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Iowa High School Points of Emphasis Spring 2013 Season Iowa Referee Committee.

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Presentation on theme: "Iowa High School Points of Emphasis Spring 2013 Season Iowa Referee Committee."— Presentation transcript:

1 Iowa High School Points of Emphasis Spring 2013 Season Iowa Referee Committee

2 This presentation has been modified from the original produced by the Iowa Referee Committee. Video clips have been removed to reduce the file size.

3 Activities Directors’ Feedback YearTotal ResponsesNegative ResponsesPercent Negative % % % Iowa Referee Committee

4 Coaches’ Feedback YearTotal ResponsesNegative ResponsesPercent Negative % % % Iowa Referee Committee

5 Coaches’ Areas of Concern 2010 – Control/Foul Recognition (24%) – Inconsistent/Indecisive (22%) – Misconduct (15%) – Unprofessional/Unapproachable (15%) – Positioning/Fitness (7%) – Dissent/Bench Control (7%) Iowa Referee Committee

6 Coaches’ Areas of Concern 2011 – Control/Foul Recognition (43%) – Inconsistent/Indecisive (15%) – Unprofessional/Unapproachable (13%) – Knowledge of Rules (12%) – Positioning/Fitness (11%) – Dissent/Bench Control (1%) Iowa Referee Committee

7 2012 Points of Emphasis Recap Foul Recognition/Game Control Professionalism/Knowledge of Rules Positioning/Fitness Iowa Referee Committee

8 Coaches’ Areas of Concern 2012 – Control/Foul Recognition (35%) – Knowledge of Rules (19%) – Positioning/Fitness (13%) – Inconsistent/Indecisive (13%) – Unprofessional/Unapproachable (12%) – Dissent/Bench Control (0%) Iowa Referee Committee

9 2013 Points of Emphasis Foul Recognition Game Control Knowledge of Rules Professionalism Iowa Referee Committee

10 2013 Points of Emphasis Foul Recognition Game Control Knowledge of Rules Professionalism Iowa Referee Committee

11 Foul Recognition 4 components of a foul – Committed by a player – Against an opponent – On the field of play – The ball must be in play Iowa Referee Committee

12 Foul Recognition Types of Fouls – Careless (simple) Fouls – Reckless Fouls – Fouls committed with Excessive Force – Tactical Fouls – Denying an Obvious Goal Scoring Opportunity Iowa Referee Committee

13 Foul Recognition Careless Fouls – Majority of fouls – No need to caution or eject Must be cognizant of persistent infringement – May be considered trifling – Must be aware of advantage possibilities Iowa Referee Committee

14 Foul Recognition Trifling v. Advantage Trifling – Minor incident that had no impact on match Slight contact that had no effect on player Challenge with contact, but with no chance for either player to play ball, so no impact on outcome – No signal or indication needed from referee Advantage – Clear foul where the team that is fouled has better outcome if foul is not called – Requires referee to indicate advantage signal Iowa Referee Committee

15 Foul Recognition Reckless Fouls – A player acts in a manner with complete disregard to the danger to, or consequences for his opponent – Late challenge – Little risk of causing injury – MUST be shown a Yellow Card Iowa Referee Committee

16 Foul Recognition Fouls committed with Excessive Force – A player far exceeds the necessary use of force and is in danger of injuring his opponent – Targets the plant leg – Straight Leg (knee locked) – Cleat Exposed – MUST be shown a Red Card Iowa Referee Committee

17 Foul Recognition Fouls committed with Excessive Force – Speed of play – Intent – Aggressive – Position of the tackler – Opportunity to play the ball – Atmosphere of game Iowa Referee Committee

18 Foul Recognition Fouls committed with Excessive Force – Not all aspects of SIAPOA must be present – When all are it is usually an obvious red card – When only a couple are present it is more difficult to discern Iowa Referee Committee

19 Foul Recognition Tactical Fouls – Designed to break up a promising attack or create goal scoring chance – Can happen anywhere on the field – Frequently used to stop quick counter attacks – Common Examples Deliberate Handling to prevent outlet pass or score goal Holding/Charging to slow attacker on or off ball Defender grabs shirt after being beat – Usually need to be sanctioned with Yellow Card Iowa Referee Committee

