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Intermediate Referee Training AYSO Region 104/1447

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1 Intermediate Referee Training AYSO Region 104/1447
Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

2 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Agenda Friday 6:15 Introduction 6:30 - 7:00 Review Sample Test 7:00 - 8:00 The Referee Team Break 8: :00 Fouls, Misconduct & Foul Play Saturday 9:00-11:00 Field Session at Montgomery Park - Diagonal System of Control - Offside & How to be an AR 11:00-12:00 Lunch 12:00-1:00 Diagonal System of Control, Offside & How to be an AR (classroom) 1:00-2:00 Interactions with Coaches, Players & Spectators 2:10-2:50 AYSO National Referee program 3:00 Exam Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

3 AYSO Region 104 Intermediate Referee Course
This clinic provides additional training for the Regional Referee and is oriented toward U-11+ matches Please legibly fill out: The attendance roster (left side info only), The Referee Contact Information card, A volunteer application, and An Application for Referee Certification form (top part) Volunteer application must be completed by every volunteer, every year Not needed if you’ve completed it since start of season (Aug 1st) If you’re from another region, please indicate your region on the sign-in roster Revised 6/1/06. Added the “Please legibly fill out…” bullet Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

4 Intermediate Referee Certification Requirements
CR 25 or more games, with at least 5 games in U11+ Attend the Intermediate Referee Course Modules 14 through 19 Pass the Intermediate Ref. Exam (min score of 90%) Receive a mentoring observation as a CR Must be done by a certified assessor Get recommendation for upgrade by your Regional Ref. Administrator or Regional Director of Ref. Assessment For Region 104 that’s Dave Lauben or Cynthia Nuttall, respectively Complete the AYSO Application for Referee Certification and have it signed by Area Referee Administrator (Jon Rogers) Send completed application to AYSO National (NTSC) AYSO National will mail the Intermediate Referee Badge to you Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

5 Benefits and Expectations as an Intermediate Referee
At the end of this clinic, students from Region 104 will receive a gold (yellow) referee jersey If needed, additional referee supplies are available for Region 104 referees for the new season Referees are requested to center at least 8 games over the next year Typically 8 over next 12 months Games should be: At the U-11 or higher level In Region 104 regular season play Slide added 6/1/06. Change 1st point to read “At the end of this clinic, Region 104 student that pass the exam, will receive a full referee uniform and equipment set” Delete 2nd sub-bullet Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

6 Review of the Sample Intermediate Referee Exam
Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

7 Review of the Sample Intermediate Referee Exam (continued)
Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

8 Review of the Sample Intermediate Referee Exam (continued)
Midway through the 1st half (or end of 1st qtr) Halftime Midway through the 2nd half (or end of 3rd qtr) For an injured player The moment the ball is played (or touched) by a teammate. Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

9 Intermediate Ref. Exam (con’t)
IFK RED KO BLUE Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

10 Review of the Sample Intermediate Referee Exam (continued)
Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

11 Module 14 The Referee Team
Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

12 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
The Referee Team The Referee Team evolved with the game Officials originally introduced in soccer as representatives of teams Teams demanded a neutral opinion and the official stood on the side of the field The official eventually was brought onto the field and 2 assistants added on the touchline As more unsporting acts were committed by players, the diagonal system was developed to have 2 sets of eyes on the players and facilitate game control The Diagonal System of Control is the most widely used system and is the only system recognized by FIFA and AYSO Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

13 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Duties of the Referee Laws 5 and 6 (The Referee and Assistant Referee, respectively) Duties of the Referee Enforces the Laws of the Game Controls the match in cooperation with the assistant referees and where applicable, with the fourth official - They are a team! Ensures that any ball used meets the requirements of Law 2 Ensures that the players’ equipment meets the requirements of Law 4 Acts as timekeeper and keeps a record of the match Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

14 Duties of the Referee (cont.)
Has discretionary power to stop, suspend, or terminate play for any infringement of the Laws Stop: Play will continue as soon as a restart is given. Suspend: Play will not continue until conditions the referee has stipulated have been satisfied. Terminate: Play will not continue under any conditions Has discretionary power to stop, suspend, or terminate play because of outside interference of any kind Stops for injury. In AYSO this means at any time Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

