Presentation on theme: "UNIT 1 Vocabulary. accusation/akju ˈ ze ɪʃ n/ ▶ noun Acusación, cargo a charge or claim that someone has done something illegal or wrong. Synonyms: Charge,"— Presentation transcript:
UNIT 1 Vocabulary
accusation/akju ˈ ze ɪʃ n/ ▶ noun Acusación, cargo a charge or claim that someone has done something illegal or wrong. Synonyms: Charge, blame, prosecution Ex: what is the ~ against him? ¿de qué se lo acusa?
defendant/d ɪˈ fend ə nt/ An individual, company, or institution sued or accused in a court of law. Acusado Ex: the defendant was granted bail, al acusado se le concedió la libertad bajo fianza Synomym: accused, suspect Antonym plaintiff (demandante)plaintiff
conviction/k ə n ˈ v ɪ k ʃ n/ 1 an instance of formally being found guilty of a criminal offence in a court of law. 2 a firmly held belief or opinion. ■ the quality of showing that one is firmly convinced of something. ( Law ) ~ ( FOR sth) condena f ( POR algo) Syn: sentence
Enforce / ɪ n ˈ f ɔː s/ vtr (una ley, un mandato, una sentencia) hacer cumplir, ejecutar Ex: they are doing nothing to enforce the new law, no están haciendo nada para que la ley se aplique cause to happen by necessity or force. Syn: Compel
prosecution/pr ɒ s ɪˈ kju ːʃ n/ fiscalía the prosecuting of someone in respect of a criminal charge. ■ (the prosecution) [treated as sing. or pl.] ex: the party prosecuting someone in a lawsuit. Accusation, accuser, Accusationaccuser related words: 'prosecuting attorney‘,'state's attorney‘ (fiscal)
juror/ ˈʤʊ ə r ə (r)/ ▶ noun1 a member of a jury. 2 historical a person taking an oath. Miembro del jurado Juryman, jurywoman.
barrister / ˈ bar ɪ st ə (r)/ ▶ nounBrit. a person called to the bar and entitled to practise as an advocate, Compare with solicitor.solicitor – ORIGIN ME: from the noun bar 1, perh. on the pattern of minister.bar 1 Syn: advocate
solicitor/s ə ˈ l ɪ s ɪ t ə (r)/ ▶ noun1 Brit. a member of the legal profession qualified to deal with conveyance, draw up wills, advise clients and instruct barristers, and represent clients in lower courts. Compare with barrister.barrister Conveyance=transmisión de propiedades
the bar /b ɑː (r)/ A partition in a court room, beyond which most people may not pass and at which an accused person stands. (in court) banquillo m; the prisoner at the ~ el acusado, la acusada
stand 1 /stænd/ Estrado
common law n uncountable derecho m consuetudinario; More: common-law husband Esposo pareja de hecho nf
Statutory / ˈ statj ʊ t( ə )ri, -t ʃʊ -/ adj :Required, permitted, or enacted by statute. 1 (delito, derecho) establecido por la ley 2 (organismo) creado por la ley 3 estatutario Syn: Lawful, legal
magistrate / ˈ mad ʒɪ str ə t, -stre ɪ t/ ▶ noun a civil officer who administers the law, especially one who conducts a court concerned with minor offences and holds preliminary hearings for more serious ones. Syn: judge, justice of the peace, district magistrate Magistrado
trial 1 / ˈ tra ɪ ə l proceso, juicio ; murder/rape ~ proceso or juicio por asesinato/violación Use: she's on trial for fraud, la están juzgando por fraude; to bring sb to trial, enjuiciar a alguien; to be up for trial, estar pendiente de juicio