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SEMINARIAN’S SEMINAR BAPTISM IN THE HOLY SPIRIT. PRELIMINARY DEFINITIONS Stanley Horton—”the baptism in the Spirit is immersion into a relationship with.

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Presentation on theme: "SEMINARIAN’S SEMINAR BAPTISM IN THE HOLY SPIRIT. PRELIMINARY DEFINITIONS Stanley Horton—”the baptism in the Spirit is immersion into a relationship with."— Presentation transcript:

1 SEMINARIAN’S SEMINAR BAPTISM IN THE HOLY SPIRIT

2 PRELIMINARY DEFINITIONS Stanley Horton—”the baptism in the Spirit is immersion into a relationship with a divine Person, not into a fluid or an influence. It is a relationship that can continue to grow and enlarge. Thus, the baptism is only a beginning, but it is like a baptism in that it involves a distinct act of obedience and faith on our part.”

3 PRELIMINARY DEFINITIONS Craig Keener—”’baptize’ connoted conversion and immersion to the Jewish hearers; ‘Holy Spirit’ connoted God’s way of purifying his people or empowering them to prophesy.”

4 PRELIMINARY DEFINITIONS Howard Ervin – “in the biblical context, the Christian who has been filled with the Holy Spirit is characterized by a supernatural enablement to witness for Jesus Christ...the testimony of Spirit-filled witnesses was confirmed by the accompanying manifestations of the Spirit’s supernatural signs... Overflowed with supernatural graces.”

5 PRELIMINARY DEFINITIONS Thomas Holdcroft – “conveys the idea of a saturation of the inner being of a human by the heavenly divine Being. The believer yields himself to the unhindered operation of the Spirit, so that he is motivated and controlled by One beyond himself. As a believer, he is already indwelt by the Spirit, now in Spirit baptism he allows the Spirit to take complete control.”

6 PRELIMINARY DEFINITIONS Rodman Williams – “a profoundly internal experience of the Spirit of God moving throughout like wind or fire until all barriers are breached and the Holy Spirit pervades everything. This is a totality of penetration with the Holy Spirit whereby, in a new way, all areas of one’s being—body, soul, and spirit—become sensitized to the divine presence and activity.”

7 SUGGESTED DEFINITION “An experience in God in which the believer allows the presence and person of the Holy Spirit more fully and completely to dominate and control his/her life. This experience occurs in sequence subsequent to that of salvation, empowers the believer for ministry, and is evidenced initially by speaking in tongues.”

8 HERMENEUTICAL ISSUES Statement of the Issue Narrative cannot teach doctrine Narrative can teach normal doctrine Narrative can teach normative doctrine Hermeneutical approaches

9 STATEMENT OF THE ISSUES The Basic Hermeneutical Approach The Acceptance of Literary Genre in Scripture Can Doctrines be Drawn From Historical-Narratives? The Vital Nature of This Concern Three Major Approaches to This Concern

10 NARRATIVE MATERIALS CANNOT TEACH DOCTRINE Scripture Must Judge All Spiritual Experience Didactic Portions of Scripture Have Precedence over Historical The Book of Acts Does Not Establish Normative Experience

11 SCRIPTURE JUDGES EXPERIENCE In Scripture God Has Revealed His Will Experience Cannot Determine Doctrine Scripture Judges Experience

12 PRECEDENCE OF DIDACTIC Acts Must Be Understood in Light of the Didactic Portions of Scripture Historical narratives do have value Didactic—Jesus’ teachings/sermons and apostolic writings What happened may not be what should happen E.g., Gal 5:22-23

13 PRECEDENCE OF DIDACTIC Should Move From 1 Corinthians to Acts 1 Cor 12:13 1 Cor 12: 7, 11 1 Cor 12: Cor 12:30 1 Corinthians 14

14 ACTS DOES NOT TEACH NORMATIVE DOCTRINE Spirit Baptism Happened Then Church Was Established Then Church Spread in Known World Does Not Give Normative Pattern

15 NARRATIVE MATERICAL CAN TEACH NORMAL DOCTRINE Crucial Question Basic Assumptions Principles Conclusions for Acts

16 THE CRUCIAL QUESTION Can biblical narratives that describe what happened in the early church also function as norms intended to delineate what must happen in the ongoing church?

