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EssayEssay Part 1: Writing the Thesis. Objectives: What You Should Know After Writing an Essay How to write a thesis sentence that organizes the essay’s.

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Presentation on theme: "EssayEssay Part 1: Writing the Thesis. Objectives: What You Should Know After Writing an Essay How to write a thesis sentence that organizes the essay’s."— Presentation transcript:

1 EssayEssay Part 1: Writing the Thesis

2 Objectives: What You Should Know After Writing an Essay How to write a thesis sentence that organizes the essay’s main points; How to write a title and introduction that will engage the reader’s interest; How to construct body paragraphs that are focused and well developed; How to write a conclusion that emphasizes the essay’s main point.

3 Thesis Sentence Definition: a single sentence that states the essay’s main point; –It tells the subject of the essay; –It expresses the writer’s opinion about the subject; –It previews the main points of the essay. If your essay topic was “What is wisdom”?.....

4 Writing the Thesis Sentence: Do it first, before you begin the essay Determine what the prompt is asking you to do— –Define wisdom To define something, you will –List its characteristics (function) –Give examples –Tell what it’s not

5 List Characteristics/Function A wise person is... Intellectually curious Compassionate Empathetic humble Open-minded Joyful honest For more brainstorming techniques, see eb/handouts/brainstorming.ht ml eb/handouts/brainstorming.ht ml

6 Give Examples A wise person is… –Albert Einstein –A professor/teacher –A parent –Yoda, (Star Wars) –Aslan (Lion, Witch & Wardrobe) –Ghandi –Abraham Lincoln –Quotes that show someone is wise –Anecdotes about a time someone was wise

7 Tell what it’s not A wise person is not –Necessarily book-smart –One who knows everything –Arrogant or condescending –Someone who imposes his will on others –Necessarily the smartest person in the room –Necessarily the richest or most successful person in the room

8 Sample Theses One you have a few, choose three or four and write a sentence, listing them in order of importance A wise person isn’t a know-it-all, but rather someone who is curious about and receptive to new ideas and experiences. Wisdom is the willingness to admit ignorance and the determination to acquire knowledge and use it well. A wise person is good humored, compassionate, and kind.

9 Each of these thesis sentences previews the main points of the essay (each main point is a different color) A wise person isn’t a know-it-all, but rather someone who is curious about and receptive to new ideas and experiences. Wisdom is the willingness to admit ignorance and the determination to acquire knowledge and use it well. A wise person is good humored, compassionate, and kind.

10 The thesis should be A clear, simple sentence that clearly states the three points you’re planning to develop in the paragraphs of your essay; Once you have a working thesis, you’re ready to begin writing.

11 EssayEssay Part 2: Title and Introductions

12 Once you have a thesis, then You can draft the title and The introduction; Please Note: Titles and intros are the most rewritten parts of most essays. Don’t be afraid to revise.

13 The Title of the Essay All essays need a title; The title should… –Indicate the essay’s subject; –And it should attempt to capture the reader’s interest.

14 Writing the Introduction An introduction should have three parts: –A lead-in or HOOK, whose purpose is to capture the reader’s attention; –A transition section, which logically links the lead-in to the thesis; –And a thesis sentence that previews the main points of the essay.

15 Let’s go through the parts of the intro The Lead-In/Hook –Its purpose is to capture the attention of the reader; –It should be one of the strongest, most polished (most rewritten and tweaked) parts of your entire essay; –Remember...

16 Here are some lead-in/hook techniques you can use : Anecdote –Tell a relevant story Quotation –You can quote from someone famous or someone you know Description –Describe a scene, event, person or thing Contradiction –Start off with some variation of the following sentence: “Most people believe A, but actually...” Question –Just make sure it’s a question your reader would really ask Analogy –Compare the point you’re going to make with something the reader can relate to Allusion –Make a reference to something in literature, history or popular culture— something your reader will know about and relate to

17 Transition If the purpose of the lead-in is to gain the reader’s attention, The purpose of the transition is to prepare the reader for the point the writer makes in the thesis. The connection between the two must be logical

18 Thesis The last sentence of the introduction is the thesis sentence –The thesis should preview the main points of the essay; –It provides a logical roadmap to guide the reader through the essay.

19 Thesis: To get from El Paso to Dallas, a traveler must go through Odessa, Midland And Fort Worth. Body Paragraph 2: Midland Body Paragraph 1: Odessa Body Paragraph 3: Fort Worth Conclusion: Dallas Think of the thesis as a road map and each point of the thesis as means of getting to the destination.

20 EssayEssay Part 3: The Body Paragraph

21 All body paragraphs have four parts: Topic sentence Explanation of topic sentence Example Conclusion/transition to next paragraph

22 Topic Sentence The topic sentence is usually the first sentence of the paragraph; It tells the subject of that paragraph; It expresses the writer’s opinion about the subject; It restates a point already made in the thesis sentence.

23 For example, If we use the thesis sentence, Wise people are even-handed, open-minded and ultimately compassionate Then the topic sentence for the first body paragraph is Wise people are generally even- handed. The topic sentence for the second body paragraph would be In addition, they tend to be open-minded. The topic sentence for the third body paragraph might be These two qualities contribute to the third characteristic—a general compassion for other people.

24 Explanation of Topic Sentence Since every topic sentence expresses an opinion, it’s up to you, the writer, to clarify what you mean by your opinion; So, following the topic sentence, you should use several sentences to explain what you mean.

25 Example Up until now, you’ve only expressed opinion—you have to prove your point with an EXAMPLE; An example is something from the real world (a story, a description, a fact, a quote) that illustrates the truth of your topic sentence; Use quotes from a variety of text as examples.

26 Conclusion It explains your point. To write the conclusion, imagine that someone has asked you, “So what?” and then answer that question.

27 You’ll repeat the same pattern with the next two body paragraphs Topic sentence Explain the topic sentence Example Conclusion

28 EssayEssay Part 4 Writing the Conclusion

29 A conclusion paragraph does three things: It loops back to the lead-in: –Whatever you did in the introduction to capture your reader’s attention, –mention it at the beginning of the conclusion to signal that the paper is ending It briefly summarizes your main points – –One sentence or less! It wraps up your thesis –Most important part-it’s where you draw your conclusion.


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