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Big Bang vs. Creation Origin of Stars Solar System: Evidence of Design Age of the Cosmos Are we being told all the evidence or just selected information.

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Presentation on theme: "Big Bang vs. Creation Origin of Stars Solar System: Evidence of Design Age of the Cosmos Are we being told all the evidence or just selected information."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Big Bang vs. Creation Origin of Stars Solar System: Evidence of Design Age of the Cosmos Are we being told all the evidence or just selected information to support a particular idea? Creation Cosmology

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4 “Fifteen to twenty billion years ago a big bang, or explosion, occurred, creating the universe. The universe began as an infinitely dense, hot fireball, a scrambling of space and time.” The Handy Space Answer Book, 1998 The Big Bang

5 Original Matter Expansion of space and time A Universe With No Center Does this sudden explosion of nothing into something (the universe) sound like a miracle?

6 Big Bang

7 The Big Bang “[The big bang] represents the instantaneous suspension of physical laws, the sudden abrupt flash of lawlessness that allowed something to come out of nothing. It represents a true miracle…” Paul Davies, physicist and evolutionist, in his book - The Edge of Infinity, describes the big bang this way: Why is this more scientific than In the beginning God created?

8 17 times the Bible declares that God stretched the heavens 2 Sam 22:10 Job 37:18 Isaiah 51:13 Psalm 18:9 Isaiah 40:22 Jeremiah 10:12 Psalm 104:2 Isaiah 42:5 Jeremiah 51:15 Psalm 144:5 Isaiah 44:24 Ezekiel 1:22 Job 9:8 Isaiah 45:12 Zechariah 12:1 Job 26:7 Isaiah 48:13 2 Sam 22:10 Job 37:18 Isaiah 51:13 Psalm 18:9 Isaiah 40:22 Jeremiah 10:12 Psalm 104:2 Isaiah 42:5 Jeremiah 51:15 Psalm 144:5 Isaiah 44:24 Ezekiel 1:22 Job 9:8 Isaiah 45:12 Zechariah 12:1 Job 26:7 Isaiah 48:13 God Stretched the Heavens

9 God Stretched Out the Heavens u Isaiah 42:5 This is what God the LORD says— he who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread out the earth and all that comes out of it, who gives breath to its people, and life to those who walk on it: u Isaiah 44:24 "This is what the LORD says— your Redeemer, who formed you in the womb: I am the LORD, who has made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens, who spread out the earth by myself, u Isaiah 45:12 It is I who made the earth and created mankind upon it. My own hands stretched out the heavens; I marshaled their starry hosts. u Isaiah 51:13 that you forget the LORD your Maker, who stretched out the heavens and laid the foundations of the earth, that you live in constant terror every day because of the wrath of the oppressor, who is bent on destruction? For where is the wrath of the oppressor? u Jeremiah 10:12 But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding. u Jeremiah 51:15 "He made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding. u Isaiah 42:5 This is what God the LORD says— he who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread out the earth and all that comes out of it, who gives breath to its people, and life to those who walk on it: u Isaiah 44:24 "This is what the LORD says— your Redeemer, who formed you in the womb: I am the LORD, who has made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens, who spread out the earth by myself, u Isaiah 45:12 It is I who made the earth and created mankind upon it. My own hands stretched out the heavens; I marshaled their starry hosts. u Isaiah 51:13 that you forget the LORD your Maker, who stretched out the heavens and laid the foundations of the earth, that you live in constant terror every day because of the wrath of the oppressor, who is bent on destruction? For where is the wrath of the oppressor? u Jeremiah 10:12 But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding. u Jeremiah 51:15 "He made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding.

10 Is the Big Bang True? u 2,000 years of incorrect interpretation u Science is needed to understand Scripture u The authority of Scripture is in doubt u The Earth is not a special place u 2,000 years of incorrect interpretation u Science is needed to understand Scripture u The authority of Scripture is in doubt u The Earth is not a special place If the big bang is true then:

11 Big Bang vs. Creation Order of Appearance (Evolution)Order of Appearance (Bible) 1. Sun/stars existed before the Earth 2. Sun is Earth’s first light 3. First life = marine organisms 4. Reptiles predate birds 5. Land mammals predate whales 6. Disease/death precede man’s sin 1. Earth created before sun/stars 2. Light on Earth before sun 3. First life = land plants 4. Birds predate land reptiles 5. Whales predate land animals 6. Disease/death results from man’s sin The order of events in the creation is inconsistent with the evolutionary model.

12 The Big Bang u There is no special place in the universe u The universe is homogeneous u There is no center to the universe u There is no special place in the universe u The universe is homogeneous u There is no center to the universe

13 The Big Bang u Redshift u Cosmic background radiation u Element abundances Evidences used to support the big bang

14 Edwin Hubble

15 Moving toward Moving away Light Spectrum RedRed BlueBlue Compressed (blue side) Stretched (red side) UV IR Redshift of Starlight Redshifts are used to describe the expansion of the universe – the distance of a galaxy from the earth due to the stretching of the light waves.