15 Duties of the Referee (cont.)
Ensures that any player that is bleeding from a wound leaves the field of play Allows play to continue when the team against which an offense has been committed will benefit from such an advantage but penalizes the original offense if the anticipated advantage is not gained or maintained at that time (Advantage) Punishes the more serious offense when a player commits more than one offense at the same time Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

16 Duties of the Referee (cont.)
Takes disciplinary action against players guilty of cautionable and sending-off offenses. He is not obliged to take this action immediately but must do so when the ball next goes out of play Takes action against team officials who fail to conduct themselves in a responsible manner and may at his discretion dismiss them from the field of play and its immediate area Acts on the advice of (neutral) assistant referees regarding incidents which he has not seen Ensures that no unauthorized persons enter the field of play Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

17 Duties of the Referee (cont.)
Restarts the match after it has been stopped Provides the appropriate authorities with a match report which includes information on any disciplinary action taken against players and/or team officials and any other incidents which occurred before, during or after the match. Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

18 Duties of the Assistant Referee
Indicates when a player may be penalized for being in an offside position Indicates when misconduct or other incident has occurred out of sight of the referee Indicates when a substitution is requested Assists the referee to control the game. Most commonly, this includes helping with pre-game duties and confirming goals When supplying information to the referee, assistant referees simply report; the referee decides. Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

19 Referee and AR Positioning
Dynamic play Right or left diagonal Referee position AR position Ball over touchline (AR quadrant) Throw In across halfway line Goal scored Set plays Goal kicks Corner kicks Kick off Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

20 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
The Referee Team Pre-game meeting Indicate diagonal (R/L) to be used Offside Fouls seen by AR Timekeeping and score keeping Substitution control Set plays: Goal Kick, Corner Kick, Kick-off Half-time & post game Enter/leave field together Discuss game issues, changes Complete paperwork Communication is key for effective game control by the Referee Team Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

21 The Referee Team Philosophy
AYSO Rules & Regulations 1.D.5 The Laws of the game are intended to provide that games should be played with as little interference as possible, and in this view it is the duty of the referees to penalize only deliberate breaches of the Law. Constant whistling for trifling and doubtful breaches produces bad feelings and loss of temper on the part of the players and spoils the pleasure of spectators. Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

22 >> Break Time <<
10 Minutes Please Instructors will collect your Volunteer Application Form (if needed) and Referee Contact Information Card Please fill out the Referee Attendance Roster form is you have done so already. 8/29/06: Added “SSN provided” 8/30/06: Added “Driver’s License #” and “Attendance Roster from and CVP Locator Card” Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

23 Module 15 Fouls, Misconduct and Foul Play, Intermediate (Law 12)
Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

24 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Fouls and Misconduct Law 12 is divided into Fouls & Misconduct Fouls are committed by players, on the field of play when the ball is in play against an opponent. The referee stops play. Misconduct may be committed by any player or substitute, can occur before, during or after the game, with the ball in or out of play, anywhere on or off the field. There are two types of fouls, direct free kick offenses (penal) and indirect free kick offenses (non-penal). Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

25 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
What is a Foul? An unfair or unsafe act: by a player, against an opponent (or the opposing team), on the field of play, and while the ball is in play. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

26 Direct Free Kick Offenses
There are ten direct free kick (penal) offenses Six of these apply when players commit acts in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force. The other four are based on if the act occurred Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

27 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
DFK Offenses (cont.) Six actions based on the act involving careless, reckless or using excessive force: Kicking an opponent * Tripping an opponent * Jumping at an opponent Charging an opponent Striking an opponent * Pushing an opponent * May also include the attempt of the act Four actions based on if the act occurred: Making contact with an opponent prior to contacting the ball Holding an opponent Spitting at an opponent Deliberately handling the ball Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

28 DFK Offenses: Careless, Reckless & Excessive Force
“Careless” - The player did not exercise due caution in making a play. “Careless” = “regular” foul “Reckless” – The player’s actions were unnatural (to fair play) and designed to intimidate an opponent, gain unfair advantage, or unreasonable risk of injury to opponent. “Reckless” = “Caution” “Excess force”: player far exceeded the use of force necessary to make a fair play for the ball and created considerable danger of bodily harm to opponent “Excessive Force” = “Send Off” Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