17 NARRATIVE MATERICAL CAN TEACH NORMAL DOCTRINE Crucial Question Basic Assumptions Principles Conclusions for Acts

18 BASIS ASSUMPTIONS Unless Scripture explicitly tells us we must do something, what is merely narrated or described can never function in a normative way.

19 BASIC ASSUMPTIONS Doctrinal statements fall into three categories and into two levels Levels: Primary and Secondary Categories: Theology, Ethics, Practice

20 DOING THEOLOGY PrimaryTheologyEthicsPractice SecondaryTheologyEthicsPractice

21 BASIC ASSUMPTIONS The intentionality of the biblical materials is the determining factor Is something taught because it is recorded? Authorial intent is important

22 NARRATIVE MATERICAL CAN TEACH NORMAL DOCTRINE Crucial Question Basic Assumptions Principles Conclusions for Acts

23 PRINCIPLES The word of God in Acts that may be regarded as normative is related primarily to what any given narrative was intended to teach. Luke’s intent for Acts and the results What of the specific details of the narratives?

24 PRINCIPLES What is incidental to the primary intent of the narrative may reflect the author’s understanding, but it cannot have the same didactic value as what the narrative was intended to teach. Incidental’s value is secondary

25 PRINCIPLES Historical precedent, to have normative value, must be related to intent Purpose of the given narrative is important This mainly impacts the area of Christian practice which is often based on historical precedent Can lead to normal, but not normative

26 PRINCIPLES Analogy, based on biblical precedent, should never be used to give biblical authority for present- day actions Examples

27 PRINCIPLES Historical narrative may have illustrative, and sometimes, pattern value But, it would still not be normative

28 PRINCIPLES Historical narratives with their biblical precedents may sometimes be regarded as repeatable patterns, even if they are not to be regarded as normative Guidelines for determining

29 GUIDELINES FOR DETERMINING Strongest case when only one pattern is found, and that pattern is repeated Ambiguity, or single occurrence, of patterns must have support elsewhere in Scripture Culturally conditioned patterns must either be dismissed or translated

30 NARRATIVE MATERICAL CAN TEACH NORMAL DOCTRINE Crucial Question Basic Assumptions Principles Conclusions for Acts

31 CONCLUSIONS FOR ACTS Acts shows us what happened in the early church Acts emphasizes the role of the Spirit Acts shows us what should be normal, but not normative, for the contemporary church

32 NARRATIVE MATERIALS CAN TEACH NORMATIVE DOCTRINE A Pragmatic Hermeneutic A Holistic Hermeneutic A Revised Approach to Historical Narratives

33 PRAGMATIC HERMENEUTIC: INTRODUCTION Not a scientific approach A pragmatic approach Founder of this approach An illustration of this approach

34 PRAGMATIC HERMENEUTIC: RESTORATIONIST Present experiences restore early church Record of early church set a pattern Anticipates the pattern of the early church as normative for the church

35 PRAGMATIC HERMENEUTIC: LITERAL UNDERSTANDING Texts are to be understood in their plain meaning Texts provide a pattern for believers What was normative for the early church is normative for us

36 PRAGMATIC HERMENEUTIC: NON- CRITICAL APPROACH Biblical texts all have teaching value Recognizes literary genre differently Historical narrative teach normatively Approach is self-authenticating

37 PRAGMATIC HERMENEUTIC: CONCLUSIONS FOR ACTS Spirit Baptism is other than salvation and for the contemporary church Tongues accompany Spirit Baptism now as they did then Spirit Baptism empowers the believer for service

38 NARRATIVE MATERIALS CAN TEACH NORMATIVE DOCTRINE A Pragmatic Hermeneutic A Holistic Hermeneutic A Revised Approach to Historical Narratives

