Presentation on theme: "1 Jay Jinendra 2 Ecology The Jain Way 3 Ecology The Jain Way This is my interpretation of “ Ecology, The Jain way.” addressed at Jaina convention 2009,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Jay Jinendra
2 Ecology The Jain Way
3 Ecology The Jain Way This is my interpretation of “ Ecology, The Jain way.” addressed at Jaina convention 2009, in Jain Center of southern California. H. Maniar
4 Meaning of Ecology Ecology is the culture of inter-relation among all living organisms and their environment. It encompasses the entire universe, all the stars, planets, and their atmospheres and biospheres.
5 Meaning of Ecology (1) Ecology is the natural surroundings in which earth, air, water, and vegetation are in common ownership passed down from generation to generation.
6 Meaning of Ecology (2) Ecology cannot be isolated from life because life is totally dependent on ecology. One cannot imagine life in the absence of earth, air, water or vegetation. Eco is a Greek word derived from “Oikos” meaning “home” or “place to live.”.
7 Ecology, the Jain way Organisms have relationship with one another is stated in Jain’s tattvarth Sutra. “All life is bound together by the mutual support and interdependence”. Parasparopagraho Jivänäm Jain’s tattvarth Sutra.
8 Ecology, the Jain way (1) Parasparopagraho Jivänäm Interdependence (Mutual) support All living being Para-us-paraUpgrahoJivanam (mobile & immobile)
9 Parasparopagraho Jivänäm (2) Meaning of Parasparopagraho Jivänäm. (a)All living beings render service to one another, irrespective of the degree of their sensory perceptions (b)All living beings are indebted to the universal society. (includes micro organism life in earth, water, air, fire & plants, the one sense living being).
10 Parasparopagraho Jivänäm (3) Meaning of Parasparopagraho Jivänäm. (c) Living beings to assist each other with mutual cooperation. (d)One is to make the world a better, safer and more peaceful place in which to stay, with mutual support and compassion.
11 Parasparopagraho Jivänäm (4) Meaning of Parasparopagraho Jivänäm. (e) Since all lives are interconnected one should realize that if we harm one, we harm all living beings. (f) Observing welfare of all living being & amity towards all co-habitants of the universe.
12 Ahimsa, the ecological harmony Mahavira started green movement more then 2600 years ago by spreading the message of Ahimsa. Ahimsa meaning non-violence, non-harm, loving kindness, compassion, care, ecological harmony and peace towards every living beings, nature and it’s sacred resources.
13 Ahimsa, the ecological harmony (1) Mahavira’s message of Ahimsa: One who neglects or disregards the existence of earth, water, fire, air and plants disregards his own existence, which is entwined within him. Air, water,and land are also living systems, which must be respected.
14 Ahimsa, the ecological harmony (2) Mahavira’s message of Ahimsa: No living beings should be injured, commanded, enslaved, tortured or killed. ( Philosophy of Ahimsa, non-violence) Everybody has the right to live and they desire to live happily. Live and let live. Live and help others live.
15 Ahimsa, the ecological harmony (3) Mahavira’s message of Ahimsa: All moral & ethical rules are applicable to all living beings of the biological realm. All people should live in peace, sharing equal rights & justice with all living beings ( Practice of 12 Anuvrata).
16 Ahimsa, the ecological harmony (4) Mahavira’s message of Ahimsa: Mahavira's life offers a profound example of one living in Ecological harmony. He used resources sparingly, ate just enough to survive, had no dwelling of his own, and had no possessions whatsoever.
17 Ahimsa, the ecological harmony (5) Mahavira’s message of Ahimsa: Eco-friendly vows (Maha Vrata). (1a) Ahimsa (non-violence) Showing respect for life, of all living beings. Not to injure, abuse, oppress, enslave, torment, torture or kill any creature or living beings. Ahimsa permo dharma.
18 Ahimsa, the ecological harmony (6) Mahavira’s message of Ahimsa: Eco-friendly vows (Maha Vrata). (1b) Ahimsa (non-violence) Recognizing the sacredness of fragile ecosystem & in all living beings. Ahimsa emphasizes the unity of life.
