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Texas Political Culture. Texas culture stresses – Individualism – Conservatism Death Penalty Welfare Environment Gambling.

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Presentation on theme: "Texas Political Culture. Texas culture stresses – Individualism – Conservatism Death Penalty Welfare Environment Gambling."— Presentation transcript:

1 Texas Political Culture

2 Texas culture stresses – Individualism – Conservatism Death Penalty Welfare Environment Gambling

3 Texas Political Culture Factors Contributing – Southern Conservatism – Old West Individualism – Hispanic Culture – Northern Migration – Immigration – Urbanization

4 Historical Influences on Texas Politics From Republic to State – Independence 1836 – Statehood 1845 Slavery delayed admission Texas retained ownership of public land because US refused to assume debt – This land was rich in mineral resources such as oil and gas – Contributed to Permanent University Fund

5 The Civil War and Reconstruction Sam Houston – Pro-Union – Resigned from US Senate – Ran for Governor – Refused US troops Secessionist Convention – Voted to leave Union Reconstruction – Republican EJ Davis – Rampant corruption – Anti-Republican attitudes until Ronald Reagan Gov EJ Davis

6 End of Reconstruction Southern Democrats – Former Confederates allowed to vote in 1873 – Elected Democrat Richard Coke as Governor in 1874 EJ Davis refused to vacate – Democrats rewrote Texas Constitution Texas Grange – Legacy of Reconstruction All White Democratic Party – Poll Taxes – White Primaries Small predominately African- American Republican Party Gov Richard Coke

7 Progressives and Populists Governor James Hogg – Reform Candidate – Support from East Texas Farmers – Regulated Special Interests Governor James Pa Ferguson – Farmer and Progressive – Impeached and Convicted Governor Miriam Ma Ferguson – Two Governors for Price of One – “If English Good Enough for Jesus, it’s Good Enough for School Children of Texas” Gov Miriam Ferguson

8 Democrats and Al Smith Al Smith was the 1928 Democratic Presidential Nominee – Catholic – Wet Texans cast votes for Republican Hoover – Protestant – Dry Dem Al Smith

9 W. Lee “Pappy” O’Daniel Host of Radio Program – Flour Salesman – Light Crust Doughboys Platform – Ten Commandments – Golden Rule – Old Age Pensions – Reformer Never paid Poll Tax – Did not believe any politician worth $1.75 O Brother Where Art Thou characters drawn from “Pappy” – Broom of Reform – Represented the “Little Man” Gov W Lee “Pappy” O’Daniel

10 Governor Allen Shivers Fought to keep 10 miles of the Gulf of Mexico rather than 3 miles Conservative Texans supported Eisenhower – Eisenhower supported Texas on Tidelands issue – Supporters were called “Shivercrats” Liberal Democrats supported Stevenson Resulted in split in Texas Democratic Party – Conservatives – Liberals Gov Allen Shivers

11 Notable Texas Politicians Sam Rayburn – US Speaker of the House – Regarded by many as “The Most Effective Speaker” in US history Lyndon Johnson – US House and Senate Senate Majority Leader – Vice President – President Civil Rights Act of 1964 Voting Rights Act of 1965 Civil Rights Act of 1968 Vietnam War

12 Notable Texas Politicians John B. Connally – Governor – Secretary of Treasury, Navy Henry B Gonzalez – US House 1961-1999 Bill Clements – 1987 Became 1 st Republican Governor since Reconstruction

13 Notable Texas Politicians Barbara Jordan – In 1972 she became first African American Woman to represent a Southern state in US House of Representatives Ann Richards – Defeated Clayton Williams to become 2 nd woman to serve as Governor – George HW Bush “born with a silver foot in his mouth” at 1988 DNC – Defeated by George W. Bush – in 1994 Henry Cisneros – Elected Mayor of San Antonio in 1981 First Hispanic to serve as mayor of major US c ity – Secretary of HUD 1993-97

