Presentation on theme: "World Religions Notes. World Religions Interesting Facts Oldest to Youngest : Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam Largest Religion: Christianity."— Presentation transcript:
World Religions Interesting Facts Oldest to Youngest : Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam Largest Religion: Christianity (Why?) Worship: Muslims (Friday), Jews (Saturday) & Christians (Sunday) Branches: Christianity (3), Buddhism (2), Islam (2), Hinduism (4), Judaism (3) Symbols: Christianity (The Cross), Islam (Crescent Moon), Judaism (Star of David), Hinduism (Sacred Ohm), & Buddhism (The Wheel) Holy Scriptures: Christianity (The Bible), Islam (Koran), Judaism (Torah), Hinduism (Vedas), & Buddhism (Sutras) Famous Quotes On Religion – People have just enough religion to make them hate, but not enough to make them love one another. --Jonathan Swift – Philosophy is questions that may never be answered. Religion is answers that may never be questioned. --Unknown – Religion is for people who are trying to keep from going to hell. Spirituality is for people who have already been there.
Hinduism Founded: 3000 B.C. Oldest Religion. No founder Holy Scriptures: Vedas, Upanishads & Bhagavad Gita God: Brahman (Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva) –Many manifestations (Rays of light) Hindus Believe: –Law of Karma (Action & Reaction) – Reincarnation (Soul travels until released) –All Paths Lead To God (Tolerance) –Vegetarian Lifestlye= All Life Sacred (Ahisma) –Personal Guru & Family Shrine –Mantras, Caste System Goal of Hinduism: –“To escape the physical realm (time) or cycle of reincarnation and become one Spirit with Brahman (eternity) by purifying the soul over many lifetimes.”
Founded: 2000 B.C. By Abraham (Father of the Jews) Holy Scriptures: Torah (Moses), Talmud & Kabbalah God:“YAWEH or JEHOVA” (Monotheism) Types: Orthodox, Reform, & Conservative Jews Believe: –Torah, Talmud & 10 Commandments Must Be Obeyed –Observe The Sabbath (Saturday, NO WORK!) –Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Hanukkah & Bar Mitzvah) –Kosher Laws (No Pork, Shell Fish, Blood In Meat) –Messiah (Christ) Coming To Rule The World –Land Of Israel Belongs To The Jews Goal of Judaism: –Live Moral Lives, Worship One God, Heaven May Exist, Follow the Torah, God Forgives Faithful Jews Judaism Moses
Buddhism Founded: 5 th -6 th BC By The Buddha (Prince Siddhartha Guatama) Holy Scriptures: Tripitaka, Sutras & Tibetan Dead Book God: There Is No God Types: Theraveda (Monks) & Mahayana Beliefs Of Buddhism –4 Noble Truths (Cure For Suffering) –Eightfold Path (The Middle Way) –Life Is An Illusion (We Are Asleep & Dreaming) –Nirvana Through Meditation (Thought Control) Goal of Buddhism –Is to awaken to Enlightenment. There is no god. There is no soul. There is no reincarnation only rebirth. Only the eternal exists & time is an illusion…We are dreaming we are alive and must be awakened to see Enlightenment, Nirvana = Eternity… Buddha
Christianity Founded: 26 A.D. By Jesus Christ Holy Scriptures: The Bible (Old & New) God: Father, Son & Holy Ghost (Trinity) Types: Catholic, Orthodox & Protestants Christians Believe: –Exclusiveness (One Way), Morality (Heart), Miracles –Baptism (Water), Sacraments, Prayer, Sin, Forgiveness –2 nd Coming Of Christ, Resurrection, Judgment Day Goal Of Christianity –Called The Gospel: All Have Sinned, Jesus Died For Sins & Rose Again, Believe In Christ, Receive Eternal life & Escape Judgment, Live In Heaven For Eternity Jesus
Islam Founded: 610 A.D. By Prophet Mohammed Holy Scriptures: The Quran & Sunnah God: “Allah” Is The One True God Types: Sunni & Shia (Imams) Beliefs Of Muslims (Islam) –Mohammad Is The Final Prophet Allah Gave Mohammad The Quran By The Angel Gabriel –5 Pillars Of Faith 5 Daily Prayers, Confession, Ramadan, Tithes, & Pilgrimage (Mecca) Goal Of Islam: –Muslims Must Follow The 5 Pillars Of Faith, Live A Submissive Life, & Await Allah’s Mercy On Judgment Day Mohammad
Religious Wars Charlemagne –Forced Conversions Of Saxons The Crusades –Christians vs. Muslims (Holy Land) Thirty Years War –Protestants vs. Catholics St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre –Catholics Killing French Protestants Salem Witch Trials –Christians Killing Women Holy Inquisition –Jews, Muslims & Heretics Russian Pogroms –Christians Persecuting Jews Northern Ireland vs. Ireland –Protestants vs. Catholics Bosnian War Christians –Christians Killing Muslims Sudanese Civil War –Muslims Killing Christians Sri Lanka – Hindus Killing Buddhists Kashmir –Hindus vs. Muslims Al Queda –Muslims Killing Westerners