29 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Striking an Opponent Direct contact using hand, arm, elbow, head, knee, or by throwing and object (including the ball). Occurs where contact is made or attempted with the opponent. Striking (as with kicking and spitting) should normally be considered misconduct. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

30 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Fair Charging Fair charge usually means “shoulder to shoulder”, but not a requirement. When heights & weights vary greatly, a fair charge may not be possible. Fair charge can result in charged player falling to the ground. Fair charge must be directed toward the area of the shoulder and not the center of the opponent’s back (the spinal area). Not a violation of Law 12 for two players to charge the same opponent simultaneously, though each charge must be considered individually, and is conducted fairly and legally. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

31 Charging the Goalkeeper
Referees must carefully observe any charge against the goalkeeper (not in possession of the ball) if the charge is: Careless, reckless, or with excessive force (direct free kick) Performed in a dangerous manner (indirect free kick) Prevent the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from the hands (indirect free kick). Charging the keeper who is in possession (with hands) of the ball is prohibited. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

32 Charging an Opponent Away From the Ball
A player who charges an opponent in an otherwise legal manner, (not carelessly, recklessly, nor with excessive force) but with the ball not within playing distance has infringed the law. Such an “off the ball” charge is considered a form of impeding the progress of an opponent (though contact has occurred) and is penalized with an indirect free kick restart for the opposing team. If the referee considers the charge to be careless, recklessly, or involving excessive force, the restart is a direct free kick. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

33 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Tripping an Opponent Includes moving under the opponent using the body to upset or upend the opponent. Also known as “bridging.” Referee must distinguish act of tripping from trip resulting from fair play Players may trip over or fall over an opponent as a result of natural play; no foul. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

34 DFK Offenses – The Four Based on Committing the Act
A direct free kick is also awarded if a player commits any of the following four offenses: Tackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball making contact with the opponent before touching the ball Holds an opponent Spits at an opponent Handles the ball deliberately Exception: for the goalkeeper within her own penalty area) Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

35 Contact with the Opponent Before Touching the Ball
Making contact with the opponent before the ball when making a tackle is unfair and should be penalized. Contact with the ball first does not automatically mean the tackle is fair. Declaration by a player (or coach/spectator) that he/she was “playing the ball” is irrelevant. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

36 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Holding an Opponent Includes stretching out the arms to prevent and opponent form moving past or around. (under recognized) A player who blatantly holds onto or pulls an opponent or and opponent’s clothing to…. Play the ball, Gain possession of the ball Prevent an opponent form playing the ball …should be cautioned and shown the yellow card for unsporting behavior. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

37 Deliberately Handling the Ball
“Handling the Ball”: Deliberate contact with the ball by a player’s hand or arm (fingertips, upper arm, and outer shoulder included) to direct the ball. Deliberate Contact – The player could have avoided the touch but chose not to. Moving hands or arms instinctively to protect the face or body does not constitute deliberate contact. Placing the hands or arms to protect the body at a free kick (in a wall) allowed. Subsequent action to direct or control the ball is a foul. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

38 The Restart After a DFK Offense
The restart from a DFK (penal) offense will be a Direct Free Kick. If that offense was committed by a defender inside her own penalty area, a Penalty Kick for the attackers is awarded. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

39 Indirect Free Kick Offenses: Goalkeeper Restrictions
There are four IFK offenses for a goalkeeper inside his own penalty area: Takes more than six seconds while controlling the ball with his hands before releasing it from his possession. Touches the ball again with his hands after releasing it from his possession and before it has been touched by any other player. Touches the ball with his hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team‑mate. Touches the ball with his hands after he has received it directly from a throw‑in taken by a team‑mate. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

40 Second Handling Touch by the Goalkeeper
A goalkeeper who has taken hand control of the ball then released ball back into play, may not handle the ball again until it has been played by: 1) an opponent anywhere on the field, or 2) by a teammate who is outside the penalty area. This includes parrying the ball, but excludes an accidental rebound or a save. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

