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Rise of the Railways Resource provided by www.mylearning.org © Midland Railway Study Centre, The Silkwww.mylearning.org Mill, Derby's Museum of Industry.

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Presentation on theme: "Rise of the Railways Resource provided by www.mylearning.org © Midland Railway Study Centre, The Silkwww.mylearning.org Mill, Derby's Museum of Industry."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rise of the Railways Resource provided by © Midland Railway Study Centre, The Silkwww.mylearning.org Mill, Derby's Museum of Industry and History

2 Before the railways Roads were in bad condition Horsepower could only carry small loads Canals could not meet growing demand What was the answer? The Industrial Revolution created a need to transport materials quicker and cheaper. Resource provided by © Midland Railway Study Centre, The Silkwww.mylearning.org Mill, Derby's Museum of Industry and History

3 Steam locomotives In 1800 Richard Trevithick invented the first steam tramway locomotive. It was used to move goods rather than passengers. The locomotive could pull bigger loads over much greater distances. Resource provided by © Midland Railway Study Centre, The Silkwww.mylearning.org Mill, Derby's Museum of Industry and History

4 Passenger locomotives In 1825, the first steam locomotive to carry people was used. When it let out steam people ran away because they were scared. In 1829, Robert Stephenson designed a faster locomotive called the Rocket. This was the first train to run between cities. Resource provided by © Midland Railway Study Centre, The Silkwww.mylearning.org Mill, Derby's Museum of Industry and History

5 Railway mania By the 1830s, railway mania was gripping the country and over the next 50 years many new railway lines were developed. Listen to a steam train Source: Victorian Railways by Andrew Langley Resource provided by © Midland Railway Study Centre, The Silkwww.mylearning.org Mill, Derby's Museum of Industry and History

6 Rise of the Midland Railway Derby Railway Station opened in Three railway companies ran from Derby until 1844, when they joined together to form the Midland Railway. Rows of terraced houses were built around the station for railway workers. Resource provided by © Midland Railway Study Centre, The Silkwww.mylearning.org Mill, Derby's Museum of Industry and History

7 More and more people moved to Derby to work on the railways or in companies that sprang up because of the railway’s arrival. Workers at Midland Company’s locomotive works in Derby1860 YearPopulation of Derby , , ,000 Growth of Derby In 1851, 43% of the adults in Derby had been born outside the county. Resource provided by © Midland Railway Study Centre, The Silkwww.mylearning.org Mill, Derby's Museum of Industry and History

8 Railways bring change Before the railways time was different across the country. ‘Standardised time’ meant everyone could set their watches and clocks to the same time. This: Avoided confusion over timetables Reduced the number of accidents and near misses Everyday aspects of people’s lives changed in many ways that we take for granted today. Resource provided by © Midland Railway Study Centre, The Silkwww.mylearning.org Mill, Derby's Museum of Industry and History

9 News and leisure Newspapers could be delivered to the rest of the country within the day so news spread much faster. People were able to go on trips and holiday to new places. Football teams from industrial towns could travel to play matches on Saturdays to entertain workers on their afternoon off. Fresh food was more widely available and cheaper. Resource provided by © Midland Railway Study Centre, The Silkwww.mylearning.org Mill, Derby's Museum of Industry and History

10 Impact of the railways The railways opened up places and experiences that people had never had before. Resource provided by © Midland Railway Study Centre, The Silkwww.mylearning.org Mill, Derby's Museum of Industry and History

11 Why do you think the rise of the railways was so important??? Resource provided by © Midland Railway Study Centre, The Silkwww.mylearning.org Mill, Derby's Museum of Industry and History


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