William Kratz Turtles, Tortoises, Terrapins Order: Chelonia
Appearing around 200 million years ago, reptiles of the order Chelonia inherited a unique anatomy that is unmistakable! Today there are 11 distinguished families of Chelonia that contain about 295 different species. Built to last! inner boney layer vertebra plastron ribscutes shoulder girdle pelvic girdle carapace
Variety: The Spice of Life (survival) Shell ShapesCryptodira or Peurodira Domed StreamlinedCryptodira (straight-necked) flex neck vertebrae vertically Peurodira (side-necked) flex neck vertebrae laterally
Variety: The Spice of Life (survival) Limb Modification Carnivore, Omnivore, Herbivore
Turtles Of Pennsylvania Bog Turtle, Glyptemys muhlenbergii Blanding’s Turtle, Emydoidea blandingii Endangered Species 3-4 inches in length Lives in bogs and wet meadows with tussock grass Candidate Species 6-11 inches in length Prefers poorly drained lowlands, marshes, wet meadows, ponds, and slow-moving streams.
Turtles Of Pennsylvania Eastern Box Turtle, Terrapene carolina carolina Spotted Turtle, Clemmys guttata Species of Special Concern 5-8 inches in length Lives in deciduous woodlands, old fields, pastures, and marshy areas. Species of Special Concern 3.5-4.5 inches in length Marshes, wet meadows, swamps, bogs, and shallow borders of ponds, lakes and streams for habitat.
Turtles Of Pennsylvania Northern Redbelly Cooter, Pseudemys rubriventris rubriventris Midland Smooth Softshell Turtle, Apalone mutica mutica Threatened Species 10-12.5 inches in length Prefers large lakes, ponds, slow-moving rivers, creeks and marshes. Extirpated Species 6-13.4 inches in length Only found in large rivers
Pecor, K. 2003. "Testudines" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed March 15, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/T estudines.html. Smithsonian Institution. (2001). ANIMAL (pp. 366-375). New York, NY: DK Publishing, Inc Turtles of Pennsylvania. (2008). In Pennsylvania Herp Identification online guide to reptiles & amphibians of PA. Retrieved March 15, 2011, from http://www.paherps.com/herps/turtles References: