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Cell Membrane by: Brianna Banks Julia Paiser. Location of Organelle Surrounds the outside of the cell (found in all cell types)

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Presentation on theme: "Cell Membrane by: Brianna Banks Julia Paiser. Location of Organelle Surrounds the outside of the cell (found in all cell types)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Cell Membrane by: Brianna Banks Julia Paiser

2 Location of Organelle Surrounds the outside of the cell (found in all cell types)

3 Structure of Organelle Not a solid structure made of: (phospho)Lipids (and cholesterol) Protein Carbohydrate

4 How the organelle works Protects the inside

5 Function of an organelle Protects the Cell Acts like the shell of an egg

6 T he C ell w all By: Nick Volkers and Seth Theilig portal.com/cimages/video preview/videopreview- small/bacterial- cytoplasm-cell- membrane-structure- components_ png

7 Location of Cell Wall -Outside part of the Cell (outside the cell membrane) (found in plant cells, fungal cells, bacteria cells, some protists) m/uploads/1/3/8/0/ / jpg

8 Structure of Cell Wall -Slightly elastic (mostly rigid) -Have holes through it called the Plasmodesmata portal.com/cimages/multimages/16/Plant_cell_structure.png

9 Function of Cell Wall -Protection -Structure (and support) -Lets nutrients, waste and ions pass through it y/biobook_cells_7.png

10 How the Cell Wall Works -Gives protection to the cell itself from being shapeless. -Protects the cell membrane. It also protects it from viruses -Allows nutrients to pass through edef307dc395f01d5d08c354d473cc 326e9e6bae38109a35eaf638/plant-cell- wall.png

11 Sources Rader, Andrew. "Cell Wall." Biology4Kids. Web. 24 Sept Keegstra, Kenneth. "Plant Cell Walls." Plant Physiology. Web. 24 Sept Cell Walls Google Images

12 The Cell Nucleus Explained by: Aaron Callahan, Chris Curran

13

14 Location of the Nucleus (- found in only eukaryotic cells, not bacteria)

15 Structure of the Nucleus

16 How the Nucleus Functions -Holds the Genetic Code in the form of DNA and RNA. Quiz : What is the only situation where someone can have the same DNA in a Nucleus?

17 How the Nucleus Works -RNA is sent out of the nucleus to code for proteins.

18 Bibliography Cell Nucleus - Commanding the Cell. (n.d.). Retrieved September 25, What Is the Structure and Function of the Nucleus? (n.d.). Retrieved September 25, Cell nucleus. (2014, September 21). Retrieved September 25, Nucleus. (n.d.). Retrieved September 25, 2014.

19 Ribosome by Emily Van Handel and Maggie Schmitz

20 Location of Organelle ● Ribosomes are found in prokaryotes and eukaryotes ● Also found in cytoplasm or on the endoplasmic reticulum (only rough ER)

21 Structure ● 2 subunits ● Macromolecules o RNA

22 Function ● Manufacturer of Polypeptides (proteins) ● Done by translating encoded RNA messenger.

23 How it Works https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ikq9AcBcohA

24 Sources Ribosomes. (2005, January 4). Retrieved September 25, 2014, from Nave, R. (n.d.). Ribosomes. Retrieved September 24, 2014, from Tamarkin, D. (2007, January 21). Ribosomes. Retrieved September 24, 2014, from Peptide Bond. (n.d.). Retrieved September 24, 2014, from Ribosomes - Protein Construction Teams. (n.d.). Retrieved September 24, 2014, from What Is Protein Synthesis - Protein Synthesis. (2013, February 11). Retrieved September 25, 2014, from Protein Synthesis Animation Video. (2010, August 4). Retrieved September 25, 2014, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ikq9AcBcohA

25 Endoplasmic Reticulum Alex Oates Rachel Siciliano rainexu.blogspot.com

26 Location of Organelle ●Wrapped around the nucleus ●(attached to the) Nuclear envelope = surrounding the nucleus.

27 Structure of Organelle ●A network of membranes found throughout the cell and connected to the nucleus. o Rough and Smooth have same types of membrane (phospholipids) but different shape. o Rough= ribosomes o Smooth = tubes

