Presentation on theme: "Systematic Theology by Wayne Grudem"— Presentation transcript:
1 Systematic Theology by Wayne Grudem Chapter 5The Inerrancy of ScriptureTruth Bible ChurchSunday School Lesson
2 The Meaning of Inerrancy The mere fact that inerrancy is an issue at all and requires a separate chapter demonstrates the grave state of evangelicalism todayScripture foretold in 2 Tim. 4:3-5It is not directly taught in Scripture but it is logically impliedInerrancy - define it...
3 The Meaning of Inerrancy Inerrancy - without error“... Scripture in the original manuscripts does not affirm anything that is contrary to fact.”Num 23:19; Pss 12:6, 119:89, 96; Prov 30:5 Matt 24:35God’s words are, in fact, the ultimate standard of truth (John 17:17)Though error and partial falsehood characterize human speech, God’s speech even when communicated through sinful human beings is never false and never affirms error (Num 23:19)
4 The Meaning of Inerrancy This concepts focuses on the question of truthfulness and falsehood in the language or Scripture.The Bible always tells the truth... concerning everything it talks aboutThis does not mean the Bible gives us every fact or detail on any one subject, rather it affirms that what it does say on any subject is TRUE
5 Other Important Definitions Inspiration - “breathed out by God”Infallibility - “what has divine authority”Inerrancy - “what is without error,” “wholly true”These are all related, what is inspired is infallible and what is infallible is inerrantA divinely inspired error is a contradiction
6 Biblical Basis For Inerrancy (1) The Bible is the Word of God(2) God cannot err.(Heb. 6:18; Titus 1:2; Rom 3:4)(3) If the Bible is the Word of God and God cannot err then the Bible cannot err - it is without error
7 What is Truth? Pilate asked what is truth (John 18:38, see v 37) Jesus is the Word, the Way and the Truth (John 1:1, 14; 14:6)“True” means that which corresponds with the factsThe Bible is actually and factually correct in whatever it affirms.There are no mistakes or incorrect statements in the BibleThe Bible is without error in regard to everything it speaks on: science, history, philosophy, morality, religion, and even the future
8 You Can Trust The Bible“The Bible, in its entirety, has no mistakes. It is flawless because God wrote it-and He is flawless. It is not only infallible in total, but also inerrant in its parts. Proverbs 30:5-6 says, ëEvery word of God is tested... Do not add to His words or He will reprove you, and you will be proved a liar.í Every word of God is pure and true. The Bible is the only book that never makes a mistake-everything it says is the truth.” - John MacArthur
9 Truthfulness In Speech The Bible Can Be Inerrant and Still Speak in the Ordinary Language of Everyday SpeechDoes the sun really rise or the rain fall?How many men? (Matt 8:28 vs. Mark 5:2; Luke 8:27)Context and implication of what is reasonable observation
10 Truthfulness In Speech The Bible Can Be Inerrant and Still Include Loose or Free QuotationsDirect vs indirect quotationWritten Koine Greek had no quotation marksOnly the content, not the exact words was considered sufficient so long as the content is not false to what was originally stated
11 Truthfulness In Speech It Is Consistent With Inerrancy to Have Unusual or Uncommon Grammatical Construction in the BibleStylistically or grammatically irregular statements should not trouble us, as they do not affect the truthfulness of the statementsThe issue is truthfulness in speech not grammatical correctness
12 Challenges to Inerrancy 1. The Bible is Only Authoritative for “Faith and Practice”This is an attempt to give Scripture a pass in areas where it contradicts human (limited) reason, logic or knowledgeInfallible but not Inerrant...Pure (Ps 12:6), Perfect (Ps 119:96), True (Prov 30:5)The New Testament affirms the truthfulness of the Old Testament in many areas beyond just Faith and PracticeMajor purpose vs Total purpose of Scripture
13 Challenges to Inerrancy 2. The Term Inerrancy Is a Poor TermIt is not a term specifically used in ScriptureThe word trinity does not appear either
14 Challenges to Inerrancy 3. We Have No Inerrant Manuscripts; Therefore, Talk About an Inerrant Bible Is MisleadingClaim: Only the original copies of the biblical documents (autographs) are inerrantNone of these autographs surviveSo is the doctrine of inerrancy of no use since it only applies to manuscripts that no one has?