19 Ahimsa, the ecological harmony (7) Mahavira’s message of Satya: Eco-friendly vows (Maha Vrata). (2) Satya (truthfulness) Practice truth, morality & values. Maintain responsible stewardship of the planet earth.
20 Ahimsa, the ecological harmony (8) Mahavira’s message of Asteya: Eco-friendly vows (Maha Vrata). (3) Asteya (Non-stealing) Acknowledge the gifts of Mother earth, use only that which is needed and give something back every day.
21 Ahimsa, the ecological harmony (9) Mahavira’s message of Brahmacharya : Eco-friendly vows (Maha Vrata). (4) Brahmacharya (Chastity) Brahmacharya is a virtue of moderation & restraint of the senses. Smaller family size (practicing Brahmacharya) minimizes the environmental impact of the world population.
22 Ahimsa, the ecological harmony (10) Mahavira’s message of Aparigraha: Eco-friendly vows (Maha Vrata). (5) Aparigraha (Possessiveness) Commit to taking only what is just barely needed. Share what you have with others. Help those who are suffering by sharing.
23 Ahimsa, the ecological harmony (11) Mahavira’s message of Aparigraha: Eco-friendly vows (Maha Vrata). (5a) Aparigraha (Possessiveness) Live a life of restraints and limit wants and waste. Attachment to possessions is form of violence.
24 Global warming. What is global warming: Increase in the surface temperature of the earth is called global warming. "Recent calculations suggest that the global surface temperature could increase an average of °C by 2100."
25 Global warming (1). What is global warming: Increased concentration of pollutants, called greenhouse gases (carbon monoxide, methane, nitrous oxide, smog etc) allow in-coming solar radiation to pass through the earth’s atmosphere, but prevent most of the outgoing infrared radiation (from the surface) from escaping into outer space.
26 Global warming (2). What is global warming: The greenhouse gases trap the infra-red radiation and radiate it back towards the surface creating a warming influence (global warming).
27 Global warming (3). What are pollutants ? Substances in the atmosphere, which cause adverse effects to all living being’s health and to the environment. Major pollutants are fossil fuels & nitrogen oxide produced in the emissions of vehicle exhaust & power plants.
28 Global warming (4). What causes climate change ? The greenhouse effect causes the climate change, causing tropical diseases, droughts, changing rainfall patterns, heat waves, severe tropical storms and many disasters. Global warming disasters will affect 375 million every year by 2015.
29 Global warming (5). What do the jain scripture's say about the future ? In this 5 th aara, we have years to go. There will be destructive weather patterns & unbearable climate worldwide, causing famines and destruction of fertile land, during this period.
30 Global warming (6). What do the jain scripture's say about the future ? In the 6 th aara, there will be unbearable heat during day & cold during night. People will be living in burrows along the banks of river. Near end of the 6 th aara, dust clouds, violent storms, heavy rains and fire will destroy most living beings.
31 Who owns the planet Earth? Planet is collection of ecological elements and life forms, hence the occupants are the co-owners of the planet. We are joint owners of this planet. We all have responsibility for the preservation of this ecosystem.
32 Green Pratikraman At the heart of the Jain moral universe is the recognition of each & every living being. During pratikraman we express regret for all harmful deeds, we may have done to these beings, so we can make a concerted effort to do better in the future.
33 Green Pratikraman (1) This is done by reciting Sata Lakha Sutra. This is in many ways and environmental ritual in which we examine our actions in a myriad ways, and repent for any harm done to all manner of embodied souls. (Sata lakha pruthvikaya, sata lakha apkaya….)
34 Green Shloka There are many beautiful shlokas (verses) and mantras in our scriptures. Ancient sages recited these mantras to spread the message of non-violence, goodwill, harmony, brotherhood and to promote lasting peace in the universe.
