Presentation on theme: "Lesson 14: Ethics “A people that values its privileges above its principles soon loses both.” -Dwight D. Eisenhower “Honesty is the first chapter of the."— Presentation transcript:
Lesson 14: Ethics “A people that values its privileges above its principles soon loses both.” -Dwight D. Eisenhower “Honesty is the first chapter of the Book of Wisdom.” -Thomas Jefferson
1. What is morality? A. Morality: The behavior of making value judgments. B. We are faced with ethical decisions every day. - What is right or wrong, good or bad, ethical or not? - People make decisions based a set of values established early in life. - Values are beliefs, principles, standards, and qualities considered desirable.
1. What is morality? continued C. Value judgments involve a moral duty. - Example: You should not harm others. D. Making moral judgments is part of what it means to be human. E. How does one make moral judgments? 1. Religion: Involves deference to religious authority or scripture that directs decisions. 2. Mystical experience or flipping a coin. 3. Ethics.
2. What are ethics? A. Ethics: A philosophical study of morality. - Rational approach to studying morality. - Based on logical thinking. - Incompatibility of religion and ethics? B. Closely linked to ethics – Integrity – which is a strict adherence to a code of behavior. - They are not only an individual, but also an organizational issue.
2. What are ethics? continued C. Ethics are divided into two categories: - Character ethics and rule ethics. - Character ethics emphasizes the personality traits of a person. - Also are theories of a morally- good character. - In contrast with rule ethics, philosophers discerned good action from bad action such as the religious approach (ten commandments).
2. What are ethics? continued D. Character and Rule ethics are interrelate. - Good character ethics need rules. - What virtues should you cultivate is based on principles you need to refer to. - Unless one has good character, will have no motivation to follow moral rules. E. Use of unethical practices on the rise. - Organizations attempt to adopt a code of ethics. - Business often conduct seminars. - Hiring of outside consultants to help implement.
3. What is the difference between moral problems and ethical dilemmas? A. Big differences between a moral problem and an ethical dilemma. B. Ascertaining the relevant facts can help solve many moral problems. C. Moral problems might not involve facts but simply will power (to steal, or not to steal). D. Ethical dilemma: Two mutually exclusive moral duties. E. Ethical situations or dilemmas are conflicts in values (own values conflict with organization’s).
4. What is social responsibility? A. Ethics relate to societal institutions. B. Social responsibility is based on either ethical objectivism or relativism. C. Ethical objectivism applies to all situations, to all people at all times. D. Ethical relativism: Depends upon culture. E. Organizations being held more accountable for their actions. -values, integrity, and ethics must be exercised involving social responsibility.
5. Leaders and ethical behavior. A. Leaders play a vital role regarding ethics. B. Make decision today how you will lead! C. You can make a choice today to identify and sustain your core values and beliefs. - Opportunity to follow a moral and ethical code of behavior. - Write down your core values & dedicate yourself. Build your own personal constitution. - This will pay large dividends to your life!