16 Hubble’s Discovery

17 Hubble Refined

18 RedBlue Redshift Interpretation We should observe redshifts at all distances along the light spectrum (big bang model) Galaxy 1 Galaxy 2 Galaxy 3

19 Redshift Values Big bang model predicts a homogeneous universe Blue Red Blue Red Distinct quanta (1-million light year intervals) What we observe

20 Hubble Law

21 Redshifts “Astronomers have confirmed that numerical values of galaxy redshifts are ‘quantized’, tending to fall into distinct groups. … That would mean the galaxies tend to be grouped into (conceptual) spherical shells concentric around our home galaxy.” “Astronomers have confirmed that numerical values of galaxy redshifts are ‘quantized’, tending to fall into distinct groups. … That would mean the galaxies tend to be grouped into (conceptual) spherical shells concentric around our home galaxy.” Russell Humphreys, Ph.D. Physics, Technical Journal, 2002 Russell Humphreys, Ph.D. Physics, Technical Journal, 2002

22 Implications of Quantized Redshifts “…the quantized distribution of galactic red shifts, observed by various astronomers seems to contradict the Copernican principle and all cosmologies founded on it – including the big bang.” Russell Humphreys, Ph.D. Physics, Starlight and Time, 1994, p. 128.

23 Redshifts and Galaxy Distances Concentric circles 1-million light years apart Milky Way Has this been confirmed and what does it mean?

24 Confirmation of Quantized Redshifts “There is now very firm evidence that redshifts of galaxies are quantized …” W. G. Tifft and W. J. Cocke, Global redshift quantization, Astrophysical Journal, 1984.

25 Redshift Analysis

26 Confirmation from Hubble “… the redshift distribution has been found to be strongly quantized in the galactocentric frame of reference.” W. Napier and B. Guthrie, Quantized redshifts: a status report, Journal Astrophysics and Astronomy, What does this mean to the big bang?

27 A Special Place “Newly published data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), led by Max Tegmark of the University of Pennsylvania, shows that our galaxy is centered on a great concentric distribution of galaxies… John Hartnett (Ph.D. Physics), Journal of Creation, vol 18(1), 2004, p. 9. continued

28 If this map is correct, the evidence seems to suggest that the so-called ‘cosmological principle’, upon which all of big bang cosmology is based is wrong.” John Hartnett (Ph.D. Physics), Journal of Creation, vol 18(1), 2004, p. 9.

29 Halton Arp u Key actor in the debate on the origin and evolution of galaxies in the universe. u Staff astronomer at the Mt Wilson and Palomar Observatories in California for 29 years. Earlier in his career, he was Edwin Hubble's assistant. u He has earned the Helen B.Warner prize, the Newcomb Cleveland award and the Alexander von Humboldt Senior Scientist Award. u Key actor in the debate on the origin and evolution of galaxies in the universe. u Staff astronomer at the Mt Wilson and Palomar Observatories in California for 29 years. Earlier in his career, he was Edwin Hubble's assistant. u He has earned the Helen B.Warner prize, the Newcomb Cleveland award and the Alexander von Humboldt Senior Scientist Award.

30 Quasars and Galaxies Quasar (Markarian 205) Galaxy NGC 4319

31 Halton Arp on Redshift “ “The fact that measured values of redshift do not vary continuously but come in steps— certain preferred values—is so unexpected that conventional astronomy has never been able to accept it, in spite of the overwhelming observational evidence.”... continued “ “The fact that measured values of redshift do not vary continuously but come in steps— certain preferred values—is so unexpected that conventional astronomy has never been able to accept it, in spite of the overwhelming observational evidence.”... continued Halton Arp Quasars, Redshifts and Controversies, Interstellar Media, Berkeley, California, 1987.

32 Halton Arp on Redshift “For supposed recession velocities of quasars, to measure equal steps in all directions in the sky means we are at the centre of a series of explosions. This is an anti-Copernican embarrassment.”

33 A New Big Bang Bombshell An open letter to the scientific community by 229 scientists, May 2004 New Scientist, New Scientist, u An open exchange of ideas is not tolerated u The big bang today relies on a growing number of hypothetical entities, things we have never observed u An open exchange of ideas is not tolerated u The big bang today relies on a growing number of hypothetical entities, things we have never observed

34 u In no other field of physics would this continual recourse to new hypothetical objects be accepted u The big bang can boast of no quantitative predictions that have been validated by observation u In no other field of physics would this continual recourse to new hypothetical objects be accepted u The big bang can boast of no quantitative predictions that have been validated by observation u The big bang theory cannot survive without fudge factors

35 Evidence Against the Big Bang u Redshift u Cosmic Background Radiation u Galaxy formation u Spiral Galaxies u Supernova Remnants (SNR) u Distribution of galaxies u 1 st and 2 nd Laws of Thermodynamics u Medium and heavy elements u Star formation

36  The meaning of “very good” in Genesis 1:31  Death before sin  The Genesis Flood was not worldwide  Colossians 1:16 “all” does not mean all things  What do the heavens declare: God or evolution?  The authority of Scripture  The meaning of “very good” in Genesis 1:31  Death before sin  The Genesis Flood was not worldwide  Colossians 1:16 “all” does not mean all things  What do the heavens declare: God or evolution?  The authority of Scripture  God’s creation was not 6-days Implications of the Big Bang

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