35 Green Shloka (1) Shanti Stotra (a) “Shri shraman sanghasya sahntirbhavatu Shri janapadanam shantirbhavatu Shri paurjanasya shantirbhavatu Shri brahmalokasya shantirbhavatu” “Reciting goodwill wish for welfare & peace of everyone in the universe.”
36 Cry of the mother earth Dear Humankind, What have you done to me ? Water is contaminated Forests are dying. Creatures disappearing. You are dumping trash, electronics & radioactive waste in my belly. Debris in Space circling me. Air is polluted, land is barren. You are having overpopulation.
37 Cry of the mother earth (1) You are not living within your means. You are killing me.
38 Ways to go green. Vegetarianism. Drink tap water, skip bottled (use reusable) Use re-usable shopping bags. Carry your own reusable coffee cup. Take short shower, use low flow shower head. Wash clothes in cold water. Line dry laundry. Shop ethically (Support Local businesses).
39 Ways to go green (1) Use cloth rags, no paper towel. Make rags from old towel & clothes. Recycle - paper, cans, glass, plastic, electronics. Save energy, unplug unused electrical items. Travel wisely, carpool or use public transit. Save our natural resources. Carry your reusable dish, tableware. Care for your area, protect plants & wildlife.
40 Ways to go green (1a) RESPECT
41 Ways to go green (2) Reduce, reuse, redesign, react, regulate, recycle and remind our self, that one day this earth will not belong to us, and that it must be viable for generations to come, so we must become good tenants as of today. Less exploitation of resources, Less pollution and global warming, More protection of environment. Amity towards all co-habitants of the universe.
42 Ways to go green (3) Follow Eco-friendly Maha vrata (vows). Jain philosophy of ecological harmony is synchronous with the principle of Ahimsa. One who neglects or disregards the existence of earth, water, fire, air and plants disregards his own existence, which is entwined within him.
43 Ways to go green (4) Follow Eco-friendly Maha vrata (vows). Aparigraha means commit to taking only what is just barely needed. Live a life of restraints and limit wants and waste. Greed, possession and possessiveness are the primary cause of all violence as well as imbalance in the environment.
44 Ways to go green (5) kaham chare, kaham chitte, kaham aase, kaham saye, kahame bhujanto, bhasito pavkamma na bandhai ? “How do we live, eat, walk and speak in this universe,throbbing with life without causing any harm or injury to any living beings ?” Mahavira's profound answer was with utmost vigilance or jayaNa.
45 Ways to go green (6) JayaNa in each individual action at each step which minimizes the acquisition of karmon. Thus, the goal of liberation, code of conduct and ecology are intertwined in Jain religion.
46 How to get fruits of the tree ? Uprooting the entire tree ? cutting the trunk of the tree ? cutting the branches only ? plucking ? Yes, picking up only that have fallen down is the Jaina way cutting the twigs ? shukla leshya. krishna leshya kapot leshya. neel leshya. tejo leshya. padma leshya.
47 How to get fruits of the tree ? The true Jain is by definition an environmentalist, who took fallen fruits. The karmon intake is increased upon creating waste and pollution, since these regarded as acts of violence. Let us reduce, reuse, recycle & respect environment, The Jaina way.
48 Quotes “Modern technology, owes ecology an apology.” Alan M. Eddison “There is a sufficiency in the world for man's need but not for man's greed.” Mahatma Gandhi “My religion is very simple. My religion is kindness.” Dalai Lama
49 I'm not an environmentalist. I'm an earth warrior. Darryl Cherney. “Let your life lightly dance on the edges of time, like dew on the top of the leaf.” Rabindranath Tagor Quotes (1) "...a wise man should not act sinfully towards earth, nor cause others to act so, nor allow others to act so...“ Mahavira
50 Websites of interest:
51 Souvenir Booklet of 15 th, Biennial Jaina convention 2009 Jain Center of Southern California. Bibliography
52 Thank you & Michhami Dukaddam If we have made any mistakes, Please accept our sincere apologies. Please let us know, if you have any suggestions to improve this presentation. Please share this presentation. Harshad, Bakula, & Maniar family.