Presentation on theme: "Robert Bruce, earl of Carrick Born 1274 Given Carrick 1293 during Balliol kingship Grandfather d. 1295 1296 - Bruces support Edward I May-June 1297 - Bruce."— Presentation transcript:
Robert Bruce, earl of Carrick Born 1274 Given Carrick 1293 during Balliol kingship Grandfather d Bruces support Edward I May-June Bruce attempts to hijack Wallace/Moray revolt Bruce at Falkirk? Guardian with Comyn by year’s close
July - Balliol release I August - dispute with Comyn in Council by May Bruce replaced as Guardian by Umfraville July-Oct - Balliol release II Feb - Scots embassy to Paris; Bruce submits to Edward I - July - Courtrai - Dec - treaty of Amiens Edward I reconquers Scotland (Bruce helps)
11 June Cambuskenneth Bond Bruce and Lamberton, bishop of St Andrews … a revival of the kingship? By May 1305 Bruce excluded from Parliament talks about Ordinance for Government.
10 Feb Greyfriar’s Church, Dumfries Bruce seeking Comyn support for kingship? Or talks about share of power in Edward’s Scotland? Comyn betrayed Bruce canvassing to Edward? Did Bruce know?
Feb- March provisions castles in south-west and Clydeside - absolved by Wishart of Glasgow March inauguration at Scone Lamberton, Wishart, bishops of Dunkeld, Moray, Brechin abbots of Scone and Inchaffrey 4 brothers, Atholl, Menteith, Lennox, Mar, Steward, James Douglas, Boyd, Seton… No earl of Fife - so Countess of Buchan!
Bruce on the Run… 19 June - Methven (English) 13 July - Dail Righ (Macdougalls) Womenfolk, Neil Bruce, Atholl and Christopher Seton captured by earl of Ross. Late-Autumn-winter refuge in western Isles/Ulster Feb brothers Alexander & Thomas captured
Death of Edward I 7 July 1307.
Buchaile Etive Mor; along Bruce’s march north to attack the Comyns in
Inverlochy and castle. Key battle:- Inverurie May 1308 Aberdeen taken
Pass of Brander - Bruce’s defeat of the Macdougalls, August Ross submits thereafter.
Great Seal of Robert I Chancellor - Bernard de Linton, Abbot of Arbroath
Bruce’s first Parliament, St Andrews March Declaration of the Clergy of Scotland - John Balliol had been imposed as King of Scots by Edward I by force; Bruces always thought to have best claim to Alexadner III’s throne. - Declaration of Nobility - “the inhabitants of the whole realm of Scotland” acknowledge allegiance to Robert as King - sealed by earls of Ross, Lennox, Sutherland, Fife, Menteith, Mar, Caithness; key magnates like Edward Bruce, Thomas Randolph, Robert Keith, James Douglas, Robert Boyd, Campbells and Argyll men…
Restored Diplomatic relations:- - French King writes to Robert seeking support for crusade Edward II complains about Flemish and German merchants supplying Scots October renewal of Treaty of Perth with Norwegians over Western isles. But… - papacy refuses to recognise Robert as King of Scots - No actual title as ‘Robert king of Scots’ from French...