Presentation on theme: "Robert Bruce, earl of Carrick Born 1274 Given Carrick 1293 during Balliol kingship Grandfather d. 1295 1296 - Bruces support Edward I May-June 1297 - Bruce."— Presentation transcript:
Robert Bruce, earl of Carrick Born 1274 Given Carrick 1293 during Balliol kingship Grandfather d. 1295 1296 - Bruces support Edward I May-June 1297 - Bruce attempts to hijack Wallace/Moray revolt 1298 - Bruce at Falkirk? Guardian with Comyn by year’s close
1299 - July - Balliol release I August - dispute with Comyn in Council 1300 - by May Bruce replaced as Guardian by Umfraville 1301 - July-Oct - Balliol release II 1302 - Feb - Scots embassy to Paris; Bruce submits to Edward I - July - Courtrai - Dec - treaty of Amiens 1303-4 - Edward I reconquers Scotland (Bruce helps)
11 June 1304 - Cambuskenneth Bond Bruce and Lamberton, bishop of St Andrews … a revival of the kingship? By May 1305 Bruce excluded from Parliament talks about Ordinance for Government.
10 Feb 1306 - Greyfriar’s Church, Dumfries Bruce seeking Comyn support for kingship? Or talks about share of power in Edward’s Scotland? Comyn betrayed Bruce canvassing to Edward? Did Bruce know?
Feb- March 1306 - provisions castles in south-west and Clydeside - absolved by Wishart of Glasgow 25-27 March 1306 - inauguration at Scone Lamberton, Wishart, bishops of Dunkeld, Moray, Brechin abbots of Scone and Inchaffrey 4 brothers, Atholl, Menteith, Lennox, Mar, Steward, James Douglas, Boyd, Seton… No earl of Fife - so Countess of Buchan!
Bruce on the Run… 19 June - Methven (English) 13 July - Dail Righ (Macdougalls) Womenfolk, Neil Bruce, Atholl and Christopher Seton captured by earl of Ross. Late-Autumn-winter 1306-7 - refuge in western Isles/Ulster Feb 1307 - brothers Alexander & Thomas captured
Buchaile Etive Mor; along Bruce’s march north to attack the Comyns in 1307-08.
Inverlochy and castle. Key battle:- Inverurie May 1308 Aberdeen taken
Pass of Brander - Bruce’s defeat of the Macdougalls, August 1308. Ross submits thereafter.
Great Seal of Robert I Chancellor - Bernard de Linton, Abbot of Arbroath
Bruce’s first Parliament, St Andrews 16-17 March 1309 - Declaration of the Clergy of Scotland - John Balliol had been imposed as King of Scots by Edward I by force; Bruces always thought to have best claim to Alexadner III’s throne. - Declaration of Nobility - “the inhabitants of the whole realm of Scotland” acknowledge allegiance to Robert as King - sealed by earls of Ross, Lennox, Sutherland, Fife, Menteith, Mar, Caithness; key magnates like Edward Bruce, Thomas Randolph, Robert Keith, James Douglas, Robert Boyd, Campbells and Argyll men…
Restored Diplomatic relations:- - French King writes to Robert seeking support for crusade 1309. - Edward II complains about Flemish and German merchants supplying Scots. - 29 October 1312 - renewal of Treaty of Perth with Norwegians over Western isles. But… - papacy refuses to recognise Robert as King of Scots - No actual title as ‘Robert king of Scots’ from French...