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By Jennifer Hallfielder. Explore Minnesota Southern Prairies in the Southwest Bogs-Wetlands in the Northeast Bluff Country In the Southeast Heartland.

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Presentation on theme: "By Jennifer Hallfielder. Explore Minnesota Southern Prairies in the Southwest Bogs-Wetlands in the Northeast Bluff Country In the Southeast Heartland."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Jennifer Hallfielder

2 Explore Minnesota Southern Prairies in the Southwest Bogs-Wetlands in the Northeast Bluff Country In the Southeast Heartland In the Northwest

3 Counties on atlas page 34 include: Dakota Goodhue Wabasha Dodge Olmsted The Bluffs in Southeastern, MN

4 KARST COUNTRY  This area southeast of the Twin Cities has often been referred to as “Driftless”.  Sheets of ice and “drift” from the most recent Ice Ages do not impact this area.  However, geologist argue this area did indeed experience the effects of the Ice Ages and refers to it as Karst country.  “Karst” comes from the word “karra” which is translated to mean “stone”.

5 Dakota County, MN Located in the NW corner Waters: Vermillion River Trout Brook Pine Creek Mud Hen Lakes Lake Isabelle Rebecca Lake Gores Pool Lake Byllesby Cannon River Mississippi River Points of Interest:  Gores Pool State Wildlife Management Area  The Great Mississippi and Southeast Minnesota Tour  Willow Ridge Landing Strip  Lake Byllesby Regional Park Campground  Veterans Park

6 Featured City Hastings was named after Henry Hastings Sibley, Minnesota’s first governor. St. Croix River and Mississippi River come together near Hastings 1871 First Courthouse was built and is the second oldest building in MN Lock & Dam No. 2 built in 1930 by Army Corps of Engineers 1880 Railroad came from Stillwater developed “Switch Hub” allowing agriculture and logging products into Hastings Go see the Norris House in the Residential Historic District-Built in and is OCTOGONAL in shape HASTINGS Population 22, sq miles of land.9 sq miles of water

7 Goodhue County, MN Borders Dakota County to the east Waters: Bitter Creek Bette Creek Butler Creek Cannon River Hay Creek Shingle Creek North Fork Zumbro River Spring Creek Mississippi River Trout Brook Creek Points of Interest: Richard Dorer Memorial Hardwood State Forest Hay Creek Trails Prairie Indian Reservation Clark Valley Cannon Valley Trail

8 Featured City RED WING 23 rd MOST HISTORIC place to visit according to National Geographic in the WORLD! Population: Total population: 15,681 Urban population: 14,055 Rural population: 1,626 (11 farm, 1,615 nonfarm)

9 St. James Hotel 1875 West Third Street History: Discovered in 1680 by Father Hennepin, a Franciscan priest Settlers came from steamboats and farmed the land with wheat. By 1873 they were the top supplier/producer of wheat in the country. Indian talisman occupied this land and Red Wing was only referred to as the acting Chief’s name

10 Bald Eagles migrate here in February Pottery: Began in the late 1800’s until the closing of the plant in Artware, dinnerware, stoneware and odds and ends types of pottery were offered Red Wing is located southeast of the Twin Cities and sits at the foot of the bluffs that overlook the Mississippi River.

11 Wabasha County, MN borders Goodhue County to the east Waters: Cold Creek River Zumbro River Ryan’s Bay Silver Spring West Albany Creek Gilbert Creek Points of Interest : Zumbro Valley Rattle Snake Point

12 Featured City Zumbro Falls Population: 177 Things to do in Zumbro Falls: Golfing Canoeing Fishing Camping Visit in May during the Ripplin River Daze complete with medallion hunt, face painting, funky hair dos, bake sale, bean bag tournament and Business Appreciation Day 22 Businesses 1 Church 1 Cemetery 1 City Park

13 History of Zumbro Falls In 1817 Zumbro River was discovered by Major Stephen Long. The river was named “Riviers des Embarrass” or River of Difficulties the Tibbetts brother were the first settlers Benjamin Clark moved in and built a dam to start up a gristmill just above the rapids. The dam created a small falls and the name Zumbro Falls was born town hosted Midland Railroad through its town. February 28, 1898 town became Incorporated

