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Bell Work 9/22/14 1.How MUCH did you study last week? 2.HOW did you study? (example: flash cards/online quiz) 3. What percent do you think you earned on.

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Presentation on theme: "Bell Work 9/22/14 1.How MUCH did you study last week? 2.HOW did you study? (example: flash cards/online quiz) 3. What percent do you think you earned on."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bell Work 9/22/14 1.How MUCH did you study last week? 2.HOW did you study? (example: flash cards/online quiz) 3. What percent do you think you earned on the Minerals Exam? On your desk you should have: 1.PRIDE Card 2.Interactive Notebook 3.Pencil/Pen

2 It’s time for some #Science!

3 DATEDATE DESCRIPTIONPAGE # Interactive Notebook Introduction Measurement Minerals The Rock Cycle ?? 9/22/14

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5 What is the difference between a rock & a mineral?  Minerals are solid, inorganic, naturally occurring, and have a fixed crystalline structure made of one or more elements.  A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals and organic matter.

6 The Value of Rocks  Rock is an important natural resource.  Rocks can be made into:  Hammers  Arrowheads  Spear points  Knives  Scrapers  Buildings  Monuments  Roads

7 How do we classify rocks?? You decide!!! Create a Circle Map in your interactive notebook describing how you would classify rocks! Take a look at these pictures and the rocks in the lab!

8 Circle Map  Create a circle map about how we classify ROCKS!  25 descriptive words  HW if not completed in class

9 Bell Work 9/23/14 What do you know about ROCKS??? I want 5 complete sentences about rocks… 1.Rocks are…. 2.Rocks are…. 3.Rocks are…. 4.Rocks are…. 5.Rocks are…. On your desk you should have: 1.PRIDE card 2.Interactive Notebook 3.Pencil/Pen

10 Learning TargetsTarget Tests Minerals Exam Write down your %

11 How do we classify rocks?? Rocks are classified by their Formation, Composition, and Texture.

12 3 Types of Rocks… that’s it??  Igneous Rocks  Sedimentary Rocks  Metamorphic Rocks Raise your hand if you recycle: Paper, plastic, aluminum… The Earth recycles too!!! One thing it recycles is ROCK!

13 Rock Cycle Video  Follow along in the video and answer the questions!!!

14 Bell Work 9/24/14 1. What is a ROCK?? A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals and organic matter. 2. What are the three types of rocks? Sedimentary Igneous Metamorphic On your desk: 1.PRIDE card 2.Interactive Notebook 3.Pencil/Pen

15 The Rock Cycle The continual process by which new rock forms from old rock material m/watch?v=rkGVE6wNA zo com/watch?v=r68iEw Ydbh4 Rock Cycle SONGS!!

16 Rock Cycle Reading

17 Bell Work 9/25/14 On your desk: 1.PRIDE card 2.Interactive Notebook 3.Pencil/Pen 1. How are igneous rocks formed? Igneous rocks are formed when molten rock cools and solidifies. 2. How are sedimentary rocks formed? Sedimentary rocks are formed when sediments settle out and are compacted together. 3. How are metamorphic rocks formed? Metamorphic rocks are formed when igneous/sedimentary rocks are changed by heat and pressure deep inside the Earth’s crust.

18 The Rock Cycle The continual process by which new rock forms from old rock material m/watch?v=rkGVE6wNA zo com/watch?v=r68iEw Ydbh4 Rock Cycle SONGS!!

19 Vocabulary List: 1.Magma 2.Lava 3.Crystallization 4.Intrusive Igneous Rock 5.Extrusive igneous Rock 6.Weathering 7.Erosion 8.Sediments 9.Deposition 10.Lithification 11.Sedimentary Rock 12.Metamorphism 13.Metamorphic Rock Picture Definition Vocabulary Word

20 Bell Work 9/26/14 1.What is lithification?  Compaction and cementation of sediment together 2.Which type of rock is formed through lithification?  Sedimentary Rock 3.How is metamorphic rock formed?  Heat and pressure change sedimentary/igneous rock into metamorphic rock. On your desk you should have: 1.PRIDE card 2.Interactive Notebook 3.Pencil/Pen

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22 Rock Cycle Comic Strip Imagine you are a ROCK! Your task is to create a comic strip about the changes you go through as you progress from one form of rock to another. 8 box minimum **Summary of comic strip underneath! Make sure to include ever vocabulary term (and explain it) in your vocabulary list! Make sure to explain each process that goes into a rock changing form. Summary: _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _-

