Presentation on theme: "Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course1 Intermediate Referee Training AYSO Region 104/1447."— Presentation transcript:
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course1 Intermediate Referee Training AYSO Region 104/1447
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course2 Agenda Friday 6:15 Introduction 6:30 - 7:00 Review Sample Test 7:00 - 8:00 The Referee Team Break 8: :00 Fouls, Misconduct & Foul Play Saturday 9:00-11:00 Field Session at Montgomery Park - Diagonal System of Control - Offside & How to be an AR 11:00-12:00 Lunch 12:00-1:00 Diagonal System of Control, Offside & How to be an AR (classroom) 1:00-2:00Interactions with Coaches, Players & Spectators Break 2:10-2:50AYSO National Referee program 3:00 Exam
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course3 AYSO Region 104 Intermediate Referee Course This clinic provides additional training for the Regional Referee and is oriented toward U-11+ matches Please legibly fill out: The attendance roster (left side info only), The Referee Contact Information card, A volunteer application, and An Application for Referee Certification form (top part) Volunteer application must be completed by every volunteer, every year –Not needed if you’ve completed it since start of season (Aug 1 st ) If you’re from another region, please indicate your region on the sign-in roster
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course4 Intermediate Referee Certification Requirements 1.CR 25 or more games, with at least 5 games in U11+ 2.Attend the Intermediate Referee Course Modules 14 through 19 3.Pass the Intermediate Ref. Exam (min score of 90%) 4.Receive a mentoring observation as a CR Must be done by a certified assessor 5.Get recommendation for upgrade by your Regional Ref. Administrator or Regional Director of Ref. Assessment For Region 104 that’s Dave Lauben or Cynthia Nuttall, respectively Complete the AYSO Application for Referee Certification and have it signed by Area Referee Administrator (Jon Rogers) Send completed application to AYSO National (NTSC) AYSO National will mail the Intermediate Referee Badge to you
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course5 Benefits and Expectations as an Intermediate Referee At the end of this clinic, students from Region 104 will receive a gold (yellow) referee jersey –If needed, additional referee supplies are available for Region 104 referees for the new season Referees are requested to center at least 8 games over the next year –Typically 8 over next 12 months –Games should be: At the U-11 or higher level In Region 104 regular season play
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course6 Review of the Sample Intermediate Referee Exam
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course7 Review of the Sample Intermediate Referee Exam (continued)
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course8 Review of the Sample Intermediate Referee Exam (continued) Midway through the 1st half (or end of 1 st qtr) Halftime Midway through the 2nd half (or end of 3rd qtr) For an injured player The moment the ball is played (or touched) by a teammate.
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course10 Review of the Sample Intermediate Referee Exam (continued)
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course11 Module 14 The Referee Team
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course12 The Referee Team The Referee Team evolved with the game Officials originally introduced in soccer as representatives of teams Teams demanded a neutral opinion and the official stood on the side of the field The official eventually was brought onto the field and 2 assistants added on the touchline As more unsporting acts were committed by players, the diagonal system was developed to have 2 sets of eyes on the players and facilitate game control The Diagonal System of Control is the most widely used system and is the only system recognized by FIFA and AYSO
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course13 Duties of the Referee Laws 5 and 6 (The Referee and Assistant Referee, respectively) Duties of the Referee Enforces the Laws of the Game Controls the match in cooperation with the assistant referees and where applicable, with the fourth official - They are a team! Ensures that any ball used meets the requirements of Law 2 Ensures that the players’ equipment meets the requirements of Law 4 Acts as timekeeper and keeps a record of the match
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course14 Duties of the Referee (cont.) Has discretionary power to stop, suspend, or terminate play for any infringement of the Laws –Stop: Play will continue as soon as a restart is given. –Suspend: Play will not continue until conditions the referee has stipulated have been satisfied. –Terminate: Play will not continue under any conditions Has discretionary power to stop, suspend, or terminate play because of outside interference of any kind Stops for injury. –In AYSO this means at any time
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course15 Ensures that any player that is bleeding from a wound leaves the field of play Allows play to continue when the team against which an offense has been committed will benefit from such an advantage but penalizes the original offense if the anticipated advantage is not gained or maintained at that time (Advantage) Punishes the more serious offense when a player commits more than one offense at the same time Duties of the Referee (cont.)