41 Ball Played to the Goalkeeper from Teammate
Occurs when a goalkeeper touches the ball with his hands directly after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a teammate. Also applies to when the goalkeeper receives the ball from a throw in by a teammate. Does not include situations in which the ball has been accidentally deflected or misdirected. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

42 Indirect Free Kick Offenses Applying to Any Player
The following three IFK offenses apply to any player: Plays in a dangerous manner Impedes the progress of an opponent Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his hands Also, an IFK results from any other offense for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

43 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Dangerous Play The act, in the opinion of the referee, meets three criteria: Dangerous to someone (including player who commit the act) Committed with an opponent close by The action caused the opponent to cease active play for the ball or to be otherwise disadvantaged by the attempt not to participate in the dangerous play. It is an offense only when an opponent is adversely affected, usually because the opponent can’t fairly (safely) challenge for the ball as a direct result of the player’s act. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

44 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Dangerous Play (cont.) A player playing in a dangerous manner has not committed a foul if there was no opponent is nearby (e.g. near only teammates). Remember, fouls can only be committed against opponents or the opposing team. Take into account the experience and skill level of the players Playing with cleats up in a threatening or intimidating manner is more likely to be judged as a dangerous play in youth matches, without regard to the reaction of the opponents. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

45 Goalkeeper Possession of the Ball
The goalkeeper is in possession of the ball while bouncing it on the ground or while throwing it into the air. Means possession in the keeper’s hands. Keeper may be challenged while dribbling. While the ball is in possession of the keeper, opponent may not play or challenge for the ball. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

46 Preventing the Goalkeeper from Releasing the Ball into Play
An opponent may not interfere with or block the goalkeeper’s release of the ball into play. Cannot try to block the goalkeeper’s movement while he/she is holding the ball or do anything which hinders, interferes with, or blocks the goalkeeper who is throwing or punting the ball back into play. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

47 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
IFK Foul Restart The restart from a IFK offense is an Indirect Free Kick. If the offense was committed by a defender inside goal area, the ball is positioned on the goal area line parallel to the goal line (the 6 yard line) at the point nearest to where the infraction occurred. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

48 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Advantage Clause Advantage (Law 5) - The referee “allows play to continue when the team against which an offense has been committed will benefit from such an advantage…” Referees must avoid stopping play if doing so would take away a benefit from the team against which the offense was committed. Referee Signals by raising both arms and calling out “Advantage” or “Play On” Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

49 General Guidelines for Advantage
Applies mainly to older ages in AYSO Doesn’t apply when a serious physical foul occurs Generally appropriate in attacking 1/3 of field Rarely applies in the defensive 1/3 of the field and only occasionally in middle 1/3 of field 6/22/07: Slide & content added Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

50 Module 15 Fouls, Misconduct and Foul Play - Misconduct (Law 12)
Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

51 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Misconduct Offenses Two categories of misconduct offenses: Cautionable offenses where the yellow card is shown Seven different offenses Sending-off offenses where the red card is shown Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

52 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Cautionable Offenses A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if he commits any of the following seven offences: Is guilty of unsporting behavior Shows dissent by word or action Persistently infringes the Laws of the Game Delays the restart of play Fails to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner kick, free kick, or throw-in Enters or re-enters the field of play without the referee’s permission Deliberately leaves the field of play without the referee’s permission Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

53 Cautionable Offenses (for substitutes)
A substitute or substituted player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if he commits any of the following three offences: Is guilty of unsporting behavior Shows dissent by word or action Delays the restart of play Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

54 Philosophy on Cautions
Evaluate a player’s behavior based on several factors: Does the act meet the generally accepted and understood meaning of the offense? Was the act, even if an offense, trifling? Would the issuance of a caution for this misconduct likely have desirable results for game and/or player management? Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

55 Review of Send‑off Offenses
A player, substitute, or substituted player is sent off and shown the red card if he commits any of the following seven offenses. Serious foul play Violent conduct Spits at an opponent or any other person. Denies an opponent an obvious goal‑scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball Denies an obvious goal‑scoring opportunity by an offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick. Uses offensive, insulting or abusive language/gestures. Receives a second caution in the same match Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