15 Challenges to Inerrancy 3. We Have No Inerrant Manuscripts; Therefore, Talk About an Inerrant Bible Is MisleadingWe have so many ancient copies that we can say that we can know what the original said despite minor grammatical and textual variationsWith this point the importance of context is once again highlightedCurrent published scholarly texts are the same as the original manuscriptsWe know where slight uncertainties are and none affects any major doctrineWe are therefore implying that 99 percent of the words in present manuscripts are also inerrant
16 Challenges to Inerrancy 4. The Biblical Writers “Accommodated” Their Messages in Minor Details to the False Ideas Current in Their Day, and Affirmed or Taught Those Ideas in an Incidental WayClaim: when biblical writers made a larger point, they sometimes incidentally affirmed some falsehood believed by the people of their timeThis essentially denies Godís effective lordship over human language
17 Challenges to Inerrancy 4. Claims of AccommodationWhile God does “condescend” to speak on our level, He never acts contrary to His nature while doing soIf God “accommodated” in a way to affirm something that is false then He would cease to be an “unlying God”Eph 4:24-25 tells us to be imitators of God
18 Challenges to Inerrancy 5. Inerrancy Overemphasizes the Divine Aspect of Scripture and Neglects the Human AspectScripture does indeed contain both divine and human aspects as God did use human authorsThis does not require that human failures become an intrinsic part of the ScripturesGod did oversee and protect Scripture from errorNumbers 23:19 affirms this point
19 Challenges to Inerrancy 6. There Are Some Clear Errors in the BibleWhere? Show me!Be certain to look very carefully at the text, in context applying hermeneutic principles, often just looking at the English translation carefully will solve the difficultyConsult a commentary (would not recommend Augustine) or your Study Bibles!Learn Hebrew or GreekTalk to TBC elders or deacons
20 Problems With Denying Inerrancy 1. If We Deny Inerrancy, a Serious Moral Problem Confronts Us: May We Imitate God and Intentionally Lie in Small Matters Also?2. If Inerrancy Is Denied, We Begin to Wonder If We Can Really Trust God in Anything He Says3. If We Deny Inerrancy, We Essentially Make Our Own Human Minds a Higher Standard of Truth Than God’s Word Itself
21 Problems With Denying Inerrancy 1. If We Deny Inerrancy, a Serious Moral Problem Confronts Us: May We Imitate God and Intentionally Lie in Small Matters Also?Similar point to objection #4 and applies to all who deny inerrancyEph 5:1 and 2 Tim 3:16In effect we would justify speaking untruthfully where it might seem to help us communicate
22 Problems With Denying Inerrancy 2. If Inerrancy Is Denied, We Begin to Wonder If We Can Really Trust God in Anything He SaysIf God potentially misleads us in minor matters then what faith can we have the He hasn’t done so in major matters?Do we then begin cutting out verses or pages?The “church” has essentially already done soThis highlights the significance of Genesis
23 Problems With Denying Inerrancy 3. If We Deny Inerrancy, We Essentially Make Our Own Human Minds a Higher Standard of Truth Than God’s Word ItselfFrom problem 2 it follows that man then becomes the final judge of what is true, right and wrongMaking our own minds a higher standard of truth than God’s Word, is the root of all intellectual sin
24 Problems With Denying Inerrancy 4. If We Deny Inerrancy, Then We Must Also Say That the Bible Is Wrong Not Only in Minor Details but in Some of Its Doctrines as WellThis says the Bible’s teaching about the nature of Scripture and the truthfulness and reliability of God’s words is falseThese are not minor details but major concerns
25 QuestionsWhy do you think inerrancy has become a large issue this century? Why is it important to both sides?How would it affect the way you read Scripture if you thought it affirmed small errors?Do you know of any Scripture texts that seem to contain errors? Have you attempted to resolve those apparent errors? How?
26 QuestionsAs Christians grow in the faith to they tend to trust the Bible more or less?How do you feel about inerrancy?Does belief in inerrancy guarantee sound doctrine? How can Jehovah’s Witnesses believe in inerrancy yet hold to so many false teachings?
27 QuestionsShould the belief in inerrancy be a requirement for membership? Teaching? Holding church offices? etc. Why or why not?When there is a doctrinal controversy in the church, what are the personal dangers facing those whose position is more consistent with Scripture? In particular, how could pride in correct doctrine become a problem?