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course16 Duties of the Referee (cont.) Takes disciplinary action against players guilty of cautionable and sending-off offenses. He is not obliged to take this action immediately but must do so when the ball next goes out of play Takes action against team officials who fail to conduct themselves in a responsible manner and may at his discretion dismiss them from the field of play and its immediate area Acts on the advice of (neutral) assistant referees regarding incidents which he has not seen Ensures that no unauthorized persons enter the field of play
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course17 Duties of the Referee (cont.) Restarts the match after it has been stopped Provides the appropriate authorities with a match report which includes information on any disciplinary action taken against players and/or team officials and any other incidents which occurred before, during or after the match.
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course18 Duties of the Assistant Referee Indicates when a player may be penalized for being in an offside position Indicates when misconduct or other incident has occurred out of sight of the referee Indicates when a substitution is requested Assists the referee to control the game. Most commonly, this includes helping with pre-game duties and confirming goals When supplying information to the referee, assistant referees simply report; the referee decides.
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course19 Referee and AR Positioning Dynamic play Right or left diagonal Referee position AR position –Ball over touchline (AR quadrant) –Throw In across halfway line –Goal scored Set plays –Goal kicks –Corner kicks –Kick off
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course20 The Referee Team Pre-game meeting –Indicate diagonal (R/L) to be used –Offside –Fouls seen by AR –Timekeeping and score keeping –Substitution control –Set plays: Goal Kick, Corner Kick, Kick-off Half-time & post game –Enter/leave field together –Discuss game issues, changes –Complete paperwork Communication is key for effective game control by the Referee Team
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course21 The Referee Team Philosophy AYSO Rules & Regulations 1.D.5 The Laws of the game are intended to provide that games should be played with as little interference as possible, and in this view it is the duty of the referees to penalize only deliberate breaches of the Law. Constant whistling for trifling and doubtful breaches produces bad feelings and loss of temper on the part of the players and spoils the pleasure of spectators.
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course22 >> Break Time << 10 Minutes Please Instructors will collect your Volunteer Application Form (if needed) and Referee Contact Information Card Please fill out the Referee Attendance Roster form is you have done so already.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course23 Module 15 Fouls, Misconduct and Foul Play, Intermediate (Law 12)
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course24 Fouls and Misconduct Law 12 is divided into Fouls & Misconduct Fouls are committed by players, on the field of play when the ball is in play against an opponent. The referee stops play. Misconduct may be committed by any player or substitute, can occur before, during or after the game, with the ball in or out of play, anywhere on or off the field. There are two types of fouls, direct free kick offenses (penal) and indirect free kick offenses (non-penal).
