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The Father’s House Kingdom Ministry The Mysteries : JEWISH ROOTS of Christianity INSTRUCTOR : Apostle Sophia Fenton.

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Presentation on theme: "The Father’s House Kingdom Ministry The Mysteries : JEWISH ROOTS of Christianity INSTRUCTOR : Apostle Sophia Fenton."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Father’s House Kingdom Ministry The Mysteries : JEWISH ROOTS of Christianity INSTRUCTOR : Apostle Sophia Fenton

2 JEWISH ROOTS Judaism Judaism " religion, philosophy, and way of life" of the Jewish people, based on the ancient Mosaic Law. religion philosophy Jewish people Mosaic Law

3 JEWISH ROOTS The SEVEN FEASTS: The Appointed Time of Yeshua/God I t was on Mount Sinai that GOD gave Moses the dates and observances of the SEVEN FEASTS. Here are their names: 1. Passover (Pesach) - Nisan Passover 2. Unleavened Bread (Chag Hamotzi) - Nisan Unleavened Bread 3. First Fruits (Yom habikkurim) - Nisan First Fruits 4. Pentecost (Shavu'ot) - Sivan 6-7 Pentecost 5. Trumpets (Yom Teru'ah) - Tishri 1 Trumpets 6. Atonement (Yom Kippur) - Tishri 10 Atonement 7. Tabernacles (Sukkot) - Tishri Tabernacles

4 JEWISH ROOTS The SEVEN FEASTS: The Appointed Time of Yeshua/God W hen do they happen? God's calendar is based on the phases of the moon. Each month in a lunar calendar begins with a new moon. Pesach/Passover falls on the first full moon of Spring. The first three feasts, Pesach, Unleavened Bread and First Fruits fall in March and April. The fourth one, Shavu'ot/Pentecost, marked the summer harvest and occurs in late May or early June. The last three feasts, Trumpets, Yom Kippur and Sukkot/Feast of Tabernacles happen in September and October.calendar

5 JEWISH ROOTS The Jewish Holidays Understanding the Appointed Times General information about the most significant mo'edim (or "APPOINTED TIMES") that are important to Jews all over the world. All of the Biblical mo'edim are prophetic and reveal great truth about the plans and counsel of the LORD God of Israel.

6 JEWISH ROOTS New American Standard BibleNew American Standard Bible (©1995) He has made everything appropriate in its time. He has also set eternity in their heart, yet so that man will not find out the work which God has done from the beginning even to the end.(©1995)

7 JEWISH ROOTS Job 5:9Job 5:9 C hrist {He} performs wonders that cannot be fathomed, miracles that cannot be counted.

8 JEWISH ROOTS C hristianity is Jewish – Historical Background Jewish roots of the Christian Faith. Often times Christians fail to recognize the Jewishness of Christianity, but if you think about it, its roots are woven deep into Judaism. God’s chosen people are the Jews; JESUS WAS A JEW ; the DISCIPLES, including the CHURCH’S FIRST LEADER – Peter, was a Jew ; all 66 books of the Bible were written by Jews. These are just a few examples of how the context of Judaism permeates the pages of Scripture. With such an emphasis of the Jewish Faith, how could one possibly interpret Scripture without considering its rich context?

9 JEWISH ROOTS Jewish Days of the Week The Jewish week (shavu'a) begins on Sunday and ends on Shabbat:

10 JEWISH ROOTS

11 The Blessings of Observing of Shabbat The Importance of Shabbat The fourth of the ten mitzvot ( commandments ) is, " Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy" ( Ex. 20:8, KJV ). In Judaism Shabbat is therefore considered to be the most important day of the week, since the observance of Shabbat is explicitly set forth as one of the Ten Commandments. In fact, Shabbat is considered the most important of the Jewish Holidays, even more important than Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur ! During Shabbat, no "work " (defined under 39 main categories associated with the building of the Tabernacle in the desert) is to be performed, since this would violate the idea of "rest" (shabbaton) that is to mark the day.Ten Commandments Shabbat

12 JEWISH ROOTS The Blessings of Observing of Shabbat Exodus 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.

13 JEWISH ROOTS Introduction to the Jewish Sabbath call the Sabbath a delight and the holy day of the LORD honourable Isaiah 58:13 S habbat begins at sunset on Friday evening and ends Saturday night when three stars are visible in the sky (25 hours). On Shabbat we remember that God created the world and then rested from His labours. T he commandment to observe the Sabbath comes from the Fourth Commandment, of course, which actually spans three pesukim (verses) and is by far the longest of the Ten Commandments.

