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The Vietnam War and the Constitution 1945: Vietnamese Declaration of Independence (US rejection of Vietnamese communist nationalism) 1945: Vietnamese Declaration.

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Presentation on theme: "The Vietnam War and the Constitution 1945: Vietnamese Declaration of Independence (US rejection of Vietnamese communist nationalism) 1945: Vietnamese Declaration."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Vietnam War and the Constitution 1945: Vietnamese Declaration of Independence (US rejection of Vietnamese communist nationalism) 1945: Vietnamese Declaration of Independence (US rejection of Vietnamese communist nationalism) : Truman and Containment  Korea, growth of Executive Power, National Security State, expansion of the “crusader state” (80% of French cost of Vietminh war) : Truman and Containment  Korea, growth of Executive Power, National Security State, expansion of the “crusader state” (80% of French cost of Vietminh war) : Geneva Accords: Elections July 1956  US rejects SEATO created/Diem “elected” democratic “savior” : Geneva Accords: Elections July 1956  US rejects SEATO created/Diem “elected” democratic “savior” June 1963: Buddhist Monk Suicides begin June 1963: Buddhist Monk Suicides begin Fall 1963: Diem overthrow NSAM 263 (JFK)  273 (LBJ): “actions of graduated scope and intensity” (Alpha 34)  Fall 1963: Diem overthrow NSAM 263 (JFK)  273 (LBJ): “actions of graduated scope and intensity” (Alpha 34)  8/1964: Gulf of Tonkin Incident and Resolution 8/1964: Gulf of Tonkin Incident and Resolution : The New Left/Antiwar Movement : The New Left/Antiwar Movement : Nixon/Kissinger: Cambodia Secret Bombing (subsequent congressional complicity) and Invasion  Kent and Jackson State shootings : Nixon/Kissinger: Cambodia Secret Bombing (subsequent congressional complicity) and Invasion  Kent and Jackson State shootings

2 Vietnam and the Constitution : Daniel Ellsberg, Pentagon Papers. RN: "people have gotta be put to the torch for this sort of thing…let's get the son-of-a-bitch in jail." : Daniel Ellsberg, Pentagon Papers. RN: "people have gotta be put to the torch for this sort of thing…let's get the son-of-a-bitch in jail." Watergate: (Dissent=Subversion) “Screw our Political Enemies,” wiretaps, burglaries, abuse of executive power, Operation CHAOS Watergate: (Dissent=Subversion) “Screw our Political Enemies,” wiretaps, burglaries, abuse of executive power, Operation CHAOS Post-Watergate/Vietnam Reforms: Campaign Finance, 26 th Amend., War Powers Act, FISA, FOIA, Presidential Records Act, Act/CIA Oversight/Executive Order on CIA Assassinations, FBI Restraints Post-Watergate/Vietnam Reforms: Campaign Finance, 26 th Amend., War Powers Act, FISA, FOIA, Presidential Records Act, Act/CIA Oversight/Executive Order on CIA Assassinations, FBI Restraints Congress and Ending the War: Congress and Ending the War: 1. Efforts to revoke Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, (passed ’71, ignored by Nixon) : Cooper-Church Amendment: no $ for troops in Cambodia (even after Paris Peace Accords, after disclosure of Cambodian invasion): H.J.Res. 636: prohibited any further appropriation or expenditure of any funds for any "combat in or over or from the shores of North Vietnam, South Vietnam, Laos or Cambodia."

3 Guidelines for CIA’s Operation CHAOS “Gather information on their immorality. Show them as scurrilous and depraved. Call attention to their habits and living conditions. Explore every possible embarrassment. Investigate personal conflicts or animosities between them. Send articles to newspapers showing their depravity. Use narcotics and free sex for entrapment. Have members arrested on marijuana charges. Exploit the hostilities between various persons. Use cartoons and photographs to ridicule them. Use disinformation to confuse and disrupt. Get records of their bank accounts. Obtain specimens of handwriting. Provoke target groups into rivalries that resulted in deaths.” ~Church Committee, 1976

4 June 11, 1963: Thich Quang Duc Self-Immolation

5 President Johnson Signs the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

6 Johnson the “peace candidate” The “Daisy Commercial”: 6uf0Ao The “Daisy Commercial”: 6uf0Ao 6uf0Ao 6uf0Ao

7 Young American Soldier, Quang Tri Province, South Vietnam, 1965 ~Robert Ellison

8 The Battle for Khe Sanh, 1968 ~Robert Ellison

9 “The Thousand-Yard Stare” "The look in their eyes was like the life was sucked out of them.“ ~Corporal Joe Houle, speaking of his new squad upon his arrival in Vietnam

10 President Johnson, Air Force Base near Paducah, KY, 1967

11 My Lai Massacre, 1968

12 Nguyen Ngoc Loan executes VC Captain Nguyen Van Lem, February 1, 1968

13 “I shall not seek, and I will not accept…” March 31, 1968

14 Cambodia Bombing Campaign (Operation Menu), : 3,630 sorties, 110,000 tons Total Bomb Tonnage in Cambodia, : 540,000

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16 Quaker and Erie Native, Norman Morrison

17 Antiwar Demonstration, Washington, DC, 1967

18 Testing the Limits of Free Speech

19 The Contested Meaning of Patriotism eace-March-Thousands-Oppose-Vietnam- War eace-March-Thousands-Oppose-Vietnam- War eace-March-Thousands-Oppose-Vietnam- War eace-March-Thousands-Oppose-Vietnam- War-1967

20 Two celebrated (and vilified) anti-war protesters

21 “You Say you want a Revolution” Columbia University, 1968

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24 Fall of a President, End of an Era


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