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course25 What is a Foul? An unfair or unsafe act: –by a player, –against an opponent (or the opposing team), –on the field of play, and –while the ball is in play.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course26 Direct Free Kick Offenses There are ten direct free kick (penal) offenses –Six of these apply when players commit acts in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force. –The other four are based on if the act occurred
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course27 DFK Offenses (cont.) Six actions based on the act involving careless, reckless or using excessive force: –Kicking an opponent * –Tripping an opponent * –Jumping at an opponent –Charging an opponent –Striking an opponent * –Pushing an opponent * May also include the attempt of the act Four actions based on if the act occurred: –Making contact with an opponent prior to contacting the ball –Holding an opponent –Spitting at an opponent –Deliberately handling the ball
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course28 “Careless” - The player did not exercise due caution in making a play. “Careless” = “regular” foul “Reckless” – The player’s actions were unnatural (to fair play) and designed to intimidate an opponent, gain unfair advantage, or unreasonable risk of injury to opponent. “Reckless” = “Caution” “Excess force”: player far exceeded the use of force necessary to make a fair play for the ball and created considerable danger of bodily harm to opponent “Excessive Force” = “Send Off” DFK Offenses: Careless, Reckless & Excessive Force
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course29 Striking an Opponent Direct contact using hand, arm, elbow, head, knee, or by throwing and object (including the ball). Occurs where contact is made or attempted with the opponent. Striking (as with kicking and spitting) should normally be considered misconduct.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course30 Fair Charging Fair charge usually means “shoulder to shoulder”, but not a requirement. When heights & weights vary greatly, a fair charge may not be possible. Fair charge can result in charged player falling to the ground. Fair charge must be directed toward the area of the shoulder and not the center of the opponent’s back (the spinal area). Not a violation of Law 12 for two players to charge the same opponent simultaneously, though each charge must be considered individually, and is conducted fairly and legally.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course31 Charging the Goalkeeper Referees must carefully observe any charge against the goalkeeper (not in possession of the ball) if the charge is: –Careless, reckless, or with excessive force (direct free kick) –Performed in a dangerous manner (indirect free kick) –Prevent the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from the hands (indirect free kick). Charging the keeper who is in possession (with hands) of the ball is prohibited.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course32 Charging an Opponent Away From the Ball A player who charges an opponent in an otherwise legal manner, (not carelessly, recklessly, nor with excessive force) but with the ball not within playing distance has infringed the law. Such an “off the ball” charge is considered a form of impeding the progress of an opponent (though contact has occurred) and is penalized with an indirect free kick restart for the opposing team. If the referee considers the charge to be careless, recklessly, or involving excessive force, the restart is a direct free kick.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course33 Tripping an Opponent Includes moving under the opponent using the body to upset or upend the opponent. Also known as “bridging.” Referee must distinguish act of tripping from trip resulting from fair play –Players may trip over or fall over an opponent as a result of natural play; no foul.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course34 DFK Offenses – The Four Based on Committing the Act A direct free kick is also awarded if a player commits any of the following four offenses: Tackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball making contact with the opponent before touching the ball Holds an opponent Spits at an opponent Handles the ball deliberately –Exception: for the goalkeeper within her own penalty area)
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course35 Contact with the Opponent Before Touching the Ball Making contact with the opponent before the ball when making a tackle is unfair and should be penalized. Contact with the ball first does not automatically mean the tackle is fair. Declaration by a player (or coach/spectator) that he/she was “playing the ball” is irrelevant.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course36 Holding an Opponent Includes stretching out the arms to prevent and opponent form moving past or around. (under recognized) A player who blatantly holds onto or pulls an opponent or and opponent’s clothing to…. –Play the ball, –Gain possession of the ball –Prevent an opponent form playing the ball …should be cautioned and shown the yellow card for unsporting behavior.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course37 Deliberately Handling the Ball “Handling the Ball”: Deliberate contact with the ball by a player’s hand or arm (fingertips, upper arm, and outer shoulder included) to direct the ball. Deliberate Contact – The player could have avoided the touch but chose not to. Moving hands or arms instinctively to protect the face or body does not constitute deliberate contact. Placing the hands or arms to protect the body at a free kick (in a wall) allowed. Subsequent action to direct or control the ball is a foul.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course38 The Restart After a DFK Offense The restart from a DFK (penal) offense will be a Direct Free Kick. –If that offense was committed by a defender inside her own penalty area, a Penalty Kick for the attackers is awarded.