28 Structure of Organelle Smooth R Rough h.hatena.ne.jp thecellorganelles.weebly.com

29 Function of Organelle ●Endoplasmic reticulum is a storage and packaging system. ●Smooth = storage (and production) of lipids. ●Rough = packaging (and directing) of proteins. wiki.hicksvilleschools.org

30 How the Organelle Works ● https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eH5k8XYKycs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eH5k8XYKycs

31 Sources Endoplasmic Reticulum Images. (2014, January 1). Retrieved September 25, 2014, from Organelles of a Eukaryotic Cell. (2014, January 1). Retrieved September 25, 2014, from h.hatena.ne.jp rainexu.blogspot.com Endoplasmic Reticulum. (2014, January 1). Retrieved September 25, 2014, from Endoplasmic Reticulum - Wrapping it Up. (2014, January 1). Retrieved September 25, 2014, from Bailey, R. (2014, January 1). Endoplasmic Reticulum. Retrieved September 25, 2014, from The Endoplasmic Reticulum. (2014, January 1). Retrieved September 26, 2014, from

32 Vacuoles,Vesicles,lysosomes By Jack Rooney and Bailee

33 Lysosomes- Cytoplasm Vacuole- Cytoplasm Vesicle- Moves around Location of Organelle

34 Structure ● All are membrane bound masses of liquid ● Vacuole/Vesicle- have Nutrients/waste ● Lysosomes contain enzymes

35 Vesicle- movement Vacuole- (storage) container Lysosome- Enzymes Function Vesicle

36 How it works Vesicle

37 "How Vesicles Transport Cargo." Directing Traffic: How Vesicles Transport Cargo. Web. 25 Sept "Membrane Bound Organelles." Web. 25 Sept "Vacuoles - Storage Bins to the Cells." Biology4Kids. Web. 25 Sept "Lysosomes - Little Enzyme Packages." Biology4Kids. Web. 25 Sept "Golgi Apparatus - Packing Things Up." Biology4Kids. Web. 25 Sept "Vacuole Picture." Biology Corner. Web. 25 Sept Lysosome Picture." Wikipedia. Web. 25 Sept "Vacuole Picture." Franklin. Web. 25 Sept "Lysosome Picture." David Darling. Web. 25 Sept Citations

38 Golgi Apparatus Or Golgi Complex By: Alyssa C and John F

39 Location ● Found in all plant and animal cells (eukaryotic cells) ● Flattened disc-like structures located close to the endoplasmic reticulum

40 Structure ● Made of flatten stacks of membrane(phospholipid) ● 5 or 8 ● Helps proteins travel from different points in the cell using enzymes

41 Function ● Acts to process and package macromolecules such as proteins and lipids that are synthesized by the cell

42 How It Works ● The sac floats through the cytoplasm to the Golgi Apparatus and is absorbed. ● The secretory vesicle is created and released into the cytoplasm. ● The vesicle moves to the cell membrane and the molecules are released out of the cell. ● vacuoles is where proteins are stored ● Some Proteins are transported to lysosomes

43 Citations Nave, R. (n.d.). Golgi Apparatus. Retrieved from The Parts of the Cell. (n.d.). Retrieved from Steck, T. (n.d.). Membrane Proteins. Retrieved from The structures and functions of the Golgi Apparatus. (n.d.). Retrieved from

44 Mitochondria By: Jack and Katie

45 Where is the mitochondria located? ●in the cytoplasm of the cell

46 What is the structure of a mitochondria?

47 What is the function of a mitochondria? ●Produce energy ●stores calcium ●keep proper number of calcium ions in cell ●formation of blood components and hormones Ex: testosterone and estrogen ●helps liver to detoxify ammonia ●production of heat ●regulation of membrane potential ●helps in biosynthesis of heme and steroids ●cause programmed cell death

48 How does the mitochondria work? fat, protein, sugar and oxygen enter the mitochondria they are used to make energy if they aren’t used properly then a lactic acid is produced and no energy is made The enzyme filled matrix digests the organic molecules. This releases water and carbon dioxide from the reaction with the oxygen and glucose. This creates a release of energy. The mitochondria also works with the endoplasmic reticulum to monitor calcium ion concentration.