23 Bell Work 9/29/14 1. Explain the difference between weathering and erosion. Weathering is the breakdown of rock into sediments by elements such as sunlight, water wind. Erosion is the transport of sediments from one place to another. 2. Describe how an intrusive igneous rock becomes a metamorphic rock. Intrusive rocks are changed into metamorphic rocks as they undergo heat and pressure. On your desk you should have: 1.PRIDE card 2.Interactive Notebook 3.Pencil/Pen

24 Rock Cycle Comic Strip Imagine you are a ROCK! Your task is to create a comic strip about the changes you go through as you progress from one form of rock to another. 8 box minimum **Summary of comic strip underneath! Make sure to include ever vocabulary term (and explain it) in your vocabulary list! Make sure to explain each process that goes into a rock changing form. Summary: _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _-

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27 Bell Work 9/30/14 1.What are the 3 types of rocks? 2.Next to the rock type above, write down the process needed to form each type Igneous- Crystalization Sedimentary- Lithification Metamorphic - Metamorphism On your desk you should have: 1.PRIDE card 2.2. Interactive Notebook 3.Pencil/Pen 4.Comic Strip and Summary(stapled!)

28 Igneous Rocks  Where do Igneous rocks come from??  ……VOLCANOES!  Temperatures deep within the Earth are hot enough ( F to F) to melt rock

29 Igneous Rocks  Intrusive igneous rock- Forms when magma cools within the Earth  Extrusive igneous rock- Forms when lava cools on Earth’s surface

30 Textures of Igneous Rocks Texture = size of the rock’s mineral crystals  Intrusive rocks commonly have large crystals  Large crystals- slow cooling time  Extrusive rocks commonly have small or no crystals  Small/No crystals- fast cooling time

31 Textures of Igneous Rocks  Large Crystals  Small/No Crystals

32 Ship Rock  Formed 1km below Earth’s surface  It was once intrusive igneous rock  It is what’s left behind of magma that once fed a volcano  Through weathering and erosion, surface rock has been worn away…  …Ship Rock survives because igneous rock is usually harder than other types of rocks

33 Quick Quiz What causes igneous rocks to have different textures?

34 Sedimentary Rocks  Form from sediments that undergo lithification (get compacted and cemented together into rock)  Sediments- Can be pieces of rocks, minerals, plants, or animals

35 Sedimentary Rock Formation  Rainwater washes away rock particles…  Flow downhill to streams and rivers…  Eventually these sediments reach the ocean…  Settle on the bottom of the ocean…  Pressure eventually forces these sediments together…  Sedimentary rock is formed!

36 Types of Sedimentary Rock  Clastic- Consists of fragments of previously existing rock.  Chemical- Formed from an inorganic process such as evaporation.  Organic- Consists of things that were once living.  Coal- of remains of plants (dead wood, bark, leaves, etc.)  Limestone- ocean organisms (shells, bones, etc.)

37 Metamorphic Rock  Forms when heat or pressure cause older rocks to change into new types of rocks  Metamorphism-  The process in which existing rock is changed by heat or pressure

38 Metamorphic Rock  During metamorphism rocks undergo many changes  Heat and pressure can break the bonds that join the atoms in minerals… the atoms then join together differently  Recrystallization  Rocks do not melt during this process!!!

39 Textures Foliated Rocks  Develop under pressure  Minerals flatten out or line up in bands Nonfoiated Rocks  Rock is made up of only one type of mineral OR  Not under as much pressure Foliation- An arrangement of minerals in flat or wavy parallel bands

40 Quick Quiz Foliated or Nonfoliated?? Saglet Fiord, Canada

41 What type of rock is this? How do you know??

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44 Types of Rock Foldable! Front: 1. Sedimentary/Metamorphic/Igneous 2. Picture of THAT rock type Inside: 1. ____________ rocks are formed when... ______________. 2. List and define each of the types of rocks. 3. Draw a picture of each type

45 Bell Work 10/01/14 1. How are igneous rocks with large crystals formed? 2. How are Igneous rocks with small or no crystals formed? On your desk you should have: 1.PRIDE card 2.Interactive Notebook 3.Pencil/Pen

46 Bill Nye the Science Guy Video: Weathering and Rocks OUTPUT: 5 AWESOME facts (complete sentences)

47 Processes that Shape the Earth  Weathering  Picture (front)  Definition  Why is it important?  Erosion  Picture (front)  Definition  What moves the sediment?  Deposition  Picture (front)  Definition  Where is sediment deposited?  What happens after deposition?

48 The Rock Cycle- Crayon Lab


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