Presentation on theme: "Discussion document: “Towards measurement and integrated sustainability reporting for the public sector: The business case and collaboration opportunity”"— Presentation transcript:
Discussion document: “Towards measurement and integrated sustainability reporting for the public sector: The business case and collaboration opportunity”
Introduction Concept development There are huge rewards for small, smart choices. It is about simplicity which when applied consistently over time can make a radical difference.
What is Green Cloud? It is an independent knowledge portal providing ‘green’ information to decision makers and the public. The purpose of Green Cloud is to prompt behaviour change towards embracing a green economy or sustainable development.
Behaviour change Need to make a personal connection with the behaviour and the reasons for the behaviour. Energy and the cost of energy Energy and the environment Our role in energy conservation If we think water and electricity flows freely and constantly from plug points then there is no connection.
What are the drivers? Values : I believe I am doing the right thing and I identify personally with this behaviour. Make me care. Compliance : I have been told to change my behaviour but I wouldn’t necessarily be doing this if I didn’t have to. Make it my problem. Advantage : It suits me to change my behaviour and I am better off doing so. What is in it for me? Lloyd McFarlane, Green Business Journal
What is sustainable development? Development which meets present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Social, environmental, economic and cultural dimensions SA economy is highly dependent on fossil fuels Requirement to diversify to a less carbon intensive energy economy.
Legislative framework International (Kyoto protocol, ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, Nantes) Agenda 21 National (National Development Plan, National White Paper on Climate Change) Provincial (KZN Growth & Development Plan) Local municipalities (Integrated Development Plans) ”
The Green Economy What is the role of local government? Sustainable energy Demand side management How is Government driving the ‘green economy’? Through industry and business Promotion of greener suppliers Marketing and reputational elements of being ‘greener’ Energy efficiency is the first and obvious step Energy security and a cleaner development path
Energy efficiency as a strategy Key component of SA’s future energy strategy, 14 th highest emitter of GHG International emissions reduction commitments: Signatory to the Kyoto Protocol but SA is a non annex 1 country New commitments for Annex I Parties to the Kyoto Protocol who agreed to take on commitments in a second commitment period from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2020; A revised list of greenhouse gases (GHG) to be reported on by Parties in the second commitment period;
The power trap Electricity is cheap to make but expensive to distribute 35 cents per kW-hour, sold to the municipality for 61 cents, retailed by the municipality for R2 Distribution costs: high Does renewable energy make sense? Independent power producers: R1.42- R2.45 for solar power
Vodacom Building, Cape Town Organising your own electricity. Great if you are Vodacom, not so good if you are the City of CapeTown
Long term interest Promotion of renewable energy: ESKOM, NERSA But by feeding expensive wind and solar energy into the grid adding high generation costs to the already high distribution costs Off grid use or supplement supplies to the grid: Electrical independence, feeding surplus back onto the grid But what about the impact for municipalities? New self providers = loss of revenue Supermarket analogy
The way forward Who is the customer? The economy of South Africa What do they want? What is the driver? Cheaper and more reliable electricity How do we achieve this Use less Bring down the cost per unit (better heat pumps, more efficient solar panels, energy saving appliances) Incentivise people to generate their own electricity and put it back into the grid Solar City case study: Existing technology, different approach to financing
Built environment: Response Learn from our colleagues in the built environment Design innovation Double glazing Slab cooling Sun tracking blinds Rain water harvestation Grey water treatment Low carbon building materials Acceptable for communities and buyers (Cosmo City)
Integrated waste management: Shift in outlook Waste is now considered a resource: Rand terms Job creation Understanding your waste hierarchy Avoidance Reduction Recycling Waste to energy technologies Leaf from the Dutch book, 2% of their waste is sent to landfills Waste sector supports 35,000 jobs
Look more carefully at the Dutch experience Rigorous policy environment What was the driver? Space Government banned establishment of new landfills Forced innovation from municipalities and entrepeneurs Extended producer responsibility (Tyres, batteries) 400 waste management companies
Collect a can Recycle cans today, sustain tomorrow Recovery of used beverage cans The southern African recovery rate for used beverage cans for 2011 is 72% Collect-a-Can pays “cash for cans” and provides tens of thousands of southern Africans with the opportunity to earn a living, most of whom are unemployed. In many cases, collectors form their own collection networks and deliver their cans directly to one of the company’s branches for which they are paid. What is the driver? Monetary advantage