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course39 Indirect Free Kick Offenses: Goalkeeper Restrictions There are four IFK offenses for a goalkeeper inside his own penalty area: Takes more than six seconds while controlling the ball with his hands before releasing it from his possession. Touches the ball again with his hands after releasing it from his possession and before it has been touched by any other player. Touches the ball with his hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team ‑ mate. Touches the ball with his hands after he has received it directly from a throw ‑ in taken by a team ‑ mate.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course40 Second Handling Touch by the Goalkeeper A goalkeeper who has taken hand control of the ball then released ball back into play, may not handle the ball again until it has been played by: 1) an opponent anywhere on the field, or 2) by a teammate who is outside the penalty area. This includes parrying the ball, but excludes an accidental rebound or a save.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course41 Ball Played to the Goalkeeper from Teammate Occurs when a goalkeeper touches the ball with his hands directly after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a teammate. Also applies to when the goalkeeper receives the ball from a throw in by a teammate. Does not include situations in which the ball has been accidentally deflected or misdirected.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course42 Indirect Free Kick Offenses Applying to Any Player The following three IFK offenses apply to any player: Plays in a dangerous manner Impedes the progress of an opponent Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his hands Also, an IFK results from any other offense for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course43 Dangerous Play The act, in the opinion of the referee, meets three criteria: –Dangerous to someone (including player who commit the act) –Committed with an opponent close by –The action caused the opponent to cease active play for the ball or to be otherwise disadvantaged by the attempt not to participate in the dangerous play. It is an offense only when an opponent is adversely affected, usually because the opponent can’t fairly (safely) challenge for the ball as a direct result of the player’s act.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course44 Dangerous Play (cont.) A player playing in a dangerous manner has not committed a foul if there was no opponent is nearby (e.g. near only teammates). –Remember, fouls can only be committed against opponents or the opposing team. Take into account the experience and skill level of the players –Playing with cleats up in a threatening or intimidating manner is more likely to be judged as a dangerous play in youth matches, without regard to the reaction of the opponents.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course45 Goalkeeper Possession of the Ball The goalkeeper is in possession of the ball while bouncing it on the ground or while throwing it into the air. Means possession in the keeper’s hands. Keeper may be challenged while dribbling. While the ball is in possession of the keeper, opponent may not play or challenge for the ball.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course46 Preventing the Goalkeeper from Releasing the Ball into Play An opponent may not interfere with or block the goalkeeper’s release of the ball into play. Cannot try to block the goalkeeper’s movement while he/she is holding the ball or do anything which hinders, interferes with, or blocks the goalkeeper who is throwing or punting the ball back into play.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course47 IFK Foul Restart The restart from a IFK offense is an Indirect Free Kick. If the offense was committed by a defender inside goal area, the ball is positioned on the goal area line parallel to the goal line (the 6 yard line) at the point nearest to where the infraction occurred.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course48 Advantage Clause Advantage (Law 5) - The referee “allows play to continue when the team against which an offense has been committed will benefit from such an advantage…” Referees must avoid stopping play if doing so would take away a benefit from the team against which the offense was committed. Referee Signals by raising both arms and calling out “Advantage” or “Play On”
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course49 General Guidelines for Advantage Applies mainly to older ages in AYSO Doesn’t apply when a serious physical foul occurs Generally appropriate in attacking 1/3 of field –Rarely applies in the defensive 1/3 of the field and only occasionally in middle 1/3 of field
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course50 Module 15 Fouls, Misconduct and Foul Play - Misconduct (Law 12)
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course51 Misconduct Offenses Two categories of misconduct offenses: Cautionable offenses where the yellow card is shown Seven different offenses Sending-off offenses where the red card is shown Seven different offenses
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course52 Cautionable Offenses A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if he commits any of the following seven offences: Is guilty of unsporting behavior Shows dissent by word or action Persistently infringes the Laws of the Game Delays the restart of play Fails to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner kick, free kick, or throw-in Enters or re-enters the field of play without the referee’s permission Deliberately leaves the field of play without the referee’s permission
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course53 Cautionable Offenses (for substitutes) A substitute or substituted player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if he commits any of the following three offences: Is guilty of unsporting behavior Shows dissent by word or action Delays the restart of play
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course54 Philosophy on Cautions Evaluate a player’s behavior based on several factors: –Does the act meet the generally accepted and understood meaning of the offense? –Was the act, even if an offense, trifling? –Would the issuance of a caution for this misconduct likely have desirable results for game and/or player management?
