In Romania, the cinema appeared on 1896. In May of this year, the first film screenings took place, in the editorial offices of the French newspaper “L'Independance Roumaine”. Called “the miracle of the century”, the first high-life performance, one of the first short films of Auguste and Louis Lumière, lasted 50 seconds: L'Arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat (town in France, which is part of the crowded city of Marseille). In the coming months and in other cities (Iai, Brăila, Galai, Craiova), film projections showed a significantly successful Romanian audience, being made by French professional (Louis Janin, Charles Delattre, brothers Bonheur). In May 1897, they produced the first Romanian news film, namely the filming done in Romania, by the Lumière company’s optician and French photographer Paul Menu, between May 10-June 20, 1897. In this context, the 25 of June 1897 is considered essential because it represents “the birth” of the first Romanian “news film”
a)1911 – 1948 period, when there are a few important titles, some even rated as being among the most significant global production of the first cinema decades b)1948-1989 period, also represents an important chapter in Romanian cinema, because many films have been made , some of them receiving valuable prizes at various international film festivals; c)1990 – up to now, when the Romanian cinema reborn, a certainty given by the awards received by young directors at international film festivals.
In September 1911, he made the first Romanian film “Amor Fatal”, a sentimental drama, a film that marked the beginning of a period of effervescence in Romanian cinema. On the 1 st of September, 1912, Bucharest host the historic premiere of “Romania's Independence”, the most significant achievement in the first era of Romanian cinema, a film which has been distributed in Transylvania, Austria, Hungary, France and Russia. The greatest merit of the film is that by using 80,000 extras, some of which even veterans from the War of Independence (1877-1878), it resulted a great quality movie, recognized as such by the French press, comparable at that time with the films of Giovanni Pastrone or later, in Romania, with historical the film of Sergiu Nicolaescu. Interesting is the fact that it was one of the first films in the world where a sovereign could be seen as a character, so Charles I (first king of Romania from 1866 to 1914), provided financial support for the film.
November 20, 1920 - Tudor Postmantir creates, during a trip around the world, the documentary “Overseas". After the war, on the basis of over 80 news films created, especially during the campaigns of 1917 and the 1919, documentary productions were performed to support the fallen heroes and to remember the crucial moments which lead to the formation of Greater Romania : - June 1921 - Bucharest host the premiere of “Ecaterina Teodoroiu” - a documentary reconstruction of historical events, whose authenticity is enhanced by integrating excerpts from newsreels. - in 1923 “The story of the Romanian people”. The animated cartoons date from the 1920s, through the works of Romanian animation pioneers Aurel Petrescu and Marin Iordache, the authors of films such as: ”Păcală on the Moon” and “Păcală, in love”. In 1927, with a Charles Urban & Co video camera., purchased from A. Petrescu, M. Iordache creates “Haplea”, the first Romanian cartoon, preserved for posterity, based on character he had introduced in the humorous comics.
1957 brought the first major award for Romania at an international competition, Cannes-France: Ion Popescu Gopo (creator of countless animated films where the main character was “little man Gopo's”, personal creation that made him famouswon), the Palme d'Or for short film for a Romanian cartoon titled “A Brief History”. In the 60s, another Romanian filmmaker succed in Cannes In 1965, director Liviu Ciulei obtained award for the best film adaptation for the film “The Forest of the Hanged”, (based on a eponymous novel by Liviu Rebreanu)
In 1966, Mircea Muresan was awarded Opera Prima Award for the debut feature film “Uprising”, after the novel by Liviu Rebreanu In 1969, Mirel Iliesiu won the Palme d'Or for the documentary “Songs of the Renaissance “ (an illustration of the famous Madrigal choir).
Another great was international achievement was the distinction offered at the International Film Festival in Berlin in 1985, when director Dan Pia was awarded a special prize for the film “Step two” (one of the best films to date from communism, which retain its value and outside the context of the time). Dan Pia, in 1992, in Venice, where he was awarded the “Silver Lion” for the film “Hotel Lux” (a parable overwhelming totalitarianism).
Lucian Pintilie, won the Jury Prize at Venice in 1998 with the film “Paradise Terminus” a French-Romanian co-production (an atrocious drama of a disappointment from post- communist Romania). Cristi Puiu - 2001 - FIPRESCI Prize, Thessaloniki Festival, with the film “Stuff and Dough” - Golden Bear for short film “A package Cigarettes and Coffee” at the International Film Festival of Berlin. 2005 - “Death of Mr Lăzărescu”- Un Certain Regard at Cannes Festival; - Silver Hugo, Chicago Festival; - Le Bayard d'Or for Best Film Francophone Festival in Namur; - Special Mention for Best Film Festival in Namur.
