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Turtles, Tortoises, Terrapins Order: Chelonia

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Presentation on theme: "Turtles, Tortoises, Terrapins Order: Chelonia"— Presentation transcript:

1 Turtles, Tortoises, Terrapins Order: Chelonia
William Kratz

2 Built to last! Appearing around 200 million years ago, reptiles of the order Chelonia inherited a unique anatomy that is unmistakable! Today there are 11 distinguished families of Chelonia that contain about 295 different species. scutes rib inner boney layer pelvic girdle carapace vertebra shoulder girdle plastron

3 Turtle, Terrapin, or Tortoise?
Loggerhead Turtle Spotted Turtle Galapagos Tortoise

4 Variety: The Spice of Life (survival)
Shell Shapes Cryptodira or Peurodira Domed Streamlined Cryptodira (straight-necked) flex neck vertebrae vertically Peurodira (side-necked) flex neck vertebrae laterally

5 Variety: The Spice of Life (survival)
Limb Modification Carnivore, Omnivore, Herbivore

6 Turtles Of Pennsylvania
Bog Turtle, Glyptemys muhlenbergii Blanding’s Turtle, Emydoidea blandingii Endangered Species 3-4 inches in length Lives in bogs and wet meadows with tussock grass Candidate Species 6-11 inches in length Prefers poorly drained lowlands, marshes, wet meadows, ponds, and slow-moving streams.

7 Turtles Of Pennsylvania
Eastern Box Turtle, Terrapene carolina carolina Spotted Turtle, Clemmys guttata Species of Special Concern 5-8 inches in length Lives in deciduous woodlands, old fields, pastures, and marshy areas. Species of Special Concern inches in length Marshes, wet meadows, swamps, bogs, and shallow borders of ponds, lakes and streams for habitat.

8 Turtles Of Pennsylvania
Midland Smooth Softshell Turtle, Apalone mutica mutica Northern Redbelly Cooter, Pseudemys rubriventris rubriventris Threatened Species inches in length Prefers large lakes, ponds, slow-moving rivers, creeks and marshes. Extirpated Species inches in length Only found in large rivers

9 References: Pecor, K "Testudines" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed March 15, estudines.html. Smithsonian Institution. (2001). ANIMAL (pp ). New York, NY: DK Publishing, Inc Turtles of Pennsylvania. (2008). In Pennsylvania Herp Identification online guide to reptiles & amphibians of PA. Retrieved March 15, 2011, from


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