14 Dodge County, MN borders Goodhue Co to the south The surface of the county in the northern and central parts is high and rolling, and well drained, being as well suited for grain raising as any land in the state;

15 Olmsted County, MN Borders east of Dodge French settlers were first to arrive in 1660 Sioux Indians relinquish land in 1853 Named after David Olmsted, in He also was the first Mayor of St. Paul in 1854 In 1857 gold flecks were found in the Zumbro River a gold rush followed but it ended quickly in the spring of 1858 and the Oronoco economy slowed Visit The Douglas State Trail, canoe or camp along the Zumbro River and enjoy Cedar Beach just outside of Oronco to the west. Population of Oronoco: 1300 Median Age: 37.9 Median Income: $81, 863

16 The Prairies in Southwestern, MN Counties in this atlas page area include: Kandiyohi Swift Chippewa Renville

17 The Southern Prairies European immigrants arrive in Minnesota to farm in the 1850’s. They recognize the rich soil of the prairies and today we have less than one percent of the original prairie grasses. Farmers plowed up the nutrient rich soil and planted crops. Today this area is one of the largest producers of sugar beets, corn, soy beans, hogs, turkeys and winter wheat.

18 Kandyohi County, MN Norway Lake Middle Lake Games Lake Green Lake Mud Lake Nest Lake Wagonga Lake Lake Lillian Big Kandiyohi Lake Swan Lake Lake Kasota Lake Minnetoga Lake Elizabeth Ella Lake Lake Carrie Stevens Lake Olson Lake Otter Lake Johnson Lake Woodcock Lake Lake Florida Wilmar Lake Foot Lake Waters And many many more lakes and rivers!

19 Points of Interest: Glacial Lakes State Trail Wilmar Municipal Airport Sibley State Park Salisbury Beach County Park

20 Featured City First settlers came in the 1850’s because of the rich lands After the 1862 Sioux Uprising the town was left deserted 1869 the railroad brought new settlers, mostly Norwegian and Swedish Wilmar was incorporated as a city in 1901 after a man named Leon Wilmar purchased the title to Section 1 and made a village in 1874 and into a city thereafter Wilmar, MN Population: Increase of 4.7% since the last censes During the workweek increases to 40,000

21 Historic Sites in Wilmar The Barn Theater The Sperry House The Pioneer Museum The Mikkelson Collection Classic and Antique Boats From

22 SWIFT COUNTY, MN WATERS: School Lake Mud Creek Monson Lake Spring Creek Shakopee Creek POINTS OF INTEREST: Swift Falls Park Appleton Off Highway Vehicle Park Monson Lake State Park Swift County 1895

23 County named after governor This County was named after Minnesota’s first governor, Henry Swift who served in On February 18, 1870 Swift County received its name and was organized. Population began at just 600 people in 1870 and increased increased to 7,472 and in 1900 the population had reached 13,503. Swift County Courthouse Peder filed intent of citizenship on Novemeber 3, 1888

24 CHIPPEWA COUNTY, MN Waters: Hawk Creek Judicial Ditch Judicial Ditch Number One Judicial Ditch Number Two Judicial Ditch Number Eight Points of Interest: BUNDE Borders the southeast corner of Swift and to the west of Kandyohi

25 BUNDE, MN Actually a VILLAGE of Clara City Unincorporated THE ONLY town on my journey that did NOT have a bar, hotel, gas station, Post office or even a restaurant! Actually a VILLAGE of Clara City Unincorporated THE ONLY town on my journey that did NOT have a bar, hotel, gas station, Post office or even a restaurant! FEATURED CITY Population: 50 At 1990 Census 2000 Census DROPPED TO ONLY 25

26 RENVILLE COUNTY, MN south of Kandiyohi and Chippewa Counties Judicial Ditch Number Eight Chetamba Creek County Ditch 104 County Ditch 119 Sacred Heart Creek County Ditch Number Forty-five Buffalo Creek County Ditch Number Thirteen West Fork Beaver Creek County Ditch Number Thirty-one County Ditch Number Fifty-nine East Fork Beaver Creek WATERS