56 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
The Send‑off Offenses Serious foul play Committed only while the ball is in play, against an opponent when challenging for the ball. Commits one of the Law 12 fouls in a violent manner Violent conduct May be committed against teammates, coaches, spectators, officials, equipment, or property before, during or after the match. Also may be committed against an opponent when the ball is out of play or when the ball is in play but the aggressing player is not challenging for the ball. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

57 The Send‑off Offenses (continued)
Spits at an opponent or any other person. Denies an opponent a goal or an obvious goal‑scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball This does not apply to the goalkeeper within his own penalty area. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

58 The Send‑off Offenses (continued)
Denies an obvious goal‑scoring opportunity to an opponent moving toward the player's goal by an offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick. Uses offensive or insulting or abusive language including language or gestures. This includes the use of obscene, vulgar, derogatory, humiliating, demeaning, or slanderous words. Receives a second caution in the same match At the time of the second caution, show the yellow card followed immediately by the red card Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

59 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Send-off Situations Almost every Advanced Referee will have to send off and show the red card to a player once or twice in his career. Good referees anticipate these situations and defuse them, but even the best referees eventually meet that player who almost demands to be sent from the field. When the time comes, referees need to know how to recognize it, how to handle it, how to administer it, and how to report it. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

60 Guidelines for Sending‑Off a Player or Substitute
Avoid being angry or defensive about sending off a player and do not take it personally. Be firm in the decision to send off and do not show uncertainty, timidity, or ambivalence when doing so. Attempt to isolate the player, but do not make physical contact. Keep the field and other players in view; stand off to the side if possible. Advise the player of his misconduct and of his disqualification. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

61 Guidelines for Sending‑Off a Player or Substitute (cont.)
Show the red card by holding it straight up in the air and then immediately put it away. If the misconduct is a second cautionable offense, first display the yellow card, put it away, then display the red card. Record the misconduct and the send‑off. Check to be certain the offender has not only left the field, but also the area, and then restart with the appropriate method. Use an indirect free kick if play was stopped for the send‑off. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

62 Guidelines for Sending‑Off a Player or Substitute (cont.)
Submit a report (preferably written, or verbal if the region allows it) to the referee administrator and regional commissioner. The most important aspect of the process is to try to analyze why it occurred and to develop strategies that will lesson the likelihood of it occurring again. Simply accepting it as a necessary proof of authority is shortsighted. Seeing it as a challenge to other refereeing skills offers the opportunity for improvement. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

63 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Fouls and Misconduct A player may carry out a combination of "Misconduct" and "Foul" and the referee may sanction one, the other, or both. The position of the restart will depend upon where and by whom the offense or misconduct occurred. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

64 Restarts for Misconduct
If play is stopped solely to deal with misconduct committed by a player on the field the proper restart is an IFK from the location of the misconduct (subject to Law 8 and Law 13). If play stopped for a foul in addition to misconduct the restart is determined by the foul Restart cannot be a DFK unless the reason for the stoppage included a DFK foul. If misconduct occurs while play is stopped, the restart is determined by the original reason for the stoppage. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

65 Field Session Tomorrow at Montgomery Park
Comanche between San Pedro & San Mateo Starts at 9 am Meet near foot bridge Bring Water and Suitable Attire If bad weather, meet here at the ATC instead. 8/29/06: Added “SSN provided” 8/30/06: Added “Driver’s License #” and “Attendance Roster from and CVP Locator Card”

66 Module 18 Diagonal System of Control and Games Tactics (classroom)
Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

67 The Diagonal System of Control and Game Tactics
AR CR changes his position to maintain play between himself and the AR At any given moment, two officials should be in position to view play from different angles. Eye contact between CR & AR is important CR AR Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

68 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Game Objectives Objectives change depending on field position and ball possession ATTACKING OBJECTIVES: SCORE – The ultimate objective of the game is to score the most goals. ADVANCE – The ball must be advanced to be within scoring distance. POSSESSION – Possession of the ball must be maintained in order to advance within scoring distance. DEFENDING OBJECTIVES: STOP SCORING – The ultimate objective can be restated as preventing the opposing team from scoring the most goals. DELAY – When the opposing team gains possession of the ball, their advance must be delayed to gain time to organize the defense. REGAIN – Regaining possession of the ball is the defensive objective once the defense is organized. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