39 HOLISTIC HERMENEUTIC The Induction Level The Deductive Level The Verification Level

40 INDUCTIVE LEVEL DEDUCTIVE LEVEL VERIFICATION LEVEL

41 THE INDUCTIVE LEVEL EXPLANATION OF THIS LEVEL Listening to the Scripture Doing careful exegesis Three kinds of inductive listening Declarative Implicational Descriptive

42 DECLARATIVE INDUCTIVE LISTENING Studies biblical passages that are unambiguous But, all Scripture is not in this declarative mode

43 IMPLICATIONAL INDUCTIVE LISTENING Some truths are implied by Scripture Consider texts carefully to avoid imposing meanings on them Search for multiple confirmation Be open to the tradition of the church

44 DESCRIPTIVE INDUCTIVE LISTENING Focuses on the narrative materials Our concern -- Acts Premise: Holy Spirit intended Luke to teach theology Premise: Historical precedent can teach normative doctrine Premise: Repeated precedents can establish normativity

45 INDUCTIVE LEVEL DEDUCTIVE LEVEL VERIFICATION LEVEL

46 THE DEDUCTIVE LEVEL At this level theological motifs are deduced from the inductive study At this level the contributions of different authors are observed At this level concern for context is important Note: biblical interpretation is both inductive and deductive

47 THE DEDUCTIVE LEVEL: INTERPRETATION OF ACTS The theme of Acts The mighty coming of the Spirit signaled the establishment of the church Repentance and faith are antecedents to the coming of the Spirit in power, so... Acts teaches about the Spirit coming upon the people of God so that through them He might direct the expansion of the Kingdom

48 INDUCTIVE LEVEL DEDUCTIVE LEVEL VERIFICATION LEVEL

49 THE VERIFICATION LEVEL The false charge... A more correct understanding... If a biblical truth is promulgated, then it ought to be demonstrable in life Happened in the book of Acts Happens in the contemporary church Verification should lead to more induction...

50 NARRATIVE MATERIALS CAN TEACH NORMATIVE DOCTRINE A Pragmatic Hermeneutic A Holistic Hermeneutic A Revised Approach to Historical Narratives

51 A REVISED APPROACH TO HISTORICAL NARRATIVE The homogeneity of Luke-Acts The historiography of Luke The independence of Luke as a theologian

52 THE HOMOGENEITY OF LUKE-ACTS LITERARY HOMOGENEITY Explanation – Luke-Acts is one genre – history Argument for Conclusion

53 ARGUMENT FOR LITERARY HOMOGENEITY Dedication in the prologues Recapitulation of Luke in Acts’ Prologue Description of Luke as diegesis Description of Acts as logos

54 THE HOMOGENEITY OF LUKE-ACTS THEOLOGICAL HOMOGENEITY Literary leads to theological Similar theological motifs used: Salvation Forgiveness Witness The Holy Spirit

55 A REVISED APPROACH TO HISTORICAL NARRATIVE The homogeneity of Luke-Acts The historiography of Luke The independence of Luke as a theologian

56 THE HISTORIOGRAPHY OF LUKE Modeled after Old Testament Old Testament historiography is episodic The episodes function: Exemplary Typological Programmatic Paradigmatic

57 THE EXEMPLARY FUNCTION These would be episodes that illustrate, or are a specific example of, the author’s theme. For example:

58 THE TYPOLOGICAL FUNCTION In a typological relationship there is historical correspondence or pattern between two or more historically independent episodes. For example:

59 THE PROGRAMMATIC FUNCTION Such a narrative contains a strategic announcement or episode that is programmatic of the whole. For example:

60 THE PARADIGMATIC FUNCTION A paradigmatic narrative is one that has normative features for present or future ministries. For example:

61 CONCLUSIONS There are few “purely narrative” portions. Any narrative can have a combination of functions. What may appear to be insignificant episodes take on greater meaning in light of their function. Luke employs these functions in the narratives included in his work.

