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Strategies to Increase Connectedness in Online Mathematics Courses Sonia Ford Midland College Midland, Texas AMATYC 2013 S001.

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Presentation on theme: "Strategies to Increase Connectedness in Online Mathematics Courses Sonia Ford Midland College Midland, Texas AMATYC 2013 S001."— Presentation transcript:

1 Strategies to Increase Connectedness in Online Mathematics Courses Sonia Ford Midland College Midland, Texas AMATYC 2013 S001

2 Goals Benefits and Challenges to Online Learning/Teaching Community of Inquiry Model Strategies to Increase Connectedness Survey Results Suggestions

3 Benefits of Online Courses Opportunity Flexibility Innovations in Teaching

4 Challenges of Online Courses Assessment of Student Learning Time Commitment Student Feelings of Isolation

5 Isolation High Attrition Low Student Satisfaction Lower Perceived Student Learning

6 Community of Inquiry Model Garrison, Anderson, Archer (2000)

7 Cognitive Presence “the extent to which the participants in any particular configuration of a community of inquiry are able to construct meaning through sustained communication” (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, 2000, p. 89)

8 Cognitive Presence Practical Inquiry Model (Dewey, 1933) ◦Triggering event ◦Exploration ◦Integration ◦Resolution

9 Social Presence “the ability of participants in the Community of Inquiry to project their personal characteristics into the community, thereby presenting themselves to other participants as ‘real people’.” (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, 2000, p. 89)

10 Social Presence Emotional Expression Open Communication Group Cohesion (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, 2000)

11 Teacher Presence “includes the selection, organization, and primary presentation of course content, as well as the design and development of learning activities and assessment” (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, 2000, p. 90)

12 Teacher Presence Instructional Management Building Understanding Direct Instruction (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, 2000)

13 Community of Inquiry Model Garrison, Anderson, Archer (2000)

14 Strategies to Increase Connectedness Introduction Activities ◦Introduction ◦Scavenger Hunt ◦Video Conference/Chat

15 Strategies to Increase Connectedness Discussion Boards ◦Participation ◦Topics Introduction Study Skills Reflections Math Help Website and Video Links Math and My Subject ◦Assessment

16 Strategies to Increase Connectedness Checking In Reports ◦Participation ◦Topics ◦Assessment

17 Strategies to Increase Connectedness Online Videos ◦Instructor Introduction ◦Instructor Mathematics Videos ◦YouTube, Khan Academy, Patrick JMT, etc.

18 Strategies to Increase Connectedness Help Requests ◦ ◦Module Questions ◦Virtual Café

19 Survey Results Online Student Connectedness Survey (Bolliger & Inan, 2012) Factors of Connectedness ◦Comfort ◦Community and Social Presence ◦Instructor Facilitation ◦Interaction and Collaboration

20 Survey Results Administered during Fall 2012 and Spring 2013 Courses ◦Introductory Algebra ◦Intermediate Algebra* ◦College Algebra* ◦Statistics ◦Business Math I & II ◦Precalculus* *courses I currently teach

21 Survey Results N = 131 MSD Comfort Community Facilitation Interaction and Collaboration

22 Survey Results N = 131 ComfortCommunityFacilitationInteraction and Collaboration Course Tool Discussion Board.25*.26* Video Conferencing.25*.13.26*.10 Blogs.27*.06.28*-.04 Instructor Math Videos *.01 Instructor Introduction Video **.06 *p <.05, **p <.01

23 Strategies to Increase Connectedness Your suggestions?

24 References Bolliger, D. U., & Inan, F. A. (2012). Development and validation of the online student connectedness survey (OSCS). The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 13(3), Dewey, J. (1933). How we think. Boston, MA: Health. Garrison, D. R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2000). Critical inquiry in a text-based environment: Computer conferencing in higher education. The Internet and Higher Education, 2(2-3), Palloff, R. M., & Pratt, K. (2007). Building online learning communities: Effective strategies for the virtual classroom (2 nd ed.) San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

25 Thank you! Sonia Ford Professor of Mathematics Midland College


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