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course55 Review of Send ‑ off Offenses A player, substitute, or substituted player is sent off and shown the red card if he commits any of the following seven offenses. Serious foul play Violent conduct Spits at an opponent or any other person. Denies an opponent an obvious goal ‑ scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball Denies an obvious goal ‑ scoring opportunity by an offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick. Uses offensive, insulting or abusive language/gestures. Receives a second caution in the same match
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course56 The Send ‑ off Offenses Serious foul play –Committed only while the ball is in play, against an opponent when challenging for the ball. –Commits one of the Law 12 fouls in a violent manner Violent conduct –May be committed against teammates, coaches, spectators, officials, equipment, or property before, during or after the match. –Also may be committed against an opponent when the ball is out of play or when the ball is in play but the aggressing player is not challenging for the ball.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course57 The Send ‑ off Offenses (continued) Spits at an opponent or any other person. Denies an opponent a goal or an obvious goal ‑ scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball –This does not apply to the goalkeeper within his own penalty area.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course58 The Send ‑ off Offenses (continued) Denies an obvious goal ‑ scoring opportunity to an opponent moving toward the player's goal by an offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick. Uses offensive or insulting or abusive language including language or gestures. –This includes the use of obscene, vulgar, derogatory, humiliating, demeaning, or slanderous words. Receives a second caution in the same match –At the time of the second caution, show the yellow card followed immediately by the red card
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course59 Send-off Situations Almost every Advanced Referee will have to send off and show the red card to a player once or twice in his career. Good referees anticipate these situations and defuse them, but even the best referees eventually meet that player who almost demands to be sent from the field. When the time comes, referees need to know how to recognize it, how to handle it, how to administer it, and how to report it.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course60 Guidelines for Sending ‑ Off a Player or Substitute Avoid being angry or defensive about sending off a player and do not take it personally. Be firm in the decision to send off and do not show uncertainty, timidity, or ambivalence when doing so. Attempt to isolate the player, but do not make physical contact. Keep the field and other players in view; stand off to the side if possible. Advise the player of his misconduct and of his disqualification.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course61 Guidelines for Sending ‑ Off a Player or Substitute (cont.) Show the red card by holding it straight up in the air and then immediately put it away. –If the misconduct is a second cautionable offense, first display the yellow card, put it away, then display the red card. Record the misconduct and the send ‑ off. Check to be certain the offender has not only left the field, but also the area, and then restart with the appropriate method. Use an indirect free kick if play was stopped for the send ‑ off.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course62 Guidelines for Sending ‑ Off a Player or Substitute (cont.) Submit a report (preferably written, or verbal if the region allows it) to the referee administrator and regional commissioner. The most important aspect of the process is to try to analyze why it occurred and to develop strategies that will lesson the likelihood of it occurring again. Simply accepting it as a necessary proof of authority is shortsighted. Seeing it as a challenge to other refereeing skills offers the opportunity for improvement.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course63 Fouls and Misconduct A player may carry out a combination of "Misconduct" and "Foul" and the referee may sanction one, the other, or both. The position of the restart will depend upon where and by whom the offense or misconduct occurred.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course64 Restarts for Misconduct If play is stopped solely to deal with misconduct committed by a player on the field the proper restart is an IFK from the location of the misconduct (subject to Law 8 and Law 13). If play stopped for a foul in addition to misconduct the restart is determined by the foul –Restart cannot be a DFK unless the reason for the stoppage included a DFK foul. If misconduct occurs while play is stopped, the restart is determined by the original reason for the stoppage.