AD Anaerobic digestion Bacteria on feedstock produce methane Biogas used to generate electricity Co-operation between feedstock suppliers (Abattoirs, restaurants, supermarkets, fresh produce markets) Co-operation between fertiliser off takers Feeding back onto the grid must be simplified Umgungundlovu case study, KZN Midlands
What are the drivers in China? Pollutants How has government supported the development of the green economy? Financial support Tax incentives
Other technology options: Integrated Resource Plan Solar Photovoltaic Wind generation Hydro power Solar thermal generation Nuclear Plasma gasification Solving SA’s energy crisis: SA REIPPP, 28 renewable energy projects
Scenario and strategy comparison Increasing number of off-grid consumers Energy costs remain the same Supply is steady No renewable requirements Energy expenses rise Increasing shortages Consumption stay the same or increases Increase in energy efficiency measures implemented Renewable energy quotas Cheap nuclear energy Complete shift to renewable energy Surplus supply Public behaviour Regulation Energy expenses Energy availability Strategy Scenarios Pairwise comparisons generate the most robust strategy against the most probable scenario Biomass Pamphlets SWH Advertiseme nts Anaerobic digester Solar Wonderbag distribution Community awareness Heat pump installation Renewable energy Energy efficiency Marketing CDM Voluntary carbon markets DoE grants Revenue
Examples of great ‘green’ projects CDM Landfill Biogas- to-Energy Project * Standardise comparable analysis criteria under sectoral headings for ease of reference 1 st CDM Landfill Biogas-to- Energy Project in Africa Bisasar Rd landfill - extracts approximately 350 m 3 /hour, Component 1 produces approx. 9MWh Mariannhill landfill -180 m 3 /hour is produced and an estimated 1775 m 3 /hour by Approximately 900 kWh of electricity is generated Jobs created? Investment opportunity?
ZANEMVULA SUBSIDISED HOUSING SOLAR WATER HEATER PILOT PROJECT, NELSON MANDELA BAY METRO Low-pressure solar water heater project in a subsidised housing area. The installation of the solar water heater units began in April 2009, and to date 1000 units have been installed. The pilot was created as part of the NMBM’s Go Green Initiative, which in itself is a response to Eskom’s Power Conservation Phase, (PCP), where the aim is to reduce demand side consumption levels. The low-pressure solar water heaters that are being used save roughly 1.8 tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) from being emitted each year from traditional coal power generation techniques. Each solar water heater in Zanemvula saves 1869kWh of electricity per year that would otherwise be used for heating water. Local job creation for installation & maintenance. Profiling projects which work
Bill to open up the energy market stalls Unexpected delays in processing the Independent Systems and Market Operators Bill in Parliament sends the wrong signals to investors & creates uncertainties. Sent back to the Portfolio Committee What ESKOM needs is 40,000MW of new generating capacity in the next 20 years National Development Plan: highlighted requirement Cost of bidding: $1.5 to $2 million, 2 x as expensive as elsewhere in the world
Carbon tax, 2015 A handsome revenue source or an investment in future behaviour? Initiative to reduce GHG emissions What will it cost industry? Arcelor Mittal: R650million per annum ESKOM: Pass onto consumers 60% tax free threshold 10% relief for emission intensive industries to invest in projects to mitigate their carbon tax liability
The role of information How do we understand the integration of the environment and development Information is needed to implement and monitor sustainable development Requirement to provide decision makers, planners, public with access to reliable and accurate information Integrate information: social, economic, environmental Develop an understanding international theory and best practice Develop capacity of decision makers to use this information Value of spatial information: Picture tells a thousand words
Access to information How to broaden access to information How to deepen access to data How to ensure the inter-connectedness of the data to information flow, bringing organisations and practitioners together to prevent duplication and create a lasting network.
Case study: Potato World, Lamberts Bay, Western Cape Potato World is owned by Oceana Group Limited The company provides french fries to fast food outlets, such as Wimpy and KFC and provides Spar with its store- brand frozen chips The company utilizes only 60% of the potatoes, with 40% representing uncooked waste The plant’s potato waste was originally dumped into the Municipal dump site. The site, however, has reached its capacity and the company has for the last 5 years been dumping the waste into the veld, destroying the surrounding vegetation, much of which is regarded as uniquely bio-diverse
The problem stakeholders Direct Problem Owners: Potato World/Oceana Cederberg Municipality Lamberts Bay Community Indirect Problem Owners: Wimpy KFC Spar Problem Solver: Namib Carbon Fertilizer (Pty) Ltd. Problem Solving Funders: Nedbank African Treasuries Financial Products National Empowerment Fund Other Potential Solution Sponsors: Wimpy, KFC, Spar
The Challenge To reduce or eliminate need for the dumping of potato waste 40% of raw material used by Potato World represents waste 25% goes to hashbrowns 15% waste (approximately 15 tons) Company produces 1260 tonnes of waste per month Convert waste into a sustainable economic activity Develop technology or local capacity to resolve problem Create additional jobs for the community as a consequence of the use of waste in a productive capacity.