49 Sources Rogers, K. (2014, January 16). Mitochondrion (biology). Retrieved September 24, 2014, from Furness, D. (2013, May 6). Retrieved September 24, 2014, from furness-keele-university.htmlhttp://fineartamerica.com/featured/mitochondrion-sem-dr-david- furness-keele-university.html 'Biofuel cells' could power gadgets with energy drinks. (2010, August 25). Retrieved September 24, 2014, from Mitochondria. (n.d.). Retrieved September 24, 2014, from Function Mitochondria. (n.d.). Retrieved September 24, 2014, from Armstrong, W. (2012, January 22). Lab Manual Exercise # 1a. Retrieved September 24, 2014, from Golgi Apparatus. (n.d.). Retrieved September 24, 2014, from drawing-of-a-eukaryotic-cellhttp://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/media/112877/Cutaway- drawing-of-a-eukaryotic-cell

50 Chloroplasts By Ben and David

51 Location ●Eukaryotic (plants) and Protists Kingdoms ●Many of them occur

52 Structure Organelles: ● Thylakoid-stack of granum ● Chlorophyll- absorbs sunlight ● Stroma-fluid surrounding grana

53 Function ●Chloroplasts produce food for a cell ●Converts light energy into food sugars

54 How it works Photosynthesis: ● Chloroplasts absorb sunlight energy ● Turns H 2 O and CO 2 into sugars ● Releases oxygen

55 Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= pFsty-XyLZc

56 Work Cited Fe Valde, J. (2012, December 16). Chloroplast. Retrieved September 28, 2014, from Chloroplasts - Show Me the Green. (2012, August 25). Retrieved September 28, 2014, from Nave, R. (n.d.). Chloroplasts. Retrieved September 28, 2014, from astr.gsu.edu/hbase/biology/chloroplast.htmlhttp://hyperphysics.phy- astr.gsu.edu/hbase/biology/chloroplast.htm Photosynthesis: An Overview of Photosynthesis. (n.d.). Retrieved September 28, 2014, from Chloroplast. (2014, September 26). Retrieved September 29, 2014, from

57 Everything about Flagella By Miranda Cantu and Herbert Xue

58 Location ● Located in the rear of the microorganism ● Found in three domains of the living world: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukaryota (2 possible kingdoms - Monera and Protista) ● Enables locomotion for the cell

59 Location of Flagella

60 Structure ●Looks like a ship propeller (makes it move faster) ●whip like structure ●made up of protein strands surrounded by membranes

61 Structure of Flagella

62 Function ● Makes the cell move faster ● Move substances over or around the cell ● Causes water currents necessary for respiration and circulation in sponges

63 How it works ● Rotary engine made up of protein ● Are like the fins and tails of fish ● Some organism have just one or two

64 Movement of Flagella 5uBCJ

65 Citations Todar, K. (2008). Structure and Function of Bacterial Cells. Retrieved September 25, Gauthier, N. (2003). Flagella: Definition, Structure & Functions. Retrieved September 25, Summers, V. (2014). The Location of Cilia and Flagella. Retrieved September 25, Macnab, R. (1999, December). The Bacterial Flagellum: Reversible Rotary Propellor and Type III Export Apparatus. Retrieved September 25, Vonderviszt, F. (2005, December 18). Structure, Function and Assembly of Flagellar Axial Proteins. Retrieved September 25, The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. (n.d.). Flagellum (biology). Retrieved September 25, Flagellum. (2014, September 21). Retrieved September 25, 2014.

66 Citations for Pictures Cilia and Flagella Alyssa | Publish with Glogster. (n.d.). Retrieved September 25, Wang, K. (n.d.). Cilia.Flagella | Publish with Glogster. Retrieved September 25, Flagellar Movement. (n.d.). Retrieved September 25, 2014.


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