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Photoshop. Tools Zoom – Alt zooms out – Notice status bar change Marquee.

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Presentation on theme: "Photoshop. Tools Zoom – Alt zooms out – Notice status bar change Marquee."— Presentation transcript:

1 Photoshop

2 Tools Zoom – Alt zooms out – Notice status bar change Marquee

3 Project 1a – Coin spotlight If there is a small triangle in the bottom right corner of a tool, then it expands into more detailed options Zoom in on the coin we want to spotlight (drag tool) Use the elliptical Marquee to select the coin – Start at upper left corner – Now try using alt Select  Inverse Image  Adjustments  Curves (output 150)

4 Project 1b – Beach Clean up Day Horizontal type tool (T) Move tool Swatches

5 Project 1c – Tie Design Layers – tie designs layer Brush (try soft round 65 pixel, then hard round 9 pixel) Undo History palette icon

6 Project 2 - Tulips Ctrl-alt-shift restores default settings This is a scanned image. Let’s pretend we are editing this photo for use in a magazine. The final product should be 2 x 3 inches Resolution – the number of pixels that describe an image and establish its detail – High ppi (pixels per inch) or higher – Low – 72 to 96 ppi Cropping tool – 2 in – 3 in – Drag box – Hover outside, rotate – Adjust by clicking and dragging corners – Press enter – Save as working Automatic Adjustments – Image  Adjustments  Auto Color – Image  Adjustments  Shadow/Highlight Drag until you think it looks nice – Save as auto

7 Project 2 – Tulips continued Window  Histogram (or histogram tab) – This represents the colors across the entire brightness range Image  Adjustments  Levels – Left triangle – shadows – Middle triangle – Midtones – Right triangle – Highlights – Drag the triangles and watch the effects – Suggested final levels – 25, 1.20, 197 Another option is to use Image  Adjustments  Auto Contrast To remove a color cast: Image  Adjustments  Auto Color

8 Project 2 – Tulips continued Replacing colors in an image – Using the rectangular marquee tool select the front left yellow tulip – Image  Adjustments  Replace Color – Three eyedropper tools Eyedropper tool Add to sample eyedropper Subtract from sample eyedropper – Use the eyedropper tool, then the add eyedropper until the entire flower is highlighted in the mask – Fuzziness – controls the degree to which related colors are included in the mask – Change the Hue and Saturation until the tulip becomes red

9 Project 2 – Tulips continued Adjusting lightness with the Dodge tool – The dodge tool lightens highlights and brings out details Let’s bring out the details of the sculpture in the image – Select the dodge tool from the toolbox (kind of looks like a pin) – 27 pixel brush – Range  Highlights – 15% exposure – Use vertical strokes to “polish” the sculpture

10 Project 2 – Tulips continued Adjusting saturation with the Sponge tool – When you adjust the saturation of a color, you adjust its strength or purity – The sponge tool is hidden under the dodge tool – Select a large feathered brush (27 pixels) – Mode  Saturate – Flow (sets intensity for saturation effect)  90% – Drag the sponge back and forth over the tulips and leaves Unsharp mask filter – usually one of the last things you do when retouching a photo – adjusts the contrast of the edge detail, gives the illusion of a more focused image – Filter  Sharpen  Unsharp Mask – Suggested amount: 62%

11 Project 3a Clone Stamp Tool – Choose soft round 75 – Hold in alt and click your target area – Make brush strokes over the torn area Spot Healing Brush Tool – Automatically samples from surrounding area – 30 pixel brush – Paint strokes

12 Project 3b Healing and patch tools go beyond clone and spot healing – gives a more natural look – Simultaneously blends pixels from area to area – Remove the initials Zoom in Healing tool (hidden under spot healing tool) – Taking a snapshot – Patch – hidden under healing tool Source – area to be fixed Destination – area used to do the fixing Lasso a few of the bolt holes, then drag to an unblemished area

13 Project 3c Retouching on a separate layer – This protects the original image – In addition, you can blend the original with the retouched version for a more natural look Create a duplicate layer – In the layer palette, hold down the alt key and drag the background layer to the new layer button – Name it “retouch” Select the healing brush tool (bandaid) – Suggested 12 pixel brush – Alt click on smooth area of forehead – Drag mouse over two long wrinkles – Continue correcting his forehead wrinkles and his eyebrow furrow Use the patch tool to correct his under eye wrinkles In the layers palette, change the opacity to 65% (play with this slider) – This creates a more natural look – Toggle the retouch layer on and off to see the difference To flatten the two layers into one, choose layer  flatten image