69 Module 16 Offside – Intermediate and How to Be a Good AR (classroom)
Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

70 Throw-In for attackers Throw-In for defenders
Assistant Referee Signals: Throw-in Touch line Throw-In for attackers Throw-In for defenders Goal line Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

71 Pointing toward corner Signal used for both near and far corners
AR Signals: Corner Kick Pointing toward corner Signal used for both near and far corners Touch line Goal line Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

72 Pointing toward Goal Area
AR Signals: Goal Kick Goal line Pointing toward Goal Area Goal Area Touch line Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

73 AR Signal: Offside Flag is held steady Touch line Goal line
Also could mean ball out of play Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

74 Position of Offside Player
AR Signals Position of Offside Player Goal line Offside on the near side of the field Offside on far side of the field Offside in the center of the field Touch line Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

75 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
AR Signals: Substitution Touch line Goal line Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

76 AR Signal: Foul Flick or wave the flag and make eye contact with CR.
Touch line Goal line After whistle, point direction at a 45 degree angle in the direction of free kick. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

77 AR Signals: Goal/No Goal
Scored Touch line Move briskly toward 18 yard line and position on kickoff Goal line Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

78 Offside – Intermediate (Law 11)
Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

79 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Offside Position For a player to be in offside position 3 things must be true… 1. The player is closer to the opponents’ goal line than the ball 2. The player is in the opponent’s half of the field 3. The player is closer to the opponents’ goal line than the second last opponent It is not an offense to be in an offside position ‘05 LOTG defined closer to mean any part of the players head, body, or feet, (arms specifically excluded, previously the torso was used to judge closer) Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

80 Offside Involvement Defined
A player in an offside position is only penalized if, at the moment the ball touches or is played by one of her team she is, in the opinion of the referee, Involved in Active Play by: 1. interfering with play, or 2. interfering with an opponent, or 3. gaining an advantage by being in that position. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

81 Offside – Area of Active Play
That portion of the field where players are directly and actively involved after the ball has been played. The size of the area of actively play will vary with the movement of the ball, age of the players, and the speed of play. The area of active play changes continually. The area of active play is a guide used to determine offside infractions Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

82 The Restarts When Offside Does Not Apply
There is no offside offense if a player receives the ball direct from: A goal kick, A throw-in, or A corner kick Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

83 Offside/Not Offside Example 2
An attacker in an offside position (A), not interfering with an opponent, does not touch the ball. NOT OFFSIDE - The player cannot be penalized because he did not touch the ball. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

84 Offside/Not Offside Example 3
An attacker in an offside position (A) runs towards the ball and a teammate in onside position (B) runs also towards the ball and plays it. NOT OFFSIDE - Player (A) cannot be penalized because he did not touch the ball. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

85 Offside/Not Offside Example 5
An attacker in an offside position (1) runs towards the ball and does not touch the ball. GOAL KICK (NOT OFFSIDE) - The assistant referee should signal “goal kick”. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

86 Offside/Not Offside Example 6
An attacker in an offside position (A) is obstructing the goalkeeper’s line of vision. OFFSIDE - He should be penalized because he prevents an opponent from playing or being able to play the ball. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

87 Offside/Not Offside Example 7
Attacker (A) is in an offside position NOT OFFSIDE – Attacker (A) is not obstructing the goalkeeper’s line of vision or making a gesture or movement which deceives or distracts him. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

88 Offside/Not Offside Example 9
An attacker in an offside position (A) runs towards the ball preventing the opponent (B) from playing or being able to play the ball. OFFSIDE - Player (A) is making a movement which could deceive or distract player (B). Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

89 Offside/Not Offside Example 10
The shot by a teammate (A) rebounds from the goalkeeper to player (B) having been previously in an offside position. OFFSIDE - Player (B) is penalized because he gained an advantage by being in that position. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