14 Texas Geography Second Largest State – Alaska (land) – California (population) Rich in Natural Resources – Agriculture – Minerals Oil Gas

15 Texas Cultural Regions East Texas Gulf Coast South and Southwest German Hill Country West Texas Panhandle North Texas Central Texas

16 East Texas Social and Cultural Extension of Old South – Tyler – Marshall Lady Bird Johnson Bill Moyers – Nacogdoches – Jasper Rural and Biracial – Segregated – Dominated by Old Families

17 Gulf Coast Discovery of oil in Beaumont (Spindletop in 1901) gave birth to Gulf Oil and Texaco and “Fueled” Development Economy – Refineries/Petrochemicals Beaumont, Port Arthur, Baytown, Pasadena, Deer Park, La Porte – Shipping Port of Houston 2 nd only to South Louisiana Port Facility Bayport Expansion Economy Diversifying Globalization

18 South and Southwest Texas Ranchero Culture – Creoles – Meztizos NAFTA stimulated economic development in South Texas and along the Border in Mexico – Brownsville – McAllen – Harlingen – Edinburg – Pharr – Laredo – Eagle Pass

19 German Hill Country Farming and Ranching Conservative Republican Stronghold East European Immigrants established a “German Belt” stretching from Texas's Coastal Plain to the Hill Country – Flatonia – Weimar – Shiner – New Braunfels – Gruene – Fredericksburg LBJ born near Stonewall

20 West Texas Individualistic Socially Conservative Bible Belt Fundamentalism Oil and Gas – Midland George HW Bush began oil business in Permian Basin – Odessa Odessa Permian Panthers Friday Night Lights – El Paso Largest city in West Texas Loving County has smallest population of any county in US – 2000 population of 67

21 Panhandle Midwestern Protestant Conservative Republican

22 North Texas Urban Commercial Economy – Banking – Corporate Cosmopolitan Dallas Old West Fort Worth

23 Central Texas Bounded by San Antonio, Dallas, Houston Austin – Dramatic Population Growth Top 5 Metro Areas – Considered the most liberal city in Texas Economy – State of Texas – University of Texas – Texas Silicon Valley

24 Texas Population One of fastest growing states at twice the national average – 1990 pop—17 million – 2000 pop—21 million – 2007 pop—24 million 80% Urban – Four urban areas account for over 50% of state’s population Harris Tarrant Bexar Dallas – Population Concentrated in East of Line from Dallas/Austin/Brownsville – Harris Co SMSA 5.6 million

25 Ethnic Diversity Texas Officially Minority- Majority State Anglos—48% Hispanics—36% – South and Southwest Texas African Americans—12% – East and Southeast Texas Asian Americans—3.4% Native Americans—1%

26 Religious Diversity Population Rankings – First in Evangelical Protestants – Third in Catholics – Third in Buddhists – Fifth in Muslims – Fifth in Hindus – Tenth in Jewish Political Candidates Must Consider Broad Range of Social and Moral Issues When Campaigning – Abortion – Same Sex Marriage – Gun Control – Gambling – Alcohol Southern Baptists in Texas

27 Education and Poverty State Rankings – 8 th Persons Below Poverty – 31 st Average Teacher Salaries – 30 th Household Income – 50 th in population over 25 with HS Diploma – 27 th in population over 25 with Bachelors Degree Poverty – 16.2% poverty rate compared to 12% national poverty rate – 36 of 254 counties considered persistently poor with greater than 20% poverty rate Poverty Rates in Texas Counties

28 2008 Democratic Primary Map Can you see how demographic variables influenced the outcome to the Texas Primary?

29 Texas Primary Democrats and Republicans Why do you think Huckabee did so well in Northeast Texas and the Panhandle? Why did Obama do better in Beaumont-Port Arthur, Houston, Austin and DFW?

30 Texas Democratic Caucus Why did Obama do much better the caucuses than he did in the primary?

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