14 JEWISH ROOTS The Meaning of Shabbat The word shabbat ("Sabbath") is clearly connected to the verb shavat, meaning "to cease, desist, rest." The root first appears in Genesis 2:2-3 regarding God's creative activity: O n the seventh day of creation, God ceased (shevat) from His melakhah (creative activity), and blessed that time by setting it apart (i.e., called it "holy " ( kadosh ) as a memorial of the work of His hands. The seventh day, then, first of all celebrates God's role as Creator of the universe. The word translated " keep " (shamor) means to guard something held in trust, to protect and to watch closely. Not only are we to remember the Sabbath, but we are to guard and protect its sanctity as something of great value.

15 JEWISH ROOTS The Preparation of a Shabbat Table and the Sharing of the Shabbat Meal.

16 JEWISH ROOTS Rosh Hashanah Awakening of the Soul In traditional Judaism, Rosh Hashanah (lit. "the head of the year ") is celebrated as Jewish New Years Day. The holiday is observed on the first two days of the Hebrew month of Tishri (i.e., the seventh "new moon"of the year ), which usually falls in September or October, and marks the beginning of a ten- day period of prayer, self-examination and repentance (aseret yemei teshuvah), which culminates on the fast day of Yom Kippur. These ten days are referred to as Yamim Norai'm יָמִים נוֹרָאִים, the " Days of Awe," or the High Holy Days. Rosh Hashanah also commemorates the creation of the universe בְּרִיאַת הָעוֹלָם ) by God.TishriYom Kippur

17 JEWISH ROOTS Rosh Hashanah Awakening of the Soul In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe a day of solemn rest, a memorial proclaimed with blast of trumpets, a holy convocation. - Leviticus 23:24

18 JEWISH ROOTS The Liturgy and the Theme of Rosh Hashanah A ccording to Jewish tradition, on Rosh Hashanah the destiny of the righteous, the tzaddikim, are written in the Book of Life סֵפֶר הַחַיִּים ), and the destiny of the wicked, the resha'im, are written in the Book of Death ( סֶפֶר הַמָּוֵת ). However, most people will not be inscribed in either book, but have ten days -- until Yom Kippur -- to repent before sealing their fate. Hence the term Aseret Yemei Teshuvah ( עֲשֶׂרֶת יְמֵי תְּשׁוּבָה ) - the Ten Days of Repentance. On Yom Kippur, then, everyone's name will be sealed in one of the books.

19 JEWISH ROOTS The Liturgy and the Theme of Rosh Hashanah Sounding the Shofar SOUNDING THE SHOFAR T he SHOFAR ( ram's horn ) is the most- mentioned musical instrument in the Scriptures. It is blasted at least 100 times during a typical Rosh Hashanah service, thus satisfying the commandment to make Teru'ah ("noise") on this day. The SOUND OF THE SHOFAR, then, is meant to stir the heart to fear and to inspire TESHUVAH ( repentance ): " When the shofar is blown in the city, don't the people tremble ?" ( Amos 3:6 ).

20 JEWISH ROOTS There are four primary types of SHOFAR BLASTS :  Tekiah ( תְּקִיעָה ) A long single blast (the sound of the King's coronation )  Shevarim ( שְׁבָרִים ) Three short wail-like blasts (signifying repentance )  Teru'ah ( תְּרוּעָה Nine staccato blasts of alarm (to awaken the soul )  Tekiah ha-Gadol ( תְּקִיעָה הַגָּדוֹל A great long blast (for as long as you can blow!) The general custom is to first blow tekiah, followed by shevarim, followed by teruah, and to close with tekiah hagadol: SOUNDING THE SHOFAR

21 JEWISH ROOTS The Sounding of the Shofar during the Appointed Time of Rosh Hashanah!

22 JEWISH ROOTS The Custom of Rosh Hashanah Blow the Shofar in Zion In Joel 2:15, the prophet reitrated God’s command to the Isrealites at Sinai: “ Blow the shofar in Zion, declare a holy fast, call a sacred assembly.” Note Autumn in Israel was a time of repentance, and remembrance. The High Holy Days began with the Festival of Blowing Shofars and signalled the beginning of a civil new year {Rosh Hashanah}. The Shofar Blasts also signalled the beginning of the Ten Days of Awe in preparation for the highest and holiest day of the year, Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement ).