14 Project 4 – selection tools It is possible to make selections based on size, shape, and color There are four basic sets of selection tools – Marquee – Lasso – Magic Wand – Pen The best selection tool to use often depends on the characteristic of that particular area, such as shape and color – Geometric Selections – Marquee – Freehand Selections – Lasso Lasso can trace a free-hand selection Polygonal lasso sets anchor points in straight line segments Magnetic lasso – combination; works best when a good contrast exists between the selection area and its surroundings – Color based selections – Magic Wand

15 Project 4 Using Magic Wand to select a colored area – Tolerance option sets sensitivity – Using the magic wand, click the red part of the tomato – play around with tolerance level – Hold down shift (plus sign appears) then click any unselected area that you wish to be selected (this works to add to a selection with other selection tools as well) Moving a selection – Using the move tool, drag the tomato to the bottom left corner of the cutting board – Select  Deselect – Save (working)

16 Project 4 You can also select the background of an area Select the rectangular marquee tool – Draw a rectangle around the lettuce – Let’s subtract the white area from the selection so that only the lettuce remains – Select the magic wand (suggested tolerance 32) – Hold down alt (now the minus sign appears) and click on the white area – Move the lettuce to the upper left corner of the cutting board

17 Project 4 Working with oval and circular selections – Zoom in on the bowl of olives – Select the elliptical marquee tool – Try to select the olive bowl It’s ok if your selection isn’t perfect DO NOT release the mouse at this point – Still holding in the mouse, press the spacebar to re-position your selection – Release the spacebar, but not the mouse, to continue with your select – Repeat this process (without ever letting go of the mouse) until your selection is precise Move the olives to the bottom right corner of the cutting board

18 Project 4 Selecting from a center point – Select the elliptical marquee tool – Hold in the alt key – Click in the center of the salad graphic and drag outward – You may use the spacebar like you did in the previous exercise Move the salad graphic to the left of the right upper corner of the cutting board With the graphic still selected, choose Image  Adjustments  Invert – The graphic is now effectively a color negative of itself

19 Project 4 Moving and Duplicating Simultaneously – With the move tool selected, hold down Alt – Continue holding down Alt and drag a duplicate of the graphic so that it is near the upper right corner of the cutting board – Release (do not deselect) – Choose Edit  Transform  Scale – Hold down shift and drag the corner so that it becomes about 50% larger than the original – Press Enter Repeat these steps one more time making a larger salad graphic

20 Project 4 Selecting with the lasso tools – Starting at the lower left of the carrot, carefully trace the left edge of the carrot with the lasso tool – Be very careful not to release the mouse – Hold in the alt key – Use the polygonal lasso to select the top edge of the carrot – With the mouse clicked, release the alt key to trace the right edge of the carrot – Repeat the process until the entire carrot is selected Move the carrot between the tomato and olives To rotate the carrot: Edit  Transform  Rotate

21 Project 4 Selecting with the Magnetic Lasso Tool – Zoom in on the pepper – Select the magnetic lasso tool – Starting at the lower left corner of the pepper, click once and then begin tracing the pepper – Once you are finished, click once on the starting point to finish the selection – You could also double click somewhere to connect back to the starting point Zoom out Move the pepper onto the cutting board Cropping and erasing within a selection – Select the crop tool – Drag around the desired area – Press enter

22 Project 4 Making a Quick Selection – Select the quick selection tool – Set brush diameter to 21 – Position the pointer at the top of the carrot, click and drag down the carrot – Edit  Copy – Edit  paste – Name layer “Carrot” – Image  Adjustments  Hue/Saturation (suggested +5 Hue and +10 Saturation) Select the lettuce – Click “Refine Edges” Refine Edges allows you to soften, feather, expand, or increase the contrast of edges – Let’s create a soft edge for the shadow. Feather value – 7 pixels Expand value – 5% – To see the effects, hit the zoom option in the dialog box Click the center black button at the bottom of the box Adjust the Expand value again (I used 30%) – Edit  Copy – Edit  Paste – Name the Layer “Lettuce”


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