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Bible overview 18+ weekend away – 31/10/09 Matt Pritchard

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Presentation on theme: "Bible overview 18+ weekend away – 31/10/09 Matt Pritchard"— Presentation transcript:

1 Bible overview 18+ weekend away – 31/10/09 Matt Pritchard

2 Starting point The Bible is God inspired. Written by human authors. Each with their own style. Written at specific points in history. “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.” 2 Timothy 3v16-17

3 What does the passage actually say? Words Setting (when and where) Purpose Context Form (history, law, poetry, prophecy, letter etc.) What does the passage mean today? What is a similar situation today? A specific teaching about God etc.? Is there an example to follow, or a warning, or a promise? What actions need to be taken? What does the passage mean? What did it mean to the original readers? What is the main point or teaching? How does it compare to other passages? Can a general principle be extracted? 1. UNDERSTAND 2. EXPLAIN 3. APPLY Reading a Bible passage

4 Old Testament (39)New Testament (27) HebrewGreek 66 books 40+ authors Written over 1,400 years The Bible

5 GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomy JoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SolomonIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoel AmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachi Old Testament

6 GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomy JoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SolomonIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoel AmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachi History Wisdom Prophets Minor MajorLaw (Torah, Pentateuch) Old Testament Events Experience Expectation Concerned with: PastPresent Future WorkWaysWillReveal God’s:

7 MatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation New Testament

8 MatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation History Letters (Epistles) Apocalypse GospelsPaulGeneral New Testament Matthew – Jewish audience. Quotes OT. “Jesus is Messiah.” Mark – Roman mindset. “Jesus is the perfect servant.” Luke – Greek mindset. “Jesus is the perfect man.” John – Broad audience. “Jesus is the Son of God.”

9 4000BC 3000BC2000BC1000BC0AD1000AD2000AD ?? OT History – Law+General OT Wisdom* OT Prophets NT History NT Letters Time line

10 Turkey

11 Dead Sea Sea of Galilee River Jordan Red Sea Garden of Eden? Mediterranean Sea Persian Gulf GoogleMaps

12 4000BC 3000BC2000BC1000BC0AD1000AD2000AD ?? Early times AdamAbraham Patriarchs Moses GENESIS OT History – Law OT History – General OT Wisdom* OT Prophets NT History NT Letters Time line

13 Early times Bible ref. Genesis 1-11 Keywords Pattern Perished Creation Adam and Eve Cain and Abel Noah Tower of Babel

14 Patriarchs Bible ref. Genesis The LORD had said to Abram, "Leave your country, your people and your father's household and go to the land I will show you. "I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you." Genesis 12 v1-3 Keywords Promised Partial Abraham – “father of many” “Abram believed the LORD, and he credited it to him as righteousness.” Genesis 15v6

15 Ur Haran Egypt Abraham’s travels

16 Patriarchs Abraham Isaac Bible ref. Genesis Keywords Partial Esau Jacob Joseph Slavery in Egypt (400 yrs)

17 Patriarchs - 12 tribes Jacob (Israel) +Leah +Rachel +Bilhah (Rachel’s servant) +Zilpah (Leah’s servant) Reuben (1) Simeon (2) Levi (3) Judah (4) Issachar (9) Zebulun (10) Dinah (D) Joseph (11) Benjamin (12) Dan (5) Naphtali (6) Gad (7) Asher (8) Manasseh (1) Ephraim (2)

18 4000BC 3000BC2000BC1000BC0AD1000AD2000AD ?? Early times AdamAbraham Patriarchs Moses Exodus & judges Samuel GENESIS OT History – Law OT History – General OT Wisdom* OT Prophets NT History NT Letters Time line We are here

19 Exodus - Moses Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Bible ref. Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Keywords Partial Moses born Moses died Escape from Egypt Burning bush 10 plagues Crossing Red Sea Spies explore Promised Land Rebellion and 40yrs in the wilderness Move towards Promised Land Law Priests, Tabernacle and Ark Mount Sinai

20 Crossing Red Sea Mount Sinai 40 years of wandering Moses dies The Exodus route

21 Joshua and the Judges Joshua Judges Ruth 1 Samuel Bible ref. Joshua Judges Ruth 1 Samuel Keywords Partial Moses died Samuel Joshua Crossing River Jordan Defeat of Jericho Taking the Promised Land “In those days Israel had no king; everyone did as he saw fit.” Judges 17v6; 18v1; 19v1; 21v25 Gideon Deborah Samson The Judges Manasseh Dan Reuben Simeon Judah Issachar Zebulun Benjamin Naphtali Asher Ephraim Gad Saul died Samuel Joshua died