20 Foul Recognition Denying an Obvious Goal Scoring Opportunity – Preventing an obvious opportunity to score a goal by committing a foul This does not mean preventing a goal… just the opportunity to score one – Must meet all of the 4 D’s criteria to be considered Direction of play Distance to goal Distance to ball number of Defenders Iowa Referee Committee

21 Foul Recognition Denying an obvious goal scoring opportunity Direction of play – Player must be moving towards the goal at the time of the foul Iowa Referee Committee

22 Foul Recognition Denying an obvious goal scoring opportunity Number of Defenders – There should be no other defenders with the opportunity to challenge the attacker other than the one that commits the foul – This excludes the goalkeeper Iowa Referee Committee

23 Foul Recognition Denying an obvious goal scoring opportunity Distance to goal – The closer to goal the more obvious the opportunity to score a goal – This can vary by skill level If the foul is committed at midfield with the other criteria present, is it an obvious opportunity? Iowa Referee Committee

24 Foul Recognition Denying an obvious goal scoring opportunity Distance to ball – The attacker must be close enough to the ball to continue playing it at the time of the foul This does not mean the ball has to be at their feet It does mean in your opinion they would be the next to play it if not fouled Iowa Referee Committee

25 Foul Recognition Denying an obvious goal scoring opportunity If, in the referee’s opinion, the 4 D’s are met the foul must be sanctioned with a red card. NOTE: In NFHS * attempting to deny an obvious goal scoring opportunity with the hand must be sanctioned with a caution if unsuccessful. * Refer to Rule f(13) and d(1). Iowa Referee Committee

26 Foul Recognition Iowa Referee Committee Comparative Study of Rules and Laws from the NFHS Officiating Central Hub (Arbiter Sports) 09-Aug.-'12 Caution-Reasons (Yellow Card)... Hand ball to prevent goal and ball goes into goal. Ejection-Reasons (Red Card)... hand ball to prevent goal if ball does not go into goal; …

27 2013 Points of Emphasis Foul Recognition Game Control Knowledge of Rules Professionalism Iowa Referee Committee

28 Game Control Managing Players Consistency Fitness Teamwork Iowa Referee Committee

29 Game Control Managing Players Managing Players Consistency Fitness Teamwork Iowa Referee Committee

30 Game Control Managing Players – Be Respectful – Be Firm – Be Decisive – Be Personable – Be Compassionate – Be Tolerant Iowa Referee Committee

31 Game Control Managing Players – Dissent Recognize emotional outburst v. ongoing dissent Players are passionate – we need to allow it if possible – Critical decisions cause an emotional reaction – that is OK – If they cross the line, you must address it Deal with ongoing dissent – Address it early in the match – Don’t be afraid to caution, but other tools are available » Talk with player (quietly or ceremonially) » Tell teammates to get him under control Iowa Referee Committee

32 Game Control How to Manage Players Player A is fouled but you make no call (trifling/advantage) – At the next dead ball, tell player A you saw it “I had it there, but I thought your forward was going to make you a hero since you had numbers. You good with that?” – Earns you credibility Players think you have great match awareness Otherwise they think you just missed it Iowa Referee Committee

33 Game Control How to Manage Players Player A is fouled and wants caution you aren’t giving – Be Compassionate – “I know that hurts.” – Explain why no caution without being rude “I understand it might feel like a caution, but it was just slightly mistimed…there was nothing too malicious in it.” Iowa Referee Committee

34 Game Control How to Manage Players Two players verbally engaging each other – Intervene early – “guys knock it off” No need to stop play if it is just talk Say it loud enough so others hear – again shows awareness – If it escalates, take control Bring them together and talk to them together Don’t threaten directly but give consequences “This is an important game and I don’t think any of your teammates want to play 10 minutes of it without you.” Iowa Referee Committee

35 Game Control Managing Players Consistency Consistency Fitness Teamwork Iowa Referee Committee

36 Game Control Consistency – Good referees are consistent in their recognition of fouls, but not always in their selection of which to call or when to apply additional sanctions – As the game changes so must the referee’s decision process – Minute 1 = Minute 80 in most matches – Deal with similar situations in a similar manner It does not have to be identical, but it must be close Iowa Referee Committee