27 Renville County Historical Museum Bird Island’s Wing Ding Days Sugar Beet Days History of the City of Renville: Named after a French and Dakota descendant, Joseph Renville. Railroad reaches Renville in 1878 Incorporated in 1906 Home of the World’s Largest Sugar Beet Plant RENVILLE COUNTY, MN south of Kandiyohi and Chippewa Counties Population: 1300

28 County Courthouse Masonic burial in Renville Renville City Hall Sugar Beet Crop

29 Counties on atlas page 88 include: St. Louis County Lake County Northeastern MN The Bogs, Iron Range and Arrowhead Region

30 History of the Northern Coniferous Forest Is an area filled with ice scoured bedrock from glaciers thousands of years ago Terminal moraines and highlands formed by glaciers created the North Shore Highlands Part of the Canadian Shield where molten rock from deep within the earth tried to force its way upward Earthquakes eventually created sedimentary rocks which were turned into metamorphic rocks by the heat and pressure of the earthquakes. Rainy Lobe and Superior Lobe responsible for northeastern Minnesota’s surface features. Northeastern MN was NEVER covered by an ocean

31 St. Louis County, MN bordering south of Ontario and west of Lake County Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness Vermillion Lake Wolf Lake Mud Lake Burntside River Fall Lake White Iron Lake Bass Lake Garden Lake Shagawa Lake AND MANY MORE Burntside Lake Shagawa River WATERS OF THE NORTH

32 Points of Interest Burntside State Forest Ely Municipal Airport Kabetogama State Forest Lake Janette State Forest Angleworm Trail Sioux Hustler Trail Superior National Forest BWCA Bass Lake Trail Norway Trail Sandbar Island Bear Island State Park

33 Superior National Forest Portaging in the BWCA Sioux Hustler Trail

34 Featured City Things to do: International Wolf Center BWCA North American Bear Center Blueberry Arts Festival Dorothy Molter Museum Harvest Moon Festival Population: 3724 at 2000 Census 3460 at 2010 Census Median Age: 40.8

35 Trips to Ely Sunsets in the BWCA Sunsets in the BWCA Serenity worth the portages!

36 Crazy nephew Tyler Camping in the BWCA

37 My TOP 10 FAVORITE RANGE PLACES TO VISIT The drive up the North Shore Gunflint Trail The last stop before Mudro Lake was the Chainsaw Sisters Saloon

38 Burntside Lake Drive out of Ely on Highway 1, this was the first time I saw a moose so close up! It was incredible! I pulled as close to the side of the road as possible and watched…the moose seemed to be “hiding” behind a small birch tree as if I couldn’t see him. So funny! A great experience is the Tower-Soudan Mine! You travel about one mile underground so be sure to bring a jacket! It’s amazing to be that far underground and learn about mining as we toured the mine riding in the rail carts. A weekend at the lake with friends

39 Voyageurs National Park Fall foliage in the park Marsh areas in the park Not uncommon to see moose

40 Taking a drive in the fall up the Echo Trail and stopping in Buyck for a burger. ***Be careful on the drive, it is a very winding road and tough to see oncoming traffic and critters! Getting lost in the serenity of the Boundary Waters

41 NUMBER TEN BLUEBERRY FESTIVAL BLUEBERRY FESTIVAL My favorite ALL TIME food is FRIED BREAD I GOTTA HAVE IT!!!! Chainsaw Sculpting Music Crafters and FOOD A great opportunity to meet with old friends!

42 Lake County, MN borders to the east of St. Louis County BWCA Superior National Forest Bear Island State Forest Fall Lake White Iron Lake Silver Rapids Lodge Places to visit including camping, canoeing fishing and hiking while in Lake County

43 Lake County in the Arrowhead Approximately covers 2062 square miles Population: 10, Median Household income: $48, People per square mile Fun Facts Average drive time to work is just 20.2 minutes 50.3% Male 49.7% Female Dakota and Ojibwa first to inhibit the area Iron ore discovered in 1868 Home of Historical shipwrecks Just 248 people in 1860 falling to 135 in 1870

44 White Iron is a Sentinel Lake-it was formed by the Canadian Shield and is a Cold Water lake It has a watershed covering 595,864 acres Deepest at 43 feet Has a high abundance of Walleye, Cisco and Yellow perch The Kawishiwi River enters at the south end of the lake creating a short residence time (45 days) for the lake Did you know….. Featured Lake: White Iron

45 Counties on atlas page 71 include: Beltrami County Clearwater County Hubbard County Northwestern MN where the prairie meets the north woods

46 Heartland History Lake Agassiz and Wadena Lobe are responsible for much of the present land-surface features Coniferous forest has pine forest, boreal forest, and peat lands that formed on extensive plains left behind Lake Agassiz Plain is one of the most level areas in North America which covers approximately 15,690 square miles.