22 From Judge to King Joshua Judges Ruth 1 Samuel Bible ref. 1 Samuel Keywords Partial SamuelSaul died “But the people refused to listen to Samuel. "No!" they said. "We want a king over us. Then we will be like all the other nations, with a king to lead us and to go out before us and fight our battles." 1 Samuel 8v19-20 Saul becomes king (~1050 BC) David anointed Saul dies David and Goliath Saul is jealous of David David goes into hiding Joshua died Moses died

23 Theocracy

24 Kings 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings 2 Kings 1 Chronicles 2 Chronicles Bible ref. 2 Samuel 1&2 Kings 1&2 Chronicles Keywords Partial Saul died David died Fall of Jerusalem David Captures Jerusalem Subdues foes Bathsheba Absalom’s revolt Rehoboam Jeroboam 1 Israel (North) Judah (South) Northern Kingdom also called: Israel Ephraim Samaria Solomon Wisdom Temple Greedy

25 Jeroboam 1 Nadab Baasha Elah Zimri Tibni Omri Ahab Ahaziah Joram Jehu Jehoahaz Joash Jeroboam II Zechariah Shallum Menahem Pekahiah Pekah Hoshea Time Good Bad “He did evil in the eyes of the LORD” Northern Kings Elijah vs. the Baal prophets on Mount Carmel Israel defeated by Assyria. 722 BC

26 Assyria conquers the Northern kingdom ASSYRIA

27 North South (Judah) Assyrians Kingdoms captured 722BC Combined Kingdom

28 Time Good Bad “He did evil in the eyes of the LORD” Southern Kings Rehoboam Abijah Asa Jehoshaphat Jehoram Ahaziah Athaliah Joash Amaziah Uzziah Jotham Ahaz Hezekiah Manasseh Amon Josiah Jehoahaz Jehoiakim Jehoiachin Zedekiah Fall of Jerusalem 586BC “He did what was right in the eyes of the LORD” OR Assyria threatens. Isaiah helps. Book of the Law found. Renews covenant.

29 North South (Judah) Assyrians Kingdoms captured 722BC Babylonians 586BC Combined Kingdom Persians 537BC 458BC

30 Return from exile Ezra Nehemiah Esther Bible ref. Ezra Nehemiah Esther Keywords Prophesied Persia captures Babylon 539BC ~433BC Main party returns (537BC) – To build temple Ezra the priest returns (458BC) Nehemiah returns (445 BC) – To build walls and gates Esther saves Jews in Persia

31 4000BC 3000BC2000BC1000BC0AD1000AD2000AD ?? Early times AdamAbraham Patriarchs Moses Exodus & judges Samuel OT History – Law OT History – General OT Wisdom* OT Prophets NT History NT Letters Time line We are here Kings Exile Nehemiah

32 Wisdom literature Job – where the pain of suffering is transformed by a vision of God the creator. Psalms – reflect on life in God’s presence, as it is, without pretence. Song of Songs – shows how the power of sexuality needs to be faced and harnessed. Ecclesiastes – encourages us to get out of our ghetto and see the big picture. Proverbs – help us to think through the choices we face in a complex world.

33 Prophets Keywords Prophesied Prophetic books both forth-tell and fore-tell. 1.The holiness of God 2.The sinfulness of sin 3.The necessity of repentance 4.The certainty of judgement 5.The indestructibility of grace The everlasting love of God

34 Prophets Keywords Prophesied Northern powers Israel (North) Judah (South) Jonah Amos Hosea Ezekiel Haggai Zechariah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Obadiah MalachiJeremiah Isaiah Micah Daniel AssyriansBabyloniansPersians

35 Prophets "This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time," declares the LORD. "I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, 'Know the LORD,' because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest," declares the LORD. "For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more." Jeremiah 31v33-34 Keywords Prophesied Jesus

36 Inter-Testament times Persians Assyrians Babylonians Greeks Romans Old Testament New Testament

37 The Gospels Keywords Present Matthew Mark Luke John Acts Jesus born Resurrection John Baptist Matthew – Jewish audience. Quotes OT. “Jesus is Messiah.” Mark – Roman mindset. “Jesus is the perfect servant.” Luke – Greek mindset. “Jesus is the perfect man.” John – Broad audience. “Jesus is the Son of God.” “The time has come," he said. "The kingdom of God is near. Repent and believe the good news!” Mark 1v15

38 Acts and epistles Keywords Proclaimed The great commission “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.” Matthew 28v19-20 Pentecost Church growth Gentiles accepted Paul’s conversion Paul’s missions Peter’s vision

39 Revelation Keywords Perfected Jesus PentecostEvangelism2 nd ComingVictory An encouragement to keep going. God wins! Salvation will be completed. The world will be perfected. Genesis 1-3Revelation 21-22


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