Cristian Mungiu (director with the highest performance in Romanian cinema) – 2002, film “West” - Audience Award, ThessalonikiFestival; In 2003-Grand Prix of the International Festival of First Film. It is the first filmmaker who won the Palme d'Or for a feature film and a Golden Globe nomination for “4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days”, the first out on the short list for an Oscar for foreign film with "Once hills “ Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival; FIPRESCI Prize, Cannes Award for Best Film, European Film Awards Award for Best Director, European Film Awards FIPRESCI Prize, Festival of San Sebastián. 2010 – “After hills” - Best Actress (Cosmina Stratan, Cristina Flutur), Cannes; Best Screenplay (Cristian Mungiu), Cannes; Award for Best Picture, Mar del Plata Film Festival
Cristian Nemescu – received in 2007 the distinction Un Certain Regard, at Cannes for the film “California Dreamin” Bogdan Mustaă – received in 2008, at the Berlin Film Festival, the Golden Bear award for the short film “Good day at the beach”.
2003- “Blessed be, prison” - Jury Prize for best artistic contribution, the World Film Festival, Montreal, 2003; - Special Mention of the Ecumenical Jury; - "Silver Knight" Award a the International Film Festival spiritual "Golden Knight", Irkutsk, Russia, 2004; - Christian Visual Media's Crown Awards (Atlanta, USA, 2004): Silver Award - Best Screenplay Silver Award - Best International Film Award Bronze - Best Picture Silver Award - Best Drama Nicolae Mărgineanu - film director: “Look forward in anger “ (1993): International Festival of Berlin -PANORAMA-1994; - Grand Prix at the International Festival of New Cinema, Pesaro, Italy-1994; - SILVER DOLPHIN at the Festival in Troy, Portugal; - Diploma FIPRESCI, Troy, Portugal- 1994; -Diploma OCIC the International Festival of Amiens, France, 1994; - Image Award at the International Festival in Skopje, Macedonia.
Călin Peter Netzer - the feature film debut, “ Maria ”, produced in 2003, a co-Romania, France and Germany film, received: - Special Jury Award; - Mention awarded by jury Youth; -“Bronze Leopard” for Best Actor section for Serban Ionescu and best actress for Diana Grove, all at Locarno Festival 2003. He also received: - Don Quixote Award; - Special Mention; - Statement of honor; - Student Jury Prize at the Cottbus Film Festival in 2003; - Special mention at International Film Festival Festróia - Troy 2004; -Award Interpretation UCIN Prize for female lead role for Diana Grove for music in 2004. 2009- “Medal of Honor” won five awards at the International Film Festival of Thessaloniki; - Audience Award and Special Award for Best Screenplay Film Festival in Turin. 2013- “Position of the child” : FIPRESCI Prize, Festival Berlin (Berlinale); - Golden Bear for Best Film Festival Berlin (Berlinale); - Award for Best Film at the Festival in Namur on October 4, 2013.
Cătălin Mitulescu – 2004- Palme d'Or at the Film Festival in Cannes for short film for the film “Traffic“; 2006 – “How I Spent the End of the World”- Un Certain Regard Award interpretation for the actress Dorothea Petre, Cannes Corneliu Porumboiu – 2006 - “Was or was not? “- Camera d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival; 2009 - to “Policeman, Adjective” - FIPRESCI Jury Prize for the Un Certain Regard; Florin erban 2010 - to “When I Want to Whistle, I Whistle”, Grand Jury Prize (Silver Bear) Festival in Berlin; Alfred Bauer Award Festival in Berlin.
Elvira Popescu (Popesco) Born on May 10, 1894 in Bucharest, haf a brilliant career in France. Her filmography spans from in the early 1920s until the 1970s, peak being between 1931-1943. Maia Morgenstern (born May 1, 1962, Bucharest), known for playing the role of Mary, in the film directed by Mel Gibson “The Passion of the Christ”.
Rated as one of the best Romanian actresses from abroad, getting the chance to act in movies nominated for the Oscar. In 2006 she was cast opposite Clive Owen and Julianne Moore in Universal Pictures movie “Children of Men“, a film nominated for three Oscars categories Known and respected internationally, with major parts in several imporant films: “Interview with the Vampire” (Tom Cruise and Brad Pitt); “Mission Impossible” (Tom Cruise); “Peacemaker” (George Clooney and Nicole Kidman) “Hart's War” (Colin Farrell and Bruce Willis). Among his most recent films there are“Pirates of the Caribbean”; “At World's End"(r. Gore Verbinski);"Youth Without Youth"(r. Francis Ford Coppola) "Gruber's Journey".