23 JEWISH ROOTS The custom of Rosh Hashanah Minhagim (Customs) of Rosh Hashanah Special customs ( minhagim ) observed on Rosh Hashanah include: Candle lighting and kiddush - As with all the Jewish holidays, candles are lit just before the start of the holiday. Kiddush is also said over the wine. Dipping apples (or challah) in honey before eating the holiday meal offers up the wish for a " sweet year " ahead.

24 JEWISH ROOTS Tashlikh - On Tishri 1, 5773 during the afternoon, many Jews perform the ritual of "tashlikh," or " casting off," a ceremony in which Jews symbolically cast their sins into a body of water. We walk to flowing water, such as a creek or river, and empty our pockets into the river, symbolically casting off our sins. Often Michah 7:18-20, Psalm 118:5-9, and Psalms 33 and 130 are recited during the Tashlikh ceremony. The Ten Days of Repentance As mentioned above, most people are neither entirely righteous (tzaddikim) nor entirely wicked (resha'im) on the day of Rosh Hashanah. The Aseret Yemei Teshuvah, or Ten Days of Repentance, provide a time for us to repent and turn whole-heartedly to the LORD in order to be sealed into the Book of Life. These days set the tone for the coming most holy Day of Atonement. Teshuvah, Tehillah, and Tzedakah - repentance, prayer, and charity - these are the spiritual virtues of the High Holidays, and the mood of the Tashlikh ceremony is based upon their heightened observance. Custom of Rosh Hashanah

25 JEWISH ROOTS The Coming Judgment According to later rabbinical tradition, on Rosh Hashanah the destiny of the righteous, the tzaddikim, are written in the Book of Life, and the destiny of the wicked, the resha'im, are written in the Book of Death.

26 JEWISH ROOTS The Coming Judgment – Yom Kippur M ost people, however, won't be inscribed in either book, but are given ten days -- until Yom Kippur -- TO REPENT BEFORE SEALING THEIR FATE. Hence, on Yom Kippur, then, everyone's name will be sealed in one of the TWO BOOKS. The ten days between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur are therefore called Aseret Yemei Teshuvah - the " Ten Days of Repentance " - because personal repentance can affect the divine decree for good....

27 JEWISH ROOTS Sukkot – The Season of Joy The Festival of Sukkots The Feast of Tabernacles The Feast of Tabernacles: Sukkots eight days of Sukkots starting from Tishri 15 to Tishri 22, 5773.

28 JEWISH ROOTS Sukkot in the Scriptures I n Biblical times, Sukkot was considered the most important of all the holidays, referred to simply as " the Feast " (1 Kings 12:32). It was a time of many sacrifices (Num. 29:12-40) and a time when (on Sabbatical years ) the Torah would be read aloud to the people (Deut. 31:10-13). It is one of the three required festivals of the LORD (Exod. 23:14; Deut. 16:16). The Torah explicitly commands three things regarding the festival of Sukkot :1 Kings 12:32Num. 29:12-40Deut. 31:10-13Exod. 23:14; Deut. 16:16 To gather the " four species " (Lev. 23:40)Lev. 23:40 To rejoice before the LORD (Deut. 16:13-14; Lev. 23:40)Deut. 16:13-14; Lev. 23:40 To live in a sukkah (Lev. 23:42)Lev. 23:42 Sukkot – The Season of Joy The Festival of Sukkots The Feast of Tabernacles

29 JEWISH ROOTS T he seventh (and final) feast given to Israel is called Sukkot ( סֻכּוֹת ) or the "FEAST OF TABERNACLES." Sukkot is observed in the fall, from the 15th to the 22nd of Tishri. During this time many Jewish families construct a sukkah סֻכָּה ) a small hastily built hut in which meals are eaten throughout the festival. The sukkah is used to remember the huts [plural: sukkot] Israel lived in during their 40 year sojourn in the desert after the exodus from Egypt Sukkot – The Season of Joy The Festival of Sukkots The Feast of Tabernacles Introduction to Sukkot

30 JEWISH ROOTS The Feast of Dedication Hanukkah D edication against Assimilation Introduction The Hebrew word chanukah means " dedication " and marks an eight day winter celebration (from Kislev 25 - Tevet 3) that commemorates the rededication of the Second Temple after a small group of Jewish believers defeated the forces of assimilation at work in their world. As such, Chanukah represents the VICTORY OF FAITH over the ways of speculative reason, and demonstrates the power of the miracle in the face of mere humanism.Kislev 25 - Tevet 3

31 JEWISH ROOTS The Feast of Dedication Hanukkah D edication against Assimilation Customs of Chanukah (Minhagim) R egardless of the relative obscurity of the origins of Chanukah, Rabbinic tradition has instituted various rules (mitzvot) and customs (minhagim) for the observance of this eight-day festival to commemorate the Jews victory over their enemies. Among these are: Celebrating Chanukah for eight days, from Kislev 25 to Tevet 3 on the Jewish calendar (Talmud: Shabbat 21b) Lighting the Chanukiah, a special form of MENORAH designed to recall the MIRACLE of the eight days in which the sanctified oil burned in the temple. The nightly kindling of the Chanukiah with its increasingly brighter light is a symbol of godly resistance to both tyranny and the forces of assimilation (Talmud: Sukkah 46a).

