Presentation on theme: "DISCRIMINATION WITHOUT BORDERS: HOPE WITHOUT BOUNDARIES Navigating Beyond International Discrimination Lukas Vojacek Silvia Schiavon Janice Bankert-Countryman."— Presentation transcript:
DISCRIMINATION WITHOUT BORDERS: HOPE WITHOUT BOUNDARIES Navigating Beyond International Discrimination Lukas Vojacek Silvia Schiavon Janice Bankert-Countryman
International Discrimination Negative attitudes and/or actions that cross international borders Stigma without geographic boundaries Issues of international discrimination guide us to the questions: What is going on? What do we do?
Discussion: International Discrimination What do you know about the situation of the Roma in Europe and the world today? What are your own experiences with discrimination that crosses borders? What do you know – and how do you learn about – issues of international discrimination?
Roma Community Zingari Gipsy Travellers Gitanos Kalè Sinti Cigány Pavee
Who are the Roma? Ethnic group who live primarily in Europe. Origins in the northern part of the Indian Subcontinent. The reason for their diaspora remains unknown (absence of written history). Population: 6-11 millions in the world Language: Romani, languages of native regions Religion: Christianity (Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Protestantism), Islam
History 1000-1050: Groups of low-caste Indians begin migration out of northern India toward Persia and Armenia. 1100: Romani people recorded in the Byzantine Empire. 1300: Romani already settled in Serbia; in the same period they reached the Balkans where they are perceived as aliens and enslaved. 1400-1600: Romani recorded living in Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Switzerland, Portugal, Denmark, Sweden. Anti-Romani law passed everywhere. 1936-1945: Nazis begin systematic persecution of Romani that culminated in the killing of 500,000 to 1,500,000 Romani in what is called Porajmos, the Romani Holocaust.
Present January 2006 : The University of Manchester has completed its “Romani project", the first morphologic study aiming to collect all the dialects of Romani language throughout Europe and dealing with their coherency. 2006: The first entirely Romani party has been founded in Hungary, called the "MCF Roma összefogás" (MCF Union of the Roma), although they reached only the 0,08% of total votes (from a total population registered for voting around 8 million people) at the parliamentary elections held on April 9, 2006. 2010: In July 2010, French President Nicolas Sarkozy began a high-profile, systematic deportation campaign against the Romani. His targets are Romanian and Bulgarian Roma.
Why Roma as an Example of International Discrimination? They are discriminated against everywhere. There are strong misconceptions about this unknown culture. Many studies about Roma have not yet been developed.
Break Please take up to ten minutes to enjoy refreshments and take a break. Restrooms are located on this floor. Please see a facilitator for directions. When we come back, we will continue to talk more about intercultural communication and international discrimination…
What is Intercultural Communication Competence? Culture The guidelines by which we live and make decisions Communicating among cultures Awareness of your own beliefs Awareness of others’ realities Commitment to seeking mutual understanding Flexibility How, when, and by what means we communicate Intercultural CommunicationCommunication Competence Consider the interactions that form and re-form your beliefs.
Discussion: What shapes your culture? Where do you learn the “rules”? In what intercultural interactions do you engage? How do we achieve intercultural communication competence? Is it important? How could your ideas be applied to the situation of Roma in Europe? How could your ideas be applied to situations of discrimination or intercultural communication in your communities? What is your lived experience? What are your ideas about intercultural communication? The goal of each group is to reach consensus on each of these questions.
Creating a New Culture of Competence From your discussions, what guidelines could be used for communicating competently among cultures? How will these guidelines deconstruct international discrimination?
Break Please take up to ten minutes to enjoy refreshments and take a break. Restrooms are located on this floor. Please see a facilitator for directions. When we return from Break, we will summarize our discussions and create together a framework for effectively communicating across cultures…
Synthesis From your discussions, what guidelines could be used for communicating competently among cultures? Promote openness and awareness. Promote dialogue. Focus on issues rather than blaming people. How will these guidelines deconstruct international discrimination? Consideration of issues from multiple perspectives leads to awareness – both of self and other. Communication and collaboration and leads to mutual understanding.
Conclusion Furthering the discussion: Globally In your communities In your social networks In your education
Resources: Roma and Issues of Discrimination Annual Report on Discrimination Issues in the Czech Republic. (2008, May 15). Retrieved October 08, 2010, from http://fra.europa.eu/fraWebsite/attachments/EU-MIDIS_ROMA_CS.pdf Appiah, K.A. and Gurmann, A. (1996) Color Conscious: The Political Morality of Race. New Jersey: Princeton University Press Dal Lago, A. (2002) Non-persone: l’esclusione dei migranti in una società globale Milano: Feltrinelli Daley, S. (2010, September 16). New York Times. Retrieved October 8, 2010, from Roma, on move, test Europe's 'Open Borders': http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/17/world/europe/17roma.html?_r=1&emc=eta1 Fonseca, I. (1995). Bury me standing: The Gypsies and their journey. New York, NY: Random House, Inc. Gyp. (nd). Retrieved October 11, 2010, from Dictionary.com: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/gyp Lombroso, C. (1879) L’uomo delinquente Milano: Fratelli Bocca Romani Culture Museum. (2008). Retrieved October 9, 2010, from History of Roma: http://www.rommuz.cz/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=316&Itemid=5&lang=en Smitherman, G., & Adrianus Van Dijk, T. (1988). Discourse and Discrimination. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
Resources: Communication Austin, J. A. (1975). Lecture II. In J. O. Urmson, & M. Sbisá, How to Do Things with Words (p. 15). Washington: President and Fellows of Harvard College. Berger, P.L. and Luckmann, T. (1966) The Social Construction of Reality : A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge New York: Anchor Books Foucalt, M. (1978). The Archaeology of Knowledge & The Discourse on Language. London: Sage Publication Ltd. Hacking, I. (1999). The Social Construction of What? Harvard University Press. Kincaid, D. L., & Figueroa, M. E. (2009). Communication for participatory development: Dialogue, action, and change. In L. R. Frey, & K. N. Cissna (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Applied Communication Research (pp. 506-532). New York, NY: Routledge. Patai, T. and Corral, W. H. (2005) Theory's Empire: An Anthology of Dissent New York: Columbia University Press Pearce, W. B., & Pearce, K. A. (2000). Extending the theory of Coordinated Management of Meaning (CMM) through a community dialogue process. Communication Theory, 10 (4), 405-423. Pearce, W. B., & Pearce, K. A. (2001). The Public Dialogue Consortium's school-wide dialogue process: A communication approach to develop citizenship skills and enhance school climate. Communication Theory, 11 (1), 105-123. Pearce, W. B. (2005). The Coordinated Management of Meaning (CMM). In W. B. Gudykunst (Ed.), Theorizing about Intercultural Communication (pp. 35-54). Thousand Oaks, CA. Searle, J. (1995). The Construction of Social Reality New York: Free Press. Social constructionism. (2010, October 11). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21:37, October 12, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Social_constructionism&oldid=390028726 Wood, L. A., & Kroger, R. O. (2000). Doing discourse analysis: methods for studying action in talk and text. London: Sage Publication Ltd.