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Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Hand Tools
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Objectives Correctly identify the hand tools used in woodworking Explain the uses of each tool Understand how to use hand tools safely Know how to select and properly care for hand tools
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Introduction Hand tools: tools powered only by the operator Five general categories –Measuring, layout, and marking tools –Saws –Chisels and planes –Drilling tools –Shaping, smoothing, and scraping tools
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Measuring, Layout, and Marking Tools Measuring tools –Steel tapes and wooden rules: woodworker’s primary measuring tools –Used for measuring widths, lengths, thickness, and for layout in conjunction with other layout and marking tools Layout tools –A key layout tool is a true square T-shaped or L-shaped tool used for drawing and testing right angles
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Figure 3-1 Tapes and rules.
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Measuring, Layout, and Marking Tools (continued) Layout tools (continued) –Combination square –Try square –Speed square –Bevel square –Compass –Divider –Trammel point
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Figure 3-2 Framing square, try squares, double square, combination square, Speed Square. FRAMING SQUARE SPEED SQUARE TRY SQUARES DOUBLE SQUARE COMBINATION SQUARE
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Measuring, Layout, and Marking Tools (continued) Marking tools –Anything used to inscribe layout or cut lines Marking knife Marking gauge Mortise gauge Saws –Used for cutting material to a specific size and shape Rip saw Crosscut saw Combination saw
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Measuring, Layout, and Marking Tools (continued) Saws (continued) Backsaw family: miter saw, tenon saw, dovetail saw, gent’s saw, and dozuki saw Flush cut saw Coping saw Chisels and planes –Chisel: metal tool with a sharp beveled edge that is used to cut and shape wood Forced into wood to cut
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Measuring, Layout, and Marking Tools (continued) Chisels and planes (continued) –Plane: used to flatten, smooth, and reduce the thickness of wood Cut is much more controlled, because cutter is held securely in the plane Bench plane Block plane
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Figure 3-18 Diagram of a bench plane.
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Measuring, Layout, and Marking Tools (continued) Drilling tools –Several hand tools are designed for drilling, boring, and countersinking operations Brace Hand drill Yankee push drill
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Measuring, Layout, and Marking Tools (continued) Shaping, smoothing, and scraping tools –Rasp –File –Riffler –Spokeshave –Drawknife –Card scraper –Cabinet scraper
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Measuring, Layout, and Marking Tools (continued) Striking and fastening tools –Hammer –Nail set –Mallet –Screwdriver
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Figure 3-38 The screwdriver tip should fit the slot snugly.
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Hand Tool Safety Keep your tools sharp Never work a tool toward your body Secure your work in a vise or with a clamp Use common sense; your best guard against injury is your brain
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Figure 3-39 The material being planed is held securely in the bench vise.
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Hand Tool Safety (continued) Selecting and caring for hand tools –Good quality, well-cared-for hand tools are precision instruments that will last a lifetime –Buy the best hand tools you can afford –Should be stored in locations that will protect them –Tips of chisels should be protected
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Hand Tool Safety (continued) Selecting and caring for hand tools (continued) –Avoid rusting by wiping on a coat of light oil periodically –Surface rust can be removed with abrasives –Periodically wax soles of your planes
Copyright © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Summary Few of today’s woodworkers use hand tools exclusively, nor would most choose to do so Developing skill with hand tools will give you a tremendous edge Since processing is slower with hand tools, you have a chance to make corrections as you go Keep hand tools sharp and safe from damage
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