Version Spring 07-1 AYSO Region Basic Referee Training 65 Field Session Tomorrow at Montgomery Park Comanche between San Pedro & San Mateo Starts at 9 am Meet near foot bridge Bring Water and Suitable Attire If bad weather, meet here at the ATC instead.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course66 Module 18 Diagonal System of Control and Games Tactics (classroom)
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course67 The Diagonal System of Control and Game Tactics AR CR changes his position to maintain play between himself and the AR At any given moment, two officials should be in position to view play from different angles. Eye contact between CR & AR is important CR
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course68 Game Objectives Objectives change depending on field position and ball possession ATTACKING OBJECTIVES: SCORE – The ultimate objective of the game is to score the most goals. ADVANCE – The ball must be advanced to be within scoring distance. POSSESSION – Possession of the ball must be maintained in order to advance within scoring distance. DEFENDING OBJECTIVES: STOP SCORING – The ultimate objective can be restated as preventing the opposing team from scoring the most goals. DELAY – When the opposing team gains possession of the ball, their advance must be delayed to gain time to organize the defense. REGAIN – Regaining possession of the ball is the defensive objective once the defense is organized.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course69 Module 16 Offside – Intermediate and How to Be a Good AR (classroom)
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course70 Assistant Referee Signals: Throw-in Throw-In for attackers Throw-In for defenders Touch line Goal line
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course71 AR Signals : Corner Kick Pointing toward corner Signal used for both near and far corners Touch line Goal line
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course72 AR Signals: Goal Kick Touch line Goal line Goal Area Pointing toward Goal Area
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course73 AR Signal: Offside Flag is held steady Touch line Goal line Also could mean ball out of play
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course74 AR Signals Position of Offside Player Offside on the near side of the field Offside in the center of the field Offside on far side of the field Touch line Goal line
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course75 AR Signals: Substitution Goal line Touch line
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course76 AR Signal: Foul Goal line Touch line Flick or wave the flag and make eye contact with CR. After whistle, point direction at a 45 degree angle in the direction of free kick.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course77 AR Signals: Goal/No Goal Goal line No Goal Touch line Move briskly toward 18 yard line and position on kickoff Goal Scored
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course79 Offside Position For a player to be in offside position 3 things must be true… 1. The player is closer to the opponents’ goal line than the ball 2. The player is in the opponent’s half of the field 3. The player is closer to the opponents’ goal line than the second last opponent It is not an offense to be in an offside position ‘05 LOTG defined closer to mean any part of the players head, body, or feet, (arms specifically excluded, previously the torso was used to judge closer)
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course80 Offside Involvement Defined A player in an offside position is only penalized if, at the moment the ball touches or is played by one of her team she is, in the opinion of the referee, Involved in Active Play by: 1. interfering with play, or 2. interfering with an opponent, or 3. gaining an advantage by being in that position.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course81 Offside – Area of Active Play That portion of the field where players are directly and actively involved after the ball has been played. The size of the area of actively play will vary with the movement of the ball, age of the players, and the speed of play. The area of active play changes continually. The area of active play is a guide used to determine offside infractions
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course82 The Restarts When Offside Does Not Apply There is no offside offense if a player receives the ball direct from: –A goal kick, –A throw-in, or –A corner kick
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course83 Offside/Not Offside Example 2 An attacker in an offside position (A), not interfering with an opponent, does not touch the ball. NOT OFFSIDE - The player cannot be penalized because he did not touch the ball.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course84 Offside/Not Offside Example 3 An attacker in an offside position (A) runs towards the ball and a teammate in onside position (B) runs also towards the ball and plays it. NOT OFFSIDE - Player (A) cannot be penalized because he did not touch the ball.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course85 Offside/Not Offside Example 5 An attacker in an offside position (1) runs towards the ball and does not touch the ball. GOAL KICK (NOT OFFSIDE) - The assistant referee should signal “goal kick”.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course86 Offside/Not Offside Example 6 An attacker in an offside position (A) is obstructing the goalkeeper’s line of vision. OFFSIDE - He should be penalized because he prevents an opponent from playing or being able to play the ball.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course87 Offside/Not Offside Example 7 Attacker (A) is in an offside position NOT OFFSIDE – Attacker (A) is not obstructing the goalkeeper’s line of vision or making a gesture or movement which deceives or distracts him.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course88 Offside/Not Offside Example 9 An attacker in an offside position (A) runs towards the ball preventing the opponent (B) from playing or being able to play the ball. OFFSIDE - Player (A) is making a movement which could deceive or distract player (B).
