Presentation on theme: "An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia by James Scott."— Presentation transcript:
An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia by James Scott
A World of Peripheries The Last Enclosure Creating Subjects The Great Mountain Kingdom; or Zomia, The Marches of Mainland Southeast Asia Zones of Refuge The Symbiotic History of Hills and Valleys Towards an Anarchist History of Mainland Southeast Asia The Elementary Units of Political Order
The State as Centripetal Population Machine The Shaping of State Landscapes and State Subjects Eradicating Illegible Agriculture E Pluribus Unum: The Creole Center Techniques of Population Control Slavery Fiscal Legibility State Space as Self- Liquidating
Valley States, Highland Peoples: Dark Twins The Economic Need for Barbarians The Invention of Barbarians The Domestication of Borrowed Finery: All the Way Down The Civilizing Mission Civilization as Rule Leaving the State, going over to the Barbarians
Other Regions of Refuge The Peopling of Zomia: the Long March The Ubiquity and Causes of Flight Taxes and Corvee Labor War and Rebellion Raiding and Slaving Rebels and Schismatics to the Hills Crowding, Health, and the Ecology of State Space Against the Grain The Friction of Distance: States and Culture Mini-Zomias, Dry and Wet Going over to the Barbarians Autonomy as Identity, State- Evading Peoples
An Extreme Case: Karen “Hiding Villages” Location, Location, Location, and Mobility Escape Agriculture New World Perspectives Shifting Agriculture as “Escape- Agriculture” Crop Choice as Escape Agriculture Southeast Asian Swiddening as Escape Southeast Asian Escape Crops ▪ Maize ▪ Cassava/Manioc/Yucca Social Structure of Escape “Tribality” Evading Stateness and Permanent Hierarchy In the Shadow of the State, in the Shadow of the Hills
Oral Histories and Writing The Narrowness of Literacy and Some Precedents for Its Loss On the Disadvantages of Writing and the Advantages of Orality The Advantages of Not Having a History
The Incoherence of Tribe and Ethnicity State Making as a Cosmopolitan Ingathering Valleys Flatten Identities : Porosity, Plurality, Flux Radical Constructionism: The Tribe Is Dead, Long Live the Tribe Tribe-Making Genealogical Face Saving Positionality Egalitarianism: The Prevention of States
A Vocation for Prophecy and Rebellion: Hmong, Karen, and Lahu Hmong Karen Lahu Theodicy of the Marginal and Dispossessed Prophets are a Dime a Dozen “Sooner or Later…” High-Altitude Prophetism Dialogue, Mimicry, and Connections Turning on a Dime: The Ultimate Escape Social Structure Cosmologies of Ethnic Collaboration Christianity: A Resource for Distance and Modernity
State Evasion, State Prevention: Global- Local Gradients of Secession and Adaptation Civilization and Its Malcontents
Brad C. Davis - Eastern Washington State University - http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/newmandala/ 2010/07/05/review-of-art-of-not-being- governned-tlcnmrev-viii/ http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/newmandala/ 2010/07/05/review-of-art-of-not-being- governned-tlcnmrev-viii/ Mandy Sadan - School of Oriental and African Studies - http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/9 03 http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/9 03 Tom Palmer - Atlas Foundation http://reason.com/archives/2010/05/25/life- on-the-edge http://reason.com/archives/2010/05/25/life- on-the-edge Victor Lieberman - http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displa yAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=7807296 http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displa yAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=7807296 Debate - http://asu.academia.edu/HjorleifurJonsson/ Papers/506301/States_lie_and_stories_are _tools_Following_up_on_Zomia http://asu.academia.edu/HjorleifurJonsson/ Papers/506301/States_lie_and_stories_are _tools_Following_up_on_Zomia
Do the achievements of the High Civilizations justify previous bias in their favor? Do these civilizations propose solutions to the violence of more egalitarian societies? Do the High Civilizations contain dangers within their constructs of order that result in catastrophic outcomes that bring into question their solutions to the problems of egalitarian societies? How do High Civilizations navigate a path around the dangers of massive violence associated with their accumulation of power.
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