90 Offside/Not Offside Example 11
The shot by a teammate (A) rebounds from the goalkeeper. Player (B) in an onside position plays the ball. Player (C) is in an offside position. NOT OFFSIDE - Player (C) in an offside position is not penalize. He did not gain advantage from being in that position because he did not interfere with play or with an opponent. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

91 Offside/Not Offside Example 12
The shot by a teammate (A) rebounds off an opponent to attacker (B) who had been previously in an offside position. OFFSIDE - Attacker (B) is penalized for interfering with play. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

92 Offside/Not Offside Example 13
An attacker (C) is an offside position, not interfering with an opponent, when a teammate (A) passes the ball to player (B1) in an onside position who runs towards the opponent’s goal and passes the ball (B2) to teammate (C). NOT OFFSIDE - Attacker (C) cannot be penalized because when the ball was passed to him, he was in an onside position Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

93 Module 17 Interactions with Coaches, Players, and Spectators
Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

94 Interactions with Coaches, Players, and Spectators
Referee is a role model, especially for younger players Knowledge, confidence, and professionalism contribute to the overall “field presence” of the referee Each referee sets the tone of the match by his/her own personality style Selling the call by positioning and good communication is part of the art of refereeing Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

95 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
U-11 & U-12 Players Understanding the U-11/12 player Physical/gross motor development Social and emotional development Cognitive/thought development Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

96 AYSO Coaching Philosophy
What is Positive Coaching? P I E Positive Instructive Encouraging 6/13/06: Improved how this slide presents itself Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

97 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Dealing with Coaches Begin at lowest level of confrontation A look at the coach A few calm words If dissent continues or escalates Stop play Have coach come to you on the field to discuss If dissent still continues Inform coach behavior is unacceptable Coach will need to leave the field or terminate the match Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

98 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Dissent from Coaches 3 P’s Public Persistent Personal Distinguish between dissent and disappointment Deal with pointless dissent gently but firmly Deal with real dissent directly and promptly Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

99 Interactions: Scenario 1
In a U-10 game tensions are high. Everyone is yelling advice and instructions at the players. The coach of the blue team has a loud, booming voice. The more exciting the game gets, the louder he gets. As referee, you see many players on the opposing team freeze whenever this loud coach yells instruction at his own team. How can you, as referee, deal with this situation? When do you start? Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

100 Interactions: Scenario 2
You are referee in a U-12 match. The coaches of the red team are constantly making negative remarks to and putting down their own players. You can tell that these are very inexperienced coaches. What can you do to help these coaches and the kids? When? Where? Who should be present? Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

101 Interactions: Scenario 3
In this U-12 match, player #3 is a defender who obviously watched the World Cup. He repeatedly attempts slide tackles with little success, often tripping or endangering opponents. Opposing attacker #10 has been tripped twice by #3 and is becoming upset. How can you handle this situation? When should you start? What if your plan doesn't work? Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

102 Interactions: Scenario 4
During the first half of a U-12 match, the Blue team coach has been complaining about the referee's calls almost every time a call goes against her team. It is nearing the end of the half. The referee notices parents from the Blue team are beginning to complain. What can you, the referee, do in this situation? When and how? Who will you involve? Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

103 Dealing with Spectators
Use body language to send a message to spectator Run by coach during play and ask for assistance with spectator If spectator dissent continues Stop play Have discussion with coaches on field near touchline Announce that match may be terminated if behavior continues Referees, coaches and spectators are role models for players. ALL need to set example for players to emulate In AYSO, it’s about more than the game! Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

104 Proper Location for Coaches, Substitute and Spectators
Coaches’ Area (Technical Area) Halfway Line Touch Line Coaches’ Area 20 Yards wide (extending 10 yards on either side of the halfway line) 1 yard back from the touch line During the game coaches and substitutes should remain in this area Spectators should be between the “18 Yard lines” and back from touchlines by 3 yards+ Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

105 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
The AYSO Team For any team to function well it has to have rules. The AYSO Team has four basic rules: Work together Help each other Protect each other Do your best Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

106 Review of Interactions w/ Coaches, Players, and Spectators
Referees are role models and set the tone for the match. Referees must interact appropriately with players, coaches, and spectators. Referees are guardians of the game and must remember the concept of the AYSO Team. Referees must understand the characteristics of the age group involved. Referees must also manage problems outside the touchlines. Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