The solution Convert waste to high quality compost containing carbon using a mixture of 30% waste from potatoes 30% hay 21% carbon Other contributed waste from agricultural activities such as livestock farming or the fishing industry Convert waste to a secondary composting product using 5% of waste volume diverted to liquid producing 63,200 litres Cost of establishing facility estimated at R1m Start-up of business was funded by Potato World and financed from Nedbank/NEF to support BEE ownership Business is co-managed by Namib Carbon Fertilizer and new owners with a view to transferring technology and knowledge to enable them to run business sustainably Namib Carbon Fertilizer acts as the marketing agent for product to ensure ongoing sales of product
Impact New composting facility created 100 new jobs in the area Discontinuation of harmful dumping of waste product in veld will enable rehabilitation of land and will contribute to additional jobs and business opportunities Retention of Potato World within the municipality as a major employer
Case Study: Nkomomonta Cooperative Poultry Waste, Tzaneen, Limpopo The Nkomomonta Cooperative is a farmer cooperative comprising 15 emerging farmers Each farmer currently supplies Bush Valley Farms Abattoir with 40,000 chickens for a total of 280,000 chickens over 7,5 cycles per year Each farmer creates 55 tons of waste per cycle, accumulating approximately 6,200 tons of waste each year. Dan Mushwana is chairperson of the Co-op. He says that the introduction of a waste to energy business would enable farmers to pay off their bank loans much faster and enable them to take ownership of a key part of the value chain
Green Cloud’s solution brokering role Two possible solutions Fluidized Bed Combustor – converts poultry litter to gas liquid Fertilizer conversion to be used for vegetable and fruit farming Interested Funders/Partners Nedbank Namib Carbon Fertilizer National Empowerment Fund
Need for a ‘green’ framework Drivers Legislative compliance Reliable and cheaper energy Reduced reliance on ESKOM, Savings on input sales prices Job creation Financial incentives: Grants, escalated investments Slow down landfill closure through reduced waste Self regulatory, not currently a statutory or Auditor-general requirement, not linked to any existing Key Performance Indicators
Planning guidelines Best fit solution informed by information, comparable analysis; Project evaluation Funding/Investment support Clear measurement criteria Reporting procedures
Green rating The Blue Flag is a voluntary eco-label awarded to more than 3850 beaches and marinas in 48 countries across Europe, South Africa, Morocco, Tunisia, New Zealand, Brazil, Canada and the Caribbean. The Blue Flag works towards sustainable development of beaches and marinas through strict criteria dealing with Water Quality, Environmental Education and Information, Environmental Management, and Safety and Other Services. The Blue Flag Programme is owned and run by the non-government, non-profit organisation the Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE). Proposal Establishment of criteria to measure ‘green performance’ Light green/dark green: represented through spatial information
Green Cloud Bureau of Standards (GCBS) Assessment / verification of all things Green The SABS of the “Green world” – Green Cloud Bureau of Standards – GCBS. An independent agency that green items manufacturers, suppliers and service providers go to for independent verification. The way it would work: 1. A request for listing on the Green Cloud portal would prompt an independent testing / verification (efficiency rating) 2. All findings would be published on the Green Cloud portal.
How will we achieve this objective? Instrument development Planning indicators Measurement and management of interventions Reporting Information system Collect information in the Green Cloud Analyse information, data base structure Present information to the various users Access information through a web portal
Consultative process: testing the concept Preliminary discussions to establish the business case Provincial Govt (WCape, KZN) Corporates (Golder) Municipalities (Various) Universities (Sustainability Unit, USB, Dept of Engineering, UKZN) ESKOM
Reporting standards Requirement for standard reporting for various levels of government Measurement of performance vs targets/indicators Holistic reports Corporates reporting G4 Sustainability reporting GHG reporting guidelines for Scope 1-3 emissions (DOE) Consolidated data assembly within the Green Cloud
Risk analysis What are the risks if we do not advance this initiative? Un co-ordinated planning Unstructured implementation Disparate reporting Inaccurate, incomplete, different levels of reporting No clear remedial action if performance targets aren’t met No industry standards for defective products Duplication of efforts
Project milestones Phase 1: Development of the business case Identification of potential funders Secure funding for the instrument development phase Collaboration with potential partners, Phase 2 : Instrument development with key stakeholders within SA/global players Phase 3: Information system development Phase 4 : Portal development and information assembly Phase 5 Green Cloud portal launch June 2014
Concluding remarks Old answers are failing us We need innovation and we need to hurry Access to reliable and continuous data is absolutely critical Collaboration towards a better response “ You can only manage it if you measure it” Thank you