62 A REVISED APPROACH TO HISTORICAL NARRATIVE The homogeneity of Luke-Acts The historiography of Luke The independence of Luke as a theologian

63 LUKE AS AN INDEPENDENT THEOLOGIAN Luke is influenced by the Old Testament Shown in the inauguration narratives Shown in the terminology used Shown in the motifs used Transfer Sign Vocation

64 THE TRANSFER MOTIF Moses to the Seventy Moses to Joshua Elijah to Elisha

65 THE SIGN MOTIF To assure the recipient To witness to others Signaled often by prophecy

66 THE VOCATION MOTIF Leadership is service Empowerment provided Various empowerments

67 LUKE’S USE OF THESE MOTIFS Transfer from Jesus to the 120 Signaled by tongues Accompanied by other signs Empowered for service Signs and the miraculous followed

68 HERMENEUTICAL APPROACH GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS Normative value of all Scripture Didactic value of Historical-Narrative Message of Acts Functions of Episodes in Acts Luke as an Independent Theologian

69 REDACTION CRITICISM Looks at how a New Testament author used sources Works best when the sources are evident Redaction criticism in regard to Acts

70 NARRATIVE THEOLOGY EXPLANATION Narrative theology asserts that the story-form itself has significance for theology The aim is to help understand how people use stories, and therefore what effect biblical stories should have on us.

71 WAYS PEOPLE USE STORIES Cohesively To help the individual structure their world

72 CONCLUSIONS DRAWN FROM NARRATIVE THEOLOGY Take seriously the world the biblical story builds. Entering the biblical story world will include experiencing the experience told there. The goal is to establish doctrine.

73 TWO BASIC AFFIRMATIONS The Holy Spirit transforms those upon whom He comes. The Holy Spirit empowers those upon whom He comes.

74 OLD TESTAMENT PRECEDENTS Empowering Transforming

75 EMPOWERING To prophesy Numbers 11: Samuel 10:6, 10 1 Samuel 19: Samuel 23:2

76 EMPOWERING To prophesy (cont’d.) 1 Chronicles 12:18 2 Chronicles 20: Chronicles 24:20 Joel 2:28-29

77 EMPOWERING To perform miraculous feats Judges 14:6, 19 Judges 15: Kings 18:12

78 EMPOWERING For spiritual power in leadership Judges 3:10 Judges 6:34 Judges 11:29 1 Samuel 16:13

79 EMPOWERING For service in God’s household Exodus 31:1-11; 35:30-35

80 TRANSFORMING 1 Samuel 10:6, 9 Ezekiel 18:31 Ezekiel 36:24-32 Ezekiel 37:14 Psalms 51:11

81 NEW TESTAMENT Gospels Matthew 12:18, 28 Mark 16:15-18 John 3:5-8 John 3:34 John 7:37-39

82 NEW TESTAMENT Gospels (cont’d.) John 14:16-17, 26 John 15:26-27 John 16:5-15 John 20:22

83 NEW TESTAMENT John 20:22 Johannine Pentecost Power to Evangelize Symbolic Action Actual Impartation Regeneration Covenant Change

84 NEW TESTAMENT Luke-Acts Luke 1:15 Luke 1:41 Luke 1:67 Luke 1:35 Luke 2:25-27 Luke 3:16

85 NEW TESTAMENT Luke-Acts Luke 3:21-22 Luke 4:1 Luke 4:14-21 Luke 11:13 Luke 12:11-12 Luke 24:49

86 NEW TESTAMENT Acts 2 The Persons Involved Where Are These Persons? When Does This Happen? What Happened?

87 NEW TESTAMENT Acts 8:14-17 The Setting of the Passage A Manifestation?

88 NEW TESTAMENT Acts 9:17-19 The Setting of the Passage Saul Converted? The Commission of Ananias The Response of Saul Spirit Baptized?

89 NEW TESTAMENT Acts 10:44-48 The Setting of the Passage Conversion at Cornelius’ House? Evidence of Spirit Baptism Peter’s Report to the Brethren

90 NEW TESTAMENT Acts 19:1-7 The Setting of the Passage Conversion in Ephesus? Spirit Baptism in Ephesus


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