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course89 Offside/Not Offside Example 10 The shot by a teammate (A) rebounds from the goalkeeper to player (B) having been previously in an offside position. OFFSIDE - Player (B) is penalized because he gained an advantage by being in that position.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course90 Offside/Not Offside Example 11 The shot by a teammate (A) rebounds from the goalkeeper. Player (B) in an onside position plays the ball. Player (C) is in an offside position. NOT OFFSIDE - Player (C) in an offside position is not penalize. He did not gain advantage from being in that position because he did not interfere with play or with an opponent.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course91 Offside/Not Offside Example 12 The shot by a teammate (A) rebounds off an opponent to attacker (B) who had been previously in an offside position. OFFSIDE - Attacker (B) is penalized for interfering with play.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course92 Offside/Not Offside Example 13 NOT OFFSIDE - Attacker (C) cannot be penalized because when the ball was passed to him, he was in an onside position An attacker (C) is an offside position, not interfering with an opponent, when a teammate (A) passes the ball to player (B1) in an onside position who runs towards the opponent’s goal and passes the ball (B2) to teammate (C).
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course93 Module 17 Interactions with Coaches, Players, and Spectators
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course94 Interactions with Coaches, Players, and Spectators Referee is a role model, especially for younger players Knowledge, confidence, and professionalism contribute to the overall “field presence” of the referee Each referee sets the tone of the match by his/her own personality style Selling the call by positioning and good communication is part of the art of refereeing
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course95 U-11 & U-12 Players Understanding the U-11/12 player –Physical/gross motor development –Social and emotional development –Cognitive/thought development
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course96 AYSO Coaching Philosophy Positive Instructive Encouraging What is Positive Coaching? PIEPIE
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course97 Dealing with Coaches Begin at lowest level of confrontation –A look at the coach –A few calm words If dissent continues or escalates –Stop play –Have coach come to you on the field to discuss If dissent still continues –Inform coach behavior is unacceptable –Coach will need to leave the field or terminate the match
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course98 Dissent from Coaches 3 P’s –Public –Persistent –Personal Distinguish between dissent and disappointment Deal with pointless dissent gently but firmly Deal with real dissent directly and promptly
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course99 Interactions: Scenario 1 In a U-10 game tensions are high. Everyone is yelling advice and instructions at the players. The coach of the blue team has a loud, booming voice. The more exciting the game gets, the louder he gets. As referee, you see many players on the opposing team freeze whenever this loud coach yells instruction at his own team. How can you, as referee, deal with this situation? When do you start?
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course100 Interactions: Scenario 2 You are referee in a U-12 match. The coaches of the red team are constantly making negative remarks to and putting down their own players. You can tell that these are very inexperienced coaches. What can you do to help these coaches and the kids? When? Where? Who should be present?
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course101 Interactions: Scenario 3 In this U-12 match, player #3 is a defender who obviously watched the World Cup. He repeatedly attempts slide tackles with little success, often tripping or endangering opponents. Opposing attacker #10 has been tripped twice by #3 and is becoming upset. How can you handle this situation? When should you start? What if your plan doesn't work?
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course102 Interactions: Scenario 4 During the first half of a U-12 match, the Blue team coach has been complaining about the referee's calls almost every time a call goes against her team. It is nearing the end of the half. The referee notices parents from the Blue team are beginning to complain. What can you, the referee, do in this situation? When and how? Who will you involve?
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course103 Dealing with Spectators Use body language to send a message to spectator Run by coach during play and ask for assistance with spectator If spectator dissent continues –Stop play –Have discussion with coaches on field near touchline –Announce that match may be terminated if behavior continues Referees, coaches and spectators are role models for players. ALL need to set example for players to emulate In AYSO, it’s about more than the game!
