Presentation on theme: "Monocular and Binocular cues"— Presentation transcript:
1 Monocular and Binocular cues Depth PrinciplesMonocular and Binocular cues
2 Depth perception priciples Depth perception refers to our ability to judge distancesIf we did not have depth perception what problems would we have?How do we see the world in 3D when the image displayed on our retina is 2D?
3 Depth CuesProvide the information that lets us translate 2D information into 3DDepth cues are sources of information from within our body (internal or primary depth cues) or from the environment (external secondary depth cues) that help us to perceive how far away objects are and therefore to perceive depth.
4 Two types of depth cuesBinocular – requires the use of both eye to distinguish depth.Used for close objects and used greatly to focus one these thingsBoth binocular cues are primary internal cuesMonocular – requires the use of only one eye to perceive depth, but also operates with both eyesUsed for pictorial cues and over longer distancesSome monocular cues are primary some are secondary
5 Binocular Depth Cues Convergence Inward turning of the eyes to focus an image on the retinaThe brain interprets greater tension in the eye muscles as an object gets closer and less tension as an object gets further away.Works within about 6m
6 Binocular Depth Cues Retinal Disparity Our eyes are about 6-7 cm apart so each retina receives a slightly different image.The difference in image decreases as the object gets further away.Work for objects up to 10m away.Images are compared in the brain and any difference give information about distance.
8 Monocular Depth Cues Accomodation Accommodation involves the automatic adjustment of the shape of the lens to focus an object in response to changes in how far away the object is.The flexibility of the lens enables it to bulge to fit (‘accommodate’) close objects on the retinaand to elongate (flatten) when looking at objects that are further away.
9 Monocular Depth Cues Pictorial Cues Artist use them to create depth and distance on 2D sufaces.Linear PerspactiveInterpositionTexture GradientRelative SizeHeight in the Visual field
10 Pictorial Cues Linear Perspective the apparent convergence of parallel lines as they recede (‘go back’) into the distance.
11 Pictorial Cues Interposition occurs when one object partially blocks orcovers another, and the partially blockedobject is perceived as further away than theobject that obscures it (and vice versa).
12 Pictorial Cues Texture gradient the gradual reduction of detail that occurs in a surface as itrecedes into the distance, comparedwith a surface that is close and perceivedin fine detail.
13 Pictorial Cues Relative Size the tendency to visually perceive the object that produces the largest image on the retina as being closer, and the object that produces the smallest image on the retina as being further away.objects being perceived must be expected to be about the same size in real life.
14 Pictorial Cues Height in Visual Field objects that are located closer to thehorizon are perceived as being more distantthan objects located further from thehorizon.
15 All the Pictorial Cues in one picture of the Taj Mahal