Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

ISSUES THAT DIVIDE Creation vs. Evolution Creation/Evolution Special CreationTheistic EvolutionNaturalistic Evolution 198244%38%9% 199347%35%11% 200145%37%12%

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "ISSUES THAT DIVIDE Creation vs. Evolution Creation/Evolution Special CreationTheistic EvolutionNaturalistic Evolution 198244%38%9% 199347%35%11% 200145%37%12%"— Presentation transcript:

1

2 ISSUES THAT DIVIDE Creation vs. Evolution

3

4 Creation/Evolution Special CreationTheistic EvolutionNaturalistic Evolution 198244%38%9% 199347%35%11% 200145%37%12% 200646%36%13% 201040%38%16%

5 Creation/Evolution

6 1. Young Earth Creationism

7 Creation/Evolution The Skinny: Belief that the universe was created miraculously by God around ten thousand years ago (or less).

8 Creation/Evolution Explanation: YECs often insist that their view is the only way to understand and remain faithful to the integrity of the Scriptures. For them, options which integrate evolution or an old earth paradigm compromise the clear teachings of Scripture and even the essence of the Gospel message. They will often argue (especially since the publication of The Genesis Flood in 1960) that science is on their side using “catastropheism” or “Flood Geology.” They believe that world-wide biblical catastrophes sufficiently explain the fossil records and other geographic phenomena that might otherwise suggest evolution or an old earth. They believe in a literal Adam and Eve, Garden of Eden, snake talking, and global flood.

9 Creation/Evolution Relationship Between science and Scripture: Scientific discovery always submits to Scripture in all matters. Science is interpreted in light of Scripture. YECs see the early chapters of Genesis, taken at face value, as an accurate and authoritative (even scientific) guide to the basic details of the origin of the universe. Science is of great value so long as it starts with the Bible.

10 Creation/Evolution Notable Adherents: John Calvin, Martin Luther, Henry Morris, Ken Ham, John MacArthur, Lutheran Church Missouri Synod.

11 Creation/Evolution 2. Gap Theory Creationism

12 Creation/Evolution The Skinny: Belief that the earth was created by God an indefinite number of years ago, while the creation of humanity happed ten thousand years ago or less.

13 Creation/Evolution Explanation: The explanation for the old age of the universe can be found in a theoretical time gap that exists between the lines of Genesis 1:1 and 1:2. God created the earth and the earth became formless and void. Therefore God instituted the new creation which begins in Genesis 1:2b.

14 Creation/Evolution Here is how it looks: Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. —-Indefinite Time Gap—- Genesis 1:2a And the earth was (i.e. became) formless and void.

15 Creation/Evolution This theory allows for an indefinite period of time for the earth to exist before the events laid out in the creation narrative. Gap theorists will differ as to what could have happened on the earth to make it become formless and void. Some will argue for the possibility of a creation which died out prior to humans. This could include dinosaurs and many other extinct species. While this was popularized by the Scofield Reference Bible in the early 20th century, it was eventually replaced with Young Earth Creationism with the rise of ”flood geology.” They normally believe in a literal Adam and Eve, Garden of Eden, snake talking, and global flood

16 Creation/Evolution Relationship between science and Scripture: Typically sees nature as a complementary guide from God which speaks authoritatively to issues about which the Scriptures are unclear or silent. Whatever source (Scripture or nature) is more clear is the authority in matters of origins. If both seem equally clear, yet seemingly conflicting, Scripture is the final source.

17 Creation/Evolution Notable Adherents: Cyrus I. Scofield, Harry Rimmer, A. W. Pink, Donald Grey Barnhouse, Clarence Larkin

18 Creation/Evolution 3. Time Relative Creationism

19 Creation/Evolution The Skinny: Belief that the universe could be both young and old, depending on your perspective.

20 Creation/Evolution Explanation: Since time is not a constant (Einstein’s Theory of Relativity), time at the beginning of creation could have moved much more slowly than it does today. From the way time is measured today, the succession of moments (events with a causal relationship of before/after) in the creation narrative equals that of six twenty-four hour periods, but relative to measurements at the time of creation, the events would have transpired much more slowly, allowing for billions of “years” to elapse.

21 Creation/Evolution Explanation: This view, therefore, does not assume a one-to-one correspondence in measurements of time/space/matter phenomena between the time of creation and today or from God’s perspective to ours. They would argue that any presumption upon the radical events of the first “days” of creation is beyond what science should attempt to speak about with any degree of dogmatism. In short, we can’t gauge, measure, or predict, much less be dogmatic about, the physics present at the creation event. This view may or may not allow for an evolutionary view of creation. When they do, evolution would have happened very quickly from God’s perspective (almost instantaneously), but from the perspective of human science analysis, it happened very slowly.

22 Creation/Evolution Explanation: They normally allow for a literal Adam and Eve, Garden of Eden, snake talking, and global flood.

23 Creation/Evolution Relationship between science and Scripture: Typically sees nature as a complementary guide from God which speaks authoritatively to issues about which the Scriptures are unclear or silent. Whatever source (Scripture or nature) is more clear is the authority in matters of origins. If both seem equally clear, yet conflicting, Scripture is the final source.

24 Creation/Evolution Notable Adherents: Seeing as how this view does not dogmatize anything but candid uncertainty, it may be broad enough to house all those who simply say, “Who knows?”