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course104 Proper Location for Coaches, Substitute and Spectators Coaches’ Area –20 Yards wide (extending 10 yards on either side of the halfway line) –1 yard back from the touch line –During the game coaches and substitutes should remain in this area Spectators should be between the “18 Yard lines” and back from touchlines by 3 yards+ Halfway Line Coaches’ Area (Technical Area) Touch Line
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course105 The AYSO Team For any team to function well it has to have rules. The AYSO Team has four basic rules: 1.Work together 2.Help each other 3.Protect each other 4.Do your best
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course106 Review of Interactions w/ Coaches, Players, and Spectators Referees are role models and set the tone for the match. Referees must interact appropriately with players, coaches, and spectators. Referees are guardians of the game and must remember the concept of the AYSO Team. Referees must understand the characteristics of the age group involved. Referees must also manage problems outside the touchlines.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course107 Module 19 AYSO National Referee Program
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course108 The AYSO Organization Levels & Structure National Section Area Region N A S S S A A A R R R R R Example: Region 104 is in Area C, Area C is in Section 12
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course109 AYSO National Organization Organization Comprised of: National Board of Directors Commissions –Referee –Coaching –Management National Support and Training Center (NSTC) Sections/Areas/Regions
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course110 AYSO Referee Program Regional/Basic U10 – Modules 1-13 National U16, U19 – National Referee Course Advanced U14 – Modules Intermediate U12 – Modules Badge Level Training Focus - Modules U-8 Official U5-U8 – Modules 1-7
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course111 Referee Support Informal Mentoring –May be requested or a random, unannounced visit Observations & Assessments –Requested by candidate for level upgrade –Observations done mainly for upgrade to Intermediate Referee –Assessments done mainly for upgrade to Advanced & National Referee Meetings
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course112 Proficiency Categories for Referees Appearance Pre-Game Administration Fitness Attitude Courage, Character & Consistency Positioning, Mechanics and Signals Accuracy of Decisions Control
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course113 AYSO Rules & Regulations Relevant Topics –Duration of Games ( I-B) –Playing Time and Substitution ( I-C) –Officiating ( I-D) –Duties and Responsibilities of Coaches & Referees ( I-E) –Size of Ball ( I-F-1 a, b & c) –Field of Play ( I-G-1 thru 3) –Small Sided Games (I-H-1 thru 3) –Proper Dress ( VI) –Injuries ( VIII)
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course114 AYSO Policy Statements Knee braces are allowed. The referee determines whether a particular knee brace is safe for a particular game. Casts and Splints are not allowed at practices or games. VI – H Earrings or ear studs are not allowed- PERIOD. These are dangerous to the wearer.
Spring 07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course115 Continuing Education Web sites –AYSO: and –USSF: –FIFA: Publications –USSF: “Advice to Referees on the Laws of the Game” –FIFA: “Questions and Answers to the Laws of the Game” –AYSO: “Guidance for Referees and Coaches”
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course116 Course Wrap Up
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course117 Region 104 Monthly Referee Meetings Held during the season on the 4 th Tuesday of the month –Fall: August, September & October –Spring: February, March & April Topics Include: –Discussions of current events and issues –Quizzes and discussions of the laws –Signing of Upgrade Forms & Paperwork –Retaking of Exams –Referee Instructional Videos Check web site for possible date/time changes –www.ayso104.org, and click on the Calendar link
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course118 AYSO Referee Program: Break Down by Certification Level
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course119 On-line Referee Scheduler Used for U10 and older divisions –U10 is when we go to Neutral Referees (not affiliated with the home team) Accessed from the Region 104 web page –www.ayso104.org | Referees menu | Referee Scheduler –Username: referee –Password: (ask instructor) Schedules posted about a week prior to the season start –Late August and February Used for Center Referee and Assistant Referee positions May be used to request mentoring or observations Work with Division Scheduler first, then look for open games
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course120 Referee Scheduler Main Selection Screen
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course122 Reporting of Discipline/Behavior Problems during Games Contact the Division Commissioner Contact the Regional Referee Administrator –In Region 104: Dave Lauben, Record Facts of Event: –Date, Time & Park Location –Division (e.g. U-10 Girls) –Individuals Involved Players (name and number) Coaches Spectators (if known) –Cautions (yellow cards) or Send Off/Dismissals (red cards)
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course123 AYSO Philosophies Everyone Plays Balanced Teams Open Registration Positive Coaching Good Sportsmanship
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course124 Test Review
Spring-07Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course125 Test Time! Questions? Reminders Test Location: ATC Passing Grade: 90% or higher. Turn finished exam into instructors. If from Region 104, get your gold referee jersey.