Presentation on theme: "Part 1: Writing the Thesis"— Presentation transcript:
1 Part 1: Writing the Thesis EssayPart 1: Writing the Thesis
2 Objectives: What You Should Know After Writing an Essay How to write a thesis sentence that organizes the essay’s main points;How to write a title and introduction that will engage the reader’s interest;How to construct body paragraphs that are focused and well developed;How to write a conclusion that emphasizes the essay’s main point.
3 Thesis SentenceDefinition: a single sentence that states the essay’s main point;It tells the subject of the essay;It expresses the writer’s opinion about the subject;It previews the main points of the essay.If your essay topic was “What is wisdom”?.....
4 Writing the Thesis Sentence: Do it first, before you begin the essay Determine what the prompt is asking you to do—Define wisdomTo define something, you willList its characteristics (function)Give examplesTell what it’s not
5 List Characteristics/Function JoyfulIntellectually curioushumbleA wise person is. . .CompassionateOpen-mindedhonestEmpatheticFor more brainstorming techniques, see
6 Give Examples A wise person is… Albert Einstein A professor/teacher A parentYoda, (Star Wars)Aslan (Lion, Witch & Wardrobe)GhandiAbraham LincolnQuotes that show someone is wiseAnecdotes about a time someone was wise
7 Tell what it’s not A wise person is not Necessarily book-smart One who knows everythingArrogant or condescendingSomeone who imposes his will on othersNecessarily the smartest person in the roomNecessarily the richest or most successful person in the room
8 Sample ThesesOne you have a few, choose three or four and write a sentence, listing them in order of importanceA wise person isn’t a know-it-all, but rather someone who is curious about and receptive to new ideas and experiences.Wisdom is the willingness to admit ignorance and the determination to acquire knowledge and use it well.A wise person is good humored, compassionate, and kind.
9 Each of these thesis sentences previews the main points of the essay (each main point is a different color)A wise person isn’t a know-it-all, but rather someone who is curious about and receptive to new ideas and experiences.Wisdom is the willingness to admit ignorance and the determination to acquire knowledge and use it well.A wise person is good humored, compassionate, and kind.
10 The thesis should be A clear, simple sentence that clearly states the three points you’re planning to develop in the paragraphs of your essay;Once you have a working thesis, you’re ready to begin writing.
11 Part 2: Title and Introductions EssayPart 2:Title and Introductions
12 Once you have a thesis, then You can draft the title andThe introduction;Please Note: Titles and intros are the most rewritten parts of most essays. Don’t be afraid to revise.
13 The Title of the Essay All essays need a title; The title should… Indicate the essay’s subject;And it should attempt to capture the reader’s interest.
14 Writing the Introduction An introduction should have three parts:A lead-in or HOOK, whose purpose is to capture the reader’s attention;A transition section, which logically links the lead-in to the thesis;And a thesis sentence that previews the main points of the essay.
15 Let’s go through the parts of the intro The Lead-In/HookIts purpose is to capture the attention of the reader;It should be one of the strongest, most polished (most rewritten and tweaked) parts of your entire essay;Remember. . .
16 Here are some lead-in/hook techniques you can use: AnecdoteTell a relevant storyQuotationYou can quote from someone famous or someone you knowDescriptionDescribe a scene, event, person or thingContradictionStart off with some variation of the following sentence: “Most people believe A, but actually. . .”QuestionJust make sure it’s a question your reader would really askAnalogyCompare the point you’re going to make with something the reader can relate toAllusionMake a reference to something in literature, history or popular culture—something your reader will know about and relate to
17 TransitionIf the purpose of the lead-in is to gain the reader’s attention,The purpose of the transition is to prepare the reader for the point the writer makes in the thesis.The connection between the two must be logical
18 Thesis The last sentence of the introduction is the thesis sentence The thesis should preview the main points of the essay;It provides a logical roadmap to guide the reader through the essay.
19 Think of the thesis as a road map and each point of the thesis as means of getting to the destination.Conclusion: DallasThesis: To get from El Paso to Dallas, a traveler must go through Odessa, MidlandAnd Fort Worth.BodyParagraph 3: Fort WorthBodyParagraph 2: MidlandBodyParagraph 1: Odessa
20 Part 3: The Body Paragraph EssayPart 3: The Body Paragraph
21 All body paragraphs have four parts: Topic sentenceExplanation of topic sentenceExampleConclusion/transition to next paragraph
22 Topic SentenceThe topic sentence is usually the first sentence of the paragraph;It tells the subject of that paragraph;It expresses the writer’s opinion about the subject;It restates a point already made in the thesis sentence.
23 For example,If we use the thesis sentence, Wise people are even-handed, open-minded and ultimately compassionateThen the topic sentence for the first body paragraph is Wise people are generally even-handed.The topic sentence for the second body paragraph would be In addition, they tend to be open-minded.The topic sentence for the third body paragraph might be These two qualities contribute to the third characteristic—a general compassion for other people.
24 Explanation of Topic Sentence Since every topic sentence expresses an opinion,it’s up to you, the writer, to clarify what you mean by your opinion;So, following the topic sentence, you should use several sentences to explain what you mean.
25 ExampleUp until now, you’ve only expressed opinion—you have to prove your point with an EXAMPLE;An example is something from the real world (a story, a description, a fact, a quote) that illustrates the truth of your topic sentence;Use quotes from a variety of text as examples.
26 Conclusion It explains your point. To write the conclusion, imagine that someone has asked you, “So what?” and then answer that question.
27 You’ll repeat the same pattern with the next two body paragraphs Topic sentenceExplain the topic sentenceExampleConclusion
28 Part 4 Writing the Conclusion EssayPart 4Writing the Conclusion
29 A conclusion paragraph does three things: It loops back to the lead-in:Whatever you did in the introduction to capture your reader’s attention,mention it at the beginning of the conclusion to signal that the paper is endingIt briefly summarizes your main points –One sentence or less!It wraps up your thesisMost important part-it’s where you draw your conclusion.