32 JEWISH ROOTS The Lighting of the Hanukkah Candles for Eight Days. The Feast of Dedication Hanukkah D edication against Assimilation Be joyous on Chanukah and avoid signs of sadness (i.e., no mourning or fasting, except in the case of shiva [Talmud: Shabbat 21b]). B e JOYOUS on Chanukah and avoid signs of sadness (i.e., no mourning or fasting, except in the case of shiva [Talmud: Shabbat 21b]).

33 JEWISH ROOTS The Feast of Dedication Hanukkah & Torah Reading: D edication against Assimilation Day 1TorahHAFTARAHBRIT CHADASHAH Chanukah 1 (Kislev 25) Numbers 7:1-7:17Zech. 2:14-4:7 Zech. 2:14-4:7 (only if Shabbat) John 9:1-7; John 10:22-39 Chanukah 2 (Kislev 26) Numbers 7:18-7:29 John 9:1-7; John 10:22-39 Chanukah 3 (Kislev 27) Numbers 7:24-7:35 John 9:1-7; John 10:22-3 Chanukah 4 (Kislev 28) Numbers 7:30-7:41 John 9:1-7; John 10:22-39 Chanukah 5 (Kislev 29) Numbers 7:36-7:47 John 9:1-7; John 10:22-39 Chanukah 6 (Kislev 30) Numbers 28:1-17; Numbers 7:54-59 (Rosh Chosesh Tevet)John 9:1-7; John 10:22-39 Chanukah 7 (Tevet 1) Numbers 7:48-7:59 John 9:1-7; John 10:22-39 Chanukah 8 (Tevet 2) Numbers 7:54-8:4 John 9:1-7; John 10:22-39

34 JEWISH ROOTS of JESUS

35 JEWISH ROOTS The Feast of Dedication Hanukkah: D edication against Assimilation – JESUS and Chanukah A t that time the Feast of Dedication (Chanukah) took place at Jerusalem. It was winter, and Jesus was walking in the temple, in the colonnade of Solomon. So the Jews gathered around him and said to him, "How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us plainly. (John 10:22-24, ESV) During a season of remembering miracles (nissim), Yeshua pointed out that the works that He did attested to His claim to be the long- awaited Mashiach of the Jewish people (John 10:37-38). His works and character clearly displayed the true Light of who He was, and these works still shine to us today. Yeshua was and forever shall be the greatest Jew who ever lived upon the earth.John 10:37-38

36 JEWISH ROOTS And of course, as Mashiach ben Yosef, our Suffering Servant, YESHUA is the Ultimate Shamash - He is our Light who enables us to shine a sacred fire of sacrificial love to the darkened outside world. Yeshua commanded "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven" (Matt 5:16). He told us that He is the Light of the world, and that whoever follows Him will not have darkness, but the Light of Life: I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life. (John 8:12) The Feast of Dedication Hanukkah: D edication against Assimilation – JESUS and Chanukah

37 JEWISH ROOTS The Fast Days of the Jewish Year! Fast Days (Tzomim) In addition to Yom Kippur, The Talmud (Tractate Rosh Hashana 18b) discusses four fast days (based on Zechariah 8:19) that commemorate the destruction of the First and Second Temples and the exile of the Jewish People from their homeland. In addition, two other fast days are mentioned in the Rabbinical literature, yielding a total of six tzomot/fast day (seven if Yom Kippur is included).

38 JEWISH ROOTS Synopsis: of Jewish Roots of Yeshua /Jesus From the Jewish study above: It behold the Corporate Bride of Christ to have an understanding of their Jewish Roots of their Faith in God. As if there were no Old Testament – there could not be a New Testament. The Old Testament were a shadow or symbolic of things/prophesies to come and fulfil. The New Testament is now a fulfilment of the Old Testament. Shalom – The Peace of Yeshua be upon you all Always!

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40 The Father’s House Kingdom Ministry The Mysteries : Jewish Roots of Christianity INSTRUCTOR : Apostle Sophia Fenton


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