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The Solar System Spectra of Science Amole 2013. Early Thought and Models Aristotle (384 BC -322 BC)- explained the phases of the moon and eclipses by.

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Presentation on theme: "The Solar System Spectra of Science Amole 2013. Early Thought and Models Aristotle (384 BC -322 BC)- explained the phases of the moon and eclipses by."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Solar System Spectra of Science Amole 2013

2 Early Thought and Models Aristotle (384 BC -322 BC)- explained the phases of the moon and eclipses by using a geocentric model Ptolemy (90 A.D -168 A.D.)- suggests planets, sun, and moon orbited Earth in perfect circles

3 Early Thought and Models Nicolaus Copernicus ( )- proposed the heliocentric model Johannes Kepler ( )- propsed that the orbits around the sun were ellipses

4 What is an Ellipse? An oval or egg-like shape created from the result of two foci

5 Early Thought and Models In 1687, Isaac Newton put it all together explaining that the force responsible for keeping the planets and satellites (moons) in their orbits was…GRAVITY First to propose that everything in the universe follows the same rules and acts in predictable ways

6 Bodies in our Solar System: The Sun At the center It’s a medium sized star in the middle of its life cycle Constantly creating energy from nuclear fusion

7 Bodies in our Solar System: Planets Terrestrial Planets: – Small – Dense – Solid surfaces and cores Gas Giants (Jovian): – Large – No solid surface – Very light

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9 OMG! Saturn is the least dense of the planets. It is actually less dense than water. That means, if you could find a tub big enough….it would float!

10 OMG! We really are so small! px?id=z6yHKE9dg0g px?id=z6yHKE9dg0g

11 Bodies in our Solar System: Comets Composed of dust and ice (dirty snowballs) When it passes near the sun, the heat begins to melt the ice and it gives off gases forming the long tail Tail always point away from the sun

12 Bodies in our Solar System: Comets Most likely left- over material from when the solar systems formed Come from the Oort Cloud and Kuiper belt

13 OMG! Halley’s comet is perhaps the most popular comet. It passes by every 76 years. Its last pass occurred in 1986, so expect to see it again in 2061! Miss Amole will be 76 next time it is here!

14 Bodies in our Solar System: Asteroids Most found in the Asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter Meteoroids small pieces that reach our atmosphere Meteors-meteoroids that burn up in atmosphere Meteorites- make it to Earth

15 OMG! Many scientists believe that it was a km asteroid or comet that hit the Earth 65 million years ago that is responsible for the extinction of the dinosaurs

16 OMG! The best preserved meteorite crater is located in Arizona. It is over a mile wide, 2.4 miles in circumference, and over 550 feet deep!

17 Bodies in our Solar System: Planetesimals Pieces of rocks that accumulated to form planets Left over planetesimals are in the Kuiper belt beyond the orbit of Neptune Pluto may actually just be the largest object in this belt

18 Bodies in our Solar System: Dwarf Planets Unlike planets, dwarf planets lack the gravitational muscle to sweep up or scatter objects near their orbits They orbit the sun in zones of similar objects such as the asteroid and Kuiper belts. Pluto, Eris and the asteroid Ceres became the first

19 OMG! Pluto was still a planet when Miss Amole sat in your seat. Pluto was added as a planet in 1930 In 2005 Eris, about the same size as Pluto, was found in the Kuiper belt In 2006 the new system of classification…

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21 How it all Began… The Formation of the Solar System

22 Nebular Theory According to the dating of rocks, the solar system is 4.6 billion years old Most scientist accept the Nebular Theory, or Nebular Model, as the best supported explanation It explains why… – Planets are so far apart – In the same plane – orbit in the same direction – They have nearly circular orbits – Why some are terrestrial and some gaseous

23 Nebular Theory: Step 1 Started as a nebula- huge cloud or gas and dust It begins to collapse because of its own gravity Gravity drew much of the matter towards the center

24 Nebular Theory: Step 2 The nebula began to flatten out into a disk and rotate Getting hotter and hotter towards the center After 10 million years, the star becomes hot enough to fuse Hydrogen A star, our sun, is born

25 Nebular Theory: Step 3 Planetesimals began to form in the swirling disk through accretion Accretion = accumulation of matter

26 Nebular Theory: Step 4 The largest planetesimals began to collect the dust and gas from the nebula because they had greater gravitational pulls Remember that gravity depends on mass and distance

27 Nebular Theory: Step 5 Smaller planetesimals collide with the large ones and the planets grow

28 Nebular Theory: Step 6 The remaining dust and gas is removed or settles into the Asteroid and Kuiper belts and Oort Cloud A solar system is born

29 What about the Moon? The Formation of the Moon

30 Impact When Earth was still very hot and molten, a large body crashed into it and blasted part of the mantle into space

31 Ejection The resulting debris began to orbit Earth being held by Earth’s gravity

32 Formation The debris began to accumulate to form the moon

33 OMG! Formation of Earth and Moon – =M4pt0fFn_a4&NR=1 =M4pt0fFn_a4&NR=1 Formation of Solar System – Formation of Solar System (dramatic) –


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