47 Waters: Lake Bemidji Miss Lake Turtle Lake Lake Campell Puposky Lake Long Lake Balm Lake Perch Lake Sandy Lake And many many more! Waters: Lake Bemidji Miss Lake Turtle Lake Lake Campell Puposky Lake Long Lake Balm Lake Perch Lake Sandy Lake And many many more! Points of Interest: Mississippi Headwaters State Forest Red Lake Indian Reservation Buena Vista State Forest Bear Den Landing Pine Point Landing Iron Bridge Landing Moberg Seaplane Base Lake Bemidji State Park Bemidji Beltrami County Airport

48 Beltrami Courthouse Beltrami County History Center Loggers hard at work

49 Featured City Population in 2010: 13,431 Population in 1900: 2,183 Named from Ojibwe “Bay-may- ji-ga-maug” which means "lake that traverses another body of water“ Home of 400 lakes covering 6, acres The FIRST city on the Mississippi Bemidji, MN

50 Carson’s Trading Post 1894 Carson’s Trading Post 1894 Paul Bunyan and Babe Lake Bemidji 76 feet deep Ojibwe grass dancer Resorts and Beaches

51 Clearwater County, MN bordering to the west of Beltrami County Waters: Upper Rice Lake Mineria Lake Walker Brook Lake Daniel Lake Dahlberg Lake Berg Lake Mud Lake East Four Legged Lake Stenlund Lake Clearbrook Lake Nels Olson Lake Gust Anderson Lake Bagley Lake Spike Lake Armstrong Lake Martin Rosen Lake Fence Lake Long Lake Schoolhouse Lake

52 Facts about Clearwater County Covers 995 square miles Itasca State Park has one of Minnesota’s largest remaining old growth coniferous forests, in July the state flower the “lady slipper” blooms on the understory. Its name was taken from the Ojibwe word “gawakomitgweia,” which means “clear water” Home to the mighty Mississippi River mouth Established on December 20, 1902

53 Clearwater County Historical Museum Then Timertown Resort Visit these and many other attractions! Itasca State Park Red Lake Indian Reservation Old Red Lake Trail and State Wildlife Management Area Wanagan Landing Long Lake Park White Earth State Forest Now

54 Hubbard County, MN border to the south of Beltrami County and to the east of Clearwater County Waters: LaSalle Lake Hennepin Lake Lake Hattie Wolf Lake Plantagenet Lake Spearhead Lake Evergreen Lake Beauty Lake Neuman Lake Lilypad Lake Hart Lake Population in 2010: 20,428 Population in 1890: 1,412

55 Founded on February 26, 1883 and came from part of Cass County Named after Lucius Frederick Hubbard who was the Governor of Minnesota from 1882 to square miles of water Part of the greatest lakeshore summer- cottage belt Itasca State Park is one of the few areas with old-growth which includes red and white pines

56 Family fun on the lake

57 One of my favorite past times while on the lake (other than fishing) is patiently waiting for the loons to emerge from their dives. I love capturing the beautiful site and sounds of our state bird.

58 The Loon by Walt Hardester Upon still waters she doth glide, Her mate no longer at her side. Loneliness now pervades her heart, Her lifelong love and she did part. The reason why she does not know, Just that it was his time to go. Alone she cries her sorrowful song, Hoping it won't be so long. That he and she will meet again, In a place that never ends. **AuthorsDen.com

59 Thanks for visiting my areas of Minnesota

60 References: Hart and Ziegler. Landscapes of Minnesota. Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2008 Toren John. The Seven States of Minnesota. Nodin Press. Minneapolis, MN 2007 Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. June Explore Minnesota. June Visit Minnesota. June


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