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Community College Baccalaureate: Emerging Trends and Policy Issues The Community College Baccalaureate Association March 5, 2005 New York, New York Deborah.

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Presentation on theme: "Community College Baccalaureate: Emerging Trends and Policy Issues The Community College Baccalaureate Association March 5, 2005 New York, New York Deborah."— Presentation transcript:

1 Community College Baccalaureate: Emerging Trends and Policy Issues The Community College Baccalaureate Association March 5, 2005 New York, New York Deborah L. Floyd, Michael L. Skolnik and Kenneth P. Walker


3 Community College Baccalaureate (policies, practices, research) – chapter topics History, Rationale, and the CCBA US Models and Programs Canadian Models & Workforce Issues University Centers Applied Workforce Baccalaureates Practitioner models-St. Petersburg FL; Westark AK; Great Basin NV Ontario, Canada Applied Degrees- research A Cautionary View Resources

4 Definitions and Terminology What is a “community college baccalaureate”? How has the term been used? (models and programs) Who confers the degree… the defining variable Accreditation and classification issues

5 Community Colleges – Baccalaureate ( Typology) (Floyd, Ch 3 ) Articulation Model – Formal articulation agreements to facilitate transfer, university confers degrees University Center Model- concurrent use campuses, university confers degrees University Extension Model- university branches, university confers degrees Community College Baccalaureate Model- community college confers select baccalaureates

6 Community College Baccalaureate –What is it? Community college is authorized to confer baccalaureate degrees (governing board, regional accrediting association, etc.) The college maintains a focus on community college values, mission and focus (including conferring associate degrees) …. But, there are many other models and partnerships, net effect of a community college baccalaureate

7 Articulation Models Florida- State guaranteed transfer of associate degrees to state universities. Maryland-Statewide articulated transfer agreements, especially in teacher education disciplines And many others

8 University Center Models (Lorenzo typology, Chapter 5) Co-location – share physical space Enterprise- Consortium to develop and operate higher ed. Center (UTD & DDCCD/University Center, Greenville South Carolina) Virtual- on line upper division course work (Franklin University – Ohio)- partnership/bridge courses Integrated- Co-location to a higher level. Integrated student affairs, library, etc. (Brevard, FL – Central FL) Sponsorship – cc takes leadership role in determining offerings (Macomb CC- Michigan) Hybrid ( only one where the community college confers bachelor’s degrees)

9 University Center Examples North Harris Community College District (Houston) – 6 public universities, 21 unduplicated bachelor’s degree programs, 24 masters programs Broward Community College’s shared campus with Florida Atlantic University Yuma Educational Consortium with Northern Arizona University and Arizona Western College … and many more!

10 University Extension Models (diverse forms of state governance blur distinctions) University of West Virginia – Parkersburg (formerly Parkersburg CC until 1989) University of Arkansas at Fort Smith – (formerly Westark Community College until 2002) Oklahoma State University – Okmulgee (land grant university campus, highest degree associate, now approved for technical baccalaureate degrees in certain fields)

11 Community College Baccalaureate Models ( recent developments and examples)  Florida – St. Petersburg College (2001); Miami Dade College and Chipola College (2002); recent legislative activity  Nevada- Great Basin College (1999)  Texas- Brazosport College, Midland College, South Texas Community College (2003) – workforce baccalaureates  Utah-Utah Valley State College (1993); Dixie State College (2000) – 4 year now

12 Canadian Models and Programs Collaborative baccalaureate programs in nursing University colleges in British Columbia Applied baccalaureate programs in Alberta and Ontario

13 Some Recent Developments New bill in Arizona (“a shot across the bow”) Cherry Commission in Michigan recommends applied degrees Alberta Post-secondary Learning Act Effect on collaboration in B.C. Movement toward national accreditation in Canada?

14 Issues & Questions to Ponder … just a few Is one model of delivery more effective than another? Outcomes? Measures?  Articulation (and Collaborative) Models  Certification and post baccalaureate partnership Models, especially teacher ed.  University Extension Center Models  University Center Models  Community College Baccalaureate Models

15 ….More issues Curriculum - What are the curricular areas of focus? Workforce and applied? Are these programs meeting unmet needs in the workforce? Reasons and motivation - Why are community colleges moving in this direction? Access & Economics

16 New roles for faculty- questions What are faculty roles and expectations with each of these models and approaches? What effects do these approaches have on faculty morale, loads, job satisfactions? Will faculty teaching in baccalaureate programs retain their community college focus?... Change focus?

17 Fiscal Ramifications - questions What are the real costs of community college baccalaureate programs? How do these costs compare with university programs? Is one model more cost effective than the other? Should community college faculty teaching upper division courses be paid more money?

18 Looking to the future… What happens to community college students who graduate from a program? Success? Retention in profession? Postgraduate Study? Variations by model? Who will assume the research agenda for this movement so decision makers have good information for policy making? Will these changes in community colleges alter the fabric of these colleges as we know them? If so, in what ways?

19 Where do we go from here? Thoughts, questions, sharing…

20 Contact information: Dr. Deborah L. Floyd Associate Professor, Higher Education Florida Atlantic University 777 Glades Road Boca Raton, FL 33431 954-564-0344 - phone DFloyd@FAU.Edu

21 Contact information: Professor Michael L. Skolnik William G. Davis Chair in Community College Leadership University of Toronto 252 Bloor Street West Toronto, ON M4S 1E1 416-923-6641, Ext. 2308

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