107 Module 19 AYSO National Referee Program
Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

108 The AYSO Organization Levels & Structure
National Section Area Region S S S A A A A R R R R R Example: Region 104 is in Area C, Area C is in Section 12 Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

109 AYSO National Organization
Organization Comprised of: National Board of Directors Commissions Referee Coaching Management National Support and Training Center (NSTC) Sections/Areas/Regions Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

110 Training Focus - Modules
AYSO Referee Program Badge Level Training Focus - Modules U-8 Official U5-U8 – Modules 1-7 Regional/Basic U10 – Modules 1-13 Intermediate U12 – Modules 14-19 Advanced U14 – Modules 20-24 National U16, U19 – National Referee Course Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

111 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Referee Support Informal Mentoring May be requested or a random, unannounced visit Observations & Assessments Requested by candidate for level upgrade Observations done mainly for upgrade to Intermediate Referee Assessments done mainly for upgrade to Advanced & National Referee Meetings Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

112 Proficiency Categories for Referees
Appearance Pre-Game Administration Fitness Attitude Courage, Character & Consistency Positioning, Mechanics and Signals Accuracy of Decisions Control Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

113 AYSO Rules & Regulations
Relevant Topics Duration of Games (I-B) Playing Time and Substitution (I-C) Officiating (I-D) Duties and Responsibilities of Coaches & Referees (I-E) Size of Ball (I-F-1 a, b & c) Field of Play (I-G-1 thru 3) Small Sided Games (I-H-1 thru 3) Proper Dress (VI) Injuries (VIII) Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

114 AYSO Policy Statements
Knee braces are allowed. The referee determines whether a particular knee brace is safe for a particular game. Casts and Splints are not allowed at practices or games. VI – H Earrings or ear studs are not allowed- PERIOD. These are dangerous to the wearer. Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

115 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Continuing Education Web sites AYSO: and USSF: FIFA: Publications USSF: “Advice to Referees on the Laws of the Game” FIFA: “Questions and Answers to the Laws of the Game” AYSO: “Guidance for Referees and Coaches” Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

116 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Course Wrap Up Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

117 Region 104 Monthly Referee Meetings
Held during the season on the 4th Tuesday of the month Fall: August, September & October Spring: February, March & April Topics Include: Discussions of current events and issues Quizzes and discussions of the laws Signing of Upgrade Forms & Paperwork Retaking of Exams Referee Instructional Videos Check web site for possible date/time changes and click on the Calendar link Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

118 AYSO Referee Program: Break Down by Certification Level
Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

119 On-line Referee Scheduler
Used for U10 and older divisions U10 is when we go to Neutral Referees (not affiliated with the home team) Accessed from the Region 104 web page | Referees menu | Referee Scheduler Username: referee Password: (ask instructor) Schedules posted about a week prior to the season start Late August and February Used for Center Referee and Assistant Referee positions May be used to request mentoring or observations Work with Division Scheduler first, then look for open games 6/1/06: Changed 1st sub-bullet under Accessed from the Region104 Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

120 Referee Scheduler Main Selection Screen
5/1/06: Slide Added Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

121 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
6/1/06: Slide Added Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

122 Reporting of Discipline/Behavior Problems during Games
Contact the Division Commissioner Contact the Regional Referee Administrator In Region 104: Dave Lauben, Record Facts of Event: Date, Time & Park Location Division (e.g. U-10 Girls) Individuals Involved Players (name and number) Coaches Spectators (if known) Cautions (yellow cards) or Send Off/Dismissals (red cards) 5/1/06: Added “Division sub-bullet under “Record Facts of Event” Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

123 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
AYSO Philosophies Everyone Plays Balanced Teams Open Registration Positive Coaching Good Sportsmanship 6/1/06: Moved this slide closer to the end of this module Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

124 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Test Review 8/27/06: Slide Added Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course

125 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course
Test Time! Questions? Reminders Test Location: ATC Passing Grade: 90% or higher. Turn finished exam into instructors. If from Region 104, get your gold referee jersey. 8/27/06: Slide Added Spring-07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course


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