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Introduction to Old and Middle English: Part II Chaucer‘s time and life April 21, 2006 Andreas H. Jucker.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Old and Middle English: Part II Chaucer‘s time and life April 21, 2006 Andreas H. Jucker."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Old and Middle English: Part II Chaucer‘s time and life April 21, 2006 Andreas H. Jucker

2 ahj/Winter semester 2005/06 Dialogue Analysis Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales

3 ahj/Winter semester 2005/06 Dialogue Analysis Geoffrey Chaucer Early 1340s: Chaucer born 1348/49: Black death 1359: Soldier in the king’s army 1372/73: First journey to Italy 1374: Controller of customs 1378: Second journey to Italy 1385: Justice of Peace in Kent : Clerk of the king’s word 1391: Deputy forester in Somerset 1400: Chaucer dies

4 ahj/Winter semester 2005/06 Dialogue Analysis Chaucer’s London Pearsall, Derek The Life of Geoffrey Chaucer. Oxford: Blackwell, p. 20.

5 ahj/Winter semester 2005/06 Dialogue Analysis Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales The manuscript Genre of the Tales: Collection of stories The General Prologue Genre of the General Prologue: Estates satire Those who fight (e.g. the knight) Those who pray (e.g. the parson) Those who labour (e.g. the ploughman)

6 ahj/Winter semester 2005/06 Dialogue Analysis Social hierarchy of Chaucer’s England Source: Jeffrey L. Singman and Will McLean Daily Life in Chaucer’s England. Westport: Greenwood, 23.

7 ahj/Winter semester 2005/06 Dialogue Analysis The Ellesmere Chaucer

8 ahj/Winter semester 2005/06 Dialogue Analysis

9 ahj/Winter semester 2005/06 Dialogue Analysis Chaucer’s Canterbury pilgrims The Knight The Prioress The Friar

10 ahj/Winter semester 2005/06 Dialogue Analysis Chaucer’s Canterbury pilgrims The Wife of Bath The Parson

11 ahj/Winter semester 2005/06 Dialogue Analysis Reassertion of English c first treatise on teaching French as a foreign language to children 1258 King Henry III issues first proclamation since the Norman Conquest in English Hundred Years’ War: animosity towards everything French Black Death 1362 Parliament opened for the first time in English 1381 Peasants’ Revolt 1340?-1400 The life of Geoffrey Chaucer

12 ahj/Winter semester 2005/06 Dialogue Analysis Towards an English standard 1423 The records of parliament in English c.1430 Town and Guild documents in English 1476 William Caxton’s printing press in Westminster 1499 Publication of English-Latin word list

13 ahj/Winter semester 2005/06 Dialogue Analysis Middle English Dialects Northern East Midland South East South West West Midland Source: Burnley 1983: xvi

14 ahj/Winter semester 2005/06 Dialogue Analysis Standardisation: The rise of East Midland Time: end of 14th century and 15th century Intermediate position between North and South Large, populous and prosperous area (Oxford), Cambridge London (political and cultural centre) Chancery clerks Caxton‘s printing press (1476)


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