Science and Theology can enlighten and inform each other as we seek to know ultimate TRUTH “For now we see through a glass, darkly, but then we shall see face to face; now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known.” I Corinthians 13:12 THEOLOGYTHEOLOGY SCIENCESCIENCE

28 SCIENCE IS THE TOOL WE USE TO INVESTIGATE GOD’S CREATION! FAITH INTEGRATION

29 The Scientific Method I Thessalonians 5:21 – “Test everything…Hold onto the good.” Psalm 34:8 – “Taste and see that the Lord is good.”


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