25 Creation/Evolution 4. Old Earth Creationism (also Progressive Creationists, Day-Age Creationists, and, sometimes, Framework Hypothesis)

26 Creation/Evolution The Skinny: Belief that the universe was created by God somewhere around 15 billion years ago, while the creation of humanity occurred just thousands of years ago.

27 Creation/Evolution The Skinny: Belief that the universe was created by God somewhere around 15 billion years ago, while the creation of humanity occurred just thousands of years ago.

28 Creation/Evolution Explanation: The old age of the universe can be reconciled with Scripture by understanding the days of Genesis 1 not as literal 24-hour periods, but as periods of time of indefinite length. The word “day,” according to OECs, would be understood the same as in Gen. 2:4 “... in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens.” While this view understands the universe is billions of years old, proponents believe that man was created a short time ago. Therefore, they do not believe in evolution. Most believe in a literal Adam and Eve, Garden of Eden, snake talking, and global flood.

29 Creation/Evolution Relationship between science and Scripture: Typically sees nature as a complementary guide from God which speaks authoritatively to issues about which the Scriptures are unclear or silent. Whatever source (Scripture or nature) is more clear is the authority in matters of origins. If both seem equally clear, yet conflicting, Scripture is the final source.

30 Creation/Evolution Some Notable Adherents: Hugh Ross, Francis Schaeffer, Norman Geisler, and St. Augustine

31 Creation/Evolution 5. Theistic Evolution (“Deistic Evolution”)

32 Creation/Evolution Explanation: Could be called ”deistic evolution” due to the “hands- off” approach God takes to the development of man in the evolutionary process. Darwinian evolution, through the process of natural selection, is accepted. While there is across-the-board agreement that God did not/does not intervene in the process of evolution, DEers are divided as to whether God directly caused the first life to begin or whether he let life come into being naturalistically (abiogenisis).

33 Creation/Evolution Explanation: Concerning Adam and Eve, the views are diverse and, often, complex. Some believe that the first few chapters of Genesis are a creation myth that served as a polemic against other gods and should not be taken literally. Adam and Eve, in this case, would simply be literary, symbolic figures representing the fall of humanity and the ensuing curse. Others believe that toward the end of the evolutionary process, God, through an act of special creation, created and elected Adam and Eve as the representative heads of the human race. Others believe that God did not use special creation, but appointed already existing humans as representatives for humanity, calling them Adam and Eve. They normally do not believe in a snake talking and usually believe that the flood was local.

34 Creation/Evolution Relationship Between Science and Scripture: They employ a type of science known as “methodological naturalism,” believing that the assumption of God should never be invoked at any point to explain naturalistic phenomena. Therefore, no matter how much science may lack understanding as to the “gaps” in our knowledge about the process of evolution, supernatural intervention should never be seen as an option; otherwise, the data is tainted with a “god-of-the-gaps” approach. This is to be distinguished from “philosophical naturalism,” which assumes the complete absence of God in its very philosophy, not just method of inquiry. This view places a higher authority on matter’s origins in their interpretation of nature through science than through Scripture seeing as how, according to them, Scripture does not speak clearly on these issues.

35 Creation/Evolution Notable Adherents: The majority of Christian scientists, Bruce Walke, B.B. Warfield, C.S. Lewis, Pete Enns, Catholic Church (open to the theory, yet not dogmatized officially)

36 Creation/Evolution 6. Intelligent Design

37 Creation/Evolution The Skinny: Belief that science itself, without reference to the Bible or any other religious book, points to the reality of an intelligent designer.

38 Creation/Evolution Explanation: It is difficult to classify ID as a distinct option among these listed. In fact, IDers can fit into any one of these groups except deistic evolutionists. For example, many IDers are theistic evolutionists, but they don’t believe that God took a “hands-off” approach in the process of evolution (otherwise, they would be deistic evolutionists).

39 Creation/Evolution

40 Explanation They argue that Darwinian evolution is insufficient to account for the “irreducible complexity” found in so much of creation. Science itself, according to IDers, needs an intelligent explanation to account for phenomena of the universe. God must have had his intervening hand in the process. Therefore, methodological naturalism is denied. However, IDers are not arguing for a specific model of creation. They simply argue that there is sufficient reason to believe that science points to the hand of a designer.

41 Creation/Evolution Relationship between science and Scripture: In theory, IDers are not about invoking any religious tradition into their agenda. Therefore, they distance their method of inquiry from any religious text.

42 Creation/Evolution Notable Adherents: Michael Behe, William Dembski, Phillip Johnson, Stephen C. Meyer

43 Creation/Evolution However it happened, God did it. Each position has many apparent difficulties and many virtues. One can be a legitimate Christian and hold to any one of these views. It is difficult to be too dogmatic about any of this issue. I believe that the best anyone can do is lean in one direction or another. I think it is best, no matter what view you hold to believe in a literal Adam and Eve. While I believe this is an issue we should continue to discuss with excitement and hope, this is not an issue that should fracture Christian fellowship.

44

45


Download ppt "ISSUES THAT DIVIDE Creation vs. Evolution Creation/Evolution Special CreationTheistic EvolutionNaturalistic Evolution 198244%38%9% 199347%35%11% 200145%37%12%"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google