37 Game Control Consistency – Same hard challenge could have multiple outcomes within the same match Time of match (early v. late) Temperature of match (easy v. chippy) Location of foul (in front of benches v. middle of field) Player fouled (role player v. team star) Previous incidents (no history v. retaliation) Iowa Referee Committee

38 Game Control Consistency – Key is that the foul is recognized in the same manner at all times – That is consistency – The decision the officials make based upon all factors may be different – This is refereeing and may vary from moment to moment within a match Iowa Referee Committee

39 Game Control Managing Players Consistency Fitness Fitness Teamwork Iowa Referee Committee

40 Game Control Fitness – Start now if you haven’t already – Vary workouts Long runs Intervals Sprints – Don’t referee to stay in shape, but stay in shape to referee (you need to do more than just games) – Stay hydrated Iowa Referee Committee

41 Game Control Fitness – Personal responsibility – If not fit, don’t do the match If you can’t keep up you will make mistakes You fail the kids that work too hard – Missing a foul call is excusable – Making mistakes because you are not fit is inexcusable – we owe the students more Iowa Referee Committee

42 Game Control Managing Players Consistency Fitness Teamwork Teamwork Iowa Referee Committee

43 Game Control Teamwork – ARs Assist, don’t insist Make calls actively within your area Don’t insert self when not needed Offer information when requested Iowa Referee Committee

44 Game Control Teamwork – Referee Needs to be receptive to input Protect ARs from dissent Use information provided to make key decisions – For critical situations a conference is OK – Entire team should help monitor trouble players Referee can loudly tell the AR to watch a certain player Lets everyone know, including trouble player, that you are aware Iowa Referee Committee

45 2013 Points of Emphasis Foul Recognition Game Control Knowledge of Rules Professionalism Iowa Referee Committee

46 Knowledge of Rules Most basic responsibility Like fitness, failure is inexcusable Study, Study, Study Iowa Referee Committee

47 Knowledge of Rules Resources – NFHS Rule Book – Comparative Study of Rules and Laws – NFHS Central Hub on Arbiter Sports Iowa Referee Committee

48 2013 Points of Emphasis Foul Recognition Game Control Knowledge of Rules Professionalism Iowa Referee Committee

49 Professionalism Before the match During the match Halftime Post match After the match Iowa Referee Committee

50 Professionalism Before the match – Prepare yourself mentally and physically Do not do multiple matches Eat properly – Arrive on time Be ready 30 minutes prior to match – Dress appropriately School appropriate attire If in uniform (not recommended), shirt tucked in and socks pulled up Iowa Referee Committee

51 Professionalism Before the match – Meet with coaches Cordial but brief Equal time with each coach Don’t engage in dialogue about the last referee! – Warm up Even a short jog is effective – Gets your heart rate up – Shows dedication to the teams Iowa Referee Committee

52 Professionalism Before the match – Pregame conference Always make time for conference with referee team Cover key topics (adjust for time) As referee always ask ARs if they have questions or have something they want covered – Meet with teams Cover sportsmanship First chance to set your style to the team – Humor, strict, approachable, standoffish Iowa Referee Committee

53 Professionalism Before the match – Captains meeting Invite the coaches Be brief (they aren’t taking info back to their teams) Let them get back to warming up – Timing Make sure the teams aren’t waiting for you Start on time Iowa Referee Committee

54 Professionalism During the match – Stay calm and in control – Remain approachable – Stay focused Iowa Referee Committee

55 Professionalism Halftime – Avoid coaches when leaving the field If approached remain calm End discussion quickly and firmly – Do not check your cell phone – Speak quietly and away from teams/fans about game situations Iowa Referee Committee

56 Professionalism Post match – Do not seek out coaches or players for handshakes – If they approach you, be courteous – Avoid arguments Remove yourself from the situation Do not raise your voice – Do not discuss decisions within earshot of players, coaches, or fans Iowa Referee Committee

57 Professionalism After the match – Complete the required game reports Match report Ejection reports – Alert assigner of any issues Iowa Referee Committee

58 Questions ? Iowa Referee Committee


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